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  1. Large scale physical distancing measures and movement restrictions imposed to contain COVID-19, often referred to as ‘lockdowns’, abruptly and ubiquitously restricted access to routine healthcare services. This s...

    Authors: Alphonse Nshimyiryo, Dale A. Barnhart, Vincent K. Cubaka, Jean Marie Vianney Dusengimana, Symaque Dusabeyezu, Deogratias Ndagijimana, Grace Umutesi, Cyprien Shyirambere, Nadine Karema, Joel M. Mubiligi and Fredrick Kateera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:704

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) makes certain recommendations including the annual influenza vaccination of pregnant and pre-pregnant women during influenza (flu) season with an ...

    Authors: Qing Chun Lu, Tie Yun Zhang, Pravesh Kumar Bundhun and Cheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:703

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. The current study examined the change in local government staff’s emotional distress over 7 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, and the influence of earthquake exposure and professional quality of life (...

    Authors: Yunge Fan, Lili Guan, Hu Xiang, Xianmei Yang, Guoping Huang, Wenhong Cheng, Yongbiao Xie, Xiuzhen Wang, Guangming Liang, Ming He, Ruiru Wang, Jia Hu, Menglin Liu, Xiaojie Mou, Baoming Wu, Hong Ma…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:702

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Increased level of physical activity (PA) is one of the approaches offered by school health services in Norway for the prevention and treatment of children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. Research...

    Authors: Ingeborg B. Skogen and Kjetil L. Høydal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:701

    Content type: Research article

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  5. We aimed to test which life course model best described the association between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and multimorbidity at age 55. We analyzed data from birth to age 55 using the database from...

    Authors: Natan Feter, Jayne S. Leite, Daniel Umpierre, Eduardo L. Caputo and Airton J. Rombaldi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:700

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Both the presence of psychological problems and the absence of an employment contract are related to long-term sickness absence, prolonged work disability and unemployment. Studies researching the effectivenes...

    Authors: Selwin S. Audhoe, Jan L. Hoving, Bonne J. H. Zijlstra, Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen and Karen Nieuwenhuijsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:698

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Women’s return to work after diagnosis of breast cancer (BC) is becoming more prevalent. However, register-based national investigation on sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) in BC women is lacki...

    Authors: Pia K. Kvillemo, Lingjing Chen, Matteo Bottai, Paolo Frumento, Gino Almondo, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Emilie Friberg and Kristina A. E. Alexanderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:697

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, smoking is one of the leading four risk factors contributing to deaths in China. We aimed to evaluate the associations of smoking with all-cause mortality ...

    Authors: Lijing Ye, Jie Yang, Jingyi Li, Nannan Cheng, Yue Zhang, Xiaofan Lu, Ziyi Zhou, Zhuo Wang, Lishun Liu, Xiao Huang, Yun Song, Shibo Xing, Dongqing Wang, Junnong Li, Binyan Wang, Genfu Tang…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:696

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Variable selection is an important issue in many fields such as public health and psychology. Researchers often gather data on many variables of interest and then are faced with two challenging goals: building...

    Authors: A. Bartonicek, S. R. Wickham, N. Pat and T. S. Conner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:695

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Segregation of household waste at the source is an effective and sustainable strategy for management of municipal waste. However, household segregation levels remain insufficient as waste management approaches...

    Authors: Madhanraj Kalyanasundaram, Yogesh Sabde, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt, Surya Singh, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Vivek Parashar, Manju Purohit, Ashish Pathak, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Kamran Rousta, Kim Bolton, Salla Atkins and Vishal Diwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:694

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  11. Cultural differences in affective and cognitive intrinsic motivation could pose challenges for global public health campaigns, which use cognitive or affective goals to evoke desired attitudes and proactive he...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Bei Zhu, Chunlan Yuan, Chao Zhao, Jiaofeng Wang, Qingwei Ruan, Chao Han, Zhijun Bao, Jie Chen, Kevin ( Vin) Arceneaux, Ryan Vander Wielen and Greg J. Siegle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:693

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Communities with low vaccination rates are at greater risk during outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases. Most Australian parents support vaccines, but some refuse and are often judged harshly by their comm...

    Authors: Penelope Robinson, Kerrie Wiley and Chris Degeling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:578

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. According to the 2015 National Survey of the Nutritional Situation in Colombia the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years of age was 10.8%. In terms of region, Bogotá, presented the highest prevalenc...

    Authors: Paula Andrea Castro Prieto, Kenny Margarita Trujillo Ramírez, Sergio Moreno, Juan Sebastián Holguín, Diana María Pineda, Simón Tomasi and Andrea Ramirez Varela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:690

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Given the rampant HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu, southwest China, Treat All policy, defined as immediate antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation after HIV diagnosis, was impleme...

