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  1. Providing at-risk communities with uninterrupted access to early diagnosis and treatment is a key component in reducing malaria transmission and achieving elimination. As programmes approach malaria eliminatio...

    Authors: Jade D. Rae, Jordi Landier, Julie A. Simpson, Stéphane Proux, Angela Devine, Richard J. Maude, Aung Myint Thu, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Saw Win Tun and François H. Nosten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1725

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Albania is facing decreasing childhood immunisation coverage and delay in timeliness of vaccination despite a growing economy and universal health insurance. Our aim is to estimate childhood immunisation timel...

    Authors: Daniela Mayerová and Kaja Abbas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1724

    Content type: Research

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  3. There is increasing recognition of the complexity underlying WASH conditions in developing countries. This article explores the complexity by assessing the vulnerability of a specific area to poor WASH conditi...

    Authors: D. Daniel, Dennis Djohan, Ilias Machairas, Saket Pande, Arifin Arifin, Trimo Pamudji Al Djono and Luuk Rietveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1723

    Content type: Research

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  4. Road-Traffic-Injuries (RTIs) are predicted to rise up to the fifth leading cause of worldwide death by 2030 and Iran has the third highest RTIs mortality among higher-middle income countries. Although the high...

    Authors: Mehran Shams, Farnam Mohebi, Kimiya Gohari, Masoud Masinaei, Bahram Mohajer, Nazila Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Sara Khademioureh, Moein Yoosefi, Milad Hasan, Bahman Damerchilu, Ayyoob Jafari and Farshad Farzadfar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1722

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Appropriate increases in tobacco taxes and prices are an essential component of comprehensive tobacco control strategies. This study investigates factors related to the use, sale, and distribution of cigarette...

    Authors: Younes Panahi Golestan, Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Kenneth D. Ward, Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Raed Bahelah, Mohammad Reza Masjedi, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Nasir Dehghan and Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1720

    Content type: Research

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  6. Despite having the highest prevalence of sickle cell disease (SCD) in the world, no country in Sub-Saharan Africa has a universal screening program for the disease. We sought to capture the diagnosis patterns ...

    Authors: Alexandra M. Sims, Kwaku Osei Bonsu, Rebekah Urbonya, Fatimah Farooq, Fitz Tavernier, Marianna Yamamoto, Sheri VanOmen, Brittne Halford, Polina Gorodinsky, Rachel Issaka, Tulana Kpadenou, Rhonda Douglas, Samuel Wilson, Clementine Fu, Danielle Canter, Duña Martin…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1719

    Content type: Research

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  7. Heroin use continues to drive HIV transmission in Vietnam, but methamphetamine and alcohol use are growing rapidly and, as in other countries, polysubstance use is widespread. The objective of this study was t...

    Authors: Andrew Edsall, Kim A. Hoffman, Dinh Thanh Thuy, Pham Phuong Mai, Nguyen Thu Hang, Tong Thi Khuyen, Nguyen Thu Trang, Lynn E. Kunkel, Le Minh Giang and P. Todd Korthuis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1718

    Content type: Research

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  8. Given the interplay between race and comorbidities on COVID-19 morbidity and mortality, it is vital that testing be performed in areas of greatest need, where more severe cases are expected. The goal of this a...

    Authors: Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Naomi Alpert, Raja Flores and Emanuela Taioli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1717

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Outdoor play, sedentary behavior (SB), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are related to youth’s health, however, there are research gaps regarding 1) associations between outdoor play, SB, and ...

    Authors: Carina Nigg, Claudia Niessner, Claudio R. Nigg, Doris Oriwol, Steffen C. E. Schmidt and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1716

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Caesarean section delivery is a major life-saving obstetric surgical intervention for mothers and babies from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. This paper attempts to investigate the geographical...

    Authors: Avijit Roy, Pintu Paul, Pradip Chouhan, Margubur Rahaman and Nanigopal Kapasia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1715

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Authors: A. K. Lofters, M. A. O’Brien, R. Sutradhar, A. D. Pinto, N. N. Baxter, P. Donnelly, R. Elliott, R. H. Glazier, J. Huizinga, R. Kyle, D. Manca, M. A. Pietrusiak, L. Rabeneck, B. Riordan, P. Selby, K. Sivayoganathan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1714

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1496

  12. Wasting and stunting, physical growth manifestations of child undernutrition, have historically been considered separately with distinct interventions at the program, policy, and financing levels despite simil...

