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  1. Although schools have been identified as significant settings in the response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, limited research is available on how they can accommodate Youth Living with HIV/AIDS (YLWHA), especially ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kimera, Sofie Vindevogel, Didier Reynaert, Anne-Mie Engelen, Kintu Mugenyi Justice, John Rubaihayo, Jessica De Maeyer and Johan Bilsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Male partner involvement in antenatal care (ANC) is associated with positive maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, only a handful of men attend ANC with their partners. This study aimed to understand the un...

    Authors: Doreen Sakala, Moses K. Kumwenda, Donaldson F. Conserve, Bassey Ebenso and Augustine T. Choko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To date, there is no effective treatment for COVID-19, which is a pandemic disease, caused by a novel coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. In Togo, where four in five people practice self-medication, the absence of ...

    Authors: Arnold J. Sadio, Fifonsi A. Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Rodion Y. Konu, Akila W. Bakoubayi, Martin K. Tchankoni, Alexandra M. Bitty-Anderson, Iris M. Gomez, Claudia P. Denadou, Joël Anani, Harold R. Kouanfack, Innocent K. Kpeto, Mounerou Salou and Didier K. Ekouevi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common cause of pain, numbness and tingling in the wrist and hand region and is associated with repetitive wrist and hand use in office workers. However, scarce knowledge exis...

    Authors: Beibei Feng, Kedi Chen, Xiaoxia Zhu, Wing-Yuk Ip, Lars L. Andersen, Phil Page and Yuling Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Different physical activities are widely recommended as non-pharmacological therapies to reduce blood pressure. However, the effectiveness of exercise programs is associated with its continuity and regularity,...

    Authors: Rodrigo Ferrari, Leandro de Oliveira Carpes, Lucas Betti Domingues, Alexandre Jacobsen, Paula Frank, Nathalia Jung, Joarez Santini and Sandra C. Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:56

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. The COVID-19 outbreak is a global pandemic, during which the community preventive and protective behaviors play a crucial role in the containment and control of infection. This study was designed to contribute...

    Authors: Seyed Taghi Heydari, Leila Zarei, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Najmeh Moradi, Maryam Akbari, Gholamhossin Mehralian and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) in Asian countries are a growing concern in terms of morbidity and mortality. However, a systematic understanding of the increasing age-adjusted mortality rate of chronic re...

    Authors: Emerson Augusto Baptista, Sudeshna Dey and Soumya Pal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In China, achieving health equity has been regarded as a key issue for health reform and development in the current context. It is well known that unemployment has a negative effect on health. However, few stu...

    Authors: Yaxin Zhao, Zhongliang Zhou, Xiaojing Fan, Rashed Nawaz, Dantong Zhao, Tiange Xu, Min Su, Dan Cao, Chi Shen and Sha Lai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Pet ownership brings many health benefits to individuals. In children developmental benefits can extend to improved self-esteem, better social competence and decreased loneliness. The majority of households wi...

    Authors: Michelle Ng, Elizabeth Wenden, Leanne Lester, Carri Westgarth and Hayley Christian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Estimates of the economic burden of work injuries and diseases can help policymakers prioritize occupational health and safety policies and interventions in order to best allocate scarce resources. Several att...

    Authors: Emile Tompa, Amirabbas Mofidi, Swenneke van den Heuvel, Thijmen van Bree, Frithjof Michaelsen, Young Jung, Lukas Porsch and Martijn van Emmerik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Personal social capital, which refers to the scope and quality of an individual’s social networks within a community, has received increasing attention as a potential sociological factor associated with better...

    Authors: Youngdeok Kim, Tim Schneider, Eric Faß and Marc Lochbaum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We aimed to clarify the predisposing factors for adolescent constipation in a longitudinal study, because while factors associated with childhood constipation have been reported, prospective studies on the inc...

    Authors: Masaaki Yamada, Michikazu Sekine, Takashi Tatsuse and Yuko Fujimura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Over the last 10 years HENRY has been working to reduce and prevent child obesity by training health and early years professionals to deliver its evidence-based programme to parents. The aim and unique contrib...

    Authors: Neil Howlett, Kim P. J. Roberts, Di Swanston, Laurel D. Edmunds and Thomas A. Willis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Social capital has been linked to health behaviours, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Previous studies have found that health literacy played the role of a mediator in the relationships among social ca...

    Authors: Guang-Hui Cui, Shao-Jie Li, Yong-Tian Yin, Li-Jun Chen, Jia-Qin Li, Feng-Yuan Liang, Xin-Yao Liu and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Understanding the influence of healthy lifestyle behaviors on population-level life satisfaction is few known in the aging population, especially in low- and middle-income countries in Asia. The objective of o...

