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  1. Monitoring factors related to hormonal contraception (HC) use is essential to evaluating public health strategies and promoting access to contraception. We aimed to examine municipal social and health indicato...

    Authors: Elena Toffol, Oskari Heikinheimo, Anna But, Antti Latvala, Timo Partonen and Jari Haukka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:465

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The proportion of elderly individuals is increasing globally. They should be well cared for to enable them to enjoy their full lifespans. Good health is a vital component of one’s overall quality of life. Our ...

    Authors: Sathees Santhalingam, Sivayogan Sivagurunathan, Shamini Prathapan, Sivapalan Kanagasabai and Luxmi Kamalarupan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Poor sleep and poor mental health go hand in hand and, together, can have an adverse impact on physical health. Given the already disproportionate physical health inequities experienced by people with a mental...

    Authors: Alexandra P. Metse, Caitlin Fehily, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Olivia Wynne, Sharon Lawn, John Wiggers and Jenny A. Bowman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:463

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Many people are now living longer with HIV due to access to antiretroviral treatment. In turn, there has been an increase in the burden of hypertension and diabetes. The paucity of data on the burden of hypert...

    Authors: Nicola Chiwandire, Nompumelelo Zungu, Musawenkosi Mabaso and Charles Chasela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:462

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hospitals’ emergency rooms (ERs) are generally the first point of contact of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) victims to the health care system. For efficient management and resource allocation for ERs to man...

    Authors: Sonica Singhal, Sarah Orr, Harkirat Singh, Menaka Shanmuganantha and Heather Manson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:461

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We investigated the health status of some workers exposed to occupational noise in Xinjiang, and explored the influencing factors of their health level. We aimed to determine the key protection groups of occup...

    Authors: Shiyu Zhao, Dongkui He, Hanwei Zhang, Tingting Hou, Chengxin Yang, Wen Ding and Ping He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:460

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Obesity is well known as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to determine the performance of and the optimal cutoff values for obesity indices to discriminate the presence of metabolic abnormali...

    Authors: Sooyoung Cho, Aesun Shin, Ji-Yeob Choi, Sang Min Park, Daehee Kang and Jong-Koo Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Online Food Delivery Services (OFDS) have rapidly expanded in North America, but their implications for geographic access to food and potential dietary outcomes of their use are poorly understood. The purpose ...

    Authors: Keshbir Brar and Leia Michelle Minaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:458

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Unmet need is a critical indicator of access to healthcare services. Despite concrete evidence about unmet need in Iran’s health system, no recent evidence of this negative outcome is available. This study aim...

    Authors: Sajad Vahedi, Amin Torabipour, Amirhossein Takian, Saeed Mohammadpur, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Mohammad Mehdi Kiani and Efat Mohamadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:457

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Zambia is among the countries with the highest HIV burden and where youth remain disproportionally affected. Access to HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is a crucial step to ensure the reduction of HIV transmi...

    Authors: Aimé Bitakuya Heri, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Nurilign Ahmed, Maurice Mubuyaeta Musheke and Mitsuaki Matsui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:456

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Physical activity has positive effects on several diseases and may reduce the risk of morbidity and the mortality rate. Whether the prevalence of disease and health care consumption differ between the members ...

    Authors: Hanna Lindblom, Mats Lowén, Tomas Faresjö, Kristofer Hedman and Per Sandström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:455

    Content type: Research article

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  12. South Africa was the first sub-Saharan African country to implement a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax called the Health Promotion Levy (HPL) in April 2018. Given news media can increase public awareness and...

    Authors: Michael Essman, Fernanda Mediano Stoltze, Francesca Dillman Carpentier, Elizabeth C. Swart and Lindsey Smith Taillie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Stress and burnout among healthcare workers has been recognized as a global crisis needing urgent attention. Yet few studies have examined stress and burnout among healthcare providers in sub-Saharan Africa, a...

