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  1. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency has become an important public health problem, however few studies have been conducted in subtropical countries, and the predictors of vitamin D deficiency in people with healthy renal fun...

    Authors: Ming-Jse Lee, Heng-Jung Hsu, I-Wen Wu, Chiao-Yin Sun, Ming-Kuo Ting and Chin-Chan Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:337

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  2. Content type: Research article

    China is experiencing a sizeable rural-urban flow, which may influence the health of internal migrant youth deeply. Disadvantages in the city are highly likely to contribute to health issues among the young in...

    Authors: Chunyan Yu, Chaohua Lou, Yan Cheng, Yuanqi Cui, Qiguo Lian, Ziliang Wang, Ersheng Gao and Ling Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:336

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Active play and physical activity are important for preventing childhood obesity, building healthy bones and muscles, reducing anxiety and stress, and increasing self-esteem. Unfortunately, safe and accessible...

    Authors: M. Renée Umstattd Meyer, Christina N. Bridges, Thomas L. Schmid, Amelie A. Hecht and Keshia M. Pollack Porter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:335

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic homelessness is a problem characterised by longstanding inability to attain or maintain secure accommodation. Longitudinal research with homeless populations is challenging, and randomised controlled t...

    Authors: Shannen Vallesi, Paul Flatau, Monica Thielking, Jessica L. Mackelprang, Kathryn M. Taylor, Louise La Sala, Jude Spiers, Lisa Wood, Karen Martin, Darja Kragt, Leanne Lester, Elizabeth Whittaker and Ryan J. Courtney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:334

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Streptococcus pneumoniae causes substantial morbidity and mortality among children. The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has the potential to dramatically reduce disease burden. As with any v...

    Authors: S. F. La Vincente, C. von Mollendorf, M. Ulziibayar, C. Satzke, L. Dashtseren, K. K. Fox, E. M. Dunne, C. D. Nguyen, J. de Campo, M. de Campo, H. Thomson, G. Surenkhand, S. Demberelsuren, S. Bujinlkham, L. A. H. Do, D. Narangerel…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:333

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  6. Content type: Research article

    A significant proportion of international students at UK universities are from regions with medium to high hepatitis B prevalence rates. Understanding the perception of students regarding hepatitis B infection...

    Authors: Emma L. Davies, Shona Fielding, Gillian Noble and Emmanuel Okpo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:332

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Description of the epidemiology of influenza is needed to inform influenza vaccination policy. Here we examined influenza virus circulation in countries in the Asia-Pacific region and compared the timing of se...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Saverio Caini, John Paget, Philippe Vanhems and François Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:331

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Sub-health status is defined as declines in vitality, physiological function and capacity for adaptation, but without the presence of clinical or sub-clinical disease. We have developed and evaluated a compreh...

    Authors: Jian-lu Bi, Jing Chen, Xiao-min Sun, Xiao-li Nie, Yan-yan Liu, Ren Luo and Xiao-shan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:330

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Over the last 30 years, extensive dengue epidemics have occurred in Brazil, characterized by emergences and re-emergences of different serotypes, a change in the epidemiological profile and an increase in the ...

    Authors: Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Regina Paiva Daumas, Juan Camilo Sánchez-Arcila, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta and Flávia Barreto dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:329

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Based on government estimates from the Asian Epidemic Model, new infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) in Thailand are forecast to proportionally increase over time. Dail...

    Authors: Pich Seekaew, Ezie Nguyen, Thanthip Sungsing, Jureeporn Jantarapakde, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Deondara Trachunthong, Pravit Mingkwanrungruang, Waraporn Sirisakyot, Pattareeya Phiayura, Phubet Panpet, Phathranis Meekrua, Nanthika Praweprai, Fonthip Suwan, Supakarn Sangtong, Pornpichit Brutrat, Tashada Wongsri…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:328

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Globally, the prevalence of HIV among transgender women is much higher than that of the general adult population. This can be explained by the persistently low rate of consistent condom use among this populati...

