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  1. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on the levels of physical activity (PA) and sleep and to examine specific COVID-19 factors that may be associated with changes in PA and sleep among...

    Authors: Anna V. Kontsevaya, Dinara K. Mukaneeva, Azaliia O. Myrzamatova, Anthony D. Okely and Oxana M. Drapkina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:893

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. In the COVID-19 pandemic, it is imperative that people understand and comply with self-isolation guidelines. We tested whether a simplified version of the guidelines and a simplified version with visual aids w...

    Authors: Natalie Gold, Robin Watson, Dale Weston, Felix Greaves and Richard Amlôt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:892

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Food cost and affordability is one of the main barriers to improve the nutritional quality of diets of the population. However, in Argentina, where over 60% of adults and 40% of children and adolescents are ov...

    Authors: Gabriel Giacobone, Maria Victoria Tiscornia, Leila Guarnieri, Luciana Castronuovo, Sally Mackay and Lorena Allemandi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:891

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Social relationships are crucial for well-being and health, and considerable research has established social stressors as a risk for well-being and health. However, researchers have used many different constru...

    Authors: Christin Gerhardt, Norbert K. Semmer, Sabine Sauter, Alexandra Walker, Nathal de Wijn, Wolfgang Kälin, Maria U. Kottwitz, Bernd Kersten, Benjamin Ulrich and Achim Elfering

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:890

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Health volunteers act as the link between the society and the healthcare system and are a symbol of people’s participation in the health maintenance and promotion. Despite the important role of health voluntee...

    Authors: Fatemeh Vizeshfar, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab and Mohamad Taghi Iman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:889

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In Australia, it is projected that one in four individuals will be at the nominal retirement age of 65 or over by 2056; this effect is expected to be especially pronounced in rural areas. Previous findings on ...

    Authors: Tonelle E. Handley, Terry J. Lewin, Peter Butterworth and Brian J. Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:888

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Improving children and young people’s (CYP) health and addressing health inequalities are international priorities. Reducing inequalities is particularly pertinent in light of the Covid-19 outbreak which has e...

    Authors: Eleanor Holding, Hannah Fairbrother, Naomi Griffin, Jonathan Wistow, Katie Powell and Carolyn Summerbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:887

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Parental weight is studied as an important determinant of childhood obesity; however, obesity-related metabolic abnormalities have been less considered as determinants of childhood obesity. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Bita Lashkari, Leila Cheraghi, Farhad Hosseinpanah and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:885

    Content type: Research

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  9. Studies related to the SARS-CoV-2 spikes in the past few months, while there are limited studies on the entire outbreak-suppressed cycle of COVID-19. We estimate the cause-specific excess mortality during the ...

    Authors: Li Li, Dong Hang, Han Dong, Chen Yuan-Yuan, Liang Bo-Heng, Yan Ze-Lin, Yang Zhou, Ou Chun-Quan and Qin Peng-Zhe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:883

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Financing for NCDs is encumbered by out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) assuming catastrophic proportions. Therefore, it is imperative to investigate the extent of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) on NCDs, w...

    Authors: Veenapani Rajeev Verma, Piyush Kumar and Umakant Dash

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:881

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Nationwide studies that examine climatic modification effects on the association between air pollution and health outcome are limited in developing countries. Moreover, few studies focus on PM1 pollution despi...

    Authors: Huagui Guo, Xin Li, Weifeng Li, Jiansheng Wu, Siying Wang and Jing Wei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:880

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. The study aimed to investigate the independent and combined effects of midpoint of sleep and night sleep duration on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in areas with limited resources.

    Authors: Zhihan Zhai, Xiaotian Liu, Haiqing Zhang, Xiaokang Dong, Yaling He, Miaomiao Niu, Mingming Pan, Chongjian Wang, Xiaoqiong Wang and Yuqian Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:879

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is increasing recognition of the importance of children’s play from a public health perspective, given the links between play and children’s physical and mental health. The present research aimed to deve...

    Authors: Helen F. Dodd, Rachel J. Nesbit and Laura R. Maratchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:878

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a method for identifying the configurations of conditions that lead to specific outcomes. Given its potential for providing evidence of causality in complex systems, Q...

    Authors: Benjamin Hanckel, Mark Petticrew, James Thomas and Judith Green

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:877

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. The challenges faced by healthcare personnel in relation to dengue prevention and control are perennial but noticeably unexplored. It is often difficult to translate policies and decision making by the elite i...

    Authors: Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Aidalina Mahmud, Anthony NTR and Siti Rohana Saad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:876

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Total sitting time is associated with a higher risk for cardio metabolic disease and mortality, while breaks in prolonged sitting attenuate these effects. However, less is known about associations of different...

    Authors: Lena V. Kallings, Victoria Blom, Björn Ekblom, Tobias Holmlund, Jane Salier Eriksson, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin and Elin Ekblom-Bak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:875

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) challenges the Chinese health system reform. Little is known for the differences in catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) between urban and rural hous...

