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  1. Some previous studies have assessed catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) in households with hypertensive patients, but few have examined the difference of CHE in hypertensive patients with and without complic...

    Authors: Xinyi Zhang, Qiongqiong Xu, Xiaolei Guo, Zhengyue Jing, Long Sun, Jiajia Li and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:545

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Waterpipe smoking has gained global popularity in recent years, especially among young people. However, there is a lack of empirical investigation into waterpipe smoking in East Asia. This study aimed to inves...

    Authors: Jung Jae Lee, Yongda Wu, Man Ping Wang, Karly Cheuk-Yin Yeung, Janet Yuen-Ha Wong and Robert Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:543

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The checkout area in supermarkets is an unavoidable point of purchase where impulsive food purchases are likely to be made. However, the product assortment at the checkout counters is predominantly unhealthy. ...

    Authors: Marlijn Huitink, Maartje P. Poelman, Jacob C. Seidell, Milan Pleus, Tom Hofkamp, Carlijn Kuin and S. Coosje Dijkstra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:542

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Adolescent girls in the UK and Ireland are failing to meet current physical activity guidelines. Physical activity behaviours track from childhood to adulthood and it is important that adolescent girls are pro...

    Authors: S. Maria O’Kane, Angela Carlin, Alison M. Gallagher, Ian M. Lahart, Russell Jago, Maria Faulkner and Marie H. Murphy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:541

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Gender-based violence (GBV) often occurs in resource-limited settings such as Ethiopia. It could result in psychological and physical adverse outcomes such as stress, anxiety, depression, unsafe abortion, unwa...

    Authors: Temesgen Tantu, Sintayehu Wolka, Muluken Gunta, Million Teshome, Hangatu Mohammed and Bereket Duko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In 2014, a revision of the national medical tariffs for inpatient health care services took place in Iran, and a new hotline was set up to report informal payments. It was expected that such measures would eli...

    Authors: Leila Doshmangir, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Maryam Ghiasipour, Ali Aboutorabi and Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:539

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Population and environmental health research illustrate a positive relationship between access to greenspace or natural environments and peoples’ perceived health, mental health, resilience, and overall well-b...

    Authors: Andrew R. Hatala, Chinyere Njeze, Darrien Morton, Tamara Pearl and Kelley Bird-Naytowhow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In April 2014 the UK government launched the ‘NHS Visitor and Migrant Cost Recovery Programme Implementation Plan’ which set out a series of policy changes to recoup costs from ‘chargeable’ (largely non-UK bor...

    Authors: J. L. Potter, M. Burman, C. D. Tweed, D. Vaghela, H. Kunst, D. Swinglehurst and C. J. Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  9. During pregnancy or lactating, adequate nutrition for adolescents becomes critical to reduce risks for both child and maternal-related morbidity and mortality. Power dynamics play a massive role in health outc...

    Authors: Charles O. Opiyo, David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major and growing cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. However, there remains a limited understanding of the association between individual s...

    Authors: Le Cai, Xu-Ming Wang, Lu-Ming Fan, Jing-Rong Shen, Ying-Nan Liu and Allison Rabkin Golden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:536

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The emergence and spread of pathogenic bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics has become a major public health concern. The incorrect prescription, inappropriate consumption and excess use of antimicrobial ...

    Authors: Samer Sakr, Ali Ghaddar, Bassam Hamam and Imtithal Sheet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Globally adolescents constitute over 16% but in SSA, they make up 23% of the population. While little is known about diets of these adolescents, rapid changes in physiological and social processes undergone re...

    Authors: Nathan Isabirye, Justine Nnakate Bukenya, Mary Nakafeero, Tonny Ssekamatte, David Guwatudde and Wafaie Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:534

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Direct observed treatment (DOT) has been implemented in Bhutan since 1997 and currently, it is offered in various model of delivery including a combination of hospital based, home based DOT and ambulatory DOT....

    Authors: Kunzang Dorji, Trisasi Lestari, Sonam Jamtsho and Yodi Mahendradhata

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The advent of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) is associated with improved clinical and laboratory outcomes resulting in prolonged life and well-being of people living with Human Immunodeficiency V...

    Authors: Bello Abdullahi Suleiman, Mohammed Yahaya, F. A. Olaniyan, A. G. Sule and M. B. Sufiyan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:531

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Acute arboviral infections are distributed worldwide including Sudan, and dengue fever (DENV) is not an exception. The virus activity has recently been frequently reported in Kassala State, eastern Sudan. Howe...

    Authors: Mawahib H. Eldigail, Hazem A. Abubaker, Fatima A. Khalid, Tajeldin M. Abdallah, Ibrahim A. Adam, Gamal K. Adam, Rabie A. Babiker, Mohamed E. Ahmed, Eltahir M. Haroun and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is limited evidence on the unmet need for contraceptives among married reproductive-age women especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to assess individual and community-l...

    Authors: Melaku Yalew, Bezawit Adane, Bereket Kefale and Yitayish Damtie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Mobile HIV testing services (HTS) are effective at reaching undiagnosed people living with HIV. However, linkage to HIV care from mobile HTS is often poor, ranging from 10 to 60%. Point-of-care (POC) CD4 testi...

