Matricciani L, Paquet C, Galland B, Short M, Olds T. Children’s sleep and health: a meta-review. Sleep Med Rev. 2019;46:136–50.
Okano K, Kaczmarzyk JR, Dave N, Gabrieli JDE, Grossman JC. Sleep quality, duration, and consistency are associated with better academic performance in college students. NPJ Sci Learn. 2019;4(1):16.
Chzhen Y, Rees G, Gromada GA, Cuesta GJ, Bruckauf Z. An unfair start: inequality in Children’s education in rich countries, Innocenti Report Card, no. 15, UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research; 2018.
Owens JA, Weiss MR. Insufficient sleep in adolescents: causes and consequences. Minerva Pediatr. 2017;69(4):326–36.
Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, et al. National Sleep Foundation’s updated sleep duration recommendations: final report. Sleep Health. 2015;1(4):233–43.
Kaarstein H, Radišić J, Lehre A-CWG, Nilsen T, Bergem OK. TIMSS 2019 - Kortrapport. Rapport. Institutt for lærerutdanning og skoleforskning, Universitetet i Oslo; 2020.
Scaglioni S, De Cosmi V, Ciappolino V, Parazzini F, Brambilla P, Agostoni C. Factors influencing children’s eating behaviours. Nutrients. 2018;10(6):1–17.
Pupils in primary and lower secondary school. 2020. Available from: https://www.ssb.no/en/utdanning/statistikker/utgrs.
Kyriakides L, Creemers B, Panayiotou A. Developing and testing theories of educational effectiveness addressing the dynamic nature of education. In: Hall J, Lindorff A, Sammons P, editors. International perspectives in educational effectiveness research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2020. p. 33–69.
Wang M-T, Degol JL. School climate: a review of the construct, measurement, and impact on student outcomes. Educ Psychol Rev. 2016;28(2):315–52.
Thapa A, Cohen J, Guffey S, Higgins-D’Alessandro A. A review of school climate research. Rev Educ Res. 2013;83(3):357–85.
Darling-Hammond L. Research on teaching and teacher education and its influences on policy and practice. Educ Res. 2016;45(2):83–91.
Blömeke S, Kaiser G, König J, Jentsch A. Profiles of mathematics teachers’ competence and their relation to instructional quality. ZDM. 2020;52(2):329–42.
Chong WH, Liem GAD, Huan VS, Kit PL, Ang RP. Student perceptions of self-efficacy and teacher support for learning in fostering youth competencies: roles of affective and cognitive engagement. J Adolesc. 2018;68:1–11.
Klieme E, Pauli C, Reusser K. The pythagoras study: investigating effects of teaching and learning in Swiss and German mathematics classrooms. In: Janik T, Seider T, editors. The power of video studies in investigating teaching and learning in the classroom. Münster: Waxmann; 2009. p. 137–60.
Baumert J, Kunter M, Blum W, Brunner M, Voss T, Jordan A, et al. Teachers’ mathematical knowledge, cognitive activation in the classroom, and student progress. Am Educ Res J. 2010;47(1):133–80.
Nilsen T, Gustafsson J-E. Teacher quality, instructional quality and student outcomes. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
Owens J. Insufficient sleep in adolescents and young adults: an update on causes and consequences. Pediatrics. 2014;134(3):e921–32.
Vik FN, Nilsen T, Øverby NC. Aspects of nutritional deficits and cognitive outcomes – triangulation across time and subject domains among students and teachers in TIMSS. Int J Educ Dev. 2022;89:102553.
Chaput JP, Gray CE, Poitras VJ, Carson V, Gruber R, Olds T, et al. Systematic review of the relationships between sleep duration and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(6 Suppl 3):S266–82.
Matricciani L, Olds T, Petkov J. In search of lost sleep: secular trends in the sleep time of school-aged children and adolescents. Sleep Med Rev. 2012;16(3):203–11.
Hysing M, Pallesen S, Stormark KM, Lundervold AJ, Sivertsen B. Sleep patterns and insomnia among adolescents: a population-based study. J Sleep Res. 2013;22(5):549–56.
Cain N, Gradisar M. Electronic media use and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents: a review. Sleep Med. 2010;11(8):735–42.
Schmidt RE, Van der Linden M. The relations between sleep, personality, behavioral problems, and school performance in adolescents. Sleep Med Clin. 2015;10(2):117–23.
Suardiaz-Muro M, Morante-Ruiz M, Ortega-Moreno M, Ruiz MA, Martín-Plasencia P, Vela-Bueno A. Sleep and academic performance in university students: a systematic review. Revista da Neurologica. 2020;71(2):43–53.
