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  1. Numerous studies have documented factors that are associated with substance use behaviors among college-aged individuals. However, relatively few studies have considered the heterogeneity of the college experi...

    Authors: Wei-Lin Chen and Jen-Hao Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1631

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Social support, defined as the exchange of support in social relationships, plays a vital role in maintaining healthy behavior and mitigating the effects of stressors. This study investigated whether functiona...

    Authors: Tsutomu Uzuki, Tsuneo Konta, Ritsuko Saito, Ri Sho, Tsukasa Osaki, Masayoshi Souri, Masafumi Watanabe, Kenichi Ishizawa, Hidetoshi Yamashita, Yoshiyuki Ueno and Takamasa Kayama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1630

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The relationship of spicy food intake with hyperuricemia remains unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the association between spicy food intake and hyperuricemia, and whether this association wa...

    Authors: Xiaokang Dong, Yuqian Li, Kaili Yang, Lulu Zhang, Yuan Xue, Songcheng Yu, Xiaotian Liu, Runqi Tu, Dou Qiao, Zhicheng Luo, Xue Liu, Yan Wang, Wenjie Li, Zhaohui Zheng and Chongjian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1629

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Two devastating sequential hurricanes impacted Puerto Rico during September of 2017. The hurricanes were traumatic and created social and ecological upheaval throughout Puerto Rico, and subsequently in communi...

    Authors: D. Vega Ocasio, J. G. Pérez Ramos and T. D. V. Dye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1628

    Content type: Research in practice

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  5. The Indian Ocean tsunami experience in 2004 caused a major loss of life and subsequent emotional trauma for survivors. Psychosocial needs in the aftermath of this disaster were extensive, yet the cohesion and ...

    Authors: R. Padmavati, Vijaya Raghavan, Heather Rera, Megan Kearns, Kotteeswara Rao, Sujit John and R. Thara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1627

    Content type: Research in practice

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  6. Asthma exacerbations in children often require medications, urgent care, and hospitalization. Multiple environmental triggers have been associated with asthma exacerbations, including particulate matter 2.5 (P...

    Authors: Jingyi He, Mohsen Ghiasi Ghorveh, Jillian H. Hurst, Monica Tang, Brooke Alhanti, Jason E. Lang and Benjamin A. Goldstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1626

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Multiple culturally-oriented programs, services, and frameworks have emerged in recent decades to support the social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Aboriginal) people ...

    Authors: Himanshu Gupta, Noemi Tari-Keresztes, Donna Stephens, James A. Smith, Emrhan Sultan and Sian Lloyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1625

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Recent surveys revealed that the health status of many people from Hong Kong is far from ideal. Although non-communicable diseases are largely preventable, few relevant health promotion and disease prevention ...

    Authors: Yan Sin Leung, Jack Jock Wai Lee, Maria Ming Po Lai, Chole Kei Ming Kwok and Ka Chun Chong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1624

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Increasing evidence suggests that sleep duration is associated with risks of various diseases including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and certain types of cancer. However, the relationship wit...

    Authors: Sohyeon Kwon, Hyeyoung Lee, Jong-Tae Lee, Min-Jeong Shin, Sangbum Choi and Hannah Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1623

    Content type: Research article

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  10. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Luc Goethals, Nathalie Barth, David Hupin, Michael S. Mulvey, Frederic Roche, Karine Gallopel-Morvan and Bienvenu Bongue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1622

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1312

  11. PrEP use should be aligned with periods of risk for HIV acquisition. For HIV serodiscordant couples, PrEP can be used as a bridge until the partner living with HIV takes antiretroviral therapy (ART) long enoug...

    Authors: Nicholas Musinguzi, Lara Kidoguchi, Nelly R. Mugo, Kenneth Ngure, Elly Katabira, Connie L. Celum, Jared M. Baeten, Renee Heffron and Jessica E. Haberer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1621

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Gonorrhoea is increasing in France since its resurgence in the late 1990’s. Understanding trends of condomless sex is a requirement to tailor prevention toward most exposed individuals. This study aims to anal...

    Authors: Oche Adam Itodo, Delphine Viriot, Annie Velter, Lucie Leon, Nicolas Dupin, Beatrice Bercot, Agathe Goubard, François Lassau, Sébastien Fouere, Pervenche Martinet, William Tosini, Sophie Florence, Florence Lot and Ndeindo Ndeikoundam Ngangro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1620

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Life expectancy is 10–20 years lower among people with a severe mental health disorder. Most of these early deaths are due to chronic conditions, including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Smoking is a...

    Authors: S. E. Jones, S. Mulrine, H. Clements and S. Hamilton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1619

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The South Asian population in Canada is growing and has elevated risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This study sought to adapt an evidence-based community risk assessment and health promotion program...

    Authors: Gina Agarwal, Manika Bhandari, Melissa Pirrie, Ricardo Angeles and Francine Marzanek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1618

    Content type: Research article

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  15. At present, the Americas report the largest number of cases of COVID-19 worldwide. In this region, Mexico is the third country with most deaths (20,781 total deaths). A sum that may be explained by the high pr...

    Authors: Guillermo Salinas-Escudero, María Fernanda Carrillo-Vega, Víctor Granados-García, Silvia Martínez-Valverde, Filiberto Toledano-Toledano and Juan Garduño-Espinosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1616

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Preventing childhood obesity is a public health challenge of the twenty-first century and it must be a priority. Governments play a major role in creating and supporting a healthy school environment and should...

    Authors: Raquel J. Ferreira, Telma Nogueira, Vitória Dias da Silva, Mariana Liñan Pinto, Joana Sousa, Ana Margarida Pereira, Paulo Jorge Nogueira, Rute Borrego, Ana Raposo, João Martins, Marcos Onofre, Adilson Marques, António Rodrigues, Ana Quitério and António Pereira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1615

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that occurs within the first 12 months after delivery. It affects 20 to 40% of women living in the low-income countries. In resource limited countries discovering...

    Authors: Nahom Kiros Gebregziabher, Tesfit Brhane Netsereab, Yerusalem Gebremeskel Fessaha, Feven Andebrhan Alaza, Nardos Kidane Ghebrehiwet and Aman Hadish Sium

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1614

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Child survival is a major concern in Nigeria, as it contributes 13% of the global under-five mortalities. Although studies have examined the determinants of under-five mortality in Nigeria, the comparative rol...

    Authors: Daniel Adedayo Adeyinka, Nazeem Muhajarine, Pammla Petrucka and Elon Warnow Isaac

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1613

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Lifetime traumatic events are known to have a detrimental long-term impact on both mental and physical health. Yet, heterogeneity in the stress response regarding well-being in adults is not well understood. T...

    Authors: Livia Sacchi, Mariia Merzhvynska and Mareike Augsburger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1612

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a worldwide zoonotic disease, is affected by various biological and environmental factors. We investigated dog/livestock populations, climatic and environmental factors influencing ...

    Authors: Mohammad Amin Ghatee, Koorosh Nikaein, Walter Robert Taylor, Mehdi Karamian, Hasan Alidadi, Zahra Kanannejad, Faezeh Sehatpour, Fateme Zarei and Gholamreza Pouladfar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1611

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Cognitions and perceptions, such as motivation and return to work (RTW) expectations, can influence work participation of employees with chronic health problems. This makes these cognitions and perceptions imp...

    Authors: Mariska De Wit, Bedra Horreh, Joost G. Daams, Carel T. J. Hulshof, Haije Wind and Angela G. E. M. de Boer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1610

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Coverage of antenatal iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) and intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) remains low in many countries. Evidence on the most effective ways to incre...

    Authors: Siaka Koné, Jürg Utzinger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Daouda Dao and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1609

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Economic evaluation of school-based obesity interventions could provide support for public health decision of obesity prevention. This study is to perform cost–utility and cost–benefit assessment of three scho...

    Authors: Haiquan Xu, Yanping Li, Songming Du, Qian Zhang, Ailing Liu, Junmao Sun and Guansheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1608

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In Pakistan there is a dire need to explore the quality of life in infertile males and females and its undesirable psychological outcomes. This, study aimed to compare the quality of life (QoL) of males and fe...

    Authors: Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Salima Farooq, Saima Sachwani, Marilyn Chapman and Nargis Asad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1607

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A low prevalence of HIV in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients has been reported in the literature though mechanisms for this are not understood.

    Authors: P. F. Blatyta, S. Kelly, T. T. Goncalez, A. B. Carneiro-Proietti, T. Salomon, C. Miranda, E. Sabino, L. Preiss, C. Maximo, P. Loureiro, B. Custer and C. de Almeida-Neto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1606

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Electronic (eHealth) and mobile (mHealth) health interventions can provide a large coverage, and are promising tools to change health behavior (i.e. physical activity, sedentary behavior and healthy eating). H...

    Authors: Janis Fiedler, Tobias Eckert, Kathrin Wunsch and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1605

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global health problem. The epidemic is very serious in sub-Saharan Africa with approximately 70% of the global cases. The disease particularly affects youth, a...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew Abate, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie, Melese Abate Reta, Gillian H. Ice and Zelalem T. Haile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1603

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Tailored and culturally appropriate latent tuberculosis (TB) infection screening and treatment programs, including interventions against TB stigma, are needed to reduce TB incidence in low TB incidence countri...

    Authors: Ineke Spruijt, Dawit Tesfay Haile, Susan van den Hof, Kathy Fiekert, Niesje Jansen, Degu Jerene, Eveline Klinkenberg, Ieva Leimane and Jeanine Suurmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1602

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Early childhood educators play a prominent role in promoting healthy activity behaviours in childcare. However, they have expressed that they lack the appropriate pre-service training to confidently lead physi...

    Authors: Brianne A. Bruijns, Andrew M. Johnson and Patricia Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1600

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Benefits of cash transfers (CTs) for HIV prevention have been demonstrated largely in purposively designed trials, commonly focusing on young women. It is less clear if CT interventions not designed for HIV pr...

    Authors: Robin Schaefer, Ranjeeta Thomas, Laura Robertson, Jeffrey W. Eaton, Phyllis Mushati, Constance Nyamukapa, Katharina Hauck and Simon Gregson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1599

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Globally, India has the third largest population of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the second highest number of COVID-19 cases. Anxiety is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) nonadherence. It is c...

    Authors: Ivan Marbaniang, Shashikala Sangle, Smita Nimkar, Kanta Zarekar, Sonali Salvi, Amol Chavan, Amita Gupta, Nishi Suryavanshi and Vidya Mave

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1598

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Norway and Sweden have similar populations and health care systems, but different reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Norway closed educational institutions, and banned sports and cultural activities; Sweden k...

    Authors: Lise M. Helsingen, Erle Refsum, Dagrun Kyte Gjøstein, Magnus Løberg, Michael Bretthauer, Mette Kalager and Louise Emilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1597

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Since the time of declaration of global pandemic of COVID-19 by World Health Organization (WHO), falsified hand sanitizers surfaced regularly in markets, posing possible harm to public due to unlisted inclusio...

    Authors: Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Sabaa Saleh Al-Hemyari, Moyad Shahwan, Faris El-Dahiyat and Shazia Jamshed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1595

    Content type: Research article

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  34. One of the most important concerns in every healthcare system is the elimination of disparities in health service utilization and achievement of health equity. This study aimed to investigate the disparities i...

    Authors: Rozhin Amin, Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Nader Jahanmehr, Ali-Reza Abadi and Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1594

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Maternity waiting homes (MWHs), residential spaces for pregnant women close to obstetric care facilities, are being used to tackle physical barriers to access. However, their effectiveness has not been rigorou...

    Authors: Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Muluemebet Abera Wordofa, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Nicole Bergen, Getachew Kiros, Yisalemush Asefa, Shifera Asfaw, Abebe Mamo, Erko Endale, Kednapa Thavorn, Ronald Labonte, Monica Taljaard and Manisha A. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1593

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Global commitment to stop Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and ensure access to HIV treatment calls for women empowerment, as these efforts play major roles in mother-to-child transmission. We examined the a...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Joseph Kojo Oduro, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Eugene Budu, Francis Appiah, Linus Baatiema, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Francis Sambah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1592

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Eswatini continues to have the highest prevalence of HIV in the world, and one of the highest HIV incidences among adult populations (aged 15–49). This analysis reports on both key elements of study design/pro...

