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  1. Self-management of diabetes is associated with glycaemic control and adherence to medication and healthy lifestyle practices. There is lack of information on the barriers to and facilitators of diabetes self-m...

    Authors: Mandira Adhikari, Hridaya Raj Devkota and Tomris Cesuroglu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1269

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of global mortality representing about one third of all deaths across the world. The objective of the present study was to model the global trend in disa...

    Authors: Fatemeh Masaebi, Masoud Salehi, Maryam Kazemi, Nasim Vahabi, Mehdi Azizmohammad Looha and Farid Zayeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1268

    Content type: Research

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  3. During the COVID-19 pandemic, over 99% of adults in Hong Kong use face masks in public. With the limited supply of face masks in the market and the uncertainty about the future development of COVID-19, reusing...

    Authors: Linda Yin-king Lee, Issac Chun-wing Chan, Owen Pak-man Wong, Yaki Hoi-ying Ng, Crystal Kit-ying Ng, Max Hin-wa Chan, Joe Ka-chun Ng, Hailey Hei-tung Koo, Suk-ting Lam, Ada Cho-wai Chu, Rachel Yuen-shan Wong, Heidi Po-ying Leung and Angel Lok-ching Pun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1267

    Content type: Research

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  4. Typhoons greatly threaten human life and property, especially in China. Therefore, it is important to make effective policy decisions to minimize losses associated with typhoons.

    Authors: Xiangxue Zhang, Juan Nie, Changxiu Cheng, Chengdong Xu, Xiaojun Xu and Bin Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1260

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age globally, and the risk of death increases with practices such as restriction of fluid intake and inappropriate use of antibiot...

    Authors: Hindum Lanyero, Moses Ocan, Celestino Obua, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Sarah Nanzigu, Agaba Katureebe, Joan N. Kalyango and Jaran Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1254

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Effective management of the spread of a novel infectious disease, such as the COVID-19 virus can be achieved through influencing people’s behavior to adopt preventive measures. The public’s perceptions and att...

    Authors: Ghadah Alkhaldi, Ghadeer S. Aljuraiban, Sultana Alhurishi, Roberta De Souza, Kethakie Lamahewa, Rosa Lau and Fahdah Alshaikh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1251

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Physical inactivity is recognized as a leading global public health threat. Physical Literacy, a concept describing an individual’s prerequisites to participate in and adhere to physical activities, has been s...

    Authors: Peter Elsborg, Clara Heinze, Paulina S. Melby, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen and Knud Ryom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1248

    Content type: Research

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  8. Norovirus has a higher level of under-reporting in England compared to other intestinal infectious agents such as Campylobacter or Salmonella, despite being recognised as the most common cause of gastroenteritis ...

    Authors: N. Ondrikova, H. E. Clough, N. A. Cunliffe, M. Iturriza-Gomara, R. Vivancos and J. P. Harris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1245

    Content type: Research

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  9. The situation of work productivity loss due to sleep disorders/problems among workers in industrialized societies remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to clarify the prevalence of insomnia symptoms a...

    Authors: Momoko Kayaba, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Yoshikazu Takaesu and Yuichi Inoue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1244

    Content type: Research

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  10. Smoking negatively impacts COVID-19 severity and adverse outcomes. Evidence on whether smoking is associated with SARS-Co-V2 infection and having a positive test is scarce, particularly from low-and middle-inc...

    Authors: Aya Mostafa, Manal H. El-Sayed, Mahmoud El-Meteini, Ayman Saleh, Ashraf Omar, Ossama Mansour, Samia Girgis, Hala Hafez and Sahar Kandil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1243

    Content type: Research

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  11. To guarantee prevention and adequate treatment, as required for the population to have access to health services and technologies, including medicines. The purpose of this study is to analyse the economic and ...

    Authors: Vanessa Iribarrem Avena Miranda, Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Cristiane Damiani Tomasi, Jacks Soratto, Fernanda de Oliveira Meller and Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1242

    Content type: Research

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  12. Studies on the health impacts of being locked in a job are primarily conducted in Western countries, with the theory based on the value of individualism. But the socially-oriented concerns should be considered...

    Authors: Feng-Jen Tsai, Ruey-Yu Chen and Hsin-Jou Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1241

    Content type: Research

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  13. Migrants experience substantial changes in their neighborhood physical and social environments along their migration journeys, but little is known about how perceived changes in their neighborhood environment ...

    Authors: Min Yang, Julian Hagenauer, Martin Dijst and Marco Helbich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1240

    Content type: Research

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  14. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) sickened over 20 million residents in the United States (US) by January 2021. Our objective was to describe state variation in the effect of initial social distanc...

    Authors: Brystana G. Kaufman, Rebecca Whitaker, Nirosha Mahendraratnam, Sophie Hurewitz, Jeremy Yi, Valerie A. Smith and Mark McClellan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1239

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Variations in cardiovascular disease risk (CVD) are suggested to be partly influenced by factors that affect prenatal growth patterns and outcomes, namely degree of maternal investment (proxied by birth weight...