Dewald JF, Meijer AM, Oort FJ, Kerkhof GA, Bögels SM. The influence of sleep quality, sleep duration and sleepiness on school performance in children and adolescents: a meta-analytic review. Sleep Med Rev. 2010;14(3):179–89.
Adelantado-Renau M, Beltran-Valls MR, Migueles JH, Artero EG, Legaz-Arrese A, Capdevila-Seder A, et al. Associations between objectively measured and self-reported sleep with academic and cognitive performance in adolescents: DADOS study. J Sleep Res. 2019;28(4):e12811.
Boschloo A, Krabbendam L, Dekker S, Lee N, de Groot R, Jolles J. Subjective sleepiness and sleep quality in adolescents are related to objective and subjective measures of school performance. Front Psychol. 2013;4:38.
Anderson B, Storfer-Isser A, Taylor HG, Rosen CL, Redline S. Associations of executive function with sleepiness and sleep duration in adolescents. Pediatrics. 2009;123(4):e701–7.
Jones K, Harrison Y. Frontal lobe function, sleep loss and fragmented sleep. Sleep Med Rev. 2001;5(6):463–75.
Etindele Sosso FA, Holmes SD, Weinstein AA. Influence of socioeconomic status on objective sleep measurement: a systematic review and meta-analysis of actigraphy studies. Sleep Health. 2021;7(4):417–28.
Buckhalt JA. Insufficient sleep and the socioeconomic status achievement gap. Child Dev Perspect. 2011;5(1):59–65.
Mullis IVS, Martin MO, Foy P, Kelly DL, Fishbein B. TIMSS 2019 international results in mathematics and science. Boston: Boston College; 2020.
Martin MO, von Davier M, Mullis IVS. Methods and Procedures: TIMSS 2019 technical report. Chestnut Hill: Boston College and International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA); 2020.
Grandner Michael A, Petrov Megan ER, Rattanaumpawan P, Jackson N, Platt A, Patel NP. Sleep symptoms, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic position. J Clin Sleep Med. 2013;9(09):897–905.
Bagley EJ, Kelly RJ, Buckhalt JA, El-Sheikh M. What keeps low-SES children from sleeping well: the role of presleep worries and sleep environment. Sleep Med. 2015;16(4):496–502.
McWood LM, Zeringue MM, Piñón OM, Buckhalt JA, El-Sheikh M. Linear and nonlinear associations between the sleep environment, presleep conditions, and sleep in adolescence: moderation by race and socioeconomic status. Sleep Med. 2022;93:90–9.
Fatima Y, Doi SAR, Najman JM, Mamun AA. Exploring gender difference in sleep quality of young adults: findings from a large population study. Clin Med Res. 2016;14(3–4):138–44.
Muthén LK, Muthén BO. Mplus user’s guide. 8th Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén; 1998-2017.
Rutkowski L, Gonzales E, von Davier M, Zhou Y. Assessment design for international large-scale assessments. In: Rutkowski L, von Davier M, Rutkowski D, editors. Handbook of international large-scale assessment: background, technical issues, and methods of data analysis. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis Group; 2014. p. 75–95.
Nilsen T, Gustafsson J-E. School emphasis on academic success: exploring changes in science performance in Norway between 2007 and 2011 employing two-level SEM. Educ Res Eval. 2014;20(4):308–27.
Murnane RJ, Willett JB. Methods matter: improving causal inference in educational and social science research, vol. xv. New York: Oxford University Press; 2011. p. 397–xv.
Olsen RV, Björnsson JK. Fødselsmåned og skoleprestasjoner. Tjue år med TIMSS og PISA i Norge: Trender og nye analyser. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget; 2018:76–93.
Hysing M, Pallesen S, Stormark KM, Jakobsen R, Lundervold AJ, Sivertsen B. Sleep and use of electronic devices in adolescence: results from a large population-based study. BMJ Open. 2015;5(1):e006748.
Evers K, Chen S, Rothmann S, Dhir A, Pallesen S. Investigating the relation among disturbed sleep due to social media use, school burnout, and academic performance. J Adolesc. 2020;84:156–64.
Sivertsen B, Glozier N, Harvey AG, Hysing M. Academic performance in adolescents with delayed sleep phase. Sleep Med. 2015;16(9):1084–90.
Hysing M, Harvey AG, Linton SJ, Askeland KG, Sivertsen B. Sleep and academic performance in later adolescence: results from a large population-based study. J Sleep Res. 2016;25(3):318–24.
Gustafsson J-E. Causal inference in educational effectiveness research: a comparison of three methods to investigate effects of homework on student achievement. Sch Eff Sch Improv. 2013;24(3):275–95.