Skip to content



Page 5 of 254

  1. Content type: Research article

    Mass reach physical activity campaigns are designed to deliver physical-activity related messages to a large population across different media including print, television, radio, and websites. Few evaluations ...

    Authors: T. R. Berry, R. E. Rhodes, E. M. Ori, K. McFadden, G. Faulkner, A. E. Latimer-Cheung, N. O’Reilly, J. C. Spence, M. S. Tremblay and L. M. Vanderloo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1300

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Housing adaptations have been identified as an important environmental and prevention intervention for older adults, which may improve health and quality of life. The onset of disability in bathing can act as ...

    Authors: Phillip J. Whitehead, Miriam R. Golding-Day, Stuart Belshaw, Tony Dawson, Marilyn James and Marion F. Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1293

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) is a child weight monitoring system in England, taking place in the first and final years of primary school. Many local authorities consider it important to info...

    Authors: B. E. Kovacs, F. B. Gillison and J. C. Barnett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1295

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Foodborne acute gastroenteritis is a significant public health concern. Food handling plays a key role in the risk of foodborne acute gastroenteritis. However, research focused on the correlation between foodb...

    Authors: Yujuan Chen, Yufeng Wen, Jiangen Song, Baifeng Chen, Shushu Ding, Lei Ding and Jiajia Dai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1290

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to compare occasional and persistent frequent attenders in occupational health (OH) primary care and to identify the diagnoses associated with persisting frequent attendance.

    Authors: Tiia Reho, Salla Atkins, Nina Talola, Markku Sumanen, Mervi Viljamaa and Jukka Uitti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1291

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) differs among countries and contributes to morbidity and mortality especially in the developing countries. Trends and seasonal changes in the number of patients presenting wi...

    Authors: George Aryee, Ernest Kwarteng, Raymond Essuman, Adwoa Nkansa Agyei, Samuel Kudzawu, Robert Djagbletey, Ebenezer Owusu Darkwa and Audrey Forson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1292

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Unmet need for family planning exceeds 33% in Uganda. One approach to decreasing unmet need is promoting male involvement in family planning. Male disapproval of use of family planning by their female partners...

    Authors: Anne Dougherty, Alex Kayongo, Samantha Deans, John Mundaka, Faith Nassali, James Sewanyana, Eric Migadde, Ronald Kiyemba, Estherloy Katali, Sarah Jane Holcombe, Sarah H. Heil and Robert Kalyesubula

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1294

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis and treatment initiation of HIV-infected infants can greatly reduce the risk of infant mortality. The WHO recommends testing HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks of age and immediate initiation of an...

    Authors: Jasleen Singh, Suzanne Filteau, Jim Todd and Sehlulekile Gumede-Moyo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1297

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite known health benefits of physical activity (PA), older adults remain among the least physically active age group globally with 30–60% not meeting guidelines. In Canada, 87% do not meet recommended guid...

    Authors: Heather McKay, Lindsay Nettlefold, Adrian Bauman, Christa Hoy, Samantha M. Gray, Erica Lau and Joanie Sims-Gould

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1289

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Spatial analysis has been vital in mapping the spread of diseases and assisting in policy making. Targeting diarrhea transmission hotspots is one of the potential strategies for reducing diarrhea cases. This s...

    Authors: Nilima, Asha Kamath, Karthik Shetty, B. Unnikrishnan, Siddharth Kaushik and Shesh N. Rai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1288

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Many youth and young adults experience high noise exposure compounded by lack of access to hearing health education. Although the need for hearing health education programs is evident, the efficacy of these pr...

    Authors: Khalid M. Khan, Sylvanna L. Bielko and Marjorie C. McCullagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1286

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Peak bone mass accrual occurs during adolescence, a time when dieting and related eating behaviors are common. Impaired bone mineral accrual is a known consequence of eating disorders in adolescents, but the e...

    Authors: Emily E. Hohman, Katherine N. Balantekin, Leann L. Birch and Jennifer S. Savage

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1285

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence for the prevalence of the co-existence of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SED), and its correlates among children and adolescents. This study has two aims: 1) to invest...