    Authors: Xian-zhi Fu, Qi-wei Sun, Chang-qing Sun, Fei Xu and Jun-jian He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:874

    Content type: Research article

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  18. People affected by leprosy are at increased risk of ulcers from peripheral nerve damage. This in turn can lead to visible impairments, stigmatisation and economic marginalisation. Health care providers suggest...

    Authors: Dilip Shrestha, Indra B. Napit, Subi Ansari, Sopna Mannan Choudhury, Bishnu Dhungana, Paramjit Gill, Frances Griffiths, Holly Gwyther, Deanna Hagge, Shovakhar Kandel, Suraj Puri, Jo Sartori, Samuel Ian Watson and Richard Lilford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:873

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Problem gaming is reported by approximately 1–3% of the population and is associated with decreased health and wellbeing. Research on optimal health responses to problem gaming remains limited. This study aime...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Park, Laura Wilkinson-Meyers, Daniel L. King and Simone N. Rodda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:872

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. School-based physical activity interventions evaluating the effect on academic performance usually includes children. We aimed to investigate the effect of a nine-month, school-based physical activity interven...

    Authors: Runar Barstad Solberg, Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Ulf Ekelund, Reidar Säfvenbom, Tommy Haugen, Sveinung Berntsen, Andreas Åvitsland, Øystein Lerum, Geir Kåre Resaland and Elin Kolle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:871

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Frequent attenders (FAs) impose a significant burden on service capacity and public health funding. Although the characteristics of the group and their risk for sickness absences (SA) have been studied, an und...

    Authors: Riku Perhoniemi and Jenni Blomgren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:870

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. The social identity model of risk taking proposes that people take more risks with ingroup members because they trust them more. While this can be beneficial in some circumstances, in the context of the COVID-...

    Authors: Tegan Cruwys, Mark Stevens, Jessica L. Donaldson, Diana Cárdenas, Michael J. Platow, Katherine J. Reynolds and Polly Fong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:869

    Content type: Research

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  23. Group therapy assists individuals in learning many behavioral techniques for smoking cessation and providing each other with mutual support. Group behavior therapy is not routinely provided as a modality of to...

    Authors: Shatha A. Alduraywish, Meaad F. Alnofaie, Balqes F. Alrajhi, Fatima A. Balsharaf, Sarah S. Alblaihed, Alaa A. Alsowigh, Wafa S. Alotaibi and Fahad M. Aldakheel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:868

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Nigeria is one of the ten countries globally that account for 62% of under- and unvaccinated children worldwide. Despite several governmental and non-governmental agencies’ interventions, Nigeria has yet to ac...

    Authors: Abisola Olaniyan, Chinwoke Isiguzo and Mary Hawk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:867

    Content type: Research

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  25. The relationship between socioeconomic position (SEP) and adolescent physical activity is uncertain, as most evidence is limited to specific settings and a restricted number of SEP indicators. This study aimed...

    Authors: L. Falese, B. Federico, A. E. Kunst, J. Perelman, M. Richter, A. Rimpelä and V. Lorant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:866

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Low birth weight and prematurity remain leading causes of infant mortality and morbidity globally. Although extensive literature has highlighted the importance of socioenvironmental characteristics for birth o...

    Authors: Angélica Carreira dos Santos, Alexandra Brentani and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:865

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Influenza may be associated with increased stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) risk. We hypothesized that risk of stroke and MI after influenza-like illness (ILI) would be higher in patients in New York Stat...

    Authors: Erin R. Kulick, Trevor Alvord, Michelle Canning, Mitchell S. V. Elkind, Bernard P. Chang and Amelia K. Boehme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:864

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Recreational and sexual drug use among men who have sex with men may result in increased risk of poor health. The aim of this study was to better understand drug use and harm reduction techniques among Swedish...

    Authors: Nicklas Dennermalm, Julia Scarlett, Sarah Thomsen, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson and Helle Mølsted Alvesson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:863

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The home environment is an important facilitator of young child movement behaviors, including physical activity (PA), sleep, and screen-time. Household chaos, characterized by crowding, noise, and disorder in ...

    Authors: Chelsea L. Kracht, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Amanda E. Staiano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:860

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The Ministry of Health Zambia recommends tuberculosis preventive treatment (TPT) with 6 months daily isoniazid for all people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) after ruling out active tuberculosis...

    Authors: Michael Melgar, Ray W. Shiraishi, Clifford Tende, Sydney Mwanza, Joyce Mulenga, Shepherd Khondowe, David Mwakazanga, Kelvin Kapungu, Mathias Tembo, Amos Nota, Patrick Lungu, Brittany Moore and Laura J. Podewils

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:859

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Positive health beliefs and attitudes towards dementia and dementia risk reduction may encourage adopting a healthy behaviour. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the knowledge, health beliefs and attitudes tow...

    Authors: J. Vrijsen, T. F. Matulessij, T. Joxhorst, S. E. de Rooij and N. Smidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:857

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Vector control is an essential component in prevention and control of malaria in malaria endemic areas. Insecticide treated nets is one of the standard tools recommended for malaria vector control. The objecti...