    Authors: Siyan Yi, Amelia Plant, Sovannary Tuot, Phalkun Mun, Srean Chhim, Navy Chann, Pheak Chhoun and Carinne Brody

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:326

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Ethnic discrimination is a relatively common experience among immigrants and ethnic minorities. The experience of discrimination can have detrimental effects on an individual’s health and well-being. This stud...

    Authors: Melanie Lindsay Straiton, Arild Kjell Aambø and Rune Johansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:325

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Migration to European countries has increased in number and diversity in recent years. Factors such as access to healthcare, language barriers and legal status can impact the health outcomes of migrant groups....

    Authors: Nazmy Villarroel, Ailish Hannigan, Santino Severoni, Soorej Puthoopparambil and Anne MacFarlane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:324

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity has been observed repeatedly to decline as children transition into adolescence; however, few studies have explored the possibility that sub-groups of children experience unique patterns of c...

    Authors: Russell R. Pate, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Marsha Dowda and Kerry L. McIver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:323

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite health benefits of sanitation, an estimated 12% of the global population practices open defecation, including an estimated 50% of the population of India. Current estimates, however, do not include hou...

    Authors: Bethany A. Caruso, Gloria D. Sclar, Parimita Routray, Fiona Majorin, Corey Nagel and Thomas Clasen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:322

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of an integrated molecular surveillance (IMS) of tuberculosis (TB) is of high priority for TB control. IMS is defined as the systematic inclusion of molecular typing results in the national ...

    Authors: Andrea Sanchini, Marta Andrés, Lena Fiebig, Stefan Albrecht, Barbara Hauer and Walter Haas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:321

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to describe the development of strategies to prevent and rehabilitate musculoskeletal pain among surgeons. Musculoskeletal pain affects surgeons’ life, and evidence on interven...

    Authors: Tina Dalager, Anne Højmark, Pernille Tine Jensen, Karen Søgaard and Lotte Nygaard Andersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:320

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In most developed countries, governments are implementing policies encouraging older persons to work past 65 years to reduce the burden on societies related to disability benefits and pension payments. Despite...

    Authors: Ashley McAllister, Lee Bentley, Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Natasja Koitzsch Jensen, Lotta Nylen, Ingelise Andersen, Qing Liao, Theo Bodin, Cameron Mustard and Bo Burström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:319

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The link between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and cervical cancer is of particular concern in Botswana, where one in four women at risk for cervical cancer is HIV-positive. In settings where co-occurrenc...

    Authors: Francis Barchi, Samantha C. Winter, Faith Mompati Ketshogile and Doreen Ramogola-Masire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:318

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Understanding sexual activity is necessary to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa suggests that 10–20% of youth aged 15–24 are sexually active before reaching 15 years, ye...

    Authors: Hilton Humphries, Farzana Osman, Lucia Knight and Quarraisha Abdool Karim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:317

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  21. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 30% of women worldwide experience intimate partner violence (IPV) during their lifetime. Exposure to IPV is associated with poor health outcomes and the prevalence of violence may be higher amongs...

    Authors: Claire Hawcroft, Rachael Hughes, Amira Shaheen, Jinan Usta, Hannah Elkadi, Tom Dalton, Khadijah Ginwalla and Gene Feder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:315

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Communities in low-to-middle income countries undergoing rapid urbanisation as well as nutrition transition are particularly at risk for associated health issues such as overweight and obesity. South Africa ha...

    Authors: Sandra S. Pretorius, Natalia Neophytou and Estelle D. Watson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:314

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In Sweden, organized screening programs have significantly reduced the incidence of cervical cancer. For cancers overall, however, women with psychiatric diagnoses have lower survival rates than other women. T...

    Authors: Erik M. Eriksson, Malena Lau, Claes Jönsson, Chenyang Zhang, Lise-Lotte Risö Bergerlind, Junmei Miao Jonasson and Björn Strander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:313

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  24. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to identify different eating habits among Finnish children and to evaluate their association with meal patterns, breakfast consumption, and socio-demographic characteristics in a large, nationwide coh...

