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  1. Obesity is associated with morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. Few studies have examined the impact of obesity on outpatient office visits. The purpose of this study was to determine if outp...

    Authors: William S Pearson, Kavitha Bhat-Schelbert, Earl S Ford and Ali H Mokdad
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:436
  2. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine work- and nonwork- related factors and physical and mental health outcomes associated with combined time- and strain-based work-life conflict (WLC) a...

    Authors: Oliver Hämmig, Felix Gutzwiller and Georg Bauer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:435
  3. Childhood obesity is a serious health concern affecting over 155 million children in developed countries worldwide. Childhood obesity is associated with significantly increased risk for development of type 2 d...

    Authors: A Justine Wilson, Harry Prapavessis, Mary E Jung, Anita G Cramp, Joy Vascotto, Larissa Lenhardt, J Kevin Shoemaker, Margaret Watson, Tracy Robinson and Cheril L Clarson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:434
  4. Even with effective smoking cessation medications, many smokers are unable to abruptly stop using tobacco. This finding has increased interest in smoking reduction as an interim step towards complete cessation.

    Authors: Eva Kralikova, Jiri T Kozak, Thomas Rasmussen, Gunnar Gustavsson and Jacques Le Houezec
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:433
  5. Using a cohort of British Columbian male sawmill workers, we conducted a nested case-control study of the impact of rural compared to urban residence as well as rural/urban migration patterns in relation to ho...

    Authors: Aleck Ostry, Stefania Maggi, Ruth Hershler, Lisa Chen, Amber Louie and Clyde Hertzman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:432
  6. Cancer screening programmes in England are publicly-funded. Professionals' beliefs in the public health benefits of screening can conflict with individuals' entitlements to exercise informed judgement over whe...

    Authors: Tracey H Sach and David K Whynes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:431
  7. Smoke-free legislation was introduced in Wales in April 2007. In response to concerns regarding potential displacement of smoking into the home following legislation, this study assessed changes in secondhand ...

    Authors: Jo C Holliday, Graham F Moore and Laurence AR Moore
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:430
  8. Education campaigns seeking to raise awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV) and promoting HPV vaccination depend on accurate surveys of public awareness and knowledge of HPV and related sexual behavior. Howev...

    Authors: Anthony Smith, Anthony Lyons, Marian Pitts, Samantha Croy, Richard Ryall, Suzanne Garland, Mee Lian Wong and Eng Hseon Tay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:429
  9. Suicide and non-fatal suicidal behaviour are significant public health issues in Europe requiring effective preventive interventions. However, the evidence for effective preventive strategies is scarce. The pr...

    Authors: Ulrich Hegerl, Lisa Wittenburg, Ella Arensman, Chantal Van Audenhove, James C Coyne, David McDaid, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Ricardo Gusmão, Mária Kopp, Margaret Maxwell, Ullrich Meise, Saska Roskar, Marco Sarchiapone, Armin Schmidtke, Airi Värnik and Anke Bramesfeld
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:428
  10. Depression and poor social support are significant risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), and stress and anxiety can trigger coronary events. People experiencing such psychosocial difficulties are more...

    Authors: Nicola W Burton, Kenneth I Pakenham and Wendy J Brown
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:427
  11. Considering the increasing trend of obesity reported in current data, this study was conducted to examine trends of obesity and abdominal obesity among Tehranian adults during a median follow-up of 6.6 years.

    Authors: Farhad Hosseinpanah, Maryam Barzin, Parvin Sarbakhsh Eskandary, Parvin Mirmiran and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:426
  12. Increases in reported leisure time physical activity (PA) and obesity have been observed in several countries. One hypothesis for these apparently contradictory trends is differential bias in estimates over ti...

    Authors: Cora L Craig, Christine Cameron, Joe Griffiths, Adrian Bauman, Catrine Tudor-Locke and Ross E Andersen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:425
  13. Recruitment and retention are key functions for programs promoting nutrition and other lifestyle behavioral changes in low-income populations. This paper describes strategies for recruitment and retention and ...

    Authors: Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown and Susan Nitzke
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:424
  14. To date, online public healthcare reports have not been effectively used by consumers. Therefore, we qualitatively examined how healthcare consumers process and evaluate comparative healthcare information on t...

    Authors: Olga C Damman, Michelle Hendriks, Jany Rademakers, Diana MJ Delnoij and Peter P Groenewegen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:423
  15. Despite intensive vector control efforts, dengue epidemics continue to occur throughout Southeast Asia in multi-annual cycles. Weather is considered an important factor in these cycles, but the extent to which...