    Authors: Sirinya Phulkerd, Sasinee Thapsuwan, Aphichat Chamratrithirong and Rossarin Soottipong Gray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The impact of weather on morbidity from stroke has been analysed in previous studies. As the risk of stroke was mostly associated with changing weather, the changes in the daily stroke occurrence may be associ...

    Authors: Jone Vencloviene, Ricardas Radisauskas, Daina Kranciukaite-Butylkiniene, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Vidmantas Vaiciulis and Daiva Rastenyte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Women of reproductive age 15–49 are at a high risk of iron-deficiency anemia, which in turn may contribute to maternal morbidity and mortality. Common causes of anemia include poor nutrition, infections, malar...

    Authors: Philimon N. Gona, Clara M. Gona, Vasco Chikwasha, Clara Haruzivishe, Chabila C. Mapoma and Sowmya R. Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Our objective was to determine the impacts of artificial intelligence (AI) on public health practice.

    Authors: Jason D. Morgenstern, Laura C. Rosella, Mark J. Daley, Vivek Goel, Holger J. Schünemann and Thomas Piggott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Mapping the spatial distribution of disease occurrence is a strategy to identify contextual factors that could be useful for public health policies. The purpose of this ecological study was to examine to which...

    Authors: Cindy M. Padilla, Anais Foucault, Olivier Grimaud, Emmanuel Nowak and Serge Timsit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Finding effective ways to support people aged > 50 years to develop adequate levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior is necessary as these behaviors are positively related to the maintenance of func...

    Authors: Marie Vermote, Tom Deliens, Benedicte Deforche and Eva D’Hondt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Sexual and Reproductive health Services (SRHS) are essential for the prevention and control of SRH problems among young people and the achievement of sustainable development goal 3. These services may be avail...

    Authors: Amelia Ngozi Odo, Justina Ifeoma Ofuebe, Anthony Ifeanyi Anike and Efiong Sunday Samuel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Tonga is a South Pacific Island country with a population of 100,651 (2016 Census). This study examines Tongan infant mortality rates (IMR), under-five mortality rates (U5MR), adult mortality and life expectan...

    Authors: Carah Figueroa, Christine Linhart, Latu Fusimalohi, Sioape Kupu, Gloria Mathenge, Stephen Morrell and Richard Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Current evidence supports the adoption of healthy diet and physical activity (PA) behaviors in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), given the positive effects of those behaviors on physical well-bei...

    Authors: Annie W. Lin, David Siscovick, Barbara Sternfeld, Pamela Schreiner, Cora E. Lewis, Erica T. Wang, Sharon S. Merkin, Melissa Wellons, Lyn Steffen, Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Patricia A. Cassano and Marla E. Lujan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Long-term residential care (LTC) supports the most vulnerable and is increasingly relevant with demographic ageing. This study aims to describe entry to LTC and identify predictive factors for older Māori (ind...

    Authors: Marycarol Holdaway, Janine Wiles, Ngaire Kerse, Zhenqiang Wu, Simon Moyes, Martin J. Connolly, Oliver Menzies, Ruth Teh, Marama Muru-Lanning, Merryn Gott and Joanna B. Broad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Tibet is an autonomous region in China located around an average altitude of 4500 m above sea level. Since 2012 the local government of Tibet has been providing free physical examinations, including screening ...

    Authors: Ci Song, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Suolang Wangdui, Danzeng Mima, Cuoji Zhuoma, D. Ji, Ouzhu Luobu and Hutcha Sriplung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although earlier studies have demonstrated that circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD) are more prevalent in visually impaired individuals, the actual prevalence of CRSWD and insomnia among the visually...

    Authors: Norihisa Tamura, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Yuko Morita, Masako Okawa, Shigeru Inoue and Yuichi Inoue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Smartphone apps are increasingly used for health-related behaviour change and people discover apps through different sources. However, it is unclear whether users differ by mode of app discovery. Drink Less is an...

    Authors: Claire Garnett, Olga Perski, Emma Beard, Susan Michie, Robert West and Jamie Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Globally, child mortality rate has remained high over the years, but the figure can be reduced through proper implementation of spatially-targeted public health policies. Due to its alarming rate in comparison...

    Authors: Alejandro Lome-Hurtado, Jacques Lartigue-Mendoza and Juan C. Trujillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Currently 1.9 billion adults worldwide are estimated to be overweight or obese. In Denmark the municipalities hold the responsibility to deliver weight loss programmes to overweight and obese citizens. There i...

    Authors: Christina Jessen-Winge, Pia Maria Ilvig, Heather Fritz, Carl J. Brandt, Kim Lee and Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The recreational use of cannabis was legalized across Canada in October 2018. While many people use cannabis without harm, adverse outcomes have been noted in a few populations, including middle-aged and older...

    Authors: Asvini Keethakumar, Vrati M. Mehra, Nazilla Khanlou and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Even though the Indonesian government have set regulations for maintaining exclusive breastfeeding practices, the coverage remains low. The study aims to analyze the effects of mother’s education level on the ...