    Authors: Chenyao Wu, Baiyang Zhang, Zhen Dai, Qianwen Zheng, Zhenhua Duan, Qinying He and Cairong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:689

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. The stay-at-home orders imposed in early April 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in various states complicated mosquito control activities across the United States (US), and Florida was no exception. Mosquito ...

    Authors: Imelda K. Moise, Lola R. Ortiz-Whittingham, Vincent Omachonu, Marah Clark and Rui-De Xue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:687

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The government is the main body in charge of controlling epidemics; hence, expectations from the intention and capacities of the government would affect the flexibility and behaviors of citizens. Given the sev...

    Authors: Leila Zarei, Saeed Shahabi, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Seyed Taghi Heydari and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:686

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. People with chronic conditions are disproportionately prone to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but there are limited data documenting this. We aimed to assess the health, psychosocial and economic impacts...

    Authors: Kavita Singh, Dimple Kondal, Sailesh Mohan, Suganthi Jaganathan, Mohan Deepa, Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Prashant Jarhyan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan, Nikhil Tandon, Mohammed K. Ali, Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Karen Eggleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:685

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. We investigated if people’s response to the official recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with conspiracy beliefs related to COVID-19, a distrust in the sources providing information on C...

    Authors: Anna Soveri, Linda C. Karlsson, Jan Antfolk, Mikael Lindfelt and Stephan Lewandowsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:684

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Gerrit Stassen, Kevin Rudolf, Madeleine Gernert, Ansgar Thiel and Andrea Schaller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:683

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:95

  20. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care and is costly to the health care system. Recent evidence has shown that LBP care provided by many providers is divergent from guide...

    Authors: Amanda Hall, Danielle Coombs, Helen Richmond, Krystal Bursey, Brad Furlong, Rebecca Lawrence and Steven J. Kamper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:682

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Developmental policies in low- and middle-income countries pose immense potential within the agriculture sectors to escalate economic growth and development. Almost one-half of the workforces continue to be en...

    Authors: Smita, Sunil Rajpal, Shiau-Yun Lu and William Joe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:681

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Universal provision of effective antiretroviral medication has been essential to reduce mortality, increase longevity, and reduce onward transmission of HIV. This study aims to illuminate persistent threats to...

    Authors: Kate A. Salters, Stephanie Parent, Valerie Nicholson, Lu Wang, Paul Sereda, Tatiana E. Pakhomova, Mia Kibel, William Chau, Kalysha Closson, Surita Parashar, Rolando Barrios, Julio S. G. Montaner and Robert S. Hogg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:680

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Globally 70.8 million people have been forcibly displaced from their homes and are at disproportionally high risk for trauma. At the time of this study, there was an estimated 1.6 million internally displaced ...

    Authors: Phuong N. Pham, Laila Fozouni, Abdulrazzaq al-Saiedi, Kevin Coughlin and Patrick Vinck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:679

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in early life may influence cardiovascular outcome later in adulthood. There is limited data regarding MetS among Thai adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the preval...

    Authors: Sirinapa Siwarom, Wichai Aekplakorn, Kwanchai Pirojsakul, Witchuri Paksi, Pattapong Kessomboon, Nareemarn Neelapaichit, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai and Surasak Taneepanichskul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:678

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. Although TB is curable provided the treatment commenced quickly, appropriately and uninterrupted throughout TB treatment duration...

    Authors: Rasaq Adisa, Teju T. Ayandokun and Olusoji M. Ige

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:677

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Health care providers across sub-Saharan Africa continue to face challenges while delivering sexual health care services. We explored the experiences, views and challenges of health care professionals and heal...

    Authors: Lucy R. Mgopa, B. R. Simon Rosser, Michael W. Ross, Gift Gadiel Lukumay, Inari Mohammed, Agnes F. Massae, Sebalda Leshabari, Ever Mkonyi, Stella Emmanuel Mushy, Dorkasi L. Mwakawanga, Maria Trent, James Wadley and Zobeida E. Bonilla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:676

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Growing evidence suggests that maternal mental health issues are associated with (young) children’s weight outcomes. However, most studies have been limited by cross-sectional designs and have been aimed at (y...

    Authors: Maaike Koning, Jacqueline Vink, Tommy L. S. Visscher and Junilla Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:675

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Child marriage is a human rights violation disproportionately impacting girls in low- and middle-income countries. In the Middle East region, conflict and displacement have prompted concerns that families are ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Salma Abou Hussein, Sali Hafez, May Elsallab, Kara Hunersen, Janna Metzler and W. Courtland Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:674

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Airborne dusts are being potentially harmful for workers in occupational environment. Exposure to respirable dust is the most important concern in textile workers for the widespread of occupational lung diseas...