    Authors: Kristin Kohlmann, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Souna Garba, Ousmane Guindo, Rebecca F. Grais and Sheila Isanaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1713

    Content type: Research

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  13. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now globally considered a serious economic, social and health threat. A wide range of health related factors including Body Mass Index (BMI) is reported to be associated ...

    Authors: Mohammad Sarmadi, S. Mohammad Ahmadi-Soleimani, Mohammad Fararouei and Mostafa Dianatinasab

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1712

    Content type: Research

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  14. Responses of subnational government units are crucial in the containment of the spread of pathogens in a country. To mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Philippine national government through its...

    Authors: Dylan Antonio S. Talabis, Ariel L. Babierra, Christian Alvin H. Buhat, Destiny S. Lutero, Kemuel M. Quindala III and Jomar F. Rabajante

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1711

    Content type: Research

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  15. Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in sub-Saharan Africa is hindered by limited understanding of HIV-testing and HIV-care engagement among pregnant and breastfeeding women.

    Authors: David Etoori, Brian Rice, Georges Reniers, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Jenny Renju, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula and Alison Wringe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1710

    Content type: Research

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  16. Older patients are at high risk of unplanned revisits to the emergency department (ED) because of their medical complexity. To reduce the number of ED visits, we need more knowledge about the patient-level, en...

    Authors: Daisy Kolk, Anton F. Kruiswijk, Janet L. MacNeil-Vroomen, Milan L. Ridderikhof and Bianca M. Buurman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1709

    Content type: Research article

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  17. South Africa has the world’s largest HIV epidemic, but South African adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) acquire HIV at twice the rate of and seroconvert on average 5–7 years earlier than their male peers....

    Authors: Geri R. Donenberg, Millicent Atujuna, Katherine G. Merrill, Erin Emerson, Sheily Ndwayana, Dara Blachman-Demner and Linda Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1708

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. In Hungary, the mortality rate for testicular germ cell cancer (TGCC) is 0,9/100000 which is significantly higher than the EU average. We prospectively evaluated the effect of socioeconomic position on patient...

    Authors: Zsófia Küronya, Georgina Fröhlich, Andrea Ladányi, Tamás Martin, Lajos Géczi, Fruzsina Gyergyai, Orsolya Horváth, Gergő Kiszner, Ágnes Kovács, Tamás Dienes, Enikő Lénárt, Krisztián Nagyiványi, Tibor Szarvas, Mihály Szőnyi, Attila Tóth and Krisztina Biró

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1707

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Self-control (SC) has been consistently found associated with diverse health risk behaviors (HRBs), but little research refers to low- and middle-income countries. Furthermore, there is evidence that some HRBs...

    Authors: Roberta Corradi Astolfi, Maria Alvim Leite, Cassio Henrique Gomide Papa, Marcelo Ryngelblum, Manuel Eisner and Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1706

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Health equity differs from the concept of health inequality by taking into consideration the fairness of an inequality. Inequities may be culturally specific, based on social relations within a society. Measur...

    Authors: Christopher Carroll, Katie Evans, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Patrick O’Donnell, Anne Dee, Diarmuid O’Donovan and Marie Casey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1705

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Covid-19 pandemic has led to substantial and unexpected increases in morbidity and mortality in France. Vulnerable populations housed in accommodation centres have a greater risk of infection because colle...

    Authors: Ismaïl Alsaïdi, Frédéric De Sousa Santos, Bérengère Plard, Elise Janvier, Aurélie Tinland, Abdelmajid Hafni and Emilie Mosnier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1704

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The inclusion of self-reported differential treatment by race/ethnicity in population-based public health surveillance and monitoring systems may provide an opportunity to address long-standing health inequali...

    Authors: Aditi Srivastav, Kaitlynn Robinson-Ector, Colby Kipp, Melissa Strompolis and Kellee White

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1703

    Content type: Research

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  23. Suicide is a complex issue. Due to the relative rarity of the event, studies into risk factors are regularly limited by sample size or biased samples. The aims of the study were to find risk factors for suicid...

    Authors: Guus Berkelmans, Rob van der Mei, Sandjai Bhulai and Renske Gilissen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1702

    Content type: Research

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  24. Awareness of the cumulative stress placed on first responders and tactical operators is required to manage acute fatigue, which can impair occupational performance, and may precipitate negative chronic health ...

    Authors: Sean L. Corrigan, Spencer Roberts, Stuart Warmington, Jace Drain and Luana C. Main

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1701

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The nutritional quality of food has an important impact on the health and well-being of families, especially children whose bodies need to grow, develop and reach their full physical and mental potential. Trad...

    Authors: Louis Kobina Dadzie, Joshua Amo-Adjei and Kobina Esia-Donkoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1700

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The continuum of care (CoC) model has been used to describe the main pillars of HIV care. This study aims to systematically review methods and elucidate gaps in the CoC analyses, especially in terms of the tim...

    Authors: Georgia Vourli, Ioannis Katsarolis, Nikos Pantazis and Giota Touloumi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1699

    Content type: Research

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  27. Asymptomatic Plasmodium infections significantly drive malaria transmission and impact control and elimination strategies, but are largely uncharacterized. We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of asymp...

    Authors: B. A. Mensah, J. L. Myers-Hansen, E. Obeng Amoako, M. Opoku, B. K. Abuaku and A. Ghansah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1697

    Content type: Research

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  28. Severe air pollution in China threatens human health, and its negative impact decreases the urban settlement intentions of migrants in destination cities. We establish a comprehensive framework based on the pu...

    Authors: Zhihao Zhao, Xin Lao, Hengyu Gu, Hanchen Yu and Ping Lei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1696

    Content type: Research

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  29. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for the betterment of health status, while also considering health expenditure, energy, and environmental issues. This paper examines the nexus between health sta...

    Authors: Mohammad Mafizur Rahman and Khosrul Alam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1694

    Content type: Research

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  30. Many persons with active SARS-CoV-2 infection experience mild or no symptoms, presenting barriers to COVID-19 prevention. Regular temperature screening is nonetheless used in some settings, including universit...

    Authors: Shelley N. Facente, Lauren A. Hunter, Laura J. Packel, Yi Li, Anna Harte, Guy Nicolette, Shana McDevitt, Maya Petersen and Arthur L. Reingold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1693

    Content type: Research

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  31. The objective of this study was to detect the urinary levels of dimethoate, benzo(a) pyrene (BaP), and bisphenol A (BPA) in first-year Hohai University students with different geographic origins.

    Authors: Yu-Juan Xu, Hong-Liang Gao, He Liu, Ning-Wei Zhao, Qi Cheng, Fu-Rong Zhang, Juan Ye, Ai-Qing Wang, Yan-Jun Dou, Bei Ma, Feng Zhu, Xian-Lin Xu, Chao-Jun Li, Jing Wu, Ning Shen and Bin Xue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1692

    Content type: Research

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  32. Public mental health (PMH) aims to improve wellbeing and prevent poor mental health at the population level. It is a global challenge and a UK priority area for action. Communities play an important role in th...

    Authors: F. Duncan, C. Baskin, M. McGrath, J. F. Coker, C. Lee, J. Dykxhoorn, E. A. Adams, S. Gnani, L. Lafortune, J. B. Kirkbride, E. Kaner, O. Jones, G. Samuel, K. Walters, D. Osborn and E. J. Oliver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1691

    Content type: Research

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  33. Malnutrition was the main cause of death among children below 5 years in every state of India in 2017. Despite several flagship programmes and schemes implemented by the Government of India, the latest edition...

    Authors: Rayhan Sk, Anuradha Banerjee and Md Juel Rana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1690

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The individual factors associated to Frequent Users (FUs) in Emergency Departments are well known. However, the characteristics of their geographical distribution and how territorial specificities are associat...

    Authors: Romain Hellmann, Anne-Laure Feral-Pierssens, Alain Michault, Enrique Casalino, Agnès Ricard-Hibon, Frederic Adnet, Dominique Brun-Ney, Donia Bouzid, Axelle Menu and Mathias Wargon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1689

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The engagement of schools in malaria control is an emerging strategy. Little is known about the involvement of students in the development of malaria messages. This study evaluated the message content of prima...

    Authors: Yohannes Kebede, Abdu Hayder, Kasahun Girma, Fira Abamecha, Guda Alemayehu, Lakew Abebe, Morankar Sudhakar and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1688

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vaccine hesitancy has been a growing challenge for public health in recent decades. Among factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy, concerns regarding vaccine safety and Adverse Events (AEs) play the leading ...

    Authors: Hossein Azarpanah, Mohsen Farhadloo, Rustam Vahidov and Louise Pilote

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1686

    Content type: Research

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  37. Previous research has shown the benefits of arts and cultural engagement for physical, mental and social wellbeing. This engagement is socially and geographically patterned. Yet it remains unclear whether plac...

    Authors: Hei Wan Mak, Rory Coulter and Daisy Fancourt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1685

    Content type: Research

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  38. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer burden worldwide. In France, it is the second most common cause of cancer death after lung cancer. Systematic uptake of CRC screening can improve survival r...

    Authors: Marie-Anne Durand, Aurore Lamouroux, Niamh M. Redmond, Michel Rotily, Aurélie Bourmaud, Anne-Marie Schott, Isabelle Auger-Aubin, Adèle Frachon, Catherine Exbrayat, Christian Balamou, Laëtitia Gimenez, Pascale Grosclaude, Nora Moumjid, Julie Haesebaert, Helene Delattre Massy, Julia Bardes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1684

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among young adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is still a major public health challenge. Early school-based sexuality education programs and sexual health in...

    Authors: Ruby Doryn Mcharo, Philippe Mayaud and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1683

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There is increasing evidence that COVID-19 has unmasked the true magnitude of health inequity worldwide. Policies and guidance for containing the infection and reducing the COVID-19 related deaths have proven ...

    Authors: Anindit Chhibber, Aditi Kharat, Dylan Kneale, Vivian Welch, Mukdarut Bangpan and Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1682

    Content type: Research

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  41. Trauma is a significant public health issue, negatively impacting a range of health outcomes. Providers and administrators in public mental health systems recognize the widespread experience of trauma, as well...

    Authors: Todd P. Gilmer, Kimberly Center, Danielle Casteel, Kyle Choi, Debbie Innes-Gomberg and Amy E. Lansing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1681

    Content type: Research

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  42. Authors: Ellen Cruyt, Patricia De Vriendt, Miet De Letter, Peter Vlerick, Patrick Calders, Robby De Pauw, Kristine Oostra, Maria Rodriguez-Bailón, Arnaud Szmalec, Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Ana Judit Fernández-Solano, Laura Vidaña-Moya and Dominique Van de Velde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1680

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:622

  43. The well-being of people who use drugs (PWUD) continues to be threatened by substances of unknown type or quantity in the unregulated street drug supply. Current efforts to monitor the drug supply are limited ...

    Authors: Emily Biggar, Kristi Papamihali, Pascale Leclerc, Elaine Hyshka, Brittany Graham, Marliss Taylor, Doris Payer, Bridget Maloney-Hall and Jane A. Buxton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1678

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Polygyny occurs when a man has more than one wife at the same time. It often contributes to poor health among family members, particularly young children. It encourages the spread of sexually transmitted infec...

    Authors: Yitayish Damtie, Bereket Kefale, Melaku Yalew, Mastewal Arefaynie and Bezawit Adane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1677

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of a multitude of socio-economic, lifestyle, environmental, psychosocial and birth related determinants and their effect on maternal health four weeks after...

    Authors: Veronika Pinker, Susanne Brandstetter, Christina Tischer, Birgit Seelbach-Göbel, Michael Melter, Michael Kabesch and Christian Apfelbacher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1676

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is a promising dietary target for childhood obesity prevention. This paper describes the design and methods of a cluster randomized trial of H2GO!, a youth empo...

    Authors: Monica L. Wang, Linda S. Sprague Martinez, Janice Weinberg, Selenne Alatorre, Stephenie C. Lemon and Milagros C. Rosal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1675

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  47. The aim of this study was to investigate bidirectional associations between (prolonged) sitting time and sleep duration in 12- to 14-year-old adolescents using a between-subjects and within-subjects analyses a...

    Authors: Maïté Verloigne, Veerle Van Oeckel, Ruben Brondeel and Louise Poppe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1673

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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