    Authors: Rola Al Ghali, Linda Smail, Maryam Muqbel and Dalia Haroun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1237

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Globally, the incidence of diabetes is increasing and strategies to reach a comprehensive approach of care are needed, including education in self-management. This is particularly true in low and middle-income...

    Authors: Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Mariana Balbi Seixas, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Ligia Loiola Cisneros, Danielle Guedes Andrade Ezequiel, Crystal Aultman, Nicole Sandison, Paul Oh and Lilian Pinto da Silva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1236

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The elderly healthcare voucher (EHCV) scheme is expected to lead to an increase in the number of elderly people selecting private primary healthcare services and reduce reliance on the public sector in Hong Ko...

    Authors: Ka Chun Chong, Hong Fung, Carrie Ho Kwan Yam, Patsy Yuen Kwan Chau, Tsz Yu Chow, Benny Chung Ying Zee, Eliza Lai Yi Wong, Maggie Haitian Wang and Eng Kiong Yeoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1235

    Content type: Research article

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  18. About 30% of children < 5 years old are estimated to experience vitamin A deficiency worldwide. Globally, vitamin A deficiency can be reduced by five major interventions: supplementation, dietary modification,...

    Authors: Golnaz Rajaeieh, Amirhossein Takian, Naser Kalantari and Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1234

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Obesity is a chronic disease that contributes to additional comorbidities including diabetes, kidney disease and several cancers. Change4Campbelltown implemented a ‘whole of system’ approach to address childho...

    Authors: Nicola Maitland, Karen Wardle, Jill Whelan, Bin Jalaludin, Doug Creighton, Michael Johnstone, Josh Hayward and Steven Allender

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1233

    Content type: Research

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  20. We aimed to assess the associations between adiposity distribution and cardiometabolic risk factors among overweight and obese adults in China, and to demonstrate the sex differences in these associations.

    Authors: Yide Yang, Ming Xie, Shuqian Yuan, Yuan Zeng, Yanhui Dong, Zhenghe Wang, Qiu Xiao, Bin Dong, Jun Ma and Jie Hu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1232

    Content type: Research

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  21. Pacific Island countries, many of which are low- and middle-income countries, have some of the highest rates of diet-related non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) globally. These countries also face some of the ...

    Authors: Amy Savage, Hilary Bambrick, Lachlan McIver and Danielle Gallegos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1231

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The COVID-19 pandemic has continued to pose a major global public health risk. The importance of public health surveillance systems to monitor the spread and impact of COVID-19 has been well demonstrated. The ...

    Authors: Nicholas Papadomanolakis-Pakis, Allison Maier, Adam van Dijk, Nancy VanStone and Kieran Michael Moore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1230

    Content type: Research

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  23. Bangladesh is well advanced in the epidemiologic transition from communicable to noncommunicable diseases, which now account for two out of three deaths annually. This paper examines the latest nationally repr...

    Authors: Afrin Iqbal, Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Kanta Jamil, M. Moinuddin Haider, Shusmita Hossain Khan, Nitai Chakraborty and Peter Kim Streatfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1229

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Adolescent HIV and pregnancy rates in Southern Africa are amongst the highest in the world. Despite decades of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming targeting adolescents, recent trends suggest ther...

    Authors: Áine Aventin, Sarah Gordon, Christina Laurenzi, Stephan Rabie, Mark Tomlinson, Maria Lohan, Jackie Stewart, Allen Thurston, Lynne Lohfeld, G. J. Melendez-Torres, Moroesi Makhetha, Yeukai Chideya and Sarah Skeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1228

    Content type: Research

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  25. In the U.S., the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension are higher among African American/Black (Black), Latinx, and Filipino adults than non-Hispanic White (White) and Chinese adults. We compared the racial/...

    Authors: Nancy P. Gordon and Loretta Hsueh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1227

    Content type: Research

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  26. During the Covid-19 pandemic the Dutch government implemented its so-called ‘intelligent lockdown’ in which people were urged to leave their homes as little as possible and work from home. This life changing e...

    Authors: Esther T. van der Werf, Martine Busch, Miek C. Jong and H. J. Rogier Hoenders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1226

    Content type: Research

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  27. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between diet and overweight and obesity in Jiangsu Province by using structural equation modeling (SEM), and to determine dietary differences between genders in the...

    Authors: Yuan-yuan Wang, Ting Tian, Da Pan, Jing-xian Zhang, Wei Xie, Shao-kang Wang, Hui Xia, Yue Dai and Guiju Sun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1225

    Content type: Research

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  28. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are two of the major risk factors for cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs). Although prior studies have confirmed that the coexistence of the two can markedly increase the ...

    Authors: Zhehui Wang, Tubao Yang and Hanlin Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1224

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Designing health communication interventions for global scaling promotes health literacy and facilitates rapid global health messaging. Limited literature explores preferences for animation prototypes and othe...

    Authors: Maya Adam, Rachel P. Chase, Shannon A. McMahon, Kira-Leigh Kuhnert, Jamie Johnston, Victoria Ward, Charles Prober and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1223

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Exhaustion disorder (ED) is a common cause of sick leave in Sweden, and patients often have long-lasting symptoms and reduced work capacity. The aim of this study was to explore whether patients with ED had ma...

