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  1. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer amongst women globally and it accounts for the majority of cancer deaths among females in Zimbabwe. The objective of this midterm review analysis was to identif...

    Authors: Oscar Tapera, Anna M. Nyakabau, Ndabaningi Simango, Bothwell T. Guzha, Shamiso Jombo-Nyakuwa, Eunice Takawira, Angeline Mapanga, Davidzoyashe Makosa and Bernard Madzima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1478

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Female sex workers (FSW) are highly susceptible to chlamydia and gonorrhea infection. However, there is limited literature examining their testing uptake to date. This study aimed to assess the uptake and dete...

    Authors: Pei Zhen Zhao, Ya Jie Wang, Huan Huan Cheng, Ye Zhang, Wei Ming Tang, Fan Yang, Wei Zhang, Ji Yuan Zhou and Cheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1477

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections and can be prevented by vaccination. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding, by analysing interview res...

    Authors: María González-Cano, Francisco Garrido-Peña, Eugenia Gil-Garcia, Marta Lima-Serrano and María Dolores Cano-Caballero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1476

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Vaccine preventable diseases are still the most common cause of childhood mortality, with an estimated 3 million deaths every year, mainly in Africa and Asia. An estimate of 29% deaths among children aged 1–59...

    Authors: Abubakar Nasiru Galadima, Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli, Salmiah Md Said and Norliza Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1475

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Standardised checklists of items to be addressed in clinical study protocols and publications are promoting transparency in research. However, particular specifications for exceptional cases, such as children ...

    Authors: Angela De Pretto-Lazarova, Domnita Oana Brancati-Badarau and Christian Burri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1473

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Community engagement and volunteering are essential for the public response to COVID-19. Since March 2020 a large number of people in the UK have been regularly doing unpaid activities to benefit others beside...

    Authors: Guanlan Mao, Maria Fernandes-Jesus, Evangelos Ntontis and John Drury

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1470

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Brief behavioral interventions are seen as an efficient way to improve knowledge, change behavior, and reduce provider stigma regarding sexual health. When grounded in evidence-based behavioral change techniqu...

    Authors: Rob Stephenson, Galina Lesco, Viorel Babii, Andrei Luchian, Nataliia Bakunina, Ana Sofia De Vasconcelos, Karel Blondeel, Carlos F. Cáceres, Renée A. Pitter, Nicholas Metheny, Tamar Goldenberg, James Kiarie and Igor Toskin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1469

    Content type: Research

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  8. Consumer trust in food systems is essential for consumers, food industry, policy makers and regulators. Yet no comprehensive tool for measuring consumer trust in food systems exists. Similarly, the impact that...

    Authors: Emma Tonkin, Trevor Webb, Julie Henderson, Paul R. Ward, John Coveney, Samantha B. Meyer, Dean McCullum and Annabelle M. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1468

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Half of mental health disorders begin before the age of 14, highlighting the importance of prevention and early-intervention in childhood. Schools have been identified globally by policymakers as a platform to...

    Authors: S. Darling, G. Dawson, J. Quach, R. Smith, A. Perkins, A. Connolly, A. Smith, C. L. Moore, J. Ride and F. Oberklaid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1467

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Tobacco use is associated with exacerbation of tuberculosis (TB) and poor TB treatment outcomes. Integrating tobacco use cessation within TB treatment could improve healing among TB patients. The aim was to ex...

    Authors: Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Kellen Nyamurungi, Surabhi Joshi, Yvonne Olando, Hadii M. Mamudu and Robert P. Pack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1464

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), non-AIDS related comorbidities and mortality, and prevents transmission. However, the prev...

    Authors: Terefe Gone Fuge, George Tsourtos and Emma R. Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1463

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Preventive behaviours are an essential way to slow down and eliminate the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. The aim of this study was to estimate adherence to preventive behaviors and to identify whether any subgrou...

    Authors: Róbert Urbán, Borbála Paksi, Ádám Miklósi, John B. Saunders and Zsolt Demetrovics

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1462

    Content type: Research

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  13. We sought to: [1] estimate the prevalence of multimorbidity at age 46–48 in the 1970 British Cohort Study—a nationally representative sample in mid-life; and [2] examine the association between early-life char...

    Authors: Dawid Gondek, David Bann, Matt Brown, Mark Hamer, Alice Sullivan and George B. Ploubidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1319

    Content type: Research

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  14. Around 184,000 deaths per year could be attributable to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption worldwide. Epidemiological and decision models are important tools to estimate disease burden. The purpose o...

    Authors: Andrea Alcaraz, Andrés Pichon-Riviere, Alfredo Palacios, Ariel Bardach, Dario Javier Balan, Lucas Perelli, Federico Augustovski and Agustín Ciapponi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1460

    Content type: Research

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  15. The North Carolina Healthy Food Small Retailer Program (NC HFSRP) was established through a policy passed by the state legislature to provide funding for small food retailers located in food deserts with the g...

