Skip to content



Page 1 of 251

  1. Content type: Research article

    Greenland struggles with a high prevalence of smoking, alcohol and drug abuse. In response to the increasing need for preventive initiatives, the first public health program Inuuneritta was introduced in 2007. In...

    Authors: Christine Ingemann, Barbara J. Regeer and Christina V. L. Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1353

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Discrimination is a well-established stressor that is substantially associated with poor health and a known contributor to health inequalities. However, the role of discrimination in health service use is less...

    Authors: Billy Gazard, Zoe Chui, Lisa Harber-Aschan, Shirlee MacCrimmon, Ioannis Bakolis, Katharine Rimes, Matthew Hotopf and Stephani L. Hatch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1354

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Literature on persuasion suggests compliance increases when requests are accompanied with a reason (i.e. the “because-heuristic”). The reliability of outcomes in physical activity research is dependent on suff...

    Authors: Matti T. J. Heino, Keegan Knittle, Ari Haukkala, Tommi Vasankari and Nelli Hankonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1352

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer screening can reduce mortality but can be a complex, multi-step process. Poor health literacy is associated with unfavorable outcomes and decreased use of preventative services, so it is important ...

    Authors: Kevin Haas, Christie Brillante, Lisa Sharp, Ahmed K. Elzokaky, Mary Pasquinelli, Lawrence Feldman, Kevin L. Kovitz and Min Joo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1356

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) patients crossing borders pose a serious challenge to global TB control efforts. The objectives of our study were firstly, to evaluate the trend and size of foreign-born pulmonary TB patients...

    Authors: Lisa Kawatsu, Akihiro Ohkado, Kazuhiro Uchimura and Kiyohiko Izumi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1355

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among children and youth ≤19. Across the country, there is variability in road traffic injury prevention policies and legislation. Our objective ...

    Authors: Liraz Fridman, Jessica L. Fraser-Thomas, Ian Pike and Alison K. Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1348

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Acute paediatric poisoning is a common public health concern for both developed and developing countries. The type of agent and underlying cause differ depending on the social, cultural, economic and education...

    Authors: Godakanda Arachchige Maneesha Prasadi, Fahim Mohamed, Lalith Senarathna, Rose Cairns, Pahala Hangidi Gedara Janaka Pushpakumara and Andrew Hamilton Dawson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1349

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1], the authors wanted to make an amendment in the Acknowledgments section as Muneera Rasheed requested to be removed. This correction article shows the original and ...

    Authors: Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy and Aisha K. Yousafzai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1350

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1274

  9. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D has multifarious roles in maintenance of health and prevention of disease. The present study was undertaken to assess the vitamin D status of a rural adult south Indian population and to identify its...

    Authors: John Mechenro, Giriprasad Venugopal, M. Buvnesh Kumar, D. Balakrishnan and Balakrishnan S. Ramakrishna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1345

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Across most high-income countries, populations are ageing. With this demographic change is an increase in the number of people living with disabilities. In this context, we sought to examine the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Jeromey B. Temple, Margaret Kelaher and Ruth Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1347

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Emergencies and disasters impact population health. Despite the importance of upstream readiness, a persistent challenge for public health practitioners is defining what it means to be prepared. There is a kno...

    Authors: Yasmin Khan, Tracey O’Sullivan, Adalsteinn Brown, Shannon Tracey, Jennifer Gibson, Mélissa Généreux, Bonnie Henry and Brian Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1344

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Dehydration results from a decrease in total body water content either due to less intake or more fluid loss. Common symptoms of dehydration are dry mouth/tongue, thirst, headache, and lethargy. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Naila A. Shaheen, Abdulrahman A. Alqahtani, Hussam Assiri, Reem Alkhodair and Mohamed A. Hussein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1346

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa continues to account for the highest regional maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in the world, at just under 550 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2015, compared to a global rate of 216...

    Authors: Corrine W. Ruktanonchai, Kristine Nilsen, Victor A. Alegana, Claudio Bosco, Rogers Ayiko, Andrew C. Seven Kajeguka, Zöe Matthews and Andrew J. Tatem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1339

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has frequently been compared between both healthy and obese children and healthy and chronically ill children; however, there is glaring lack of evidence regarding compar...

    Authors: Sara Jalali-Farahani, Fahimeh Alsadat Shojaei, Parnian Parvin and Parisa Amiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1337

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Globally, sexual violence is prevalent, particularly for adolescent women. This cluster-randomized controlled implementation trial examines empowerment self-defense (ESD) for sexual assault risk reduction amon...

    Authors: Michele R. Decker, Shannon N. Wood, Esther Ndinda, Gayane Yenokyan, Jacob Sinclair, Nankali Maksud, Brendan Ross, Benjamin Omondi and Martin Ndirangu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1341

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations of normal weight obesity (NWO) with physical fitness in Chinese university students. As a secondary aim, we assessed whether possible differences i...

