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  1. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis among women worldwide and is associated with increased susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. We aimed to determ...

    Authors: Jennifer P. Jain, Claire C. Bristow, Heather A. Pines, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Thomas L. Patterson and Steffanie A. Strathdee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1032

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is important in combating childhood obesity. Parents, and thus parental PA, could influence PA in young children. We examined whether the time spent at different intensities of PA and th...

    Authors: Silvia I. Brouwer, Leanne K. Küpers, Lotte Kors, Anna Sijtsma, Pieter J. J. Sauer, Carry M. Renders and Eva Corpeleijn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1033

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms underlying the association of parental socioeconomic position with later life allostatic load remain unclear. The present study aims to examine potential pathways underlying this association: pe...

    Authors: Dinne S. Christensen, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Ellen Garde, Åse M. Hansen, Jolene M. Pedersen and Erik L. Mortensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1029

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  4. Content type: Research article

    It is estimated that around 40% of children worldwide are exposed to tobacco smoke, largely by their parents. Discrepancies between biochemical measures of exposure and parental report imply that parents may b...

    Authors: Vicki Myers, Shoshana Shiloh and Laura Rosen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1031

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Current studies on electronic cigarettes (ECs) have assessed the smoking cessation effectiveness and safety of EC among sole EC users. However, in Malaysia and elsewhere, most EC users also smoke conventional ...

    Authors: Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed, Azizur Rahman, Shazia Jamshed and Syed Mahmood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1028

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Counselling has been shown to improve adherence to medication in people living with HIV (PLHIV). The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with regular counselling attendance of patients taki...

    Authors: M. Pane, E. I. Sianturi, Yin Mei Fiona Kong, Philip Bautista, Herlina and K. Taxis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1030

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Evidence for the context-specific influence of parental modelling on physical activity (PA) in childhood remains inconclusive. This nationwide Swiss study assessed the cross-sectional association between objec...

    Authors: Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Christian Schindler, Bengt Kayser, L. Suzanne Suggs and Nicole Probst-Hensch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1024

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Consumers most commonly discard unwanted medicines in household rubbish or drains, however, there are global concerns over the extent, environmental impact and health risks. When consumers procure or store med...

    Authors: Fiona Kelly, Sara McMillan, Jean Spinks, Emilie Bettington and Amanda J. Wheeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1026

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The school system is one setting in which children’s physical activity levels may be increased through daily physical activity (DPA) policies and initiatives. Adherence to DPA policies is typically poor and re...

    Authors: Emily Bremer, Jeffrey D. Graham, Scott Veldhuizen and John Cairney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1023

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Excess calorie consumption and poor diet are major contributors to the obesity epidemic. Food retailers, in particular at supermarkets, are key shapers of the food environment which influences consumers’ diets...

    Authors: Olivia Martinez, Noemi Rodriguez, Allison Mercurio, Marie Bragg and Brian Elbel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1019

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There is currently a rapid physical activity transition taking place in developing countries that includes a decrease in active transportation. Building on findings from an earlier systematic review, this pape...

    Authors: Vincent O. Onywera, Richard Larouche, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Antonio Prista, Kingsley K. Akinroye, Sylvester Heyker, George E. Owino and Mark S. Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1018

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Within Canadian provinces over the past half-century, legislation has been enacted to increase child protection organization (CPO) involvement in situations of child maltreatment (CM). This study had two objec...

    Authors: Lil Tonmyr, Ben Mathews, Margot E. Shields, Wendy E. Hovdestad and Tracie O. Afifi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1021

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Social network characteristics have an important role in understanding HIV transmission among female sex workers. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize and critically appraise the existing stu...

    Authors: Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Homeira Sajjadi, Yahya Salimi, Carl Latkin and Tom A. B. Snijders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1020

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum family planning services is one of the recommended public health intervention aimed at reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortalities. However, there is a paucity studies in rural Tigray regi...

    Authors: Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Berhe Beyene Gebrezgiabher, Berihu Gidey Aregawi, Desta Siyoum Belay, Lidiya Tsegay Tikue and Getachew Mebrahtu Welay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1017

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that sports participation is positively related to youth developmental outcomes, but it is still unknown if sports participation relates to these outcomes among socially vulnerable youth. He...

    Authors: Sabina Super, Niels Hermens, Kirsten Verkooijen and Maria Koelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1012

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  16. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the world today. In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed efficient and inexpensive “best buy” interventions for prevention of tobacco use ...

