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  1. SPARCLE is a cross-sectional survey in nine European regions, examining the relationship of the environment of children with cerebral palsy to their participation and quality of life. The objective of this rep...

    Authors: Heather Dickinson, Kathryn Parkinson, Vicki McManus, Catherine Arnaud, Eva Beckung, Jérôme Fauconnier, Susan I Michelsen, Jackie Parkes, Giorgio Schirripa, Ute Thyen and Allan Colver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:273

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To increase adherence rate to recommendations for follow-up after abnormal colorectal cancer (CRC) screening results, factors that inhibit and facilitate follow-up must be identified. The purpose of this study...

    Authors: Ying-Fang Zheng, Tami Saito, Miyako Takahashi, Teruo Ishibashi and Ichiro Kai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:272

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Betel quid, chewed by about 600 million people worldwide, is one of the most widely used addictive substances. Cessation factors in betel quid chewers are unknown. The present study explores prevalence and the...

    Authors: Chin-Feng Lin, Jung-Der Wang, Ping-Ho Chen, Shun-Jen Chang, Yi-Hsin Yang and Ying-Chin Ko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:271

    Content type: Research article

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  4. While socioeconomic inequalities in mortality have widened in many countries, evidence of social differentials is scarce in Southern Europe. We studied temporal changes in premature mortality across socioecono...

    Authors: Giulia Cesaroni, Nera Agabiti, Francesco Forastiere, Carla Ancona and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:270

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in developed and developing countries. Diabetes is known to strongly affect the health-related quality of life (HRQOL). HRQOL is also influenced by living conditio...

    Authors: Ashraf Eljedi, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Alexander Kraemer and Ulrich Laaser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:268

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We quantified the air quality benefits of a smoke-free workplace law in Boston Massachusetts, U.S.A., by measuring air pollution from secondhand smoke (SHS) in 7 pubs before and after the law, comparing actual...

    Authors: James L Repace, James N Hyde and Doug Brugge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:266

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Detrimental effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure on child health are well documented. Because young children's primary exposure to ETS occurs in homes and automobiles, voluntary smoking restri...

    Authors: Melissa Gonzales, Lorraine Halinka Malcoe, Michelle C Kegler and Judith Espinoza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:265

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Current routine surveillance schemes for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United Kingdom (UK) are not designed for outbreak identification. Recognising STI outbreaks, therefore, depends almost ent...

    Authors: Dirk Werber, Meirion R Evans and Daniel Rh Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:264

    Content type: Research article

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  9. An increasing number of methods are being developed for the early detection of infectious disease outbreaks which could be naturally occurring or as a result of bioterrorism; however, no standardised framework...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, Serryn Eagleson, Robert G Hall, Lynne Dailey and Aileen J Plant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:263

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Smoking history is often di- or trichotomized into for example "never, ever or current smoking". However, smoking must be treated as a time-dependent covariate when lifetime data is available. In particular, i...

    Authors: Anneke Kramer, Angelique CM Jansen, Emily S van Aalst-Cohen, Michael WT Tanck, John JP Kastelein and Aeilko H Zwinderman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:262

    Content type: Research article

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  11. PAPRICA is a research program designed to estimate the impact on the health of patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency of a prevention strategy based on notification of ozone pollution. The first year ...

    Authors: Sandrine A Lacour, Michèle de Monte, Patrice Diot, Jérôme Brocca, Nadège Veron, Patrice Colin and Valérie Leblond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:261

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Many school-aged children suffer physical and mental impairments which can adversely affect their development and result in significant morbidity. A high proportion of children in western countries attend pre-...

    Authors: Heribert L Stich, Bernhard T Baune, Riccardo N Caniato and Alexander Krämer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:260

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Among patients with hypertension, those with established left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) represent a high risk cohort with poor prognosis. We aimed to investigate differences in characteristics and health c...

    Authors: Heinz Völler, Frank J Sonntag, Joachim Thiery, Karl Wegscheider, Friedrich C Luft and Kurt Bestehorn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:256

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Over the last five decades, a wide gap in mortality opened between western and eastern Europe; this gap increased further after the dramatic fluctuations in mortality in the former Soviet Union (FSU) in the 19...

    Authors: Anne Peasey, Martin Bobak, Ruzena Kubinova, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pajak, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Amanda Nicholson and Michael Marmot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:255

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. On the 20th September 2005, soldiers and staff at the Air Force base in Western Greece experienced an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis. The purpose of this study was to identify the agent and the source of the o...

    Authors: Eleni Jelastopulu, Danai Venieri, Georgia Komninou, Theodoros Kolokotronis, Theodoros C Constantinidis and Christos Bantias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:254

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Eating patterns in Western industrialized countries are characterized by a high energy intake and an overconsumption of (saturated) fat, cholesterol, sugar and salt. Many chronic diseases are associated with u...

    Authors: Luuk H Engbers, Mireille NM van Poppel, Marijke Chin A Paw and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:253

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cervical cancer screening programmes have markedly reduced the incidence and mortality rates of the disease. A substantial amount of deaths from the disease could be prevented further by organised screening pr...

    Authors: Ahti Anttila, Matti Hakama, Laura Kotaniemi-Talonen and Pekka Nieminen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:252

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Prior studies on social capital and health have assessed social capital in residential neighbourhoods and communities, but the question whether the concept should also be applicable in workplaces has been rais...

    Authors: Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Tom Cox, Marianna Virtanen, Jaana Pentti, Sara J Cox and Richard G Wilkinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:251

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2007 7:90

  19. Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. The aim of this study was to explore whe...

    Authors: Maria Sleskova, Jolanda Tuinstra, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ferdinand Salonna, Johan W Groothoff and Sijmen A Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:250

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The population's views concerning influenza vaccine are important in maintaining high uptake of a vaccine that is required yearly to be effective. Little is also known about the views of the more vulnerable ol...

    Authors: Punam Mangtani, Elizabeth Breeze, Sue Stirling, Smita Hanciles, Sari Kovats and Astrid Fletcher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:249

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Sufficient targeted HIV prevention activities aiming at reducing HIV transmission within and from an extremely marginalized population of injection drug users (IDUs) must urgently and efficiently be implemente...

    Authors: Thu Minh T Tran, Hien T Nguyen, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Akio Nishimura and Katsuki Ito

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:248

    Content type: Research article

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  22. SF-36 has been both translated into different languages and adapted to different cultures to obtain comparable data on health status internationally. However there have been only a limited number of studies fo...

    Authors: Yucel Demiral, Gul Ergor, Belgin Unal, Semih Semin, Yildiz Akvardar, Berna Kıvırcık and Köksal Alptekin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:247

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Over the past decade, about one-third of all births nationwide in Taiwan were delivered by cesarean section (CS). Previous studies in the US and Europe have documented the need for risk adjustment for fairer c...

    Authors: Chao-Hsiun Tang, Han-I Wang, Chun-Sen Hsu, Hung-Wen Su, Mei-Ju Chen and Herng-Ching Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:246

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The purpose of this study is to analyse the trends in scientific research on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies by applying bibliometric tools to the scientific literature published between 1973 and 2002.

    Authors: Elías Sanz-Casado, Margarita Ramírez-de Santa Pau, Carlos A Suárez-Balseiro, Isabel Iribarren-Maestro and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:245

    Content type: Correspondence

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  25. This study examines the association between socioeconomic status and changes in physical function in younger- (aged 55–70 years) and older-old (aged 70–85 years) adults and seeks to determine the relative cont...

    Authors: Annemarie Koster, Hans Bosma, Marjolein I Broese van Groenou, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Brenda WJH Penninx, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Dorly JH Deeg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:244

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Smoking in film is a risk factor for smoking uptake in adolescence. This study aimed to quantify exposure to smoking in film received by New Zealand audiences, and evaluate potential interventions to reduce th...

    Authors: Jesse Gale, Bridget Fry, Tara Smith, Ken Okawa, Anannya Chakrabarti, Damien Ah-Yen, Jesse Yi, Simon Townsend, Rebecca Carroll, Alannah Stockwell, Andrea Sievwright, Kevin Dew and George Thomson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:243

    Content type: Research article

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  27. An internet-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) – the Great Influenza Survey or GIS – was launched in the Netherlands in the 2003–2004 influenza season. The aim of the present study was to validate th...

    Authors: Richard L Marquet, Aad IM Bartelds, Sander P van Noort, Carl E Koppeschaar, John Paget, François G Schellevis and Jouke van der Zee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:242

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Tobacco and alcohol use and related morbidity and mortality are critical public health problems. Results of several, but not all, studies suggest that lesbians and gay men are at elevated risk for smoking toba...

    Authors: Elisabeth P Gruskin and Nancy Gordon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:241

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Estimation of the frequency of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is difficult in areas with low tuberculosis infection rates and high exposure to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), including BCG vaccinatio...

    Authors: José I Villate, Berta Ibáñez, Valentín Cabriada, José I Pijoán, Jorge Taboada and Arantza Urkaregi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:240

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Japanese men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those living in large metropolitan areas such as Tokyo and Osaka, are facing a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Although the Internet is used as a new venue for m...

    Authors: Yasuharu Hidaka, Seiichi Ichikawa, Junko Koyano, Michiko Urao, Toshihiko Yasuo, Hirokazu Kimura, Masako Ono-Kihara and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:239

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has consistently been found to afflict one in twenty pregnant women and is therefore considered a leading cause of physical injury, mental illness and adverse pregnancy outcome....

    Authors: Kristien Roelens, Hans Verstraelen, Kathia Van Egmond and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:238

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Determinants of intrafamilial HCV transmission are still being debated. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlates of HCV seropositivity among familial contacts of HCV positive patients in Italy.

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Miele, Alice Mannocci, Giacomina Chiaradia, Filippo Berloco, Maria L Gabrieli, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Maria Giovanna Ficarra, Antonio Matera, Gualtiero Ricciardi and Antonio Grieco

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:237

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Immunizations have reduced childhood vaccine preventable disease incidence by 98–100%. Continued vaccine preventable disease control depends on high immunization coverage. Immunization registries help ensure h...

    Authors: Robert W Linkins, Daniel A Salmon, Saad B Omer, William KY Pan, Shannon Stokley and Neal A Halsey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:236

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Many systems for routine public health surveillance rely on centralized collection of potentially identifiable, individual, identifiable personal health information (PHI) records. Although individual, identifi...

    Authors: Ross Lazarus, Katherine Yih and Richard Platt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:235

    Content type: Correspondence

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  35. Work-related neck and upper limb pain has mainly been studied in specific occupational groups, and little is known about its impact in the general population. The objectives of this study were to estimate the ...

    Authors: Julius Sim, Rosie J Lacey and Martyn Lewis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:234

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is a current paucity of data on the health behaviour of non-selected populations in Central Europe. Data on health behaviour were collected as part of the EMIL study which investigated the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Mark M Haenle, Stefan O Brockmann, Martina Kron, Ursula Bertling, Richard A Mason, Gerald Steinbach, Bernhard O Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Peter Kern, Isolde Piechotowski and Wolfgang Kratzer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:233

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The vulnerability of young people to HIV and the recent emergence of the HIV epidemic in China have made it urgent to assess and update the HIV/STD risk profile of Chinese young people.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:232

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The systematic vaccination with 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) was introduced as a strategic objective of health for all the people over 65 in Catalonia in 1999. We analysed the evolution ...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Córcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Francisco Ester, Nuria Sarrá, Xabier Ansa and Neus Saún

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:231

    Content type: Research article

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  39. An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the Niigata-Chuetsu region of Japan at 5.56 P.M. on the 23rd of October, 2004. The earthquake was followed by sustained occurrence of numerous aftershock...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Hideki Kuwabara, Taroh Endoh, Naohito Tanabe, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:230

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Previous studies have used social network variables to improve our understanding of HIV transmission. Similar analytic approaches have not been undertaken for hepatitis C (HCV) or B (HBV), nor used to conduct ...

    Authors: John L Wylie, Lena Shah and Ann M Jolly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:229

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The objective of the study was to provide baseline and reference data on the prevalence and distribution of overweight and obesity, using different anthropometric measurements in adult urban populations in Cam...

    Authors: Raoul M Kamadjeu, Richard Edwards, Joseph S Atanga, Emmanuel C Kiawi, Nigel Unwin and Jean-Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:228

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased mortality after stroke in developed countries. This study was performed to determine whether a similar association also exists in China.

    Authors: Guangyi Zhou, Xinfeng Liu, Gelin Xu, Xifei Liu, Renliang Zhang and Wusheng Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:227

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Physical and biological risk factors for vitamin D inadequacy are known; however, cultural- and population-specific behaviours and attitudes that influence these risk factors, particularly among Asian people, ...

    Authors: Annie WC Kung and Ka-Kui Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:226

    Content type: Research article

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