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  1. An internet-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) – the Great Influenza Survey or GIS – was launched in the Netherlands in the 2003–2004 influenza season. The aim of the present study was to validate th...

    Authors: Richard L Marquet, Aad IM Bartelds, Sander P van Noort, Carl E Koppeschaar, John Paget, François G Schellevis and Jouke van der Zee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:242
  2. Tobacco and alcohol use and related morbidity and mortality are critical public health problems. Results of several, but not all, studies suggest that lesbians and gay men are at elevated risk for smoking toba...

    Authors: Elisabeth P Gruskin and Nancy Gordon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:241
  3. Estimation of the frequency of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is difficult in areas with low tuberculosis infection rates and high exposure to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), including BCG vaccinatio...

    Authors: José I Villate, Berta Ibáñez, Valentín Cabriada, José I Pijoán, Jorge Taboada and Arantza Urkaregi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:240
  4. Japanese men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those living in large metropolitan areas such as Tokyo and Osaka, are facing a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Although the Internet is used as a new venue for m...

    Authors: Yasuharu Hidaka, Seiichi Ichikawa, Junko Koyano, Michiko Urao, Toshihiko Yasuo, Hirokazu Kimura, Masako Ono-Kihara and Masahiro Kihara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:239
  5. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has consistently been found to afflict one in twenty pregnant women and is therefore considered a leading cause of physical injury, mental illness and adverse pregnancy outcome....

    Authors: Kristien Roelens, Hans Verstraelen, Kathia Van Egmond and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:238
  6. Determinants of intrafamilial HCV transmission are still being debated. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlates of HCV seropositivity among familial contacts of HCV positive patients in Italy.

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Miele, Alice Mannocci, Giacomina Chiaradia, Filippo Berloco, Maria L Gabrieli, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Maria Giovanna Ficarra, Antonio Matera, Gualtiero Ricciardi and Antonio Grieco
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:237
  7. Immunizations have reduced childhood vaccine preventable disease incidence by 98–100%. Continued vaccine preventable disease control depends on high immunization coverage. Immunization registries help ensure h...

    Authors: Robert W Linkins, Daniel A Salmon, Saad B Omer, William KY Pan, Shannon Stokley and Neal A Halsey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:236
  8. Many systems for routine public health surveillance rely on centralized collection of potentially identifiable, individual, identifiable personal health information (PHI) records. Although individual, identifi...

    Authors: Ross Lazarus, Katherine Yih and Richard Platt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:235
  9. Work-related neck and upper limb pain has mainly been studied in specific occupational groups, and little is known about its impact in the general population. The objectives of this study were to estimate the ...

    Authors: Julius Sim, Rosie J Lacey and Martyn Lewis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:234
  10. There is a current paucity of data on the health behaviour of non-selected populations in Central Europe. Data on health behaviour were collected as part of the EMIL study which investigated the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Mark M Haenle, Stefan O Brockmann, Martina Kron, Ursula Bertling, Richard A Mason, Gerald Steinbach, Bernhard O Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Peter Kern, Isolde Piechotowski and Wolfgang Kratzer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:233
  11. The vulnerability of young people to HIV and the recent emergence of the HIV epidemic in China have made it urgent to assess and update the HIV/STD risk profile of Chinese young people.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Masahiro Kihara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:232
  12. The systematic vaccination with 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) was introduced as a strategic objective of health for all the people over 65 in Catalonia in 1999. We analysed the evolution ...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Córcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Francisco Ester, Nuria Sarrá, Xabier Ansa and Neus Saún
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:231
  13. An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the Niigata-Chuetsu region of Japan at 5.56 P.M. on the 23rd of October, 2004. The earthquake was followed by sustained occurrence of numerous aftershock...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Hideki Kuwabara, Taroh Endoh, Naohito Tanabe, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:230
  14. Previous studies have used social network variables to improve our understanding of HIV transmission. Similar analytic approaches have not been undertaken for hepatitis C (HCV) or B (HBV), nor used to conduct ...

    Authors: John L Wylie, Lena Shah and Ann M Jolly
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:229
  15. The objective of the study was to provide baseline and reference data on the prevalence and distribution of overweight and obesity, using different anthropometric measurements in adult urban populations in Cam...

    Authors: Raoul M Kamadjeu, Richard Edwards, Joseph S Atanga, Emmanuel C Kiawi, Nigel Unwin and Jean-Claude Mbanya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:228
  16. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased mortality after stroke in developed countries. This study was performed to determine whether a similar association also exists in China.

    Authors: Guangyi Zhou, Xinfeng Liu, Gelin Xu, Xifei Liu, Renliang Zhang and Wusheng Zhu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:227
  17. Physical and biological risk factors for vitamin D inadequacy are known; however, cultural- and population-specific behaviours and attitudes that influence these risk factors, particularly among Asian people, ...

    Authors: Annie WC Kung and Ka-Kui Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:226
  18. Intestinal parasitic infections are a public health problem in developing countries such as Mexico. As a result, two governmental programmes have been implemented: a) "National Deworming Campaign" and b) "Oppo...

    Authors: Luis Quihui, Mauro E Valencia, David WT Crompton, Stephen Phillips, Paul Hagan, Gloria Morales and Silvia P Díaz-Camacho
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:225
  19. The association between poverty and mental health has been widely investigated. There is, however, limited evidence of mental health implications of working poverty, despite its representing a rapidly expandin...

    Authors: Stefan Vetter, Jerome Endrass, Ivo Schweizer, Hsun-Mei Teng, Wulf Rossler and William T Gallo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:223
  20. Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection that can have serious consequences. It is universally agreed that screening for chlamydia infection should be offered to sexually active young wom...

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Jane M Gunn, Rhian Parker, Christopher K Fairley and Jane Hocking
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:221
  21. There is a debate on whether preventive home visits to older people have any impact. This study was undertaken to investigate whether preventive home visits by professional health workers to older persons can ...

    Authors: Klas-Göran Sahlen, Lars Dahlgren, Britt Mari Hellner, Hans Stenlund and Lars Lindholm
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:220
  22. Most western countries have disability benefit schemes ostensibly based upon requiring (1) a work inhibiting functional limitation that (2) can be attributed to a diagnosable condition, injury or disease. The ...

    Authors: Simon Overland, Nicholas Glozier, John Gunnar Mæland, Leif Edvard Aarø and Arnstein Mykletun
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:219
  23. The harmful effects of urban air pollution on general population in terms of annoying symptoms are not adequately evaluated. This is in contrast to the hospital admissions and short term mortality. The present...

    Authors: Masud Yunesian, Fariba Asghari, Javad Homayoun Vash, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Dariush Farhud
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:218
  24. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a workgroup to revise the tuberculosis (TB) case report in the United States of America (U.S.). The group proposed substantial revisions. Study obj...

    Authors: Joan E Sprinson, Elizabeth S Lawton, Travis C Porco, Jennifer M Flood and Janice L Westenhouse
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:217
  25. Heroin addiction often severely disrupts normal social functioning. The aims of this multi-centre study of heroin users in long-term replacement treatment were: i) to provide information on aspects of social c...

    Authors: Gianluca Quaglio, Fabio Lugoboni, Cristian Pattaro, GICS, Linda Montanari, Alessandro Lechi, Paolo Mezzelani and Don C Des Jarlais
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:216
  26. Early detection and treatment of mental disorders in adolescents and young adults can lead to better health outcomes. Mental health literacy is a key to early recognition and help seeking. Whilst a number of p...

    Authors: Annemarie Wright, Patrick D McGorry, Meredith G Harris, Anthony F Jorm and Kerryn Pennell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:215
  27. In response to increases in methamphatemine-associated sexually transmitted diseases, the San Francisco Department of Public Health implemented a contingency management (CM) field program called the Positive R...

    Authors: Steven Shoptaw, Jeffrey D Klausner, Cathy J Reback, Stephen Tierney, John Stansell, C Bradley Hare, Steven Gibson, Michael Siever, William D King, Uyen Kao and Jeffrey Dang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:214
  28. The prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) is complex. A variety of models have therefore been developed to try and explain past trends and predict future possibilities. The aim of this syste...

    Authors: Belgin Unal, Simon Capewell and Julia Alison Critchley
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:213
  29. Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a genetically inherited autosomal recessive condition and OCA2, tyrosine-positive albinism, is the most prevalent type found throughout Africa. Due to the lack of melanin, peop...

    Authors: Esther S Hong, Hajo Zeeb and Michael H Repacholi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:212
  30. Information on clinical acceptability is needed when making cost-utility decisions about health screening implementation. Despite being in use for two decades, most data on the clinical acceptability of the Ed...

    Authors: Alan W Gemmill, Bronwyn Leigh, Jennifer Ericksen and Jeannette Milgrom
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:211
  31. Implementation of the World Health Organization's DOTS strategy (Directly Observed Treatment Short-course therapy) can result in significant reduction in tuberculosis incidence. We estimated potential costs an...

    Authors: Vary Jacquet, Willy Morose, Kevin Schwartzman, Olivia Oxlade, Graham Barr, Franque Grimard and Dick Menzies
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:209
  32. In March of 2003, an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) occurred in Northern Vietnam. This outbreak began when a traveler arriving from Hong Kong sought medical care at a small hospital (Hosp...

    Authors: Mary G Reynolds, Bach Huy Anh, Vu Hoang Thu, Joel M Montgomery, Daniel G Bausch, J Jina Shah, Susan Maloney, Katrin C Leitmeyer, Vu Quang Huy, Peter Horby, Aileen J Plant and Timothy M Uyeki
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:207
  33. Hypertension leads to many degenerative diseases, the most common being cardiovascular in origin. This study has been designed to estimate the prevalence of self-reported hypertension in a random nationwide sa...

    Authors: Christos Pitsavos, George A Milias, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Dimitra Xenaki, George Panagopoulos and Christodoulos Stefanadis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:206
  34. Governments aim to increase treatment participation by problematic drug users. In the UK this has been achieved by fiscal investment, an expanded workforce, reduced waiting times and coercive measures (usually...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Mark A Bellis and Jim McVeigh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:205
  35. Little is known about how sexual and reproductive (SRH) health can be made accessible and appropriate to adolescents. This study evaluates the impact and sustainability of a competitive voucher program on the ...

    Authors: Liesbeth E Meuwissen, Anna C Gorter, Arnold DM Kester and J Andre Knottnerus
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:204
  36. There are at least three broad conceptual models for the impact of the social environment on adult disease: the critical period, social mobility, and cumulative life course models. Several studies have shown a...

    Authors: Maria Rosvall, Basile Chaix, John Lynch, Martin Lindström and Juan Merlo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:203
  37. The health benefits of an active lifestyle have been extensively documented and generally accepted. In the UK, declining physical activity levels are a major contributing factor to a number of public health co...

    Authors: Helen Wormald, Heidi Waters, Mike Sleap and Lee Ingle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:202
  38. Factors determining human sexual behaviour are not completely understood, but are important in the context of sexually transmitted disease epidemiology and prevention. Being obese is commonly associated with a...

    Authors: Nico JD Nagelkerke, Roos MD Bernsen, Sema K Sgaier and Prabhat Jha
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:199
  39. Although most diabetic patients do not achieve good physiologic control, patients who live closer to their source of primary care tend to have better glycemic control than those who live farther away. We sough...

    Authors: Benjamin Littenberg, Kaitlin Strauss, Charles D MacLean and Austin R Troy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:198
  40. Early detection and treatment of psychosocial problems by preventive child healthcare may lead to considerable health benefits, and a short questionnaire could support this aim. The aim of this study was to as...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Anton GC Vogels, Femke Hoekstra and Matty R Crone
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:197
  41. Breastfeeding is an important factor in infant health and there have been no previous studies of breastfeeding practices in the different ethnic groups of this region of China. We aimed to compare breastfeedin...

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Colin Binns, Guli Nazi, Lin Shi, Yun Zhao and Andy Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:196
  42. Since the stage of cancer detection generally predicts future mortality rates, a key cancer control strategy is to increase the proportion of cancers found in the early stage. This study compared stage of dete...

    Authors: Sarah L Blair, Georgia R Sadler, Rebecca Bristol, Courtney Summers, Zanera Tahir and Sidney L Saltzstein
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:194

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