    Authors: Si-Tong Chen, Yang Liu, Jin-Tao Hong, Yan Tang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Jie Zhuang, Zheng Zhu and Pei-Jie Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1287

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of evidence regarding clusters of health-related behaviors among adolescents from low, lower-middle, and upper-middle income countries. This study aimed to identify clustering patterns of healt...

    Authors: Thiago Sousa Matias, Kelly Samara Silva, Jaqueline Aragoni da Silva, Gabrielli Thais de Mello and Jo Salmon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1283

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) describes a combination of risk factors that increase the risk of developing chronic diseases. The prevalences of MetS and its risk factors are increasing, especially in the Arab regi...

    Authors: Dalia Haroun, Rola Mechli, Razan Sahuri, Safa AlKhatib, Omar Obeid, Carla El Mallah, Lesley Wood and Khulood AlSuwaidi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1284

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Medication co-payments represent a financial barrier to antihypertensive medication adherence. The introduction of co-payments for Irish publically insured patients was associated with a 5% reduction in adhere...

    Authors: Paul Dillon, Susan M. Smith, Paul Gallagher and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1282

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol and drug use and other health-risk behaviors tend to cluster together among adolescents and contribute a large amount of harm to both themselves and to others. This paper aims to characterize secondary...

    Authors: Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Jing Li, Edward McNeil and Darika Saingam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1272

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Measurement error in self-report questionnaires is a common source of bias in epidemiologic studies. The study aim was to assess information bias of the educational gradient in sickness absence among participa...

    Authors: Petter Kristensen, Karina Corbett, Ferdinand A. Mohn, Therese N. Hanvold and Ingrid S. Mehlum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1275

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Results from studies investigating the association between coffee consumption and osteoporosis or bone mineral density (BMD) have been inconsistent. This longitudinal study was performed to assess the effect o...

    Authors: Huan-Cheng Chang, Chuan-Fa Hsieh, Yi-Chin Lin, Disline Manli Tantoh, Pei-Chieh Ko, Ya-Yu Kung, Mei-Chi Wang, Shu-Yi Hsu, Yi-Ching Liaw and Yung-Po Liaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1273

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    The promotion of smoking cessation within lung cancer screening could lead to benefits for smoking-related disease and improve cost-effectiveness of screening. Little is known about how smokers respond to lung...

    Authors: Ben Young, Kavita Vedhara, Denise Kendrick, Roberta Littleford, John F. R. Robertson, Frank M. Sullivan, Stuart Schembri and Roshan das Nair

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1276

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    The consumption of alcohol and other drugs causes social and health problems in industrialized societies. Furthermore, alcohol and drug consumption in the workplace is associated with work accidents, absenteei...

    Authors: Montse Gómez-Recasens, Silvana Alfaro-Barrio, Lucia Tarro, Elisabet Llauradó and Rosa Solà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1281

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Parents are the primary providers of nurturing care for young children’s healthy early development. However, the literature on parenting in early childhood, especially in low- and middle-income countries, has ...

    Authors: Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy and Aisha K. Yousafzai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1274

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1350

  23. Content type: Research article

    Social support can provide psychosocial benefits to promote positive health behaviors such as mammography screening. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Mammography Socia...

    Authors: Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Mitra Bahrami, John S. Luque, Tahereh Pashaei, Parvaneh Taymoori and Deam Roshani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1280

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Free VMMC services have been available in Uganda since 2010. However, uptake in Northern Uganda remains disproportionately low. We aimed to determine if this is due to men’s insufficient knowledge on VMMC, and...

    Authors: Barbara Marjorie Nanteza, David Serwadda, Edward Nelson Kankaka, Grace Bua Mongo, Ronald Gray and Frederick Edward Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1278

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal sepsis causes 0.5 million deaths annually, mostly in low resource settings. Babies born in African rural homes without running water or toilet facilities are especially vulnerable. Alcohol-based hand ...