    Authors: Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Cecile Rénée Bonono, Felix Assah, Jennifer Wisdom, Pamela A. Juma, Jean-Claude Katte, Zakariaou Njoumemi, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo, Leopold K. Fezeu, Eugene Sobngwi and Jean Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):958

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  17. Content type: Research article

    Group-based transdiagnostic occupational rehabilitation programs including participants with mental and somatic disorders have emerged in clinical practice. Knowledge is sparse on subsequent participation in c...

    Authors: Karen Walseth Hara, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Petter C. Borchgrevink, Roar Johnsen, Tore C. Stiles, Søren Brage and Astrid Woodhouse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1014

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  18. Content type: Research

    Redressing structural inequality within the South African society in the post-apartheid era became the central focus of the democratic government. Policies on social and economic transformation were guided by ...

    Authors: Catherine Ndinda, Tidings P. Ndhlovu, Pamela Juma, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):956

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  19. Content type: Research

    The increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa is causing further burden to the health care systems that are least equipped to deal with the challenge. Countries are developing...

    Authors: Pamela A. Juma, Shukri F. Mohamed, Beatrice L. Matanje Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Clarisse Mapa-tassou, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Oladimeji Oladepo, Opeyemi Abiona, Misheck J. Nkhata, Jennifer P. Wisdom and Jean-Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):961

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  20. Content type: Research article

    Military spouses are integral to the health of their families, but have demonstrated elevated levels of stress, depression, and anxiety. Participating in health behaviors such as physical activity and healthy ...

    Authors: Emily L. Mailey, Carrie Mershon, Jillian Joyce and Brandon C. Irwin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1013

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  21. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, enforced in 2005, was a watershed international treaty that stipulated requirements for signatories to govern the production, sale, dist...

    Authors: Jennifer P. Wisdom, Pamela Juma, Beatrice Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Felix Assah, Misheck Nkhata, Shukri F. Mohamed, Oladepo Oladimeji, Opeyemi Oladunni, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Saliyou Sanni, Jean-Claude Mbanya and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):954

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  22. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide more than ten million people are detained at any given time. Between 5 and 60% of people experiencing incarceration report receipt of a tattoo in prison – mostly clandestine, which is associated with...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Célestine Dubost, Stéphanie Baggio, Laurent Gétaz and Hans Wolff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1015

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  23. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use has serious public health implications for both smokers and non-smokers and significant economic implications on health care spending for governments. Tobacco-related deaths are preventable through...

    Authors: Shukri F. Mohamed, Pamela Juma, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):960

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  24. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases and policy formulation on tobacco is expected to engrain international guidelines. This paper describes the historical development of tobacco co...

    Authors: Oladimeji Oladepo, Mojisola Oluwasanu and Opeyemi Abiona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):959

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  25. Content type: Research

    Tobacco use is the world’s leading preventable cause of illness and death and the most important risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases (...

    Authors: Saliyou Sanni, Charles Hongoro, Catherine Ndinda and Jennifer P. Wisdom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):962

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  26. Content type: Research

    Harmful use of alcohol is one of the most common risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases and other health conditions such as injuries. World Health Organization has identified highly cost-effective interven...

    Authors: Beatrice L. Matanje Mwagomba, Misheck J. Nkhata, Alex Baldacchino, Jennifer Wisdom and Bagrey Ngwira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):957

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  27. Content type: Research

    The rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Africa requires a multi-sectoral action (MSA) in their prevention and control. This study aimed to generate evidence on the extent of MSA application in NCD prev...

    Authors: Pamela A. Juma, Clarisse Mapa-tassou, Shukri F. Mohamed, Beatrice L. Matanje Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Jean-Claude Mbanya, Misheck J. Nkhata, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 1):953

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  28. Content type: Research article

    Yellow fever (YF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever, endemic in the tropical forests of Africa and Central and South America. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes infected with the yellow fever virus (YFV). Eth...

    Authors: Mesfin Mengesha Tsegaye, Berhane Beyene, Workenesh Ayele, Almaz Abebe, Israel Tareke, Amadou Sall, Sergio Yactayo, Messeret E. Shibeshi, Erin Staples, Desalegn Belay, Abrham Lilay, Abebe Alemu, Emana Alemu, Adugna Kume, Alemnesh H/Mariam, Olivier Ronveaux…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1011

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To assess the potential acceptability and inform the development of behaviorally-congruent vaginal douche- or gel-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products, we examined vaginal washing and lubrication...

