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  1. The epidemiological investigation of acculturation has often been hampered by inconsistent definitions and measurement, and methodological short-comings. Adopting a bi-directional model, with good theoretical ...

    Authors: Philip J Schluter, El-Shadan Tautolo and Janis Paterson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:307
  2. Since a long time, Italy has maintained a dual system to administer childhood immunisations, that is a certain number of mandatory vaccinations and a number of recommended vaccinations. The study aimed to expl...

    Authors: Maria Anna Coniglio, Marco Platania, Donatella Privitera, Giuseppe Giammanco and Sarina Pignato
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:305
  3. Young people are becoming increasingly exposed to the risk of HIV infection. According to the 2008 HIV/Syphilis sentinel survey in Nigeria, 3.3% of young people aged 15-19 years are infected. Primary preventio...

    Authors: Oladimeji Oladepo and Mojisola M Fayemi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:304
  4. Immigrants from the Middle-East are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of the present survey was to measure, in a single deprived neighbourhood, the prevalence rates of impaired fasting ...

    Authors: Louise Bennet, Sven-Erik Johansson, Carl-David Agardh, Leif Groop, Jan Sundquist, Lennart Råstam and Kristina Sundquist
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:303
  5. This study aims to look at the prevalence and characteristics of postpartum depression symptomatology (PPDS) among Canadian women. Studies have found that in developed countries, 10-15% of new mothers were aff...

    Authors: Andrea Lanes, Jennifer L Kuk and Hala Tamim
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:302
  6. The complications of hypertension cause severe health problems in rural areas in China. We (i) screened the major factors inducing hypertensive complications and provided intervention measures; and (ii) verifi...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Yong Meng, Yongli Yang, Yancai Liu, Caiqin Dong, Jianming Xiao, Ling Zhao and Fang Li
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:301
  7. We compared mortality by cause of death in HIV-infected adults in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy with mortality in the general population in the same age and sex groups.

    Authors: Pablo Aldaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Nerea Egüés, Fátima Irisarri, Yugo Floristan, Julio Sola-Boneta, Víctor Martínez-Artola, Mirian Sagredo and Jesús Castilla
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:300
  8. Public health promotes an ecological approach to chronic disease prevention, however, little research has been conducted to assess the integration of an ecological approach in community-based prevention progra...

    Authors: Margaret Cargo, Elisabeth Marks, Julie Brimblecombe, Maria Scarlett, Elaine Maypilama, Joanne Garnggulkpuy Dhurrkay and Mark Daniel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:299
  9. SOLAR II is the 2nd follow-up of a population-based cohort study that follows the participants of ISAAC Phase Two recruited in Munich and Dresden in 1995/6. A first follow-up study was conducted 2002 and 2003 (SO...

    Authors: Sabine Heinrich, Astrid Peters, Jessica Kellberger, Diana Ellenberg, Jon Genuneit, Dennis Nowak, Christian Vogelberg, Erika von Mutius, Gudrun Weinmayr and Katja Radon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:298
  10. Most of the institutional outbreaks of norovirus in Hong Kong occur in elderly homes, the proportion being 69% in 2006. Residents in elderly homes are a special population seriously affected by norovirus infec...

    Authors: Hualiang Lin, Sammy Ng, Shelley Chan, Wai Man Chan, Krystal CK Lee, Suzanne C Ho and Linwei Tian
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:297
  11. The complex mechanism of nicotine dependency makes it challenging to evaluate dependence or progress towards dependence. The aim of this study was to estimate nicotine dependence levels and identify determinan...

    Authors: Junqing Wu, Tingzhong Yang, Ian RH Rockett, Rui Xing, Sejla Karalic, Yuyan Li and Yufeng Zhang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:296
  12. Over the past 50 years, the average sleep duration for adults in the United States has decreased while the prevalence of obesity and associated outcomes has increased. The objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Anne G Wheaton, Geraldine S Perry, Daniel P Chapman, Lela R McKnight-Eily, Letitia R Presley-Cantrell and Janet B Croft
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:295
  13. The number of immigrants has increased in Italy in the last twenty years (7.2% of the Italian population), as have infants of foreign-born parents, but scanty evidence on perinatal outcomes is available. The a...

    Authors: Laura Cacciani, Simona Asole, Arianna Polo, Francesco Franco, Renato Lucchini, Mario De Curtis, Domenico Di Lallo and Gabriella Guasticchi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:294
  14. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is mainly transmitted by exposure to infected blood, and can lead to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Since the onset of HCV and the development of liver cirrhosis usually are asymptom...

    Authors: Freke R Zuure, Titia Heijman, Anouk T Urbanus, Maria Prins, Gerjo Kok and Udi Davidovich
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:293
  15. Relatively little empirical attention has focused on the association between social participation and depressive symptoms amongst older adults in Asian nations, where persons over the age of 65 represent a rap...

    Authors: Chi Chiao, Li-Jen Weng and Amanda L Botticello
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:292
  16. Brief cessation advice delivered to smokers during routine primary care consultations increases smoking cessation rates. However, in previous studies investigating recall of smoking cessation advice, smokers h...

    Authors: Lisa Szatkowski, Ann McNeill, Sarah Lewis and Tim Coleman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:291
  17. Employees in health care service are at high risk for developing mental health complaints. The effects of mental health complaints on work can have serious consequences for the quality of care provided by thes...

    Authors: Fania R Gärtner, Sarah M Ketelaar, Odile Smeets, Linda Bolier, Eva Fischer, Frank JH van Dijk, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen and Judith K Sluiter
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:290
  18. The influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on cardiovascular diseases and risk factors is widely known, although the role of different SES indicators is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to inve...

    Authors: Barbara Schumann, Alexander Kluttig, Daniel Tiller, Karl Werdan, Johannes Haerting and Karin H Greiser
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:289
  19. The Czech Breast Cancer Screening Programme (CBCSP) was initiated in September 2002 by establishing a network of accredited centres. The aim of this article is to describe progress in the programme quality ove...

    Authors: Ondrej Majek, Jan Danes, Miroslava Skovajsova, Helena Bartonkova, Lucie Buresova, Daniel Klimes, Petr Brabec, Pavel Kozeny and Ladislav Dusek
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:288
  20. China has 76.2 million high school and college students, in which the number of reported HIV/AIDS cases is increasing rapidly. Most of these cases are attributed to male-to-male sexual contact. Few studies hav...

    Authors: Jun-Jie Xu, Kathleen Heather Reilly, Chun-Ming Lu, Ning Ma, Min Zhang, Zhen-Xing Chu, Jun-Jie Wang, Ke Yun and Hong Shang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:287
  21. This paper initially describes premature mortality by Aboriginality in South Australia during 1999 to 2006. It then examines how these outcomes vary across area level socio-economic disadvantage and geographic...

    Authors: David Banham, Heather Jury, Tony Woollacott, Robyn McDermott and Fran Baum
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:286
  22. The Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) is an interesting set of tools for primary care research. A very short version could inform policy makers about consumer experiences with primary care (PC) through healt...

    Authors: Silvina Berra, Kátia B Rocha, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, M Isabel Pasarín, Luis Rajmil, Carme Borrell and Barbara Starfield
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:285
  23. The rising burden of obesity in Tonga is alarming. The promotion of healthy behaviours and environments requires immediate urgent action and a multi-sectoral approach. A three-year community based study titled...

    Authors: Kalesita F Fotu, Marj M Moodie, Helen M Mavoa, Siosifa Pomana, Jimaima T Schultz and Boyd A Swinburn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:284
  24. Improving maternal health is one of the Millennium Development Goals for 2015. Recently some progress has been achieved in reducing mortality. On the other hand, in developed regions, maternal death is a relat...

    Authors: Samira M Haddad, José G Cecatti, Mary A Parpinelli, João P Souza, Maria L Costa, Maria H Sousa, Fernanda G Surita, João L Pinto e Silva, Rodolfo C Pacagnella, Rodrigo S Camargo, Maria V Bahamondes, Vilma Zotareli, Lúcio T Gurgel, Lale Say and Robert C Pattinson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:283
  25. The relative number of children meeting the minimal required dose of daily physical activity remains execrably low. It has been estimated that in 2015 one out of five children will be overweight. Therefore, lo...

    Authors: Mirka Janssen, Huub M Toussaint, Mechelen Van Willem and Evert ALM Verhagen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:282
  26. Iran has one of the highest rates of road traffic crash death rates throughout the world and road traffic injuries are the leading cause of years of life lost in the country. Using child car safety seats is no...

    Authors: Lida Jarahi, Mojgan Karbakhsh and Arash Rashidian
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:281
  27. Improving Maternal and Child Health (MCH) is a prioritized global agenda in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal 5. In this challenge, involving males has been an important agenda, and a pr...

    Authors: Noriko Kadomoto, Hajime Iwasa, Miyako Takahashi, Marcelyn M Dulnuan and Ichiro Kai
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:280
  28. This article describes an evaluation of a school-based peer education intervention for HIV prevention among students in twenty seven high schools in Aden, Yemen. The intervention was developed after a survey a...

    Authors: Buthaina Al-Iryani, Huda Basaleem, Khaled Al-Sakkaf, Rik Crutzen, Gerjo Kok and Bart van den Borne
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:279
  29. Victims of bullying in school may experience health problems later in life. We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, b...

    Authors: Audhild Løhre, Stian Lydersen, Bård Paulsen, Magne Mæhle and Lars J Vatten
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:278
  30. The increasing popularity and use of the internet makes it an attractive option for providing health information and treatment, including alcohol/other drug use. There is limited research examining how people ...

    Authors: Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Angela White, Amanda L Baker, David J Kavanagh, Britt Klein, Judith Proudfoot, Judy Drennan, Jason Connor and Ross M Young
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:277
  31. Determinants of public healthcare expenditures in type 2 diabetics are not well investigated in developing nations and, therefore, it is not clear if higher physical activity decreases healthcare costs. The pu...

    Authors: Jamile S Codogno, Rômulo A Fernandes, Flávia M Sarti, Ismael F Freitas Júnior and Henrique L Monteiro
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:275
  32. Cardio-metabolic risk factors are becoming more prevalent in children and adolescents. A lack of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) is an established determinant of cardio-metabolic risk f...

    Authors: Valerie Carson and Ian Janssen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:274
  33. Cigarette smoking has been shown to be one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about cumulative effects of daily tar and nicotine intake on the risk of inci...

    Authors: Qiu-Li Zhang, Jens Baumert, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, H-Erich Wichmann, Christa Meisinger and Angela Döring
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:273
  34. Kenya, like many developing nations, continues to experience high childhood mortality in spite of the many efforts put in place by governments and international bodies to curb it. This study sought to investig...

    Authors: Antony S Opwora, Ahmed MR Laving, Lambert O Nyabola and Joyce M Olenja
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:272
  35. The objectives of the present study were (1) to track work-life conflict in Switzerland during the years 2002 to 2008 and (2) to analyse the relationship between work-life conflict and health satisfaction, exa...

    Authors: Michaela K Knecht, Georg F Bauer, Felix Gutzwiller and Oliver Hämmig
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:271
  36. Adult socioeconomic position (SEP) is one of the most frequently hypothesised indirect pathways between childhood SEP and adult health. However, few studies that explore the indirect associations between child...

    Authors: Sarah K Mckenzie, Kristie N Carter, Tony Blakely and Vivienne Ivory
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:269
  37. Physical occupational exposure is a risk factor for low back pain in workers but the long term effects of exposure remain unclear. As several countries consider increasing the retirement age, further informati...

    Authors: Sandrine Plouvier, Julie Gourmelen, Jean-François Chastang, Jean-Louis Lanoë and Annette Leclerc
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:268
  38. Individual health education is considered to be essential in the overall care of patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2), although there is some uncertainty regarding its metabolic control benefits. There have bee...

    Authors: Miguel A Salinero-Fort, Enrique Carrillo-de Santa Pau, Francisco J Arrieta-Blanco, Juan C Abanades-Herranz, Carmen Martín-Madrazo, Berta Rodés-Soldevila and Carmen de Burgos-Lunar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:267
  39. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) shows a better correlation to target organ damage and cardiovascular morbidity-mortality than office blood pressure. A loss of arterial elasticity and an increase in...

    Authors: Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Emilio Ramos-Delgado, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Carlos Martínez-Salgado, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez and Manuel A Gomez-Marcos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:266
  40. The alcohol-attributable fraction for injury mortality is defined as the proportion of fatal injury that would disappear if consumption went to zero. Estimating this fraction has previously been based on a sim...

    Authors: Benjamin J Taylor, Kevin D Shield and Jürgen T Rehm
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:265
  41. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality may be reduced by organized screening. Participant compliance with the attendance recommendations of the screening program is necessary to achieve this. Knowledge about ...

    Authors: Bo T Hansen, Silje S Hukkelberg, Tor Haldorsen, Tormod Eriksen, Gry B Skare and Mari Nygård
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:264
  42. Substance use and poor dietary practices are prevalent among adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine frequency of substance use and associations between cigarette, alcohol and marijuana use and s...

    Authors: Chrisa Arcan, Martha Y Kubik, Jayne A Fulkerson, Peter J Hannan and Mary Story
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:263
  43. Although there are inequalities in child health and survival in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the influence of distal determinants such as geographic location on children's nutritional status is stil...

    Authors: Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tumwaka P Madungu, Jacques BO Emina, Kikhela PD Nzita and Francesco P Cappuccio
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:261
  44. Several countries have applied the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) rapid assessment tool (RAT) to estimate the burden of Hib disease where resources for hospital- or population-based surveillance are limited....

    Authors: Batmunkh Nyambat, Duc Anh Dang, Hien Anh Nguyen, Trinh Quynh Mai, Manju Rani, Mary PE Slack and Paul E Kilgore
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:260
  45. As the promotion of alcohol and tobacco to young people through direct advertising has become increasingly restricted, there has been greater interest in whether images of certain behaviours in films are assoc...

    Authors: Kate Hunt, Helen Sweeting, James Sargent, Heather Lewars, Robert Young and Patrick West
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:259
  46. Childhood obesity is not only associated with adult obesity but also with increased risk of adult onset of type 2 diabetes and subsequent coronary heart disease. The potential effects of school-based health in...

    Authors: Monika Siegrist, Henner Hanssen, Christoph Lammel, Bernhard Haller and Martin Halle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:258
  47. It is well established that smoking rates in people with common mental disorders such as anxiety or depressive disorders are much higher than in people without mental disorders. It is less clear whether people...

    Authors: David Lawrence, Francis Mitrou and Stephen R Zubrick
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:256

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