    Authors: J. Ditai, M. Mudoola, M. Gladstone, J. Abeso, J. Dusabe-Richards, M. Adengo, P. Olupot-Olupot, E. D. Carrol, J. Storr, A. Medina-Lara, B. Faragher and A. D. Weeks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1279

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Few countries in the Middle East have a population-based cancer registry, despite a clear need for accurate cancer statistics in this region. We therefore established a registry in the East Azerbaijan province...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Somi, Roya Dolatkhah, Sepideh Sepahi, Mina Belalzadeh, Jabraeil Sharbafi, Leila Abdollahi, Azin Nahvijou, Saeed Nemati, Reza Malekzadeh and Kazem Zendehdel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1266

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is one of the most common diseases of childhood and is a health problem globally, particularly in developing counties and in children less than 2 years of age. Anemia during childhood has short- and lon...

    Authors: Zhi Huang, Fu-xiang Jiang, Jian Li, Dan Jiang, Ti-gang Xiao and Ju-hua Zeng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1267

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Technical advance

    HIV programs are often assessed by the proportion of patients who are alive and retained in care; however some patients are categorized as lost to follow-up (LTF) and have unknown vital status. LTF is not an o...

    Authors: Deanna P. Jannat-Khah, Michelle Unterbrink, Margaret McNairy, Samuel Pierre, Dan W. Fitzgerald, Jean Pape and Arthur Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1269

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Some university students consume pharmaceutical stimulants without a medical prescription with the goal of improving their academic performance. The prevalence of this practice has been well documented in the ...

    Authors: Jayne Lucke, Charmaine Jensen, Matthew Dunn, Gary Chan, Cynthia Forlini, Sharlene Kaye, Bradley Partridge, Michael Farrell, Eric Racine and Wayne Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1270

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Timely monitoring HIV epidemic among key populations is a formidable challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between data collected from an enhanced HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS+) and an HIV se...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Fei Zhong, Stephen Pan, Joseph D. Tucker, Sharon Weir, Jinkou Zhao and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1268

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Technical advance

    Describing how and why an evidence-based intervention is adapted for a new population and setting using a formal evaluation and an adaptation framework can inform others seeking to modify evidence-based weight...

    Authors: Rachel G. Tabak, Jaime R. Strickland, Richard I. Stein, Hank Dart, Graham A. Colditz, Bridget Kirk, Ann Marie Dale and Bradley A. Evanoff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1265

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Eating outside the home is challenging for consumers with food allergy (FA) and intolerance (FI) and lack of allergen information provision in eating out venues can lead to unnecessary restrictions. Following ...

    Authors: Julie Barnett, Fiona M. Begen, M. Hazel Gowland and Jane S. Lucas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1263

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Non-optimal blood pressure (BP) levels are a major cause of disease burden globally. We describe current BP and treatment patterns in rural India and compare different approaches to BP lowering in this setting.

    Authors: Devarsetty Praveen, David Peiris, Stephen MacMahon, Kishor Mogulluru, Arvind Raghu, Anthony Rodgers, Shailaja Chilappagari, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Gari D. Clifford, Pallab K. Maulik, Emily Atkins, Rohina Joshi, Stephane Heritier, Stephen Jan and Anushka Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1264

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    The effect of shift work on impairment of cognition in later life has not yet been sufficiently investigated. Therefore, we aimed at testing the feasibility of a large-scale epidemiologic study examining this ...

    Authors: Tobias Weinmann, Céline Vetter, Susanne Karch, Dennis Nowak and Katja Radon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1256

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity tracks into adulthood with detrimental effects on health. We aimed to examine the relationships of diet in childcare settings and daily physical activity (PA) of preschoolers with body mass i...

    Authors: Vanessa Er, Kaiseree Ioni Dias, Angeliki Papadaki, James White, Sian Wells, Dianne Stanton Ward, Chris Metcalfe, Russell Jago and Ruth Kipping

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1262

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Article 20 of the EU Tobacco Products Directive [TPD] stipulates that e-cigarette packets and refill products must carry a nicotine addiction health warning. Although previous studies conducted in North Americ...