    Authors: Rosa Sloot, Mary T. Glenshaw, Margaret van Niekerk and Sue-Ann Meehan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Indonesia shoulders a significant tobacco burden, with almost two million cases of tobacco-related illnesses and more than two hundred thousand tobacco-related deaths annually. Indonesian tobacco control is pr...

    Authors: Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Mary Assunta and Becky Freeman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Globally, two billion workers are employed informally but there is limited research on the relationship between informal work and health. Existing studies have focused on informality as an employment condition...

    Authors: Thant Ko Ko, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Gisèle Yasmeen, Wai Wai Han, Katherine Quinn, Kirsten Beyer and Laura Glasman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Since young children spend approximately 30 h per week in early childcare centres (ECC), this setting is ideal to foster healthy behaviours. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Dé...

    Authors: Anne Leis, Stéphanie Ward, Hassan Vatanparast, M. Louise Humbert, Amanda Froehlich Chow, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer and Mathieu Bélanger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:523

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Chinese government has begun to dampen the growth of health expenditure by implementing Global Budgets (GB). Concerns were raised about whether reductions in expenditure would lead to a deterioration of qu...

    Authors: Xiaodong Guan, Chi Zhang, Huajie Hu and Luwen Shi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In Perú, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite widespread access to treatment, the high rate of new HIV infections has remained unchanged over the last decade. Low knowledge o...

    Authors: Alexander Lankowski, Hugo Sánchez, José Hidalgo, Robinson Cabello and Ann Duerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Current guidelines suggest too little sleep, too little physical activity, and too much sedentary time are associated with poor health outcomes. These behaviours may also influence academic performance in scho...

    Authors: Erin K. Howie, John Joosten, Courtenay J. Harris and Leon M. Straker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:520

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The main aim of this study was to determine the socioeconomic and family factors associated with binge drinking (BD) in Spanish adolescents who participated in a web-based computer intervention for the prevent...

    Authors: Ana Magdalena Vargas-Martínez, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Toni Mora and Marta Lima-Serrano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  25. It was highlighted that the original article [1] contained an ambiguity in the citation of Reference 2 in the Results section.

    Authors: Miia Wikström, Heidi Anttila, Minna Savinainen, Anne Kouvonen and Matti Joensuu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:518

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:327

  26. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) comprise 20 communicable diseases that are prevalent in rural poor and remote communities with less access to the health system. For effective and efficient control, the WHO ...

    Authors: Aboa Paul Koffi, Théodore Ange Kouakou Yao, Yves Thierry Barogui, Gabriel Diez, Simplice Djakeaux, Marie Hélène Zahiri, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Silvia Santos, Kingsley Bampoe Asiedu, Roch Christian Johnson and Henri Assé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Smoking and alcohol consumption are the most common social habits in patients with sialolithiasis. Moreover, obesity has been reported to have a significant association with poor oral hygiene, one of the cause...

    Authors: Young Ju Jin, Young Eun Han and Hyo Geun Choi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There is evidence that type 2 diabetes self-management programmes may have a positive impact on health outcomes of adults living in Gulf countries. However, none of the programmes evaluated were developed usin...

    Authors: Thamer Al Slamah, Barbara I. Nicholl, Fatima Y. Alslail, Leanne Harris, Deborah Kinnear and Craig A. Melville

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:515

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Indigenous Australians suffer from higher rates of oral disease and have more untreated dental problems and tooth extractions than the general population. Indigenous Australians also have lower rates of access...

    Authors: Anna Tynan, David Walker, Taygan Tucker, Barry Fisher and Tarita Fisher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) and Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) are both commonly used as acute malnutrition screening criteria. However, there exists disparity between the groups identified as malnouri...

    Authors: Eunyong Ahn, Cyprian Ouma, Mesfin Loha, Asrat Dibaba, Wendy Dyment, Jaekwang Kim, Nam Seon Beck and Taesung Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Adolescence is a period during which physical, social, and mental abilities are rapidly developed, and during this time the family environment plays an important role. Differences in health behaviors, mental h...

    Authors: Hanul Park and Kang-Sook Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Despite widely available access to HIV care in Washington, DC, inequities in HIV outcomes persist. We hypothesized that laboratory monitoring and virologic outcomes would not differ significantly based on insu...

    Authors: Deborah Goldstein, W. David Hardy, Anne Monroe, Qingjiang Hou, Rachel Hart and Arpi Terzian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Community engagement is increasingly seen as key to improving healthcare systems and to increasing communities’ involvement in the shaping of their own communities. This paper describes how ‘community engageme...

    Authors: E. De Weger, N. J. E. Van Vooren, H. W. Drewes, K. G. Luijkx and C. A. Baan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:508

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Health systems in Canada and elsewhere are at a crossroads of reform in response to rising economic and societal pressures. The Quadruple Aim advocates for: improving patient experience, reducing cost, advanci...