    Authors: Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Chi-Tai Fang, Suratsawadee Klinchan, Chung-Ming Liu and Chwan-Chuen King
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:422
  16. The Body Mass Index (BMI) based on self-reported height and weight ("self-reported BMI") in epidemiologic studies is subject to measurement error. However, because of the ease and efficiency in gathering heigh...

    Authors: Manfred Stommel and Charlotte A Schoenborn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:421
  17. Among swine, reassortment of influenza virus genes from birds, pigs, and humans could generate influenza viruses with pandemic potential. Humans with acute infection might also be a source of infection for swi...

    Authors: Margaret L Russell, Julia Keenliside, Richard Webby, Kevin Fonseca, Pam Singh, Lorraine Moss and Mark Loeb
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:420
  18. The aim of the ACE-Obesity study was to determine the economic credentials of interventions which aim to prevent unhealthy weight gain in children and adolescents. We have reported elsewhere on the modelled ef...

    Authors: Rob Carter, Marj Moodie, Alison Markwick, Anne Magnus, Theo Vos, Boyd Swinburn and Michele M Haby
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:419
  19. A large number of randomised controlled trials in health settings have consistently reported positive effects of brief intervention in terms of reductions in alcohol use. However, although alcohol misuse is co...

    Authors: Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Martin Bland, Paul Cassidy, Simon Coulton, Paolo Deluca, Colin Drummond, Eilish Gilvarry, Christine Godfrey, Nick Heather, Eileen Kaner, Judy Myles, Adenekan Oyefeso, Steve Parrott, Katherine Perryman, Tom Phillips, Don Shenker…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:418
  20. There has been a sudden increase in the amount of money donors are willing to spend on the worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic. Present plans are to hold most of the money in reserve and spend it slowly. However, rapi...

    Authors: Robert J Smith, Jing Li, Richard Gordon and Jane M Heffernan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S15

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  21. This exploratory paper outlines an epidemic simulator built on an agent-based, data-driven model of the spread of a disease within an urban environment. An intent of the model is to provide insight into how a ...

    Authors: Maciej Borkowski, Blake W Podaima and Robert D McLeod
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S14

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  22. A major deficit of all approaches to epidemic modelling to date has been the need to approximate or guess at human behaviour in disease-transmission-related contexts. Avatars are generally human-like figures i...

    Authors: Richard Gordon, Natalie K Björklund, Robert J Smith and Eluemuno R Blyden
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S13

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  23. Small, highly reactive molecules called reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a crucial role in cell signalling and infection control. However, high levels of ROS can cause significant damage to cell structure an...

    Authors: Rolina D van Gaalen and Lindi M Wahl
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S12

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  24. Current measures of the clinical efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the treatment of HIV include the change in HIV RNA in the plasma and the gain in CD4 cells.

    Authors: Romulus Breban, Sonia Napravnik, James Kahn and Sally Blower
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S11

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  25. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are much more likely to be infected with HIV than the general population. China has a sizable population of MSM, including gay, bisexual men, money boys and some rural workers. ...

    Authors: Jie Lou, Jianhong Wu, Li Chen, Yuhua Ruan and Yiming Shao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S10

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  26. With the world's largest population, HIV spread in China has been closely watched and widely studied by its government and the international community. One important factor that might contribute to the epidemi...

    Authors: Yuanyi Pan and Jianhong Wu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S9

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  27. Resource allocation models have not had a substantial impact on HIV/AIDS resource allocation decisions in spite of the important, additional insights they may provide. In this paper, we highlight six difficult...

    Authors: Arielle Lasry, Anke Richter and Frithjof Lutscher
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  28. This article provides a brief overview of the global health-worker shortage, which could undermine the Millennium Development Goal to halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. The current situation sug...

    Authors: Julia Witt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  29. Antiretroviral medicines (ARVs) are one of the most costly parts of HIV/AIDS treatment. Many countries are struggling to provide universal access to ARVs for all people living with HIV and AIDS. Although subst...

    Authors: Veronika J Wirtz, Steven Forsythe, Atanacio Valencia-Mendoza and Sergio Bautista-Arredondo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  30. After more than 25 years, public health programs have not been able to sufficiently reduce the number of new HIV infections. Over 7,000 people become infected with HIV every day. Lack of convincing evidence of...

    Authors: Omar Galárraga, M Arantxa Colchero, Richard G Wamai and Stefano M Bertozzi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  31. How should HIV and AIDS resources be allocated to achieve the greatest possible impact? This paper begins with a theoretical discussion of this issue, describing the key elements of an "evidence-based allocati...

    Authors: Steven Forsythe, John Stover and Lori Bollinger
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  32. Since the Chornobyl accident in 1986, the physical health of exposed children in Ukraine has been monitored, but their perceived health has not been studied. This study examines health perceptions of Ukrainian...

    Authors: Evelyn J Bromet, David P Taormina, Lin T Guey, Joost A Bijlsma, Semyon F Gluzman, Johan M Havenaar, Harold Carlson and Gabrielle A Carlson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:417
  33. Burkina Faso's immunization program has benefited regularly from national and international support. However, national immunization coverage has been irregular, decreasing from 34.7% in 1993 to 29.3% in 1998, ...

    Authors: Drissa Sia, Pierre Fournier, Jean-François Kobiané and Blaise K Sondo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:416
  34. The SHARP study was set up to evaluate the short (1 year) and longer-term (2 year) effects on health and wellbeing of providing new social housing to tenants. This paper presents the study background, the desi...

    Authors: Mark Petticrew, Ade Kearns, Phil Mason and Caroline Hoy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:415
  35. The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) among adolescents worldwide has increased since the 60 s. Spain has reached one of the highest OW/OB prevalence rates among adolescents from European countries....

    Authors: David Martinez-Gomez, Sonia Gomez-Martinez, M Angeles Puertollano, Esther Nova, Julia Wärnberg, Oscar L Veiga, Amelia Martí, Cristina Campoy, Jesus M Garagorri, Cristina Azcona, M Pilar Vaquero, Carlos Redondo-Figuero, Manuel Delgado, J Alfredo Martínez, Miguel Garcia-Fuentes, Luis A Moreno…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:414
  36. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major disease among adults, and its deterioration was reported to be associated with psychological imbalance. Meanwhile, bereavement and divorce have proven ha...

    Authors: Tatsuya Noda, Toshiyuki Ojima, Shinya Hayasaka, Akihito Hagihara, Ryoichi Takayanagi and Koichi Nobutomo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:412
  37. Most of the efforts to reduce teenagers' tobacco addiction have focused on smoking prevention and little on smoking cessation. A smoking cessation program (TABADO study), associating pharmacologic and cognitiv...

    Authors: Laetitia Minary, Hervé Martini, Nathalie Wirth, Francine Thouvenot, Dovi-Stéphanie Acouetey, Yves Martinet, Abraham Bohadana, Denis Zmirou-Navier and François Alla
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:411
  38. Unemployment is a source of acute and long-term psychosocial stress. Acute and chronic psychosocial stress can induce pronounced changes in human immune responses. In this study we tested our hypothesis that s...

    Authors: Jukka Hintikka, Soili M Lehto, Leo Niskanen, Anne Huotari, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Kirsi Honkalampi, Sanna Sinikallio and Heimo Viinamäki
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:410
  39. HIV has fuelled the TB epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Mortality in patients co-infected with TB and HIV is high. Managing factors influencing mortality in TB patients might help reducing it. This study invest...

    Authors: Ferdinand M Mugusi, Saurabh Mehta, Eduardo Villamor, Willy Urassa, Elmar Saathoff, Ronald J Bosch and Wafaie W Fawzi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:409
  40. A major contributor of early exit from work is a decline in health with increasing age. As healthy lifestyle choices contribute to better health outcomes, an intervention aimed at an improved lifestyle is cons...

    Authors: Jorien E Strijk, Karin I Proper, Allard J van der Beek and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:408
  41. Despite several years of implementation, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes in many resource poor settings are failing to reach the majority of HIV positive women. We report on a dat...

    Authors: Tanya Doherty, Mickey Chopra, Duduzile Nsibande and Dudu Mngoma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:406
  42. Deliberate self-poisoning with agricultural pesticides is the commonest means of suicide in rural Asia. It is mostly impulsive and facilitated by easy access to pesticides. The aim of this large observational ...

    Authors: Fahim Mohamed, Gamini Manuweera, David Gunnell, Shifa Azher, Michael Eddleston, Andrew Dawson and Flemming Konradsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:405
  43. Graded health benefits of physical activity have been demonstrated for the reduction of coronary heart disease, some cancers, and type-2 diabetes, and for injury reduction and improvements in mental health. Ol...

    Authors: Gregory S Kolt, Grant M Schofield, Ngaire Kerse, Nicholas Garrett, Philip J Schluter, Toni Ashton and Asmita Patel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:404
  44. Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and palpation tenderness. In addition to these classic symptoms, fibromyalgia patients tend to report a number of other complaints. What these o...

    Authors: Karin Björkegren, Mari-Ann Wallander, Saga Johansson and Kurt Svärdsudd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:402
  45. Studies have shown that type 2 diabetic patients have higher all-cause mortality than people without diabetes, but it is less clear how diabetes affects mortality in elderly patients and to what degree mortali...

    Authors: Lars J Hansen, Niels de Fine Olivarius and Volkert Siersma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:400

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