    Authors: Marelize Gorgens, Andrew F. Longosz, Sosthenes Ketende, Muziwethu Nkambule, Tengetile Dlamini, Mbuso Mabuza, Kelvin Sikwibele, Vimbai Tsododo, Mthokozisi Dlamini, Futhie Dennis-Langa, Wendy Heard, Andrea Low, Pandu Harimurti, David Wilson, Khanya Mabuza and Damien de Walque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1591

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Pupils in secondary schools do not meet the targets for physical activity levels during physical education (PE) sessions, and there is a lack of data on the vigorous physical activity domain (VPA) in PE known ...

    Authors: Anne Delextrat, Patrick Esser, Nick Beale, Floris Bozon, Emma Eldridge, Hooshang Izadi, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Catherine Wheatley and Helen Dawes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1590

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has caused enormous stress among the public in China. Intellectual input from various aspects is needed to fight against COVID-19, including understanding ...

    Authors: Jian-Bin Li, An Yang, Kai Dou, Lin-Xin Wang, Ming-Chen Zhang and Xiao-Qi Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1589

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Despite widespread application of the Symptom Check-List-90-R (SCL-90-R) for Chinese undergraduate students, there are no appropriate norms for them. The aim of this study is to provide norms for the Chinese v...

    Authors: Yulan Yu, Chonghua Wan, Xudong Zhao, E. Scott Huebner, Jianfeng Tan, Chuanzhi Xu and Jingjing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1588

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Penetration and participation of real life implementation of lifestyle change programs to prevent type 2 diabetes has been challenging. This is particularly so among low income individuals in the United States...

    Authors: Jay R. Desai, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Gretchen Taylor, Sara Johnson, Julie Anderson, Joyce E. Garrett, Todd Gilmer, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Katelyn Engel, Jeff Schiff and Patrick J. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1587

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC2006) entered into force in August 2013 and is a milestone for better working and living conditions (WLC) for seafarers. As of March 2020, 96 countries have ratified th...

    Authors: Marina Liselotte Fotteler, Despena Andrioti Bygvraa and Olaf Chresten Jensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1586

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging infectious disease, which has caused numerous deaths and health problems worldwide. This study aims to examine the effects of airborne particulate matter (PM)...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Jiangtao Liu, Yanlin Li, Shihua Fu, Xiaocheng Xu, Lanyu Li, Ji Zhou, Xingrong Liu, Xiaotao He, Jun Yan, Yanjun Shi, Jingping Niu, Yong Yang, Yiyao Li, Bin Luo and Kai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1585

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In the UK certain groups with pre-disposing conditions are eligible for vaccination with the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). Uptake of the vaccine in these individuals has not been reported for 10...

    Authors: Ian Matthews, Xiaoyan Lu, Qian Xia, Wynona Black and Bayad Nozad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The prevalence of being bullied traditionally among U.S. high school students is expected to reduce to 17.9%, according to Healthy People 2020 Initiatives. We examined trends in traditional victimization and c...

    Authors: Ruili Li, Qiguo Lian, Qiru Su, Luhai Li, Meixian Xie and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1583

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Syphilis and gonorrhea reached an all-time high in 2018. The resurgence of syphilis and gonorrhea requires innovative methods of sexual contact tracing that encourage disclosure of same-sex sexual contacts tha...

    Authors: Janet E. Rosenbaum, Jacky Jennings, Jonathan M. Ellen, Laurel M. Borkovic, Jo-Ann Scott, Charleen Wylie and Anne Rompalo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1526

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) experience a disproportionate burden of type 2 diabetes and related complications. Although diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) interventions h...

    Authors: Kaʻimi A. Sinclair, Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Claire Townsend-Ing, Pearl A. McElfish and Joseph Keaweʻaimoku Kaholokula

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1579

    Content type: Research article

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