    Authors: Agung Dwi Laksono, Ratna Dwi Wulandari, Mursyidul Ibad and Ina Kusrini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:14

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Social support and social network members have been identified as an important factor in mitigating the effects of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and improving the coping process for many survivors. N...

    Authors: Emilomo Ogbe, Alaa Jbour, Ladan Rahbari, Maya Unnithan and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:25

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This study aims to estimate the losses of quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) due to the joint effects of cognitive impairment and multimorbidity, and to further confirm additional losses attributable to t...

    Authors: Suting Xiong, Siyuan Liu, Yanan Qiao, Dingliu He, Chaofu Ke and Yueping Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  34. We examined colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer screening utilization in eligible populations within three data cross-sections, and identified factors potentially modifying cancer screening utilization in ...

    Authors: Caroline Bähler, Beat Brüngger, Agne Ulyte, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Viktor von Wyl, Holger Dressel, Oliver Gruebner, Wenjia Wei and Eva Blozik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) has created havoc globally as countries worldwide struggle to combat this pandemic. Since prevention and social isolation are known to be the only ways to prevent the s...

    Authors: Zoya Fatima Rizwan Ladiwala, Rubaid Azhar Dhillon, Ibrahim Zahid, Omar Irfan, Muhammad Sharjeel Khan, Safia Awan and Javaid Ahmad Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The Service Availability and Readiness Assessment surveys generate data on the readiness of health facility services. We constructed a readiness index related to malaria services and determined the association...

    Authors: Ourohiré Millogo, Jean E. O. Doamba, Ali Sié, Jürg Utzinger and Penelope Vounatsou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Asthma control and monitoring still represents a challenge worldwide. Although the international guidelines suggest the interplay between secondary and primary care services as an effective strategy to control...

    Authors: M. Caminati, L. Cegolon, M. Bacchini, N. Segala, A. Dama, C. Bovo, B. Olivieri, F. Furci and G. Senna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The burden of low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has a significant impact on the health of a newborn and also on the family and social economy in the long term. Even though the prevalence of EBF pra...

    Authors: Tsegaye Gebremedhin, Demiss Mulatu Geberu and Asmamaw Atnafu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To support a move towards a coordinated non-communicable disease approach in public health policy, it is important to conceptualise changes to policy on tobacco and alcohol as affecting a single interlinked sy...

    Authors: Duncan Gillespie, Jenny Hatchard, Hazel Squires, Anna Gilmore and Alan Brennan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  40. While appropriate care for children is essential for optimal growth and protection against child morbidity and mortality, teenage mothers have been shown to deviate from the recommended childcare practices. Th...

    Authors: Reuben Foster Twintoh, Prince Justin Anku, Hubert Amu, Eugene Kofour Maafo Darteh and Kwaku Kissah Korsah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Marion Tharrey, Ashby Sachs, Marlène Perignon, Chantal Simon, Caroline Mejean, Jill Litt and Nicole Darmon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:15

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1798

  42. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ailiana Santosa, Yue Zhang, Lars Weinehall, Genming Zhao, Na Wang, Qi Zhao, Weibing Wang and Nawi Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:13

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1763

  43. During the COVID-19 pandemic, billions of people have to change their behaviours to slow down the spreading of the virus. Protective measures include self-isolation, social (physical) distancing and compliance...

    Authors: Laura Mieth, Maike M. Mayer, Adrian Hoffmann, Axel Buchner and Raoul Bell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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  44. This study assessed the effects of a Japanese leaflet-based health guide for older Japanese-Brazilian adults living in Brazil, on health literacy, self-efficacy, and satisfaction with the health guide and part...

    Authors: Mana Doi-Kanno, Yuka Kanoya and Emilio Hideyuki Moriguchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Maternal health affects the lives of many women and children globally every year and it is one of the high priority programs of the Government of Nepal (GoN). Different evidence articulate that the equity gap ...

    Authors: Vishnu Prasad Sapkota, Umesh Prasad Bhusal and Kiran Acharya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Response time to cardiovascular emergency medical requests is an important indicator in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) -related mortality. This study aimed to visualize the spatial-time distribution of ...

    Authors: Ali Azimi, Nasser Bagheri, Sayyed Mostafa Mostafavi, Mary Anne Furst, Soheil Hashtarkhani, Fateme Hashemi Amin, Saeid Eslami, Fatemeh Kiani, Reza VafaeiNezhad, Toktam Akbari, Amin Golabpour and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Domestic violence against women during pregnancy and the postpartum period not only violates the human rights of women but also harms on the health of both mother and child. Domestic violence is entrenching in...

    Authors: Narayan Bhatta, Sawitri Assanangkornchai and Ishwari Rajbhandari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:5

    Content type: Research article

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