    Authors: Heather A. Pines, Shirley J. Semple, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Craig W. Hendrix, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Pamina M. Gorbach, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Gustavo Martinez and Thomas L. Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1009

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The opencast coal mine is a specific mine differing from the underground mine. There are differences in the way into the ore body, the organization of production, transport technology and other aspects. This s...

    Authors: Yuting Li, Wei Xian, Haodi Xu, Jinbin Sun, Bing Han and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1010

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Pain is an important health problem adversely affecting functionality and quality of life. Though self- rated health (SRH) is a major predictor of mortality, its relationship with pain is not well understood. ...

    Authors: Batholomew Chireh and Carl D’Arcy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1006

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to be linked to health risk behaviours (HRBs). This study aims to identify risk factors for ACEs and to examine the associations between ACEs and single and...

    Authors: Jascha Wiehn, Claudia Hornberg and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1005

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The causes of birth defects (BDs) are complex and include genetic and environmental factors and/or their interactions. More research is needed to describe the epidemiology of BDs within specific regions of Chi...

    Authors: Jichang Chen, Xuemei Huang, Bo Wang, Yu Zhang, Chokechai Rongkavilit, Dingyuan Zeng, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Chawla Sanjay and Eric McGrath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1008

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  34. Content type: Correction

    It has been highlighted the original article (1) contained a typesetting mistake in the authorship, and that author Caterine Vicens was omitted.

    Authors: Edurne Zabaleta-del-Olmo, Haizea Pombo, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Marc Casajuana-Closas, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Tomás López-Jiménez, Carmen Cabezas-Peña, Carme Martín-Borràs, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Maria Rubio-Valera, Joan Llobera, Alfonso Leiva, Caterina Vicens, Clara Vidal, Manuel Campiñez, Remedios Martín-Álvarez…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1004

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:874

  35. Content type: Research article

    Applying the Process-Person-Context-Time (PPCT) model of the bioecological theory, this study considers whether proximal processes between the individual and the microsystem (social relationships within family...

    Authors: Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Christopher G. Bean, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1000

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and...

    Authors: Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard and Megan S. C. Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1002

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Distribution of tobacco cessation medications through state quitlines increases service utilization and quit outcomes. However, some state quitlines have moved to models in which callers are instructed to obta...

    Authors: Adrienne B. Lent, Patrick A. O’Connor, Ryan C. Reikowsky, Uma S. Nair and Melanie L. Bell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1001

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Measuring the quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer is an important aspect of measuring treatment success. In Croatia, no QoL studies have been carried out with a focus on patients after mastectomy...

    Authors: Stana Pačarić, Jozo Kristek, Jure Mirat, Goran Kondža, Tajana Turk, Nikolina Farčić, Želimir Orkić and Ana Nemčić

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:999

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  39. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of the original article [1], it was highlighted that Fig. 1 was incorrectly labeled.

    Authors: Beth Rachlis, Violet Naanyu, Juddy Wachira, Becky Genberg, Beatrice Koech, Regina Kamene, Jackie Akinyi and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1003

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:741

  40. Content type: Research article

    Cape Verde presents a high rate of cardiovascular diseases. Low potassium and high sodium intakes are related to cardiovascular diseases. However, studies regarding these two micronutrients continue to be rare...

    Authors: Daniela Alves, Zélia Santos, Miguel Amado, Isabel Craveiro, António Pedro Delgado, Artur Correia and Luzia Gonçalves

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:995

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  41. Content type: Research article

    High sodium diets with inadequate potassium and high sodium-to-potassium ratios are a known determinant of hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The Caribbean island of Barbados has a high prevalence ...

    Authors: Rachel M. Harris, Angela M. C. Rose, Ian R. Hambleton, Christina Howitt, Nita G. Forouhi, Anselm J. M. Hennis, T. Alafia Samuels and Nigel Unwin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:998

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Human animal-bite injuries are a serious public health problem due to associated risk for rabies virus exposure. Animal-bite injuries especially dog bites are useful indicators for assessing the risk of rabies...

    Authors: Jeremiah Ngurimu Ngugi, Alfred Kilango Maza, Owiti Jack Omolo and Mark Obonyo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:996

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Information leaflets have been shown to significantly improve awareness of the symptoms of gynaecological cancers and to reduce perceived barriers to seeking medical help. This record-based, parallel, randomis...

    Authors: Jackie Campbell, Kirty Vaghela, Stephen Rogers, Michelle Pyer, Alice Simon and Jo Waller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:997

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