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  1. There are few studies on age and sex-specific asthma prevalence in the age range 1–6 years. The purpose of this report was to estimate age and sex specific asthma prevalence in preschool children and to analys...

    Authors: Kristina Bröms, Dan Norbäck, Margaretha Eriksson, Claes Sundelin and Kurt Svärdsudd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:303
  2. Poor mental health has large social and economic consequences both for the individual and society. In Sweden, the prevalence of mental health symptoms has increased since the beginning of the 1990s. There is a...

    Authors: Anu Molarius, Kenneth Berglund, Charli Eriksson, Hans G Eriksson, Margareta Lindén-Boström, Eva Nordström, Carina Persson, Lotta Sahlqvist, Bengt Starrin and Berit Ydreborg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:302
  3. Long-term exposure to air pollution is a hypothesized risk factor for ischemic stroke. In a large case-control study with a complete study base, we investigated whether hospital admissions for ischemic stroke ...

    Authors: Anna Oudin, Emilie Stroh, Ulf Strömberg, Kristina Jakobsson and Jonas Björk
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:301
  4. Recent studies suggest a substantially reduced risk of invasive bacterial infection in children vaccinated with heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). To investigate whether the introduction of PCV ...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Luisa Galli, Francesca Bonsignori, Elisabetta Venturini, Nicola Principi and Maurizio de Martino
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:300
  5. Until now only limited research has been done on the prevalence of chronic pain in primary care. The aim of this investigation was to study the health care utilisation of patients suffering from pain. How many...

    Authors: Christine H Frießem, Anne Willweber-Strumpf and Michael W Zenz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:299
  6. Several factors, in addition to low bone mineral density (BMD), have been identified as risks for fractures, including reduced levels of physical activity, poor balance and low physical performance. The aim of...

    Authors: Hamza Khazzani, Fadoua Allali, Loubna Bennani, Linda Ichchou, Laila El Mansouri, Fatima E Abourazzak, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:297
  7. Ireland is an example of a country that has extensive voluntary fortification with folic acid. After a public consultation process, in 2006, the Food Safety Authority in Ireland FSAI [1] recommended mandatory for...

    Authors: Mary R Sweeney, Anthony Staines, Leslie Daly, Aisling Traynor, Sean Daly, Steven W Bailey, Patricia B Alverson, June E Ayling and John M Scott
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:295
  8. Elevated levels of body mass index (BMI) and smoking are well established lifestyle risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. If these two risk factors have a synergistic relationship, rigorous...

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:294
  9. Prior research has revealed large differences in health and mortality across countries, socioeconomic groups, and individuals. Russia experiences one of the world's highest levels of all-cause and cardiovascul...

    Authors: Maria Shkolnikova, Svetlana Shalnova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Victoria Metelskaya, Alexander Deev, Evgueni Andreev, Dmitri Jdanov and James W Vaupel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:293
  10. As a risk factor of tuberculosis (TB), tobacco smoking has increased substantially over the past three decades, especially in developing countries. However, the association between smoking and TB, which has be...

    Authors: Jianming Wang and Hongbing Shen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:292
  11. Despite the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Vietnam, information on the prevalence of preventable risk factors for NCD is restricted to the main urban centres of Ha Noi, and Ho Chi Minh...

    Authors: Luc H Pham, Thuy B Au, Leigh Blizzard, Nhan B Truong, Michael D Schmidt, Robert H Granger and Terence Dwyer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:291
  12. In many HIV programmes in Africa, patients are assessed clinically and prepared for antiretroviral treatment over a period of 4–12 weeks. Mortality rates following initiation of ART are very high largely becau...

    Authors: Barbara Amuron, Geoffrey Namara, Josephine Birungi, Christine Nabiryo, Jonathan Levin, Heiner Grosskurth, Alex Coutinho and Shabbar Jaffar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:290
  13. Despite effective prevention and early detection screening methods, colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Colorectal cancer screening community-based interventions...

    Authors: Linda Zittleman, Caroline Emsermann, Miriam Dickinson, Ned Norman, Kathy Winkelman, Grace Linn and John M Westfall
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:288
  14. There have been many randomized controlled trials of screening and brief alcohol intervention in primary care. Most trials have reported positive effects of brief intervention, in terms of reduced alcohol cons...