    Authors: Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Jannina Viljakainen, Heli Viljakainen, Eva Roos, Trine B. Rounge and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:312

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    The nutrigenomics, overweight/obesity and weight management trial (NOW Trial) is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of community-dwelling adults recruited from the Group Lifestyle Balance™ (GLB™) Program....

    Authors: Justine Horne, Jason Gilliland, Colleen O’Connor, Jamie Seabrook, Peter Hannaberg and Janet Madill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:310

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Racism is a key determinant of the health of Indigenous Australians that may explain the unremitting gap in health and socioeconomic outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. We quantified th...

    Authors: Alison Markwick, Zahid Ansari, Darren Clinch and John McNeil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:309

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of burnout in Kazakhstan firefighters with regard to position and to identify predictors of faster burnout in order to plan future preventive strategies.

    Authors: Denis Vinnikov, Zhangir Tulekov, Alikhan Akylzhanov, Zhanna Romanova, Anar Dushpanova and Zhanna Kalmatayeva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:308

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Around 585,000 people in Denmark engage in harmful use of alcohol with 140,000 suffering from outright alcohol dependence. The concerned significant others (CSOs) are affected by the drinking, often suffering ...

    Authors: Rikke Hellum, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Gallus Bischof, Kjeld Andersen, Morten Hesse, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm and Randi Bilberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:307

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Focus on interventions for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa on education, quality of life (QoL) and nutrition-related matters have been reported diminutive. The risk of dropping out of sch...

    Authors: Temitope Kayode Bello and Jace Pillay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:306

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    After the first six months of exclusive breastfeeding, children are introduced to liquids and semi-solid food, known as the complementary feeding phase. This phase is critical because it is often accompanied b...

    Authors: Aria Kekalih, Indriani Oka Anak Agung Sagung, Umi Fahmida, Evi Ermayani and Muchtaruddin Mansyur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:305

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  31. Content type: Research article

    As the data on the association of mental disorders and chronic physical diseases in developing and emerging countries is heterogeneous, this study aims to produce the first meta-analysis of these comorbidities.

    Authors: Labanté Outcha Daré, Pierre-Emile Bruand, Daniel Gérard, Benoît Marin, Valerie Lameyre, Farid Boumédiène and Pierre-Marie Preux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:304

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Health information on the dimensions of asthma and allergic conditions in Khuzestan Province, as a major industrial and polluted area in Iran as and the Middle East, is inadequate. This study was performed to ...

    Authors: Esmaeil Idani, Hanieh Raji, Farzan Madadizadeh, Bahman Cheraghian, Maryam Haddadzadeh Shoshtari and Maryam Dastoorpoor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:303

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge about the health effects of e-cigarette use (or vaping) among past and current combustible cigarette users is limited. Several studies have assessed vaping-related adverse events (AEs) and beneficial...

    Authors: Lilla Abafalvi, Melinda Pénzes, Róbert Urbán, Kristie L. Foley, Réka Kaán, Barbara Kispélyi and Péter Hermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:302

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Rapid urbanization has led to expansion of peri-urban fringes, where intensive, industry-style livestock rearing has led to emerging vulnerabilities at the human-animal-environment interface. This study was un...

    Authors: Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Mathew Sunil George, Johanna Lindahl, Delia Grace and Manish Kakkar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:301

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To measure trends in child growth and combat rising levels of obesity, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Manchester have developed Children’s Health and Monitoring Programme (CHA...

    Authors: Rinita Dam, Heather Anne Robinson, Sarah Vince-Cain, Gill Heaton, Adam Greenstein, Matthew Sperrin and Lamiece Hassan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:300

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  36. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing evidence base for the need for a holistic approach to sexual health improvement, but the challenges for realising this in the ‘real world’ may be harder in some communities than others. We e...