    Authors: Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Kathryn A. Boys, Jared T. McGuirt, Sheila Fleischhacker, Alice S. Ammerman, Nevin Johnson, Casey Kelley, Victoria E. Donadio, Ronny A. Bell and Melissa N. Laska

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1459

    Content type: Research

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  16. Lung disease caused by exposure to chemical substances such as polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) used in humidifier disinfectants (HDs) has been identified in Korea. Several researchers reported that exposure...

    Authors: Hyeonsu Ryu, Yoon-Hyeong Choi, Eunchae Kim, Jinhyeon Park, Seula Lee, Jeonggyo Yoon, Eun-Kyung Jo, Youngtae Choe, Jung Heo and Wonho Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1458

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In spite of the universal right for women to decide freely for themselves when, and how many children they want to have in life, married women in Uganda are less likely to use modern contraceptives as compared...

    Authors: Ronald Wasswa, Allen Kabagenyi and Paulino Ariho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1457

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is promoted as a decision-informing tool by public health and governmental agencies. HIA is beneficial when carried out as part of policy development but is also valuable as a me...

    Authors: Liz Green, Kathryn Ashton, Sumina Azam, Mariana Dyakova, Timo Clemens and Mark A. Bellis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1456

    Content type: Research

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  19. Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is associated with high mortality. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a significant risk factor for OPSCC. Utilities are fundamental values representing the s...

    Authors: Xiangqun Ju, Karen Canfell, Kirsten Howard, Gail Garvey, Joanne Hedges, Megan Smith and Lisa Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1455

    Content type: Research article

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  20. New York City (NYC) was the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic, and is home to underserved populations with higher prevalence of chronic conditions that put them in danger of more serious infection. Little is ...

    Authors: Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Naomi Alpert, Raja Flores and Emanuela Taioli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1452

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Increasingly, strength-based approaches to health and wellbeing interventions with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are being explored. This is a welcome counter to deficit-based initiatives w...

    Authors: Alison Brown, Fiona Mensah, Graham Gee, Yin Paradies, Samantha French, Lea Waters, Kerry Arabena, Gregory Armstrong, Jan Nicholson, Stephanie J. Brown, Kelsey Hegarty, Rebecca Ritte, Kristy Meiselbach and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1451

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Vaccination is the effective and long-term pharmacological solution to deal with COVID-19. Information technology (IT) and electronic immunization can be effective in accelerating and improving vaccine coverag...

    Authors: Elham Maserat, Leila Keikha, Somayeh Davoodi and Zeinab Mohammadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1450

    Content type: Research

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  23. Evidence on child feeding practice is often based on the perspectives and experiences of parents and less that of health practitioners. In this study, we explored child feeding practice in Aboriginal communiti...

    Authors: Athira Rohit, Renae Kirkham, Leisa McCarthy, Valentina Puruntatameri, Louise Maple-Brown and Julie Brimblecombe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1449

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To investigate whether physical performance is independently of physical activity (PA) associated with positive and negative dimensions of mental well-being in middle-aged women.

    Authors: Dmitriy Bondarev, Sarianna Sipilä, Taija Finni, Urho M. Kujala, Pauliina Aukee, Vuokko Kovanen, Eija K. Laakkonen and Katja Kokko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1448

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Participation in sports and physical activity (PA) is a critical resource for children’s health and social development. This study analyzes how the parental socioeconomic status (SES) of children and adolescen...

    Authors: Lea Rittsteiger, Thomas Hinz, Doris Oriwol, Hagen Wäsche, Claudia Santos-Hövener and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1446

    Content type: Research

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  26. Type 2 diabetes mellitus poses a major health challenge worldwide and in low-income countries such as Bangladesh, however little is known about the care-seeking of people with diabetes. We sought to understand...

    Authors: Hannah Maria Jennings, Joanna Morrison, Kohenour Akter, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Carina King, Naveed Ahmed, Abdul Kuddus, Sanjit Kumar Shaha, Tasmin Nahar, Kishwar Azad and Edward Fottrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1445

    Content type: Research

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  27. With the rapid growth of the ageing population, the operating burden of China’s basic medical insurance fund is becoming increasingly heavy. To counter rapid population ageing and ameliorate a series of proble...

    Authors: Xinjie Zhang, Jingru Huang and Ying Luo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1444

    Content type: Research

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  28. In rural Gambia, rates of malnutrition and infection are higher during the annual rainy/‘hungry’ season (June–October) in comparison to the dry/‘harvest’ season (November–May). The effects of this seasonal pat...

    Authors: Sandra G. Okala, Momodou K. Darboe, Fatou Sosseh, Bakary Sonko, Tisbeh Faye-Joof, Andrew M. Prentice and Sophie E. Moore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1442

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Poisoning is a major problem in India. However, there is little systematic information on the key poisons responsible for most deaths by geographical area and over time. We aimed to review the literature to id...

    Authors: Ayanthi Karunarathne, Ashish Bhalla, Aastha Sethi, Uditha Perera and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1441

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Self-reported health (SRH) and life satisfaction (LS) are patient-reported outcomes (PROs) that independently predict mortality and morbidity in older adults. Emergency department (ED) visits due to serious he...

    Authors: Anna Schneider, Dorothee Riedlinger, Mareen Pigorsch, Felix Holzinger, Johannes Deutschbein, Thomas Keil, Martin Möckel and Liane Schenk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1440

    Content type: Research

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  31. A common risk behavior in adolescence is the early initiation of unprotected sex that exposes adolescents to an unplanned pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Schools are an ideal place to strengthen ...

    Authors: Dolores Ramírez-Villalobos, Eric Alejandro Monterubio-Flores, Tonatiuh Tomás Gonzalez-Vazquez, Juan Francisco Molina-Rodríguez, Ma. Guadalupe Ruelas-González and Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1439

    Content type: Research

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  32. Ingestion and inhalation are common routes of exposure for lead in humans. Developing countries still have unacceptably high rates of lead toxicity, especially in children. Studies on probable risk factors of ...

    Authors: Hedieh Ahangar, Afsoon Karimdoost, Amir Salimi, Maryam Akhgari, Scott Phillips, Nasim Zamani, Nasibeh Hassanpour, Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Gary R. Krieger and Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1437

    Content type: Research article

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  33. With 8,82,000 deaths in the under-five period, India observed varied intra-state and inter-regional differences across infant and child mortality in 2018. However, scarce literature is present to capture this ...

    Authors: Ronak Paul, Rashmi Rashmi and Shobhit Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1436

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Newly reported hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in California increased 50% among people 15–29 years of age between 2014 and 2016. National estimates suggest this increase was due to the opioid epidemic and ...

    Authors: Alison R. Ohringer, David P. Serota, Rachel L. McLean, Lauren J. Stockman and James P. Watt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1435

    Content type: Research

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  35. Racism and racial discrimination are fundamental causes and determinants of health and health inequalities globally, with children and adolescents particularly vulnerable. Racial discrimination is a common str...

    Authors: Naomi Priest, Oishee Alam, Mandy Truong, Rachel Sharples, Jacqueline Nelson, Kevin Dunn, Kate L. Francis, Yin Paradies and Anne Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1434

    Content type: Research

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  36. Employers express a need for support during sickness absence and return to work (RTW) of cancer survivors. Therefore, a web-based intervention (MiLES) targeted at employers with the objective of enhancing canc...

    Authors: M. A. Greidanus, A. E. de Rijk, A. G. E. M. de Boer, M. E. M. M. Bos, P. W. Plaisier, R. M. Smeenk, M. H. W. Frings-Dresen and S. J. Tamminga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1433

    Content type: Research

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  37. Human hygiene behaviours influence the transmission of infectious diseases. Changing maladaptive hygiene habits has the potential to improve public health. Parents and teachers can play an important role in di...

    Authors: K. A. Schmidtke and K. G. Drinkwater

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1432

    Content type: Research

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  38. In South Africa, there are limited data on the burden of diarrhoea at a community level, specifically in older children and adults. This community survey estimated rates of and factors associated with diarrhoe...

    Authors: Siobhan L. Johnstone, Nicola A. Page, Juno Thomas, Shabir A. Madhi, Portia Mutevedzi, Nellie Myburgh, Carlos Herrera and Michelle J. Groome

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1431

    Content type: Research

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  39. Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) is a prospective, team based, structured process used to identify system failures of high risk processes before they occur. Medication dispensing is a risky process tha...

    Authors: J. A. L. Anjalee, V. Rutter and N. R. Samaranayake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1430

    Content type: Research

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  40. Half of global child deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding child mortality patterns and risk factors will help inform interventions to reduce this heavy toll. The Nanoro Health and Demographic Surv...

    Authors: Navideh Noori, Karim Derra, Innocent Valea, Assaf P. Oron, Aminata Welgo, Toussaint Rouamba, Palwende Romuald Boua, Athanase M. Somé, Eli Rouamba, Edward Wenger, Hermann Sorgho, Halidou Tinto and Andre Lin Ouédraogo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1425

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Emerging and reemerging pathogens are global challenges for public health and the pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019is a reemerging case of an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-C...

    Authors: Amul Shrestha, Tek Bahadur Thapa, Mahendra Giri, Sanjiv Kumar, Sakil Dhobi, Haikali Thapa, Pawan Prakash Dhami, Arun Shahi, Ajita Ghimire and Ela Singh Rathaur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1424

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Traditional male circumcision (TMC) is primarily associated with a religious or cultural purpose and may lead to complications. To reduce risks of complication and long-term disabilities that may happen from c...

    Authors: Biruk Shalmeno Tusa, Adisu Birhanu Weldesenbet, Telahun Kasa Tefera and Sewnet Adem Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1423

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) caused 17.9 million deaths worldwide in 2016, being the world’s leading cause of death. Prevention of CVD in high-income countries is expensive and fails to reach the population a...

    Authors: Delphine Le Goff, Marie Barais, Gabriel Perraud, Jeremy Derriennic, Paul Aujoulat, Morgane Guillou-Landreat and Jean Yves Le Reste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1422

    Content type: Study protocol

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