    Authors: Mary Nyangi, Elizabeth Kigondu, Beatrice Irungu, Margaret Nganga, Anthony Gachanja, Martin Murigi, Ruth Nyangacha, Erastus Muniu, Luna Kamau and Jeremiah Gathirwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:856

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jane Oliver, Elise Thielemans, Alissa McMinn, Ciara Baker, Philip N. Britton, Julia E. Clark, Helen S. Marshall, Christopher C. Blyth, Joshua Francis, Jim Buttery, Andrew C. Steer and Nigel W. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:855

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2019 19:1750

  34. Since the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced in Norway in 2009, the vaccine uptake has increased. Whether this increase is similar regardless of the girls’ country background is unknown. We exam...

    Authors: Randi Dalene Bjerke, Ida Laake, Berit Feiring, Geir Aamodt and Lill Trogstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:854

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The distribution of health care resources during a pandemic is challenging. The aim of the study was to describe the use of health care in a representative sample of the Swiss population during the SARS-CoV-2 ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Giezendanner, Roland Fischer, Laura Diaz Hernandez and Andreas Zeller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:853

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Cardiovascular fitness has been associated with both executive function and academic achievement in multiple cohort studies including children and adolescents. However, research is scarce among children from l...

    Authors: Markus Gerber, Christin Lang, Johanna Beckmann, Rosa du Randt, Stefanie Gall, Harald Seelig, Kurt Z. Long, Sebastian Ludyga, Ivan Müller, Madeleine Nienaber, Siphesihle Nqweniso, Uwe Pühse, Peter Steinmann, Jürg Utzinger and Cheryl Walter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:852

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Knowledge of health care utilization is important in low-and middle-income countries where inequalities in the burden of diseases and access to primary health care exist. Limited evidence exists on health seek...

    Authors: Elvis O. A. Wambiya, Peter O. Otieno, Martin Kavao Mutua, Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet and Shukri F. Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:850

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. In the UK, around 5% of 11–16-year olds experience conduct problems of clinical importance. However, there are limited data on prevalence of conduct problems by ethnic group, and how putative social risk facto...

    Authors: Rachel Blakey, Craig Morgan, Charlotte Gayer-Anderson, Sam Davis, Stephanie Beards, Seeromanie Harding, Vanessa Pinfold, Kamaldeep Bhui, Gemma Knowles and Essi Viding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:849

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Although the workers in many occupations are at the greatest risk of catching and spreading COVID-19 due to assembling and contacting people, the owners of these occupations do not follow COVID-19 health instr...

    Authors: Neda SoleimanvandiAzar, Seyed Fahim Irandoost, Sina Ahmadi, Tareq Xosravi, Hadi Ranjbar, Morteza Mansourian and Javad Yoosefi Lebni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:848

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Little is known about the long-term outcomes of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) during childhood. As such, this study aims to explore the association between childhood SAM and blood pressure (BP) in adulthood ...

    Authors: Pacifique Mwene-Batu, Daniel Lemogoum, Laurène de le Hoye, Ghislain Bisimwa, Michel P. Hermans, Jimmy Minani, Gaylord Amani, Guy-Quesney Mateso, Justin Cirhuza Cikomola, Michelle Dramaix and Philippe Donnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:847

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. One public health problem that cannot be ignored is the mental health of left-behind elderly individuals in rural areas. However, the burden of care and parenting stress among left-behind elderly individuals h...

    Authors: Mengjuan Zhao, Ziqiang Zhu, Chenchen Kong and Chunshan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:846

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. India has made substantial progress in improving child health in recent years. However, the country continues to account for a large number of vaccine preventable child deaths. We estimated wealth-related full...

    Authors: Brian Wahl, Madhu Gupta, Daniel J. Erchick, Bryan N. Patenaude, Taylor A. Holroyd, Molly Sauer, Madeleine Blunt, Mathuram Santosham and Rupali Jayant Limaye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:841

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Promoting long-term exercise adherence should be a key focus for health and fitness professionals working to reduce obesity and cardiometabolic health disparities, and all-cause mortality in inactive African-A...

    Authors: Lyndsey M. Hornbuckle, Cristina S. Barroso, Amy Rauer, Chloe S. Jones and Kerri M. Winters-Stone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:838

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. The impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on wellbeing and health has so far been studied using mostly cross-sectional designs. To place recent findings into context, we compared symptoms and f...

    Authors: Jens Lehmann, Bernhard Holzner, Johannes M. Giesinger, Andrew Bottomley, Shaad Ansari, Ludwig von Butler and Georg Kemmler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:837

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. There is an expected increase in heatwaves globally. As such, it is imperative to have sufficient levels of heatwave-protective knowledge and behaviour in areas regularly affected by heatwaves. Our study asses...

    Authors: Joris Adriaan Frank van Loenhout, Kirsten Vanderplanken, Tamari Kashibadze, Nia Giuashvili, Amiran Gamkrelidze, Maya Siman-Tov, Bruria Adini and Debarati Guha-Sapir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:834

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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