    Authors: Thet Wai Oo, Mya Thandar, Ye Minn Htun, Pa Pa Soe, Thant Zaw Lwin, Kyaw Myo Tun and Zaw Myo Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:673

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The United States needs to increase access to effective obesity prevention and treatment programming for impoverished youth at risk for health disparities. Although recommended, schools have difficulty consist...

    Authors: Jessica Rieder, Jee-Young Moon, Joanna Joels, Viswanathan Shankar, Paul Meissner, Elicia Johnson-Knox, Bailey Frohlich, Shelby Davies and Judy Wylie-Rosett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:672

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. The misuse of illicit substances is associated with increased morbidity and mortality; thus, substance abuse is a global health concern. The Arabian Gulf region is considered a crossing point and a consumer of...

    Authors: Abdullah Al-Matrouk, Mohammed Al-Hasan, Husain Naqi, Neamat Al-Abkal, Hanan Mohammed, Meshaal Haider, Dalal Al-Shammeri and Haider Bojbarah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:671

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to examine the prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes, both short-term and long-term, among SARS patients, healthcare workers and the general publ...

    Authors: Steven W. H. Chau, Oscar W. H. Wong, Rema Ramakrishnan, Sandra S. M. Chan, Evelyn K. Y. Wong, Pinky Y. T. Li, Vanessa Raymont, Kathryn Elliot, Shanaya Rathod, Gayathri Delanerolle and Peter Phiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:670

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Although evidence suggests that functional endurance capacity is the most important component associated with future health, little is known of how it is associated with multiple other physical fitness compone...

    Authors: Mario Kasović, Lovro Štefan, Vilko Petrić, Vesna Štemberger and Iva Blažević

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:669

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Despite overall good vaccination coverage in many countries, vaccine hesitancy has hindered full coverage and exposed groups to the risk of outbreaks. Somali immigrant groups have been known to have low measle...

    Authors: Sherin Marie Jenness, Preben Aavitsland, Richard Aubrey White and Brita Askeland Winje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:668

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Kuwait is amongst countries in the Gulf region with high income economy. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one in five adults in the Gulf region is obese. This study sought to evaluate the prev...

    Authors: Victor M. Oguoma, Neil T. Coffee, Saad Alsharrah, Mohamed Abu-Farha, Faisal H. Al-Refaei, Fahd Al-Mulla and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:667

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. High rates of unintended adolescent pregnancy are a significant health problem in Uganda. To improve access to family planning (FP) services, community-based Village Health Teams (VHTs) are widely employed in ...

    Authors: Robert Kalyesubula, Jessica Mitter Pardo, Stephanie Yeh, Richard Munana, Ivan Weswa, Joseph Adducci, Faith Nassali, Mennen Tefferi, John Mundaka and Sahai Burrowes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:666

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The role of data in informing decision makers in formulating policy to improve population health is undeniably important. During the past few years, the Thai government has undertaken continuous health promoti...

    Authors: Piyawat Katewongsa, Chutima Yousomboon, Narumol Haemathulin, Niramon Rasri and Dyah Anantalia Widyastari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:665

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Infant feeding practices are imperative for babies’ and mothers’ health and emotional wellbeing. Although infant feeding may seem simple, the decisions surrounding it are complex and have far-reaching implicat...

    Authors: Josephine Etowa, Jean Hannan, Egbe B. Etowa, Seye Babatunde and J. Craig Phillips

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:663

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Seasonality in tuberculosis (TB) has been found in different parts of the world, showing a peak in spring/summer and a trough in autumn/winter. The evidence is less clear which factors drive seasonality. It wa...

    Authors: Tanja Charles, Matthias Eckardt, Basel Karo, Walter Haas and Stefan Kröger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:661

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. In 2016, the “Act on Support for Overseas Expansion of Healthcare System and Attraction of International Patients” was enacted by the South Korean government in an attempt to accelerate growth of its medical t...

    Authors: Qing Xu, Vidya Purushothaman, Raphael E. Cuomo and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:658

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. The present study was conducted to design and evaluate the software and web-based curriculum based on Pender Model in order to promote students’ physical activity.

    Authors: Sahar Sabooteh, Awat Feizi, Parivash Shekarchizadeh, Hossein Shahnazi and Firoozeh Mostafavi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:657

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Recent research has been conducted by various countries and regions on the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on reducing the spread of COVID19. This study evaluates the tradeoffs between potent...

    Authors: Buse Eylul Oruc, Arden Baxter, Pinar Keskinocak, John Asplund and Nicoleta Serban

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:655

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted a lockdown in many countries to control the exponential spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, hereby reducing the time-varying basic reproduction number (Rt) to below one. Governments...

    Authors: Koen Deforche, Jurgen Vercauteren, Viktor Müller and Anne-Mieke Vandamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:654

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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