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BMC Public Health

Volume 11 Supplement 6

Learning from large scale prevention efforts: findings from Avahan

Research

Edited by Lalit Dandona and Eric Benotsch

Publication of this supplement has been supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

  1. Content type: Research

    Avahan, the India AIDS initiative began HIV prevention interventions in 2003 in Andhra Pradesh (AP) among high-risk groups including female sex workers (FSWs), to help contain the HIV epidemic. This manuscript...

    Authors: Hari Kumar Rachakulla, Venkaiah Kodavalla, Hemalatha Rajkumar, SPV Prasad, Srinivasan Kallam, Prabuddhagopal Goswami, Jayesh Dale, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Ramesh Paranjape and GNV Brahmam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S1

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  2. Content type: Research

    Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative has been a partner supporting targeted interventions of high risk populations under India’s National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) since 2004 in the state of Maharashtra. T...

    Authors: Mandar M Mainkar, Dilip B Pardeshi, Jayesh Dale, Sucheta Deshpande, Shirin Khazi, Abhishek Gautam, Prabuddhagopal Goswami, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Shreena Ramanathan, Bitra George and Ramesh S Paranjape

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S2

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  3. Content type: Research

    Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative, a large-scale HIV prevention program, using peer-mediated approaches and STI services, was implemented for high-risk groups for HIV in six states in India. This paper describ...

    Authors: S Thilakavathi, K Boopathi, CP Girish Kumar, A Santhakumar, R Senthilkumar, C Eswaramurthy, V Ilaya Bharathy, L Ramakrishnan, G Thongamba, R Adhikary and R Paranjape

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S3

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  4. Content type: Research

    Studies have demonstrated the significance of commercial sex work in the ongoing transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in India. Clients of female sex workers (FSWs) are thought ...

    Authors: Souradet Y Shaw, Kathleen N Deering, Sushena Reza-Paul, Shajy Isac, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, Reynold Washington, Stephen Moses and James F Blanchard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S4

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  5. Content type: Research

    With the evolution of Health Belief Model, risk perception has been identified as one of several core components of public health interventions. While female sex workers (FSWs) in India continue to be at most ...

    Authors: Anrudh K Jain, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Mary Philip Sebastian, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Shiva S Halli and Ravi K Verma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S5

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  6. Content type: Research

    Recent studies of male migrants in India indicate that those who are infected with HIV are spreading the epidemic from high risk populations in high prevalence areas to populations in low prevalence areas. In ...

    Authors: Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N Swain and Anrudh K Jain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S6

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  7. Content type: Research

    Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative, delivers HIV prevention services to high-risk populations at scale. Although the broad costs of such HIV interventions are known, to-date there has been little data available...

    Authors: Sudha Chandrashekar, Anna Vassall, Bhaskar Reddy, Govindraj Shetty, Peter Vickerman and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S7

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  8. Content type: Research

    The Avahan Initiative, a large-scale HIV preventive intervention targeted to high-risk populations including female sex workers (FSWs), was initiated in 2003 in six high-prevalence states in India, including Karn...

    Authors: Kathleen N Deering, Marie-Claude Boily, Catherine M Lowndes, Jean Shoveller, Mark W Tyndall, Peter Vickerman, Jan Bradley, Kaveri Gurav, Michael Pickles, Stephen Moses, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, Reynold Washington, S Rajaram and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S8

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  9. Content type: Research

    In the Northeast Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland there has been an ongoing HIV epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs) since the mid-1990s. Project ORCHID is an Avahan-funded HIV prevention project th...

    Authors: Gregory Armstrong, Chumben Humtsoe and Michelle Kermode

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S9

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  10. Content type: Research

    Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative, implemented a large HIV prevention programme across six high HIV prevalence states amongst high risk groups consisting of female sex workers, high risk men who have sex with ...

    Authors: Anup Gurung, Prakash Narayanan, Parimi Prabhakar, Anjana Das, Virupax Ranebennur, Saroj Tucker, Laxmi Narayana, Radha R, K Prakash, J Touthang, Collins Z Sono, Teodora Wi, Guy Morineau and Graham Neilsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S10

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  11. Content type: Research

    Although female sex workers (FSWs) report high levels of condom use with commercial sex clients, particularly after targeted HIV preventive interventions have been implemented, condom use is often low with non...

    Authors: Kathleen N Deering, Paranita Bhattacharjee, Janet Bradley, Stephen S Moses, Kate Shannon, Souradet Y Shaw, Reynold Washington, Catherine M Lowndes, Marie-Claude Boily, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, S Rajaram, Kaveri Gurav and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S11

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  12. Content type: Research

    As communities face serious pressures on traditional values, such as those posed by HIV infection, cultural inertia may result, whereby existing trends towards more liberalized views of sexuality are stalled. ...

    Authors: Janet Bradley, S Rajaram, Stephen Moses, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Anil M Lobo, BM Ramesh, Reynold Washington and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S12

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  13. Content type: Research

    In the context of AVAHAN, the India AIDS Initiative of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, general population surveys (GPS) were carried out between 2006 and 2008 in Belgaum (northern), Bellary (mid-state) and M...

    Authors: Pradeep Banandur, Subramanian Potty Rajaram, Sangameshwar B Mahagaonkar, Janet Bradley, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, Reynold G Washington, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses, Catherine M Lowndes and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S13

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  14. Content type: Research

    Condoms are effective in preventing the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, when properly used. However, recent data from surveys of female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka in south I...

    Authors: Janet Bradley, S Rajaram, Michel Alary, Shajy Isac, Reynold Washington, Stephen Moses and BM Ramesh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S14

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  15. Content type: Research

    Using data from two rounds of a cross-sectional, national-level survey of long-distance truck drivers, this paper examines the extent and trend of sexual risk behavior, prevalence of STI/HIV, and the linkage b...

    Authors: Arvind Pandey, Ram Manohar Mishra, Damodar Sahu, Sudhir Kumar Benara, Uttpal Sengupta, Ramesh S Paranjape, Abhishek Gautam, Satya Ranjan Lenka and Rajatshurva Adhikary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S15

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