    Authors: Ruta K. Valaitis, Sabrina T. Wong, Marjorie MacDonald, Ruth Martin-Misener, Linda O’Mara, Donna Meagher-Stewart, Sandy Isaacs, Nancy Murray, Andrea Baumann, Fred Burge, Michael Green, Janusz Kaczorowski and Rachel Savage

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Brucellosis is a serious public health problem primarily affecting livestock workers. The strong seasonality of the disease indicates that climatic factors may play important roles in the transmission of the d...

    Authors: Kun Liu, Zurong Yang, Weifeng Liang, Tianci Guo, Yong Long and Zhongjun Shao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:506

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Approximately 66% of children under the age of 5 in Sub-Saharan African countries do not reach their full cognitive potential, the highest percentage in the world. Because the majority of studies investigating...

    Authors: Fabrizio Drago, Rebecca J. Scharf, Angelina Maphula, Emanuel Nyathi, Tjale C. Mahopo, Erling Svensen, Estomih Mduma, Pascal Bessong and Elizabeth T. Rogawski McQuade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Eighty per cent of perinatally HIV infected (PHI) adolescents live in sub-Saharan Africa (sSA), a setting also characterized by huge economic disparities. Caregiving is crucial to the management of chronic ill...

    Authors: Patrick V. Katana, Amina Abubakar, Moses K. Nyongesa, Derrick Ssewanyana, Paul Mwangi, Charles R. Newton and Julie Jemutai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Stress is an increasing public health problem, and the association between stress and subjective social status (SSS) among adolescents has received little attention. SSS in society have shown to be associated ...

    Authors: Pernille Bach Steen, Per Høgh Poulsen, Johan Hviid Andersen and Karin Biering

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite the existence of urban and rural health extension workers maternal mortality and morbidity remain, as a public health problem in Ethiopia. The utilization of maternal health services from UHE-ps is key...

    Authors: Kebede Megerssa Berri, Yeshi Kumera Adaba, Teka Girma Tarefasa, Nagasa Dida Bededa and Daniel Belema Fekene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:499

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In Nicaragua, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, primarily using self-sampling, was introduced between 2014 and 2018 in three provinces. We an...

    Authors: Francesca Holme, Francisco Maldonado, Orlando B. Martinez-Granera, Jose Maria Rodriguez, Juan Almendarez, Rose Slavkovsky, Pooja Bansil, Kerry A. Thomson, Jose Jeronimo and Silvia de Sanjose

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:495

    Content type: Research article

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  41. HIV testing programs in the United States aim to reach ethnic minority populations who experience high incidence of HIV, yet 40% of African Americans have never been tested for HIV. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Allison Mathews, Samantha Farley, Donaldson F. Conserve, Kimberly Knight, Alston Le’Marus, Meredith Blumberg, Stuart Rennie and Joseph Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. In Kenya, unsafe abortion is the leading cause of maternal deaths in adolescent girls aged 15–19 years, and a majority did not use a modern contraceptive before becoming pregnant. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Miranda Håkansson, Stephanie Super, Monica Oguttu and Marlene Makenzius

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. In the original article [1] the first paragraph of the Background section was omitted due to a discrepancy between the metadata of the article and the PDF version.

    Authors: Juliet Nabirye, Livex Andrew Okwi, Rebecca Nuwematsiko, George Kiwanuka, Fiston Muneza, Carol Kamya and Juliet N. Babirye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:491

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:171

  44. Achieving the 95–95-95 global targets by 2030, innovative HIV testing models, such as HIV self-testing are needed for people, who are unaware of their HIV status. We aimed to explore key informants, mountain c...

    Authors: Bernard Njau, Esther Lisasi, Damian J. Damian, Declare L. Mushi, Andrew Boulle and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:490

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Improving the coverage of antenatal care is regarded as an important strategy to reduce the risks of maternal and child mortality in low income settings like Gambia. Nonetheless, a large number of countries in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. This study evaluated whether parent-child attachment and self-esteem may mediate the relationship between parental marital conflict and increases in features of internet gaming disorder (IGD) in children at 1 ...

    Authors: Hyunsuk Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Seung-Yup Lee, Hae Kook Lee, Marc N. Potenza, Sun-Jin Jo and Hye Jung Son

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Echinococcosis is a neglected zoonotic parasitic disease caused echinococcus parasitizes, poseing a significant economic burden on both humans and animals. There are limited studies on echinococcosis in China,...

    Authors: Nima Qucuo, Guangjian Wu, Ruifeng He, Danzeng Quzhen, Ciren Zhuoga, Suolang Deji, Lijie Zhang, Zhigang Zhao and Zhongjun Du

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:483

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. The first 1000 days after conception are a critical period to encourage lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of childhood obesity and early programming of chronic diseases. A healthy lifestyle during pregnancy...

    Authors: Adrienne Alayli, Franziska Krebs, Laura Lorenz, Farah Nawabi, Anne-Madeleine Bau, Isabel Lück, Andrea Moreira, Judith Kuchenbecker, Elena Tschiltschke, Michael John, Stefan Klose, Benny Häusler, Christian Giertz, Ulrike Korsten-Reck and Stephanie Stock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:482

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: