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  1. To determine differences among persons who provided blood specimens for HIV testing compared with those who did not among those interviewed for the population-based Zimbabwe Young Adult Survey (YAS).

    Authors: AD McNaghten, Joan M Herold, Hazel M Dube and Michael E St Louis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:145
  2. Mortality rates for older persons in Botswana have been unavailable and little is known of predictors of mortality in old age. This study may serve as a precursor for more detailed assessments.

    Authors: Thomas Clausen, Adrian O Wilson, Robert M Molebatsi and Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:144
  3. Law and policy in several countries require health services to demonstrate that they are promoting racial/ethnic equality. However, suitable and accurate data are usually not available. We demonstrated, using ...

    Authors: CM Fischbacher, R Bhopal, C Povey, M Steiner, J Chalmers, G Mueller, J Jamieson and D Knowles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:142
  4. There is little experience with carefully developed interventions in the HIV/STI prevention field aimed at adult heterosexual target groups in the Netherlands. The ability to apply intervention development pro...

    Authors: Mireille EG Wolfers, Caty van den Hoek, Johannes Brug and Onno de Zwart
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:141
  5. To determine the prevalence of asthma symptoms in a sample of Greek children aged 10–12 years, and to evaluate these rates in relation to anthropometric, lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits.

    Authors: Kostas N Priftis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Michael B Anthracopoulos, Anastasios Papadimitriou and Polyxeni Nicolaidou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:140
  6. Ensuring the sexual and reproductive health of the population is essential for the wellbeing of a nation. At least three aspects of sexual and reproductive health are among the key policy issues for present Au...

    Authors: Anthony MA Smith, Marian K Pitts, Julia M Shelley, Juliet Richters and Jason Ferris
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:139
  7. Unhealthy lifestyle choices tend to cluster, but controversy remains regarding relationships between smoking and dietary habits. The aim of this study was to compare dietary intake and alcohol consumption, acc...

    Authors: Patrícia Padrão, Nuno Lunet, Ana Cristina Santos and Henrique Barros
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:138
  8. An earlier case-control study from Western Australia reported a protective effect of maternal folic acid supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). The prese...

    Authors: John D Dockerty, Peter Herbison, David CG Skegg and Mark Elwood
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:136
  9. Few studies, particularly in developing countries, have explored the relationship between adolescents and parental values with adolescent problem behaviors. The objectives of the study are to (1) describe adol...

    Authors: Hongjie Liu, Shuli Yu, Lesley Cottrell, Sonja Lunn, Lynette Deveaux, Nanika V Brathwaite, Sharon Marshall, Xiaoming Li and Bonita Stanton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:135
  10. Tuberculosis treatment failure and death rates are low in the Western Pacific Region, including Vietnam. However, failure or death may also occur among patients who did not complete treatment, i.e. reported as...

    Authors: Marleen Vree, Nguyen T Huong, Bui D Duong, Dinh N Sy, Le N Van, Nguyen V Co, Frank GJ Cobelens and Martien W Borgdorff
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:134
  11. During a microbicide trial feasibility study among women at high-risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Mwanza, northern Tanzania we used participatory research tools to facilitate open dialogue an...

    Authors: Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Stella Kasindi, Nicola Desmond, Shelley Lees, Betty Chiduo, Richard Hayes, Caroline Allen and David Ross
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:133
  12. Socioeconomic status is a predictor not only of mortality, but also of cardiovascular risk and morbidity. An ongoing debate in the field of social inequalities and health focuses on two questions: 1) Is indivi...

    Authors: Juergen Breckenkamp, Andreas Mielck and Oliver Razum
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:132
  13. Objectives: To compare support for, and perceptions of, the impacts of smoke-free workplace legislation among bar workers in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) pre- and post-implementation, and to identify predictors...

    Authors: Lisa Pursell, Shane Allwright, Diarmuid O'Donovan, Gillian Paul, Alan Kelly, Bernie J Mullally and Maureen D'Eath
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:131
  14. Meningococcal disease can have devastating consequences. As new vaccines emerge, it is necessary to assess their impact on public health. In the absence of long-term real world data, modeling the effects of di...

    Authors: J Jaime Caro, Jörgen Möller, Denis Getsios, L Coudeville, Wissam El-Hadi, Catherine Chevat, Van Hung Nguyen and Ingrid Caro
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:130
  15. The effect of sleep on the risk of developing diabetes has not been explored in an Asian population. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of self-reported sleep duration and sleep quality o...

    Authors: Yasuaki Hayashino, Shunichi Fukuhara, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Tomonori Okamura, Taichiro Tanaka and Hirotsugu Ueshima
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:129
  16. In this study the focus is on social insurance officers judging applications for disability pensions. The number of applications for disability pension increased during the late 1990s, which has resulted in an...

    Authors: Berit Ydreborg, Kerstin Ekberg and Kerstin Nilsson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:128
  17. For individuals with AIDS, data exist relatively soon after diagnosis to allow estimation of "early" survival quantiles (e.g., the 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.30 quantiles, etc.). Many years of additional observation ...

    Authors: Wayne TA Enanoria, Alan E Hubbard, Mark J van der Laan, Mi Chen, Juan Ruiz and John M Colford Jr
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:127
  18. In the last decades, there have been no studies carried out in Lithuania on the quality of life of breast cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in the quality of life of Lithuan...

    Authors: Giedre Bulotiene, Jonas Veseliunas and Valerijus Ostapenko
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:124
  19. Commercial sources of information are known to have greater influence than scientific sources on general practitioners' (GPs) prescribing behavior in under developed and developing countries. The study aimed t...

    Authors: Serhat Vancelik, Nazim E Beyhun, Hamit Acemoglu and Oksan Calikoglu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:122
  20. This formative study sought to explore the factors that influence the consumption of fish and seafood among 4–6 year old children in the Perth metropolitan area. Focus groups were conducted with mothers of you...

    Authors: Alexandra McManus, Sharyn K Burns, Peter A Howat, Lisa Cooper and Lynda Fielder
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:119
  21. Evidence strongly suggests that the neighbourhood in which people live influences their health. Despite this, investigations of ethnic differences in cardiovascular risk factors have focused mainly on individu...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, Carolien van Hooijdonk, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Joanne K Ujcic-Voortman, Ellen Lindeman, Karien Stronks and Mariel Droomers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:118
  22. To investigate whether primary prevention might be more favourable than secondary prevention (risk factor reduction in patients with coronary heart disease(CHD)).

    Authors: Zubair Kabir, Kathleen Bennett, Emer Shelley, Belgin Unal, Julia A Critchley and Simon Capewell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:117
  23. Previous research has shown that family interactions are associated with depressive symptoms in children. However, detailed classifications of family interaction types have not been studied thoroughly. This st...

    Authors: Wen-chi Wu, Chi-Hsien Kao, Lee-Lan Yen and Tony Szu-Hsien Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:116
  24. In the context of climate change, an efficient alert system to prevent the risk associated with summer heat is necessary. The authors' objective was to describe the temperature-mortality relationship in France...

    Authors: Anne Fouillet, Grégoire Rey, Eric Jougla, Philippe Frayssinet, Pierre Bessemoulin and Denis Hémon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:114
  25. In Sweden, the vaccination campaign is the individual responsibility of the counties, which results in different arrangements. The aim of this study was to find out whether influenza vaccination coverage rates...

    Authors: Madelon W Kroneman and Gerrit A van Essen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:113
  26. Smoking is Greece's largest public health threat. Greece has the highest adult smoking prevalence among all E.U countries, which in turn possibly predisposes Greek children and adolescents to smoke. The purpos...

    Authors: Constantine I Vardavas, Dimitrios Athanasopoulos, Evaggelia Balomenaki, Dora Niaounaki, Manolis K Linardakis and Anthony G Kafatos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:112
  27. Treatment delay is an important indicator of access to tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment. Analyses of patient delay (i.e. time interval between onset of symptoms and first consultation of a health care prov...

    Authors: Nguyen T Huong, Marleen Vree, Bui D Duong, Vu T Khanh, Vu T Loan, Nguyen V Co, Martien W Borgdorff and Frank G Cobelens
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:110
  28. The need for tetanus toxoid decennial booster doses has been questioned by some experts. Several counter arguments have been presented, supporting the maintenance of decennial adult booster doses with tetanus ...

    Authors: Guilherme Gonçalves, Maria Augusta Santos, João Graça Frade and José Saraiva Cunha
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:109
  29. Obesity has primarily been addressed with interventions to promote weight loss and these have been largely unsuccessful. Primary prevention of obesity through support of weight maintenance may be a preferable ...

    Authors: Anne N Nafziger, Kristina Lindvall, Margareta Norberg, Hans Stenlund, Stig Wall, Paul L Jenkins, Thomas A Pearson and Lars Weinehall
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:108
  30. Recent years have seen a rapid increase in the use of mobile phones and other sources of microwave radiation, raising concerns about possible adverse health effects. As children have longer expected lifetime e...

    Authors: Fredrik Söderqvist, Lennart Hardell, Michael Carlberg and Kjell Hansson Mild
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:105
  31. Suboptimal treatment adherence remains a barrier to the control of many infectious diseases, including tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS, which contribute significantly to the global disease burden. However, few of th...

    Authors: Salla Munro, Simon Lewin, Tanya Swart and Jimmy Volmink
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:104
  32. Previous surveillance among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees within the remote rural Manyara and Singida regions in Tanzania identified an imminent but still, relatively low HIV epidemic. We conducted a popula...

    Authors: Khadija I Yahya-Malima, Mecky I Matee, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen and Knut Fylkesnes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:103
  33. In 1994, a hazardous waste site, polluted by the dumping of solvents from a former electronics factory, was discovered in Taoyuan, Taiwan. This subsequently emerged as a serious case of contamination through c...

    Authors: Tzu-I Sung, Pau-Chung Chen, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn Lee, Yi-Ping Lin, Gong-Yih Hsieh and Jung-Der Wang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:102
  34. Temperature, rainfall and humidity have been widely associated with the dynamics of malaria vector population and, therefore, with spread of the disease. However, at the local scale, there is a lack of a syste...

    Authors: Yazoumé Yé, Valérie R Louis, Séraphin Simboro and Rainer Sauerborn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:101
  35. Past measles immunisation policies in Australia have resulted in a cohort of young adults who have been inadequately vaccinated, but who also have low levels of naturally acquired immunity because immunisation...

    Authors: Heath A Kelly, Heather F Gidding, Theo Karapanagiotidis, Jennie A Leydon and Michaela A Riddell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:99
  36. Hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection is a significant public health problem. In the UK, an estimated 200,000 individuals have active HCV infection, most of whom are injecting drug users (IDUs). Many IDUs spend ti...

    Authors: Fu-Meng Khaw, Lynne Stobbart and Madeleine J Murtagh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:98
  37. Public health officials and journalists play a crucial role in disseminating information regarding natural disasters, terrorism and other human-initiated disasters. However, research suggests that journalists ...

    Authors: Wilson Lowrey, William Evans, Karla K Gower, Jennifer A Robinson, Peter M Ginter, Lisa C McCormick and Maziar Abdolrasulnia
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:97
  38. Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine and compare knowledge, behavior and attitudes among female nurses and teache...

    Authors: Fatma Demirkiran, Nevin Akdolun Balkaya, Sakine Memis, Gulengun Turk, Safiye Ozvurmaz and Pars Tuncyurek
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:96
  39. Despite guidelines recommending opportunistic chlamydia screening of younger women, screening rates in some countries remain low. Our aim was to review the evidence for specific interventions aimed at increasi...

    Authors: Samitha Ginige, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Francis J Bowden and Marcus Y Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:95

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