    Authors: Meizhen Zhang, Moritz Schumann, Tao Huang, Timo Törmäkangas and Sulin Cheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1334

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that young females are more likely to try to lose weight than young males, however whether this sex difference persists across demographic characteristics and weight status is unclear. Furthe...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Houle-Johnson and Lisa Kakinami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1343

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Childhood injury remains a significant public health problem responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. However, injury has been found to increase with socioeconomic disadvantage for some injuries. T...

    Authors: Rebecca Seah, Reidar P. Lystad, Kate Curtis and Rebecca Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1336

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that Workplace Health Promoting Programmes (WHPP) can facilitate healthier behaviour. Despite the benefits achieved from participating in a WHPP, a systematic review showed that only 10–50% ...

    Authors: Pia Maria Ilvig, Thomas Viskum Gjelstrup Bredahl, Just Bendix Justesen, Dorrie Jones, Jonna Benner Lundgaard, Karen Søgaard and Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1340

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    A more sedentary lifestyle can result in insulin resistance. However, few research studies have assessed the association between insulin resistance and sedentary lifestyle in Asian populations. Therefore, this...

    Authors: Kyeong Seok Kim, Seong Jun Kim, Seonggwan Kim, Dong-Woo Choi, Yeong Jun Ju and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1335

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Excess body weight (EBW: overweight and obesity) has high and rising prevalence in Brazil. Up-to-date information about the distribution and changes in the prevalence of EBW and their associated factors are es...

    Authors: Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Diva Aliete dos Santos Vieira, Maria Cecília Goi Porto Alves, Chester Luís Galvão César, Moisés Goldbaum and Regina Mara Fisberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1332

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies found regional differences in the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes between Northeast and South of Germany. The aim of this study was to investigate if regional variations are also p...

    Authors: Violetta Ptushkina, Esther Jacobs, Sabine Schipf, Henry Völzke, Marcello Ricardo Paulista Markus, Matthias Nauck, Christa Meisinger, Annette Peters, Werner Maier, Christian Herder, Michael Roden and Wolfgang Rathmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1331

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Levels of obesity remain high in the UK. The Football Fans in Training (FFIT) randomised controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated that a 12-week, gender-sensitised weight management, physical activity and healthy e...

    Authors: Christopher Bunn, Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Kate Hunt, Graham Brennan, Jemma Lennox, Alice Maclean and Cindy M. Gray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1330

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic (CCHF) is a deadly tick born disease caused by a virus of genus Nairovirus and is endemic in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Eastern areas of Europe. Pakistan is a CCHF endemic cou...

    Authors: Ali Ahmed, Maria Tanveer, Muhammad Saqlain and Gul Majid Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1333

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Mortality statistics derived from cause of death data are an important source of information for population health monitoring, priority setting and planning. In Perú, almost all death certificates are issued b...

    Authors: Janet Miki, Rasika Rampatige, Nicola Richards, Tim Adair, Juan Cortez-Escalante and Javier Vargas-Herrera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1329

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Concussion is a preventable injury that can have long-term health consequences for children and youth. In Ontario, the Policy/Program Memorandum # 158 (PPM) was introduced by the Ministry of Education of Ontar...

    Authors: Roman Matveev, Lauren Sergio, Jessica Fraser-Thomas and Alison K. Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1324

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Public bicycle share programs in many cities are used by a small segment of the population. To better understand the market for public bicycle share, this study examined the socio-demographic and transportatio...

    Authors: Kate Hosford, Scott A. Lear, Daniel Fuller, Kay Teschke, Suzanne Therrien and Meghan Winters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1326

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    The high prevalence of diabetes is associated with body mass index (BMI), and diabetes can cause many complications, such as hip fractures. This study investigated the effects of BMI and diabetes on the risk o...

    Authors: Hsiu-Ling Huang, Cheng-Chin Pan, Yu-Fen Hsiao, Ming-Chih Chen, Chuan-Yu Kung, Pei-Tseng Kung and Wen-Chen Tsai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1325

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Culturally sensitive, reliable and valid cultural belief scales for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in Koreans in the Republic of Korea are not available in the literature. The purpose of this study was to a...

    Authors: Shin-Young Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1328

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension and prehypertension pose significant public-health and clinical challenges for both economically developed and developing nations. Prevalence of these conditions are frequently underreported becau...

    Authors: Abdurrahman Aldiab, Mamdouh M. Shubair, Jamaan M. Al-Zahrani, Khaled K. Aldossari, Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Mowafa Househ, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally and Hoda Jradi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1327

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Acquiring accurate and adequate nutrition information is important as it could inform nutritional choices positively and promote the maintenance of a healthy nutritional status. This study assessed a sample of...

    Authors: Esi Yaabah Quaidoo, Agartha Ohemeng and Margaret Amankwah-Poku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1323

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    In 2009, Canada adopted legislation (Bill C-32) restricting the sale of flavoured tobacco products, one of the first in the world. This study examines the agenda-setting process leading to the adoption of Bill...

    Authors: Raphael Lencucha, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonte and Jeffrey Drope

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1321

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    European legislation prohibits direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines, but allows drug manufacturers to provide information to the public on health and diseases. Our aim was to measure the fr...

    Authors: Teresa Leonardo Alves, Elita Poplavska, Signe Mezinska, Ieva Salmane-Kulikovska, Liga Andersone, Aukje K. Mantel-Teeuwisse and Barbara Mintzes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1322

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Mass reach physical activity campaigns are designed to deliver physical-activity related messages to a large population across different media including print, television, radio, and websites. Few evaluations ...

    Authors: T. R. Berry, R. E. Rhodes, E. M. Ori, K. McFadden, G. Faulkner, A. E. Latimer-Cheung, N. O’Reilly, J. C. Spence, M. S. Tremblay and L. M. Vanderloo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1300

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Ecological models suggest that a strategy for increasing physical activity participation within a population is to reconstruct the “social climate”. This can be accomplished through 1) changing norms and belie...

    Authors: Lira Yun, Leigh Vanderloo, Tanya R. Berry, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Norman O’Reilly, Ryan E. Rhodes, John C. Spence, Mark S. Tremblay and Guy Faulkner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1301

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Debate

    Indigenous peoples in Canada experience disproportionate rates of suicide compared to non-Indigenous populations. Indigenous communities and organizations have designed local and regional approaches to prevent...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Pollock, Gwen K. Healey, Michael Jong, James E. Valcour and Shree Mulay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1320

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Hand hygiene is a simple and low-cost measure to reduce healthcare associated infection yet it has always been a concern in low as well as high resource settings across the globe. Poor hand hygiene during intr...

    Authors: Mukta Tyagi, Claudia Hanson, Joanna Schellenberg, Swecha Chamarty and Samiksha Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1299

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Housing adaptations have been identified as an important environmental and prevention intervention for older adults, which may improve health and quality of life. The onset of disability in bathing can act as ...

    Authors: Phillip J. Whitehead, Miriam R. Golding-Day, Stuart Belshaw, Tony Dawson, Marilyn James and Marion F. Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1293

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    The National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) is a child weight monitoring system in England, taking place in the first and final years of primary school. Many local authorities consider it important to info...

    Authors: B. E. Kovacs, F. B. Gillison and J. C. Barnett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1295

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Foodborne acute gastroenteritis is a significant public health concern. Food handling plays a key role in the risk of foodborne acute gastroenteritis. However, research focused on the correlation between foodb...

    Authors: Yujuan Chen, Yufeng Wen, Jiangen Song, Baifeng Chen, Shushu Ding, Lei Ding and Jiajia Dai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1290

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to compare occasional and persistent frequent attenders in occupational health (OH) primary care and to identify the diagnoses associated with persisting frequent attendance.

    Authors: Tiia Reho, Salla Atkins, Nina Talola, Markku Sumanen, Mervi Viljamaa and Jukka Uitti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1291

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) differs among countries and contributes to morbidity and mortality especially in the developing countries. Trends and seasonal changes in the number of patients presenting wi...

    Authors: George Aryee, Ernest Kwarteng, Raymond Essuman, Adwoa Nkansa Agyei, Samuel Kudzawu, Robert Djagbletey, Ebenezer Owusu Darkwa and Audrey Forson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1292

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Unmet need for family planning exceeds 33% in Uganda. One approach to decreasing unmet need is promoting male involvement in family planning. Male disapproval of use of family planning by their female partners...

    Authors: Anne Dougherty, Alex Kayongo, Samantha Deans, John Mundaka, Faith Nassali, James Sewanyana, Eric Migadde, Ronald Kiyemba, Estherloy Katali, Sarah Jane Holcombe, Sarah H. Heil and Robert Kalyesubula

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1294

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis and treatment initiation of HIV-infected infants can greatly reduce the risk of infant mortality. The WHO recommends testing HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks of age and immediate initiation of an...

    Authors: Jasleen Singh, Suzanne Filteau, Jim Todd and Sehlulekile Gumede-Moyo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1297

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Despite known health benefits of physical activity (PA), older adults remain among the least physically active age group globally with 30–60% not meeting guidelines. In Canada, 87% do not meet recommended guid...

    Authors: Heather McKay, Lindsay Nettlefold, Adrian Bauman, Christa Hoy, Samantha M. Gray, Erica Lau and Joanie Sims-Gould

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1289

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Spatial analysis has been vital in mapping the spread of diseases and assisting in policy making. Targeting diarrhea transmission hotspots is one of the potential strategies for reducing diarrhea cases. This s...

    Authors: Nilima, Asha Kamath, Karthik Shetty, B. Unnikrishnan, Siddharth Kaushik and Shesh N. Rai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1288

    Published on: