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  1. Content type: Research article

    Kerala, the southern state of India, has experienced sudden rise in the prevalence estimates of diabetes. A cohort study on the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Kerala state thus aptly bridges t...

    Authors: Gadadharan Vijayakumar, Sreeja Manghat, Revathi Vijayakumar, Leena Simon, Liss Maria Scaria, Aswathi Vijayakumar, Ganapathy K. Sreehari, V. Raman Kutty, Arun Rachana and Abdul Jaleel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:140

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Assessing disparities in health-related quality of Life (HRQoL) is important as a part of health-related disparities in the society. The aim of this study was to explore HRQoL among 12-year-olds in Sweden in t...

    Authors: Mazen Baroudi, Solveig Petersen, Fredinah Namatovu, Annelie Carlsson, Anneli Ivarsson and Fredrik Norström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:139

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Preventing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is one of the biggest health challenges currently facing the UK, with the NHS spending £14 billion each year on treating the disease and associated symptoms.

    Authors: Reem Kayyali, Natasha Slater, Aisha Sahi, Deepa Mepani, Karima Lalji and Ako Abdallah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:138

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This article addresses the enjoyment of the human rights to water and sanitation (HRTWS), in particular access to toilets, in a public school in Bahia, Brazil.

    Authors: Édila Dalmaso Coswosk, Priscila Neves-Silva, Celina Maria Modena and Léo Heller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:137

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Due to demographic changes across Europe there are strong political interests in maintaining the labour force by prolonging working life, i.e. increasing retirement age. This may pose both challenges and oppor...

    Authors: Lars Louis Andersen and Emil Sundstrup

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:133

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for both prevention and treatment of HIV infection. However, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), only 10% ...

    Authors: Moshoeu Prisca Moshoeu, Desmond Kuupiel, Nonjabulo Gwala and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:132

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  7. Content type: Research article

    School dropouts are at heightened risk of tobacco use compared to in-school learners. School dropouts are described as those not currently enrolled in school for the academic year, have not completed their sch...

    Authors: Rachana Desai, Liesbeth A. G. Mercken, Robert A. C. Ruiter, Jan Schepers and Priscilla S. Reddy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:130

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Bullying in the workplace is a serious public health issue. As a chronic work stress, workplace bullying places the victims’ physical and mental health at risk which, in extreme cases, may lead to suicidal ide...

    Authors: Catalina Sau Man Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:129

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) has demonstrated a decreased risk in various cancers and other chronic diseases; however, rural residents are less likely to attain recommended levels of PA compared to urban and suburba...

    Authors: Alan M. Beck, Amy A. Eyler, J. Aaron Hipp, Abby C. King, Rachel G. Tabak, Yan Yan, Rodrigo S. Reis, Dixie D. Duncan, Amanda S. Gilbert, Natalicio H. Serrano and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:126

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Policy making in healthcare requires reliable and local data. Different sources of coverage data for health interventions can be utilized to populate the Lives Saved Tool (LiST), a commonly used policy-plannin...

    Authors: Ingrid K. Friberg, Mahima Venkateswaran, Buthaina Ghanem and J. Frederik Frøen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:124

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The uptake of HIV self-testing (HIVST) could address socio-structural barriers that prevent South African youth from utilizing the testing resources available in their communities. However, to facilitate this,...

    Authors: Tiarney D. Ritchwood, Amanda Selin, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A. Lippman, Hailey Gilmore, Linda Kimaru, Jennifer Hove, Ryan Wagner, Rhian Twine and Kathleen Kahn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:123

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To describe the identification, adaptation, and testing of an evidence-based pediatric weight management program for a health disparate community.

    Authors: Jennie L. Hill, Jamie M. Zoellner, Wen You, Donna J. Brock, Bryan Price, Ramine C. Alexander, Madlyn Frisard, Fabiana Brito, Xiaolu Hou and Paul A. Estabrooks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:122

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Students engage in risky health-related behaviours that influence their current and future health status. Health-related behaviours cluster among adults and differently based on sub-populations characteristics...

    Authors: Joseph J. Murphy, Ciaran MacDonncha, Marie H. Murphy, Niamh Murphy, Anna Timperio, Rebecca M Leech and Catherine B. Woods

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:121

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of biomedical and seroadaptive HIV prevention strategies has coincided with a decline in condom use among gay men.

    Authors: Benjamin J. Klassen, Karyn Fulcher, Sarah A. Chown, Heather L. Armstrong, Robert S. Hogg, David M. Moore, Eric A. Roth and Nathan J. Lachowsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:120

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D levels may differ between migrant and non-migrant populations, especially among non-western immigrants living in a country with limited sun exposure such as Germany. This study examined serum vitamin...

    Authors: Lilian Krist, Theresa Keller, Heiko Becher, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Martin Schlaud, Stefan N. Willich and Thomas Keil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:119

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a neglected zoonosis caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus, remains a public health issue in many developing countries that practice extensive sheep breedi...

    Authors: Séverine Thys, Hamid Sahibi, Sarah Gabriël, Tarik Rahali, Pierre Lefèvre, Abdelkbir Rhalem, Tanguy Marcotty, Marleen Boelaert and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:118

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Engagement with community adolescent treatment supporters (CATS) improves adherence, psychosocial well-being, linkage and retention in care among adolescents living with HIV. However, there is an urgent need f...

    Authors: Nicola Willis, Amos Milanzi, Mather Mawodzeke, Chengetai Dziwa, Alice Armstrong, Innocent Yekeye, Phangisile Mtshali and Victoria James

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:117

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The epidemiological characteristics of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the autonomous region of Xinjiang Uygur have been largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and demographic risk factors o...

    Authors: Jianghua Zhang, Xianhui Zhou, Qiang Xing, Yaodong Li, Ling Zhang, Qina Zhou, Yanmei Lu, Yinwen Fan, Abu Lizi, Wenhong Yan, Hongyan Wang, Meiling Zhai, Jianfu Bao, Liping Chen, Maihe Tuoti, Haidong Cui…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:116

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In 2017, 64% of children living with HIV in Zambia accessed Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). Despite expanded ART coverage, there is paucity of information on effectiveness of pediatric ART in reducing mortality....

    Authors: Jane N. Mutanga, Simon Mutembo, Amara E. Ezeamama, Xiao Song, Robert C. Fubisha, Kunda Mutesu-Kapembwa, Derrick Sialondwe, Brenda Simuchembu, Jelita Chinyonga, Philip E. Thuma and Christopher C. Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:115

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Unhealthy food marketing is considered a contributor to childhood obesity. In Canada, food marketing in schools is mostly self-regulated by industry though it is sometimes restricted through provincial school ...

    Authors: Monique Potvin Kent, Cayley E. Velazquez, Elise Pauzé, Olivia Cheng-Boivin and Noami Berfeld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:114

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Sexual behavior of HIV positive individuals visiting anti- retroviral clinics is a neglected issue. With access to anti-retroviral treatment, HIV positive individuals experience improved health and are able to...

    Authors: Wondimagegne Belay Tadesse and Abebaw Addis Gelagay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:113

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The German cockroach, Blattella germanica, is one of the most challenging pests to eradicate from indoor environments. Professional pest control is often prohibitively expensive, prompting low-income residents to...

    Authors: Zachary C. DeVries, Richard G. Santangelo, Jonathan Crissman, Russell Mick and Coby Schal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:96

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Cholera remains a disease of public health importance in Nigeria associated with high morbidity and mortality. In November 2014, the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (NFELTP) was no...

    Authors: Chioma Cindy Dan-Nwafor, Uzoma Ogbonna, Pamela Onyiah, Saheed Gidado, Bashorun Adebobola, Patrick Nguku and Peter Nsubuga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:112

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    In the United States, worksite wellness programs are more often offered by larger employers. The Massachusetts Working on Wellness (WoW) program is an innovative, statewide capacity-building model designed to ...

    Authors: Mari Ryan, Lisa Erck, Leslee McGovern, Kathleen McCabe, Kevin Myers, Suzanne Nobrega, Wenjun Li, Wen-Chieh Lin and Laura Punnett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:111

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Mortality indicators are essential for monitoring population health. Although Malaysia has a functional death registration system, the quality of information on causes of death still needs improvement, since a...

    Authors: Azahadi Omar, Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar, Yi Yi Khoo, Chandrika Jeevananthan, S. Maria Awaluddin, Jane Ling Miaw Yn and Chalapati Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:110

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Breast and cervical cancers constitute the most common cancers among women in sub-Saharan Africa. In Zimbabwe, cervical cancer accounts for more than a third of all cancers among women of African descent. Canc...

    Authors: Lovemore Makurirofa, Priscilla Mangwiro, Victoria James, Amos Milanzi, Junior Mavu, Michael Nyamuranga and Sydney Kamtauni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:109

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Intersectionality theory focuses on how one’s human experiences are constituted by mutually reinforcing interactions between different aspects of one’s identities, such as race, class, gender, and sexual orien...

    Authors: Milkie Vu, Jingjing Li, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle and Carla J. Berg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:108

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Calorie labeling on restaurant menus is a public health strategy to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased have been minimal. Displaying labels communicating the physical activity...

    Authors: Anthony J. Viera, Ziya Gizlice, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M. Noar and Alice Ammerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:107

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The Shared Decision Making (SDM) model allows the patient to be part of their own disease treatment and control. The translation to Spanish of a questionnaire that measures the patient perception of SDM will a...

    Authors: Geovanny Efraín Alvarado-Villa, Jorge Daniel Moncayo-Rizzo and Jorge Andrés Gallardo-Rumbea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:106

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Community based providers are well place to deliver behavioural interventions to improve health. Good project management and reliable outcome data are needed to efficiently deliver and evaluate such interventi...