    Authors: Lisa McDaid, Kate Hunt, Lesley McMillan, Siân Russell, Dona Milne, Rosie Ilett and Karen Lorimer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:299

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Due to numerous blood exposures hospital staff are at risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. This study aimed at estimating prevalence of HBV, associated risk factors and HBV vaccination among P...

    Authors: Maria Ganczak, Katarzyna Topczewska, Maria Budnik-Szymoniuk and Marcin Korzeń

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:298

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a disproportionate burden of HIV infection. Mobile phone apps provide a promising means of improving HIV prevention among MSM. But this has received little examination in C...

    Authors: Aidi Zhang, Nancy R. Reynolds, Jason E. Farley, Xiao Wang, Simin Tan and Jin Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:297

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is a major public health problem with varying prevalence in different settings. National prevalence surveys provide evidence for planning and decision making. However, they lack the capacity to es...

    Authors: Daniel G. Datiko, Ermias Amsalu Guracha, Elias Michael, Girum Asnake, Meaza Demisse, Sally Theobald, Olivia Tulloch, Mohammed A. Yassin and L. E. Cuevas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:295

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Prevention of childhood obesity is a public health priority. Interventions that establish healthy growth trajectories early in life promise lifelong benefits to health and wellbeing. Proactive Assessment of Ob...

    Authors: Jennie Rose, Cris Glazebrook, Heather Wharrad, A. Niroshan Siriwardena, Judy Anne Swift, Dilip Nathan, Stephen Franklin Weng, Pippa Atkinson, Joanne Ablewhite, Fiona McMaster, Vicki Watson and Sarah Anne Redsell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:294

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  41. Content type: Research article

    It is hypothesised that hostility accentuates the association between stressful conditions and health. This study aims to test this hypothesis by analysing the joint effect of unemployment and hostility on all...

    Authors: Margit Kriegbaum, Rikke Lund, Lone Schmidt, Naja Hulvej Rod and Ulla Christensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:293

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Call agents spend ~ 90% of their working day seated, which may negatively impact health, productivity, and wellbeing. This study aimed to explore the acceptability and feasibility of a multi-component workplac...

    Authors: Abigail S. Morris, Rebecca C. Murphy, Sam O. Shepherd, Genevieve N. Healy, Charlotte L. Edwardson and Lee E. F. Graves

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:292

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  43. Content type: Research article

    State and Territorial Health Departments (SHDs) have a unique role in protecting and promoting workers’ health. This mixed-methods study presents the first systematic investigation of SHDs’ activities and capa...

    Authors: Laura A. Linnan, Maija S. Leff, Marisa C. Martini, AnnMarie L. Walton, Sherry Baron, Peggy A. Hannon, Jean Abraham and Melanie Studer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:291

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Herd immunity levels of vaccine uptake are still not reached in some high-income countries, usually in countries with persisting social inequities in uptake. Previous studies have focused on factors within one...

    Authors: Arzu Arat, Bo Burström, Viveca Östberg and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:290

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    WOPAP is a theoretically-grounded workplace physical activity intervention that aims to reduce work-related burnout and to improve vigor at work and other work-related outcomes. Using a randomized controlled t...

    Authors: Clément Ginoux, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur and Philippe Sarrazin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:289

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  46. Content type: Research article

    During the 2016–2017 austral summer, unprecedented water scarcity was observed in the south of Mayotte, French island in the Indian Ocean. Therefore, authorities introduced restrictive measures to save the wat...

    Authors: Marion Subiros, Elise Brottet, Jean-Louis Solet, Armelle LeGuen and Laurent Filleul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:288

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women and new mothers seeking asylum are highly vulnerable and have special needs, yet there is dearth of research related to this group in Germany. This paper reports on material circumstances and be...

    Authors: Sandra Claudia Gewalt, Sarah Berger, Joachim Szecsenyi and Kayvan Bozorgmehr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:287

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