    Authors: Eileen Kaner, Martin Bland, Paul Cassidy, Simon Coulton, Paolo Deluca, Colin Drummond, Eilish Gilvarry, Christine Godfrey, Nick Heather, Judy Myles, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Adenekan Oyefeso, Steve Parrott, Katherine Perryman, Tom Phillips, Don Shenker…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:287
  15. The recent credit crunch will have implications for private households. Low socioeconomic status is associated to various diseases. While income, education and occupational status is frequently used in definit...

    Authors: Eva Münster, Heiko Rüger, Elke Ochsmann, Stephan Letzel and André M Toschke
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:286
  16. Treatment of depression, the most prevalent and costly mental disorder, needs to be improved. Non-concordance with clinical guidelines and non-adherence can limit the efficacy of pharmacological treatment of d...

    Authors: Maria Rubio-Valera, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Pere Travé, M Teresa Peñarrubia-María, Mar Ruiz and Marian March Pujol
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:284
  17. In low tuberculosis (TB) incidence countries TB affects mostly immigrants in the productive age group. Little empirical information is available about direct and indirect TB-related costs that patients face in...

    Authors: Sandra V Kik, Sandra PJ Olthof, Jonie TN de Vries, Dick Menzies, Naomi Kincler, Joke van Loenhout-Rooyakkers, Conny Burdo and Suzanne Verver
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:283
  18. In order to achieve a change among teens' sexual behavior, an important step is to improve our knowledge about their opinions concerning relationships, love and sexuality.

    Authors: Jokin de Irala, Alfonso Osorio, Cristina López del Burgo, Vina A Belen, Filipinas O de Guzman, María del Carmen Calatrava and Antonio N Torralba
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:282
  19. The college environment offers great opportunity for HIV high-risk behaviors, including unsafe sex and multiple partnerships. While the overall incidence of HIV infection has seen some decline in recent years,...

    Authors: Adedeji S Adefuye, Titilayo C Abiona, Joseph A Balogun and Mainza Lukobo-Durrell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:281
  20. Since 2002 the sick funds in Germany have widely implemented disease management programs (DMPs) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Little is known about the chara...

    Authors: Kurt Bestehorn, Christina Jannowitz, Barbara Karmann, David Pittrow and Wilhelm Kirch
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:280
  21. Guinea-Bissau is a small country in West Africa with a population of 1.7 million. The WHO and UNICEF reported an under-five child mortality of 203 per 1000, the 10th highest amongst 192 countries. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Vera Mann, Ila Fazzio, Rebecca King, Polly Walker, Albino dos Santos, Jose Carlos de Sa, Chitra Jayanti, Chris Frost, Diana Elbourne and Peter Boone
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:279
  22. Tuberculosis (TB) case detection in women has remained low in developing world. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of smear positive TB among women with cough regardless of the duration atten...

    Authors: Esther S Ngadaya, Godfrey S Mfinanga, Eliud R Wandwalo and Odd Morkve
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:278
  23. Most research pertaining to childhood obesity has assessed the effectiveness of preventative interventions, while relatively little has been done to advance knowledge in the treatment of obesity. Thus, a 4-wee...

    Authors: Luc J Martin, Shauna M Burke, Sheree Shapiro, Albert V Carron, Jennifer D Irwin, Robert Petrella, Harry Prapavessis and Kevin Shoemaker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:277
  24. In the Mexican population metabolic syndrome (MS) is highly prevalent. It is well documented that regular physical activity (PA) prevents coronary diseases, type 2 diabetes and MS. Most studies of PA have focu...

    Authors: Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Yvonne Flores, Carole Siani, Michel Lamure, L Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco, Elizabeth Halley-Castillo, Gerardo Huitrón, Juan O Talavera, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo and Jorge Salmerón
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:276
  25. Recent studies have shown that adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are underreported. This may be particularly true of ADRs associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Data on CAM-related ADRs, how...

    Authors: Manuela Tabali, Elke Jeschke, Angelina Bockelbrink, Claudia M Witt, Stefan N Willich, Thomas Ostermann and Harald Matthes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:274
  26. Physical activity (PA) reduces risk factors related to metabolic syndrome. Rurality influences the way people incorporate physical activity into daily life. The aim of this study is to determine the associatio...

    Authors: Clare Vaughan, Adrian Schoo, Edward D Janus, Benjamin Philpot, Nathalie Davis-Lameloise, Sing Kai Lo, Tiina Laatikainen, Erkki Vartiainen and James A Dunbar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:273
  27. Weight comments are commonly received by adolescents, but the accuracy of the comments and their effects on weight misperception are unclear. We assessed the prevalence and accuracy of weight comments received...

    Authors: Wing-Sze Lo, Sai-Yin Ho, Kwok-Kei Mak, Yuen-Kwan Lai and Tai-Hing Lam
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:271
  28. There has emerged growing recognition of the link between housing and health. Since Vancouver, Canada has had increasing concerns with homelessness brought about by urban renewal in the lead-up to the 2010 Win...

    Authors: Christina Kim, Thomas Kerr, Kathy Li, Ruth Zhang, Mark W Tyndall, Julio SG Montaner and Evan Wood
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:270
  29. Rubella is an infectious and generally mild childhood viral disease. The disease is of public health importance because infection acquired during early pregnancy often results in foetal abnormalities that are ...

    Authors: Janeth J Kombich, Paul C Muchai, Peter Tukei and Peter K Borus
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:269
  30. Iron deficiency, anemia and hookworm disease are important public health problems for women of reproductive age living in developing countries and affect the health of newborns and infants. Iron supplementatio...

    Authors: Tran Q Phuc, Seema Mihrshahi, Gerard J Casey, Luong B Phu, Nong T Tien, Sonia R Caruana, Tran D Thach, Antonio Montresor and Beverley-Ann Biggs
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:266
  31. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is potentially effective measures to identify individuals at risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes. To verify the hypothesis that smoking cessation may increase the...

    Authors: Asahi Hishida, Atsushi Koyama, Akiko Tomota, Shirou Katase, Yatami Asai and Nobuyuki Hamajima
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:263
  32. Adverse psychosocial work environments may lead to impaired mental health, but it is still a matter of conjecture if demonstrated associations are causal or biased. We aimed at verifying whether poor psychosoc...

    Authors: Jens Peter E Bonde, Torsten Munch-Hansen, Joanna Wieclaw, Niels Westergaard-Nielsen and Esben Agerbo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:262
  33. Anemia due to iron deficiency is recognized as one of the major nutritional deficiencies in women and children in developing countries. Daily iron supplementation for pregnant women is recommended in many coun...

    Authors: Gerard J Casey, Tran Q Phuc, Lachlan MacGregor, Antonio Montresor, Seema Mihrshahi, Tran D Thach, Nong T Tien and Beverley-Ann Biggs
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:261
  34. Medical liability concerns centered around maternity care have widespread public health implications, as restrictions in physician scope of practice may threaten quality of and access to care in the current cl...

    Authors: Andrew S Coco, Donna Cohen, Michael A Horst and Angela S Gambler
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:257
  35. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among the youth are an increasing challenge for public health in Europe. This study provided estimates of men's (18–25 years) sexual risk behaviour and self-reported STIs...

    Authors: Minna Nikula, Mika Gissler, Vesa Jormanainen, Made Laanpere, Heikki Kunnas, Elina Haavio-Mannila and Elina Hemminki
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:256
  36. In the UK, parental consent for the routine vaccination of 12–13 year olds schoolgirls against human papillomavirus (HPV) is recommended, although legally girls may be able to consent themselves. As part of a ...

    Authors: Rebecca Stretch, Rosemary McCann, Stephen A Roberts, Peter Elton, David Baxter and Loretta Brabin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:254
  37. Physical activity declines as children approach puberty. Research has focussed on psychosocial, environmental, and demographic determinants. This paper explores how family and socioeconomic factors are related...

    Authors: Rowan Brockman, Russell Jago, Kenneth R Fox, Janice L Thompson, Kim Cartwright and Angie S Page
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:253

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