    Authors: Catherine Kimber, Daniel Frings, Sharon Cox, Ian Albery and Lynne Dawkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1259

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    We sought to identify if socioeconomic and demographic factors play a role in resident knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika in order to inform effective management procedur...

    Authors: A. Whiteman, A. Mejia, I. Hernandez and J. R. Loaiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1261

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Men of low socioeconomic position (SEP) are less likely than those of higher SEP to consume fruits and vegetables, and more likely to eat processed discretionary foods. Education level is a widely used marker ...

    Authors: Lena D. Stephens, David Crawford, Lukar Thornton, Dana Lee Olstad, Philip J. Morgan, Frank J. van Lenthe and Kylie Ball

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1257

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of anal cancer; in the majority of cases this is linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Anal cancer screening is not routinely offered in Zimbabwe.

    Authors: Simbarashe Chinyowa, Joel M. Palefsky, Zvavahera M. Chirenje, Rudo Makunike-Mutasa, Marshall Munjoma and Godfrey I. Muguti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1260

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Snacking is a prevalent dietary behaviour among young adults, which could independently contribute to weight gain. Vending machines provide easy access to unhealthy snacks and beverages for young adults in uni...

    Authors: Yumeng Shi, Amanda Lee Grech and Margaret Allman-Farinelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1255

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of the differences in the outcomes of care by socioeconomic status (SES) is beneficial for both the efficient targeting of health care services and to decrease health inequalities. This study compar...

    Authors: Maija Toivakka, Aki Pihlapuro, Markku Tykkyläinen, Lauri Mehtätalo and Tiina Laatikainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1258

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    As high stigmatization of HIV and relatively low knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention measures persist in Sub-Saharan Africa, the improvement of HIV-related knowledge, and the evaluation of which types...

    Authors: Lena Faust and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1254

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    The Brazilian indigenous population is currently undergoing a process of epidemiological transition regarding the occurrence of communicable diseases, malnutrition and non-communicable chronic diseases. Chroni...

    Authors: Zilmar Augusto de Souza Filho, Alaidistânia Aparecida Ferreira, Juliano dos Santos, Karina Cardoso Meira and Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1251

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Second-hand smoke (SHS) causes numerous health problems in children such as asthma, respiratory tract infections and sudden infant death syndrome. The home is the main source of exposure to SHS for children, p...

    Authors: Charlotte Renwick, Qi Wu, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Rebecca Thorley, John Britton, Sarah Lewis, Elena Ratschen and Steve Parrott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1252

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Correspondence

    In a recent issue of the BMC Public Health journal, Bian et al. described the results of an interesting meta-analysis on the association between dairy products consumption and risk of hip fracture. Although th...

    Authors: Hanieh Malmir and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1253

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, Rwanda adopted ART for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV from pregnant women living with HIV during pregnancy and breasfeeding period. This study examines rates of mother-to-child-tran...

    Authors: Placidie Mugwaneza, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Aline Umubyeyi, James Humuza, Landry Tsague, Fabian Mwanyumba, Vincent Mutabazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Ange Irakoze, Emmanuel Mutaganzwa, Carl Lombard and Debra Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1248

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to explore short-term changes following the introduction of alcohol restrictions (most notably 2 am to 3 am last drinks). We examined patterns of nightlife attendance, intoxication, and alcohol...

    Authors: Kerri Coomber, Renee Zahnow, Jason Ferris, Nicolas Droste, Richelle Mayshak, Ashlee Curtis, Kypros Kypri, Dominique de Andrade, Kristy Grant, Tanya Chikritzhs, Robin Room, Heng Jiang, Nicholas Taylor, Jake Najman and Peter Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1185

    Published on:

  48. Content type: Study protocol

    The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes and suboptimal glycaemic control in Kuwait requires novel, wide-reaching, low-cost interventions to motivate and mobilise individuals towards more effective self-ma...

    Authors: Ebaa Al-Ozairi, Katie Ridge, Etab Taghadom, Nicole de Zoysa, Clare Tucker, Kurtis Stewart, Daniel Stahl and Khalida Ismail

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1249

    Published on: