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Page 274 of 278

  1. Content type: Research article

    Falls in older people have been characterized extensively in the literature, however little has been reported regarding falls in middle-aged and younger adults. The objective of this paper is to describe the p...

    Authors: Laura A Talbot, Robin J Musiol, Erica K Witham and E Jeffery Metter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:86

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Disparities in health status among ethnic groups favor the Caucasian population in the United States on almost all major indicators. Disparities in exposure to health-related mass media messages may be among t...

    Authors: Susan C Duerksen, Amy Mikail, Laura Tom, Annie Patton, Janina Lopez, Xavier Amador, Reynaldo Vargas, Maria Victorio, Brenda Kustin and Georgia Robins Sadler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:85

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In early 2001 Australia experienced a sudden and unexpected disruption to heroin availability, know as the 'heroin shortage'. This 'shortage has been linked to a decrease in needle and syringe output and there...

    Authors: Carolyn Day, Louisa Degenhardt, Stuart Gilmour and Wayne Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:84

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Suicidal behaviour is increasingly becoming a phenomenon associated with young people and an important public health issue in Lithuania. However, there are very few studies evaluating impact of young peoples' ...

    Authors: Nida Zemaitiene and Apolinaras Zaborskis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:83

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have tried to assess the combined cross-sectional and temporal contributions of a more comprehensive set of amenable factors to population health outcomes for wealthy countries during the last 30 y...

    Authors: Onyebuchi A Arah, Gert P Westert, Diana M Delnoij and Niek S Klazinga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:81

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy could influence a woman's social behaviour and her partner's smoking behaviour, but this has not been examined in any published randomized trials.

    Authors: Paul Aveyard, Terry Lawrence, Olga Evans and KK Cheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:80

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Young maternal age has long been associated with higher infant mortality rates, but the role of socioeconomic factors in this association has been controversial. We sought to investigate the relationships betw...

    Authors: Barry P Markovitz, Rebeka Cook, Louise H Flick and Terry L Leet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:79

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to assess possible effects on mental and physical well-being and stress-related biological markers of a web-based health promotion tool.

    Authors: Dan Hasson, Ulla Maria Anderberg, Töres Theorell and Bengt B Arnetz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:78

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Osteoarthritis (OA) has a high prevalence in primary care. Conservative, guideline orientated approaches aiming at improving pain treatment and increasing physical activity, have been proven to be effective in...

    Authors: Thomas Rosemann, Thorsten Körner, Michel Wensing, Jochen Gensichen, Christiane Muth, Stefanie Joos and Joachim Szecsenyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:77

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Project MATCH was the largest and most expensive alcoholism treatment trial ever conducted. The results were disappointing. There were essentially no patient-treatment matches, and three very different treatme...

    Authors: Robert B Cutler and David A Fishbain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:75

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer occur more frequently in people exposed to radiation for therapeutic purposes, and to nuclear fallout. Furthermore, it is known that a moderate degree of iodine deficiency ma...

    Authors: Paolo Trerotoli, Anna Ciampolillo, Giuseppe Marinelli, Riccardo Giorgino and Gabriella Serio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:73

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Household decision-makers decide about service use based largely on the costs and perceived benefits of health interventions. Very often this leads to different decisions than those imagined by health planners...

    Authors: Neil Andersson, Anne Cockcroft, Noor Ansari, Khalid Omer, Joe Losos, Robert J Ledogar, Peter Tugwell and Beverley Shea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:72

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The authors sought to monitor the impact of widespread varicella vaccination on the epidemiology of varicella and herpes zoster. While varicella incidence would be expected to decrease, mathematical models pre...

    Authors: W Katherine Yih, Daniel R Brooks, Susan M Lett, Aisha O Jumaan, Zi Zhang, Karen M Clements and Jane F Seward

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:68

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women at first trimester of their pregnancy and to follow up the seroconversion for next two trimesters, and to ident...

    Authors: Sema Ertug, Pinar Okyay, Munevver Turkmen and Hasan Yuksel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:66

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about small-area variation in healthy longevity of older people and its socioeconomic correlates. This study aimed to estimate health expectancy at 65 years (HE65) at the municipal level in Jap...

    Authors: Yoshiharu Fukuda, Keiko Nakamura and Takehito Takano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:65

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Since Germany re-unified in 1990, substantial social and economic changes have happened in East Germany, the former socialist German Democratic Republic (GDR). The aim of this study was to investigate the infl...

    Authors: Xianming du Prel, Ursula Krämer and Ulrich Ranft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:64

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Members of the Deaf community face communication barriers to accessing health information. To resolve these inequalities, educational programs must be designed in the appropriate format and language to meet th...

    Authors: Ann Folkins, Georgia Robins Sadler, Celine Ko, Patricia Branz, Shane Marsh and Michael Bovee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:63

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  18. Content type: Research article

    DOTS as a strategy was introduced to the tuberculosis control programme in Southern region of Ethiopia in 1996. The impact of the programme on treatment outcomes and the trend in the service coverage for tuber...

    Authors: Estifanos B Shargie and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:62

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Due to low vaccine coverage, Japan has not only experienced outbreaks of measles but has also been exporting it overseas. This study aims to survey measles vaccine coverage and the factors uncompleted vaccinat...

    Authors: Takayo Matsumura, Takeo Nakayama, Shigeru Okamoto and Hideko Ito

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:59

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Injection overuse and unsafe injection practices facilitate transmission of bloodborne pathogens such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Anecdotal repo...

    Authors: Sirenda Vong, Joseph F Perz, Srun Sok, Seiharath Som, Susan Goldstein, Yvan Hutin and James Tulloch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:56

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    In 1992, a cargo aircraft crashed into apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 victims and destroying 266 apartments. In the aftermath there were speculations about the cause of the crash, potential expos...

    Authors: Pauline Slottje, Anja C Huizink, Jos WR Twisk, Anke B Witteveen, Henk M van der Ploeg, Inge Bramsen, Nynke Smidt, Joost A Bijlsma, Lex M Bouter, Willem van Mechelen and Tjabe Smid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:54

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the socioeconomic differences in health-related behaviours in Japan. The present study was performed to elucidate the effects of individual and regional socioeconomic factors on selected ...

    Authors: Yoshiharu Fukuda, Keiko Nakamura and Takehito Takano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:53

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In evaluation of smoking cessation programs including surveys and clinical trials the tradition has been to treat non-responders as smokers. The aim of this paper is to assess smoking behaviour of non-responde...

    Authors: Tanja Tomson, Catrine Björnström, Hans Gilljam and Asgeir Helgason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:52

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  24. Content type: Research article

    One of the goals of this study was to learn the coverage, safety and logistics of a mass vaccination campaign against typhoid fever in children and adults using locally produced typhoid Vi polysaccharide (PS) ...

    Authors: Jin Yang, Camilo J Acosta, Guo-ai Si, Jun Zeng, Cui-yun Li, Da-bin Liang, R Leon Ochiai, Anne-Laure Page, M Carolina Danovaro-Holliday, Jie Zhang, Bao-de Zhou, He-zhuang Liao, Ming-liu Wang, Dong-mei Tan, Zhen-zhu Tang, Jian Gong…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:49

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Asthma prevalence among Chinese immigrant children is poorly understood and attempts to screen these children have produced varied outcomes. We sought to learn how to improve screening for asthma in Chinese im...

    Authors: Robyn O Greenfield, Angela C Lee, Roland Tang and Doug Brugge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:48

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Residents of rural areas may be at increased risk of mental health problems. If so, public health programs aimed at preventing poor mental health may have to be customized for delivery to rural areas. The purp...

    Authors: James E Rohrer, Tyrone F Borders and Jimmy Blanton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:46

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mental health literacy is a prerequisite for early recognition and intervention in mental disorders. The aims of this paper are to determine whether a sample of university students recognise different symptoms...

    Authors: Christoph Lauber, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Nadja Fritschi, Niklaus Stulz and Wulf Rössler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:44

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    To date, no school-based intervention has been proven to be effective in preventing adolescent smoking, despite continuing concern about smoking levels amongst young people in the United Kingdom. Although form...

    Authors: Fenella Starkey, Laurence Moore, Rona Campbell, Mark Sidaway and Michael Bloor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:43

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Since vaccinations are an effective prevention tool for maintaining the health of society, the monitoring of immunization coverage allows us to identify areas where disease outbreaks are likely to occur, and p...

    Authors: Serena Stampi, Rita Ricci, Isa Ruffilli and Franca Zanetti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:42

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Although age-related loss of fat free mass (FFM) is well known, there is paucity of data on national estimates, and on the differential influence of ethnicity on the decline in FFM with increasing age. We dete...

    Authors: Thomas O Obisesan, Muktar H Aliyu, Vernon Bond, Richard G Adams, Abimbola Akomolafe and Charles N Rotimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:41

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  31. Content type: Research article

    A sharp reduction in heroin supply in Australia in 2001 was followed by a large but transient increase in cocaine use among injecting drug users (IDU) in Sydney. This paper assesses whether the increase in coc...

    Authors: Louisa Degenhardt, Carolyn Day, Wayne Hall, Elizabeth Conroy and Stuart Gilmour

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:40

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Mobile phones have become indispensable as communication tools; however, to date there is only a limited knowledge about interaction between electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by mobile phones and auditory f...

    Authors: Ingrida Uloziene, Virgilijus Uloza, Egle Gradauskiene and Viktoras Saferis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:39

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    This article discusses the study design and methods used to contextualize and assess the social capital of seniors living in congregate housing residences in Calgary, Alberta. The project is being funded as a ...

    Authors: Spencer Moore, Alan Shiell, Valerie Haines, Therese Riley and Carrie Collier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:38

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, frequency and type of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among adults in Greece, as well as its relationship with socio-demographic, lifestyle and clinical characteristi...

    Authors: Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Yannis Lentzas and Christodoulos Stefanadis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:37

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