    Authors: Patience A. Afulani, Linnet Ongeri, Joyceline Kinyua, Marleen Temmerman, Wendy Berry Mendes and Sandra J. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:453

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Collaborations between health systems and community-based organizations (CBOs) are increasingly common mechanisms to address the unmet health-related social needs of high-risk populations. However, there is li...

    Authors: Etsemaye P. Agonafer, Savanna L. Carson, Vanessa Nunez, Kelli Poole, Clemens S. Hong, Maria Morales, Jessica Jara, Sarmen Hakopian, Tiffany Kenison, Ish Bhalla, Francesca Cameron, Stefanie D. Vassar and Arleen F. Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:452

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Understanding the impact of food insecurity on HIV outcomes is critical for the development and implementation of effective, evidence-based interventions to address food insecurity and improve the HIV care cas...

    Authors: Noelle A. Benzekri, Jacques F. Sambou, Sanou Ndong, Mouhamadou Baïla Diallo, Ibrahima Tito Tamba, Dominique Faye, Ibrahima Sall, Jean Philippe Diatta, Khadim Faye, Ousseynou Cisse, Fatima Sall, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Cheikh T. Ndour, Papa Salif Sow, Jean Jacques Malomar, Stephen E. Hawes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The adolescent years see significant physical and emotional development that lay foundations for patterns of behaviour that can continue into adult life, including the shaping of eating behaviours. Given paren...

    Authors: Lucy M. Dahill, Stephen Touyz, Natalie M. V. Morrison and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The evidence is now unequivocal that people from Black and Minority Ethnic Backgrounds (BAME) living in the UK are disproportionately affected by covid-19. There is growing evidence that the reasons for this d...

    Authors: Shaima M. Hassan, Adele Ring, Naheed Tahir and Mark Gabbay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:449

    Content type: Research article

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  18. COVID-19 continues to represent the single biggest challenge to contemporary community sport globally. Compliance with social distancing policies, strict return-to-play protocols, and COVID-19 specific trainin...

    Authors: Sam Elliott, M. J. Drummond, I. Prichard, R. Eime, C. Drummond and R. Mason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:448

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, governments, health experts, and ethicists have proposed guidelines about ICU triage and priority access to a vaccine. To increase political legitimacy and accountability, public ...

    Authors: Tim Reeskens, Femke Roosma and Evelien Wanders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:447

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Tobacco smoking using a hookah (i.e., waterpipe) is a global epidemic. While evidence suggests that sexual minorities (SM) have higher odds of hookah use compared to heterosexuals, little is known about their ...

    Authors: Mary Rezk-Hanna, Ian W. Holloway, Joy Toyama, Umme Shefa Warda, Lorree Catherine Berteau, Mary-Lynn Brecht and Linda Sarna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:445

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are not eligible to donate blood or plasma in Canada if they have had sex with another man in the last 3 months. This time-based deferment has reduced since 2013; from an initia...

    Authors: Daniel Grace, Mark Gaspar, Benjamin Klassen, David Lessard, Praney Anand, David J. Brennan, Nathan Lachowsky, Barry D. Adam, Joseph Cox, Gilles Lambert, Jody Jollimore and Trevor A. Hart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:444

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Refugees are highly vulnerable to many health-related risks. Monitoring non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is of overriding importance in these populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of risk...

    Authors: Erfan Taherifard, Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ehsan Taherifard, Abdolrasool Hemmati, Behnaz Rastegarfar and Hossein Molavi Vardanjani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:442

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Tobacco use is one of the world-leading preventable killers. There was a varied prevalence of tobacco use and cigarette smoking across different areas. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and fac...

    Authors: Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Adefris Chuka, Gistane Ayele, Wubshet Estifaons, Zeleke Aschalew Melketsedik, Eshetu Zerihun Tariku, Zerihun Zerdo, Alazar Baharu and Nega Degefa Megersa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:441

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Farmers may have an increased risk for poor mental health. In connection with this, factors specific to the neighborhood environment such as farm density and the type of agriculture, might be important for men...

    Authors: Mariko Kanamori, Masamichi Hanazato, Katsunori Kondo, Andrew Stickley and Naoki Kondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:440

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Anxiety disorder is one of the most common mental health problems worldwide, including Malaysia, and this issue has gained concern and attention from many, including experts and authorities globally. While ave...

    Authors: Nurul Elyani Mohamad, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare and Norsidawati Abdul Gani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:438

    Content type: Research article

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  26. From January to May 2019, large measles outbreaks affected Nigeria. Borno state was the most affected, recording 15,237 suspected cases with the state capital of Maiduguri having 1125 cases investigated and li...

    Authors: Anne Eudes Jean Baptiste, John Wagai, Richard Luce, Balcha Masresha, Don Klinkenberg, Irene Veldhuijzen, Joseph Oteri, Boubacar Dieng, Obianuju Caroline Ikeonu, Sule Meleh, Audu Musa, Fiona Braka, Susan Hahné, E. A. M. Sanders and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pacific people living in New Zealand, Australia, United States, and the Pacific region continue to experience a disproportionately high burden of long-term conditions, making culturally contextualised behaviou...

    Authors: Amio Matenga-Ikihele, Judith McCool, Rosie Dobson, Fuafiva Fa’alau and Robyn Whittaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown a continuously increasing trend with a large variation in the number of COVID-19 deaths across countries. In response, many countries have implemented non pharmaceutical methods...

    Authors: Janaki Imbulana Arachchi and Shunsuke Managi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:434

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Gender-based violence (GBV) undermines HIV prevention and treatment cascades, particularly among women who report partner violence. Screening for violence during HIV testing, and prior to offering pre-exposure...

    Authors: Manuela Colombini, Fiona Scorgie, Anne Stangl, Sheila Harvey, Lethabo Ramskin, Nomhle Khoza, Emma Mashauri, Deborah Baron, Shelley Lees, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts and Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Age-adjusted lymphoma incidence rates continue to rise in France since the early 80’s, although rates have slowed since 2010 and vary across subtypes. Recent improvements in patient survival in major lymphoma ...

    Authors: Hervé Ghesquières, Cédric Rossi, Fanny Cherblanc, Sandra Le Guyader-Peyrou, Fontanet Bijou, Pierre Sujobert, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Adeline Bernier, Aurélien Belot, Loic Chartier, Luc-Matthieu Fornecker, Isabelle Baldi, Krimo Bouabdallah, Camille Laurent, Lucie Oberic, Nadine Morineau…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:432

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Knowledge of HIV status remains a challenge despite implementation of various testing strategies including provider-initiated HIV testing (PITC). Harare City intensified provider-initiated HIV testing by targe...

    Authors: Edias Mandere, More Mungati, Gloria Gonese, Notion Gombe, Tsitsi Juru, Simbarashe Chiwanda, Emmanuel Govha, Gerald Shambira and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:431

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Early diagnosis is crucial in securing optimal outcomes in the HIV care cascade. Recent HIV infection (RHI) serves as an indicator of early detection in the course of HIV infection. Surveillance of RHI is impo...

    Authors: Li Wei Ang, Carmen Low, Chen Seong Wong, Irving Charles Boudville, Matthias Paul Han Sim Toh, Sophia Archuleta, Vernon Jian Ming Lee, Yee Sin Leo, Angela Chow and Raymond Tzer-Pin Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health concerns today. While numerous factors are known to affect anxiety disorders, the ways in which environmental factors aggravate or mitigate anxiety are...

    Authors: Buwei Chen, Wen Ma, Yu Pan, Wei Guo and Yunsong Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:429

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Extremity injury is one of the most common injury types for bicyclists. Extremity injury can lead to long-term disability and contribute to adverse health-related quality of life and prolonged absence from work.

    Authors: Jodie Makara, Sijun Shen, Ann Nwosu, William Arnold, Gary Smith and Motao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:428

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Research exploring the unique exposure pathways to fecal pathogens for young children and innovative water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions for susceptible pediatric populations is needed to reduc...

    Authors: Jennifer Kuhl, Lucien Bisimwa, Elizabeth D. Thomas, Camille Williams, Joseph Ntakirutimana, Nicole Coglianese, Sarah Bauler, Ruthly François, Presence Sanvura, Jean Claude Bisimwa, Patrick Mirindi and Christine Marie George

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  36. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing and hand hygiene have been the primary means of reducing transmission in the absence of effective treatments or vaccines, but understanding of ...

    Authors: Christine Barrett and Kei Long Cheung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in a strong negative impact on economic and social life worldwide. It has also negatively influenced people’s general health and quality of life. The ...

    Authors: Paulo José Puccinelli, Taline Santos da Costa, Aldo Seffrin, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Lee Hill and Marilia Santos Andrade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:425

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Oral diseases negatively impact general health, affecting physical, psychological, social and emotional wellbeing, and ability to give back to community. The relationship between poor oral health, and general ...

    Authors: Xiangqun Ju, Joanne Hedges, Gail Garvey, Megan Smith, Karen Canfell and Lisa Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The prevalence of hypertension is high and rising in China, but most people with hypertension do not have their blood pressure under control. This study investigated hypertension awareness, treatment, and cont...

    Authors: Junxiang Wei, Yang Mi, Yan Li, Bo Xin and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Alcohol and firearms are commonly involved in suicide in the United States. State alcohol and firearm policies may impact alcohol and firearm related suicide, yet little is known about these relationships. Thi...

    Authors: Sharon M. Coleman, Marlene C. Lira, Jason Blanchette, Timothy C. Heeren and Timothy S. Naimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research article

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  41. As internet use becomes more widespread, the screen time (ST) of elementary school students increases yearly. It is known that longer durations of ST can affect obesity, physical activity, dry eye disease, and...

    Authors: Yui Mineshita, Hyeon-Ki Kim, Hanako Chijiki, Takuya Nanba, Takae Shinto, Shota Furuhashi, Satoshi Oneda, Mai Kuwahara, Anzu Suwama and Shigenobu Shibata

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:422

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In Mali, nomadic populations are spread over one third of the territory. Their lifestyle, characterized by constant mobility, excludes them from, or at best places them at the edge of, health delivery services...

    Authors: Moussa Sangare, Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Housseini Dolo, Abdoul Fatao Diabate, Kueshivi Midodji Atsou, Abdoul Ag Souleymane, Youssouf Ag Rissa, Dada Wallet Moussa, Fadimata Wallet Abdallah, Massitan Dembele, Mahamadou Traore, Tieman Diarra, William R. Brieger, Sekou Fantamady Traore, Seydou Doumbia…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Although epilepsy is one of the most prevalent neurological problems, it is highly surrounded by stigma and prejudice, which results in negative attitude towards the illness. Due to numerous misconceptions and...

    Authors: Alemayehu Molla, Birhanie Mekuriaw, Endashaw Habtamu and Moges Mareg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research article

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  44. For interventions to reach those they are intended for, an understanding of the factors that influence their participation, as well as the facilitators and barriers of participation are needed. This study expl...

    Authors: Tracy McClinton Appollis, Zoe Duby, Kim Jonas, Janan Dietrich, Kealeboga Maruping, Fareed Abdullah, Nevilene Slingers and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:417

    Content type: Research article

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  45. India is currently facing a rising epidemic of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). Identification of modifiable risk factors is of paramount importance to curb this menace. Fishermen are one of the most vulnerab...

    Authors: Akhila Doddamani, A. B. Kirthinath Ballala, Sharath P. Madhyastha, Asha Kamath and Muralidhar M. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:414

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: