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  1. Content type: Research article

    Indonesia is one of Asia’s countries with the fastest growing rate of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The prevalence of HIV infections in the pro...

    Authors: E. I. Sianturi, D. A. Perwitasari, Md. A. Islam and K. Taxis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:55

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The likelihood of large-scale outbreaks of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) is growing. MDRO outbreaks can affect a wide range of healthcare institutions. Control of such outbreaks requires structured coll...

    Authors: Marion de Vries, Patrick Kenis, Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager, Elis Joost Ruitenberg, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:52

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B (HepB) is a major public health concern in Malaysia yet little is known about knowledge and awareness of this infection in the country. Such information is essential for designing effective interve...

    Authors: Yogambigai Rajamoorthy, Niazlin Mohd Taib, Subramaniam Munusamy, Samsul Anwar, Abram Luther Wagner, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Ruth Müller, Ulrich Kuch, David Alexander Groneberg, Harapan Harapan and Aye Aye Khin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:47

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Mental health disorders among adolescents have emerged as a major public health issue in many low and middle-income countries, including India. There is a paucity of research on the determinants of psychologic...

    Authors: Tara S. Beattie, Ravi Prakash, April Mazzuca, Leslie Kelly, Prakash Javalkar, T. Raghavendra, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Martine Collumbien, Stephen Moses, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac and Charlotte Watts

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:48

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Understanding reasons for and against vaccination from the parental perspective is critical for designing vaccination campaigns and informing other interventions to increase vaccination uptake in Canada. The o...

    Authors: Deborah A. McNeil, Melissa Mueller, Shannon MacDonald, Sheila McDonald, Vineet Saini, James D. Kellner and Suzanne Tough

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:49

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Studies on healthy individuals that show minor signs of distress and depression—but that are not significant enough to be debilitating or to report to the hospital for treatment—are rare. Our primary objective...

    Authors: Harriet Affran Bonful and Adote Anum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:50

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Urban form interventions can result in positive and negative impacts on physical activity, social participation, and well-being, and inequities in these outcomes. Natural experiment studies can advance our und...

    Authors: Yan Kestens, Meghan Winters, Daniel Fuller, Scott Bell, Janelle Berscheid, Ruben Brondeel, Michael Cantinotti, Geetanjali Datta, Lise Gauvin, Margot Gough, Karen Laberee, Paul Lewis, Sébastien Lord, Hui ( Henry) Luan, Heather McKay, Catherine Morency…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:51

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Effective alcohol policy measures conflict with the interests of the alcohol industry. In this study we addressed how various alcohol industry actors in Norway have responded to research findings and police da...

    Authors: Ingeborg Rossow and Jim McCambridge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:44

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Uganda is a low income country that continues to experience disease outbreaks caused by emerging and re-emerging diseases such as cholera, meningococcal meningitis, typhoid and viral haemorrhagic fevers. The I...

    Authors: Ben Masiira, Lydia Nakiire, Christine Kihembo, Edson Katushabe, Nasan Natseri, Immaculate Nabukenya, Innocent Komakech, Issa Makumbi, Okot Charles, Francis Adatu, Miriam Nanyunja, Solomon Fisseha Woldetsadik, Ibrahima Socé Fall, Patrick Tusiime, Alemu Wondimagegnehu and Peter Nsubuga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:46

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) experience a range of cognitive, affective, and physical deficits following prenatal alcohol exposure. They are thought to be overrepresented in criminal...

    Authors: K. McLachlan, A. McNeil, J. Pei, U. Brain, G. Andrew and T. F. Oberlander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:43

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and overweight represent a relevant risk factor for seafarer’s health. The frequency and distribution of overweight and obesity among seafarers working on board of Italian flag ships were studied. Anal...

    Authors: Giulio Nittari, Daniele Tomassoni, Marzio Di Canio, Enea Traini, Isabel Pirillo, Andrea Minciacchi and Francesco Amenta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:45

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Stress is a common psychological condition usually associated with many psycho-physical disorders. Stress and its risk factors are frequently seen in Ethiopians including university students. In such circumsta...

    Authors: Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Sony Peter, Ahmad Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmed S. Bahammam and Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:41

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To date, little is known about the association between the use of online social network sites and social isolation among individuals in the second half of life. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to e...

    Authors: André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:40

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Prisoners have a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but may find it difficult to access healthcare services. This may be related to risk behaviour including history of injecting drugs and mar...

    Authors: H. Stöver, F. Meroueh, A. Marco, K. Keppler, P. Saiz de la Hoya, R. Littlewood, N. Wright, F. Nava, F. Alam, S. Walcher and L. Somaini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:30

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Cross-national comparisons of the associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health can facilitate our understanding of differences in health determinants between countries and the development of...

    Authors: Roeul Kim and Woojin Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:35

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  16. Content type: Research article

    People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for HIV acquisition and could benefit from antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, PrEP has been underutilized in this population, and PrEP...

    Authors: Angela R. Bazzi, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Dea L. Biancarelli, Joshua J. Hartman, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Kenneth H. Mayer and Katie B. Biello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:31

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy has been identified as a contributor to obesity. We have shown that a diet intervention postpartum produced a 2-y weight loss of 8%. Here, we present the impact of the diet intervention on cost-effec...

    Authors: Lars Hagberg, Anna Winkvist, Hilde K Brekke, Fredrik Bertz, Else Hellebö Johansson and Ena Huseinovic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:38

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The acute out-of-hours healthcare services are challenged by increasing demand in many countries. We aimed to examine factors influencing the intended help-seeking in out-of-hours care for acute health problem...

    Authors: Ellen Keizer, Morten Bondo Christensen, Anders Helles Carlsen, Marleen Smits, Michel Wensing, Oliver Senn and Linda Huibers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:33

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Post-war Liberia has a fast-growing population and an alarming maternal mortality ratio (MMR). To provide a better understanding about healthcare system recovery in post-war country, we explored the changes in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ghose Bishwajit and Michael Ekholuenetale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:28

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  20. Content type: Research article

    People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). TB is also the leading opportunistic infection contributing to about one-third of deaths in this population. The World Health Organiza...

    Authors: Philip Owiti, Dickens Onyango, Robina Momanyi and Anthony D. Harries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:29

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In Togo, the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) among young people aged 15–24 years was estimated at 16.4% in 2010; however, risk factors for HBsAg carriage are poorly documented. We sough...

    Authors: Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Akouda Patassi, Pauline Yanogo, Leou Ismael Banla, Adjaho Koba, Zoulkaneiri Issa, Koffi Akolly, Agballa Mébiny-Esso Tchalla, Hamadi Assane, Aboukerim Naba-Mouchedou, Bernard Sawadogo, Simon Nouvura Antara, Kossi Badziklou, Abiba Kere Banla, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi and Idrissa Sanou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:32

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are major public health problems in poor and developing countries that require fecal contamination of the environment for transmission. The consumption of raw vegetab...

    Authors: Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Kanjana Thongtup, Surasak Nagavirochana and Parnpen Viriyavejakul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:34

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence data of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are needed to estimate the budgetary impact of reimbursement of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). In Belgium, the restricted reimbursement criteria a...

    Authors: Amber Litzroth, Vanessa Suin, Chloé Wyndham-Thomas, Sophie Quoilin, Gaëtan Muyldermans, Thomas Vanwolleghem, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Vera Verburgh, Marjorie Jacques, Steven Van Gucht and Veronik Hutse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:39

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Nowadays, the total number of couples visiting an infertility clinic is on the rise. Tobacco smoking is considered one of the major factors leading to male infertility. In this study, we aimed to systematicall...

    Authors: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Akash Bhurtu, Abhishek Rishikesh Teeluck, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Manish Pursun and Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:36

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Although Australia is a country cited as having generally low health inequalities among different socioeconomic groups, inequalities have persisted. The aim of this analysis was to highlight how inequalities h...

    Authors: Stefano Campostrini, Eleonora Dal Grande and Anne W. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:37

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic disease, which is connected to direct and indirect costs and productivity losses. However, its effects on labour market participation are not straightforward to identify, n...

    Authors: Sara Pedron, Karl Emmert-Fees, Michael Laxy and Lars Schwettmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:25

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Early marriage (< 18 years) is associated with education cessation among girls. Little research has qualitatively assessed how girls build resiliency in affected contexts. This study examines these issues in O...

    Authors: Anita Raj, Marissa Salazar, Emma C. Jackson, Natalie Wyss, Katherine A. McClendon, Aarushi Khanna, Yemeserach Belayneh and Lotus McDougal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:19

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Few representative sample studies have reported estimates of bullying and sexual abuse in Australia. By using face-to-face interviews and self-labelling questions, we investigated the prevalence of these forms...

    Authors: David Alejandro González-Chica, Julio Licinio, Michael Musker, Mali Wong, Jacqueline Bowden, Phillipa Hay, Catherine Chittleborough and Nigel Stocks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:26

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Youth smoking continues to be a significant global public health concern. To ensure healthier lives for youths, healthcare professionals need to increase awareness among the youth of the health risks and addic...

    Authors: Oi Kwan Chung, William Ho Cheung Li, Ka Yan Ho, Antonio Cho Shing Kwong, Vienna Wai Yin Lai, Man Ping Wang, Katherine Ka Wai Lam, Tai Hing Lam and Sophia Siu Chee Chan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:23

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity (PA) promotes health and decreases mortality. The positive relationship between PA and perceived health (PH) is well known. However, previous research in the field has often used self...

    Authors: Maisa S. Niemelä, Maarit Kangas, Riikka J. Ahola, Juha P. Auvinen, Anna-Maiju Leinonen, Tuija H. Tammelin, Eeva S. Vaaramo, Sirkka M. Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Raija I. Korpelainen and Timo J. Jämsä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:21

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The growth and development that occurs in early childhood has long-term implications, therefore understanding the relevant determinants is needed to inform early prevention and intervention. The objectives of ...

    Authors: Valerie Carson, Eun-Young Lee, Kylie D. Hesketh, Stephen Hunter, Nicholas Kuzik, Madison Predy, Ryan E. Rhodes, Christina M. Rinaldi, John C. Spence and Trina Hinkley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:27

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Since 2000, a series of national policies have been released to tackle mental health problems in China; however, their promotion and implementation at local level are under-evaluated. This study will evaluate ...

    Authors: Wei Zhou, Yu Yu, Xinyi Zhao, Shuiyuan Xiao and Lizhang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:24

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of obesity has increased significantly worldwide within the last decade. As obesity is recognised as a contributing factor when developing various health threatening chronic diseases, prevention...

    Authors: Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Majda Pajevic, Pia Maria Ilvig, Karen Søgaard and Christina Jessen-Winge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:20

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  34. Content type: Research article

    HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is an essential component for HIV prevention and a critical entry point into the HIV continuum of care and treatment. Despite the importance of HTC for HIV control, access to ...

    Authors: Soori Nnko, Evodius Kuringe, Daniel Nyato, Mary Drake, Caterina Casalini, Amani Shao, Albert Komba, Stefan Baral, Mwita Wambura and John Changalucha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:15

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Acute gastroenteritis is a substantial cause of hospitalization in children. Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Giardia and Cryptosporidium are gastrointestina...

    Authors: Emma Jeffs, Jonathan Williman, Natalie Martin, Cheryl Brunton and Tony Walls

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:18

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  36. Content type: Research article

    While in school, girls require an environment that is supportive of menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in order to ensure regular school attendance and participation. Little is known about schoolgirls access t...

    Authors: Joyce Chinyama, Jenala Chipungu, Cheryl Rudd, Mercy Mwale, Lavuun Verstraete, Charity Sikamo, Wilbroad Mutale, Roma Chilengi and Anjali Sharma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:16

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour has been closely linked to metabolic and cardiovascular health and is therefore of importance in disease prevention. A user-friendly tool for assessment of sitting time is thus needed. Prev...

    Authors: Kristina Larsson, Lena V. Kallings, Örjan Ekblom, Victoria Blom, Eva Andersson and Maria M. Ekblom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:17

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Increasing awareness of the complexity of public health problems, including obesity, has led to growing interest in whole systems approaches (WSAs), defined as those that consider the multifactorial drivers of...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Bagnall, Duncan Radley, Rebecca Jones, Paul Gately, James Nobles, Margie Van Dijk, Jamie Blackshaw, Sam Montel and Pinki Sahota

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:8

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Truckers in sub-Saharan Africa are at higher risk of contracting HIV than the general population. HIV self-testing may be a way to increase testing rates in this high-risk population. The objective of this ran...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Kelvin, Gavin George, Samuel Kinyanjui, Eva Mwai, Matthew L. Romo, Faith Oruko, Jacob O. Odhiambo, Eston N. Nyaga, Joanne E. Mantell and Kaymarlin Govender

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:7

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Many men who have sex with men (MSM) are at significant risk for HIV infection. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among MSM in Burkina Faso.

    Authors: Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Ashley Grosso, Sara Goodman, Benoît Cesaire Samadoulougou, Grissoum Tarnagda, Adama Baguiya, Simon Tiendrebeogo, Marcel Lougue, Nongoba Sawadogo, Yves Traore, Nicolas Barro, Stefan Baral and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:5

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco smoking is one of the most serious modern civilization threats. According to WHO identifying patterns of tobacco use is essential for implementing effective preventive policies. The aim of the paper wa...

    Authors: Katarzyna Połtyn-Zaradna, Katarzyna Zatońska, Alicja Basiak, Barbara Sozańska, Dagmara Gaweł-Dąbrowska, Maria Wołyniec, Andrzej Szuba and Witold Zatoński

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:6

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The post-disaster mental health crisis intervention (MHCI) system in China remains immature and unsystematic. We aim to report the perceptions of a large sample of MHCI workers and government administrators an...

    Authors: Yingjun Xi, Runsen Chen, Amy L. Gillespie, Yuyang He, Chihua Jia, Kuo Shi, Yiming Yao, Xin Ma, Wei Liu and Emily Ying Yang Chan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:11

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Household food insecurity is a potent social determinant of health and health care costs in Canada, but understanding of the social and economic conditions that underlie households’ vulnerability to food insec...

    Authors: Valerie Tarasuk, Andrée-Anne Fafard St-Germain and Andrew Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:12

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Treatment guidelines for antiretroviral therapy (ART) have evolved to emphasize newer regimens that address ageing-related comorbidities. Using national Australian dispensing data we compare ART regimens with ...

    Authors: Nila J. Dharan, Tomas Radovich, Samuel Che, Kathy Petoumenos, Prabhjot Juneja, Matthew Law, Robin Huang, Hamish McManus, Mark N. Polizzotto, Rebecca Guy, Peter Cronin, David A. Cooper and Richard T. Gray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:13

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic disadvantage is a fundamental cause of morbidity and mortality. One of the most important ways that governments buffer the adverse consequences of socioeconomic disadvantage is through the provis...

    Authors: Faraz V Shahidi, Chantel Ramraj, Odmaa Sod-Erdene, Vincent Hildebrand and Arjumand Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:2

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  46. Content type: Correspondence

    Research into the effects of Socioeconomic Position (SEP) on health will sometimes compare effects from multiple, different measures of SEP in “mutually adjusted” regression models. Interpreting each effect es...

    Authors: Michael J. Green and Frank Popham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:10

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  47. Content type: Research article

    One of the major challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLH) is the compromised quality of life due to the negative impact of HIV on their health. HIV/AIDS control effort should go beyond laboratory and l...

    Authors: Yongkang Xiao, Chunqing Lin, Li Li and Guoping Ji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:4

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Carbon-monoxide (CO) poisoning is a substantial cause of preventable mortality. In Turkey, no nationwide data are being collected nowadays. In our study, we aimed to assess the trend in deaths related to CO ex...

    Authors: Günay Can, Uğurcan Sayılı, Özden Aksu Sayman, Ömer Faruk Kuyumcu, Duygu Yılmaz, Eren Esen, Eray Yurtseven and Ethem Erginöz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:9

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