    Authors: Linda Penn, Louis Goffe, Anna Haste and Suzanne Moffatt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:105

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Improving detection of elevated blood pressure (BP) remains a public health need. We present results from a Pop-Up health check stationed in shopping centres in England. We hypothesise the rate of case detecti...

    Authors: Laura A. Edwards, Peter Campbell, Deanna J. Taylor, Rakhee Shah, David F. Edgar and David P. Crabb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:42

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Atherosclerosis and COPD are systemic inflammatory diseases that share common risk factors including cigarette smoking. A high level of nicotine dependence is emerging as a recently identified risk factor for ...

    Authors: Junjia Zhu, Kevin Nelson, Jennifer Toth and Joshua E. Muscat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:103

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  33. Content type: Research article

    To improve prerequisites for better health development among children growing up in multicultural suburbs in Stockholm County, where poorer health is displayed in several aspects including child health, early ...

    Authors: Kirsi Tiitinen Mekhail, Lene Lindberg, Bo Burström and Anneli Marttila

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:102

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  34. Content type: Research article

    A personalized mobile health intervention (iSTEP) aims to promote a Mediterranean diet and increase physical activity, thereby improving neurocognitive functioning among persons living with HIV (PLWH). This ar...

    Authors: Brook L. Henry, Elizabeth Quintana, David J. Moore, John Garcia and Jessica L. Montoya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:101

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Medanta - The Medicity, a multi-super specialty corporate hospital in Gurugram, Haryana launched a “TB-Free Haryana” Campaign; mobile van equipped with a digital CXR machine to screen patients with presumptive...

    Authors: Bornali Datta, Ashish Kumar Prakash, David Ford, Praveen K. Tanwar, Pinky Goyal, Poulomi Chatterjee, Smita Vipin, Anand Jaiswal, Naresh Trehan and Kavita Ayyagiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:99

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Social prescribing enables health-care professionals to address non-medical causes of ill-health by harnessing the resources of the voluntary and community sectors in patient care. Although increasingly popula...

    Authors: Josephine M. Wildman, Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Kirsty Laing, Linda Penn and Nicola O’Brien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:98

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported data have consistently shown South Asians (SAs) to be less physically active than White Europeans (WEs) in developed countries, however objective data is lacking. Differences in sedentary time ha...

    Authors: Gregory J. H. Biddle, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Alex V. Rowlands, Melanie J. Davies, Danielle H. Bodicoat, Wendy Hardeman, Helen Eborall, Stephen Sutton, Simon Griffin, Kamlesh Khunti and Thomas Yates

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:95

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  38. Content type: Research article

    With increasing interest in exposure effects across generations, it is crucial to assess the validity of information given on behalf of others.

    Authors: Kathrine Pape, Cecilie Svanes, Andrei Malinovschi, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Caroline Lodge, Christer Janson, Jesus Moratalla, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Lennart Bråbäck, Mathias Holm, Rain Jögi, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Torben Sigsgaard, Ane Johannessen and Vivi Schlünssen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:94

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The importance of viewing health from a broader perspective than the mere presence or absence of disease is critical at primary healthcare level. However, there is scanty evidence-based stratification of popul...

    Authors: Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Hermès Karemere, Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka, Anne-Sophie Lambert, Fiston Muneza, Hedwig Deconinck and Jean Macq

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:93

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is characterized by rapid growth and development with a significantly increased need for macro and micronutrients. However, there is little empirical evidence on the burden of anaemia among adolesc...

    Authors: Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus, Bilal Shikur Endris, Getahun Teka Beyene, Alinoor Mohamed Farah, Fekadu Elias and Hana Nekatebeb Bekele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:92

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In 2014, the Ethiopian government passed a new smoking legislation that banned smoking in public and workplaces including health care facilities. However, data’s on level of non-compliance and associated facto...

    Authors: Tamiru Tadesse and Belay Zawdie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:91

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Globally, diarrhea is a leading cause of child morbidity and mortality. Although latrines are integral for reducing enteric pathogen transmission, several studies have shown no evidence that latrine ownership ...

    Authors: V. K. Lopez, B. T. West, P. J. Clarke, E. Quentin and J. N. S. Eisenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:90

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  43. Content type: Research article

    This paper reports on a five-year study using a theory-based program logic evaluation, and supporting survey and interview data to examine the extent to which the activites of the South Australian Health in Al...

    Authors: Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Helen van Eyk, Angela Lawless, Carmel Williams and Michael Marmot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:88

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  44. Content type: Research article

    HIV immunosuppression increases susceptibility to other STIs and STIs can enhance HIV transmission, reduce CD4 cell count and increase viral load. Co-infections of HIV and STIs may thus reduce the preventive b...

    Authors: Stephen Okoboi, Barbara Castelnuovo, David M. Moore, Joseph Musaazi, Andrew Kambugu, Josephine Birungi, Mastula Nanfuka and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:87

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