    Authors: Anja Beno, Gunnel Hensing, Agneta Lindegård and Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1222

    Content type: Research

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  31. College students were the key group we should pay more attention for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention and control in recent years in China. Few studies of HIV non-occupational post-exposur...

    Authors: Tongtong Liu, Xi Wang, Aixin Li, Jiangzhu Ye, Duo Shan, Guang Zhang and An Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1220

    Content type: Research

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  32. The relationship between reproductive factors and breast cancer (BC) risk has been investigated in previous studies. Considering the discrepancies in the results, the aim of this study was to estimate the caus...

    Authors: Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Saharnaz Nedjat, Reza Ghiasvand, Saeid Safiri, Maryam Nazemipour, Nasrin Mansournia and Mohammad Ali Mansournia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1219

    Content type: Research

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  33. The United Nations Interagency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME) indicates that child mortality is the death rate of children between age zero to five. The importance of this area of research is hi...

    Authors: Ruwan Jayathilaka, Harindu Adikari, Rangi Liyanage, Rumesh Udalagama and Nuwan Wanigarathna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1217

    Content type: Research

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  34. As COVID-19 death rates have risen and health-care systems have experienced increased demand, national testing strategies have come under scrutiny. Utilising qualitative interview data from a larger COVID-19 s...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Martindale, Caitlin Pilbeam, Hayley Mableson, Sarah Tonkin-Crine, Paul Atkinson, Aleksandra Borek, Suzannah Lant, Nina Gobat, Tom Solomon and Sally Sheard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1216

    Content type: Research

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  35. Following the COVID-19 pandemic, school closures were part of the global public health response to limit community spread of the virus. In recent times, there has been an emphasis on safe school re-opening. Th...

    Authors: Usman A. Sanni, Uduak M. Offiong, Emmanuel A. Anigilaje, Kareem I. Airede and Abdulazeez Imam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1214

    Content type: Research article

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  36. “The impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the shutdown it triggered at universities across the world, led to a great degree of social isolation among university staff and students. T...

    Authors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Lez Rayman-Bacchus, Mark Mifsud, Diana J. Pritchard, Violeta Orlovic Lovren, Carla Farinha, Danijela S. Petrovic and Abdul-Lateef Balogun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1213

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Transparent and accessible reporting of COVID-19 data is critical for public health efforts. Each Indian state has its own mechanism for reporting COVID-19 data, and the quality of their reporting has not been...

    Authors: Varun Vasudevan, Abeynaya Gnanasekaran, Varsha Sankar, Siddarth A. Vasudevan and James Zou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1211

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A victim of child abuse can often develop mental illness. The early detection of mental illness of children could be supported by observing sleep quality. Therefore, we examined the relationship between sleep ...

    Authors: Wonjeong Chae, Jieun Jang, Eun-Cheol Park and Sung-In Jang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1210

    Content type: Research

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  39. Hardcore smoking behaviours and test of hardening are seldom reported from low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). We report country-wise changes in smoking behaviors between two sequential surveys and explor...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy and Saint Nway Aye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1209

    Content type: Research

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  40. Loneliness is a public health challenge, associated with premature mortality and poorer health outcomes. Social connections can mitigate against loneliness, and there is evidence that the arts can support soci...

    Authors: Rosie Perkins, Adele Mason-Bertrand, Urszula Tymoszuk, Neta Spiro, Kate Gee and Aaron Williamon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1208

    Content type: Research

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  41. Prisons are considered as major reservoirs for tuberculosis. Preventive therapy for latent TB infection (LTBI) is an adjunctive strategy to control TB. However, LTBI data in Thai prisoners is limited. This stu...

    Authors: Sivaporn Gatechompol, Weerakit Harnpariphan, Ruamthip Supanan, Gompol Suwanpimolkul, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Stephen J. Kerr, Anchalee Avihingsanon and Kamon Kawkitinarong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1206

    Content type: Research

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  42. Covid-status certification – certificates for those who test negative for the SARS-CoV-2 virus, test positive for antibodies, or who have been vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 – has been proposed to enable safer ...

    Authors: John Drury, Guanlan Mao, Ann John, Atiya Kamal, G. James Rubin, Clifford Stott, Tushna Vandrevala and Theresa M. Marteau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1205

    Content type: Research

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  43. Human trafficking is a critical public health issue particularly pervasive in the Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (UP), which share a border with Nepal. Many NGOs are participating in prevention, prot...

    Authors: Courtney Julia Burns, Keiko Chen and Hanni Stoklosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1204

    Content type: Research

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  44. With the increasing changes in tobacco use patterns, “current use” definition and the survey used may have important implications for monitoring population use trends.

    Authors: Luz María Sánchez-Romero, Christopher J. Cadham, Jana L. Hirschtick, Delvon T. Mattingly, Beomyoung Cho, Nancy L. Fleischer, Andrew Brouwer, Ritesh Mistry, Stephanie R. Land, Jihyoun Jeon, Rafael Meza and David T. Levy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1203

    Content type: Research

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