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  1. Health disparities are pervasive and are linked to economic losses in the United States of up to $135 billion per year. The Flint Center for Health Equity Solutions (FCHES) is a Transdisciplinary Collaborative...

    Authors: Cristian I. Meghea, Barrett Wallace Montgomery, Roni Ellington, Ling Wang, Clara Barajas, E. Yvonne Lewis, Sheridan T. Yeary, Laurie A. Van Egeren and Debra Furr-Holden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1774

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cigarettes and smokeless tobacco (SLT) products are among a wide range of tobacco products that are addictive and pose a significant health risk. In this study, we estimated smoking- and SLT use-related mortal...

    Authors: Esther Salazar, Chunfeng Ren, Brian L. Rostron and Ghideon Solomon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1773

    Content type: Research

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  3. HIV self-testing (HIVST), especially the secondary distribution of HIVST (SD-HIVST) initiated by sexual health influencers (SHIs), has been recognized as an effective strategy in promoting HIV testing, especia...

    Authors: Ying Lu, Yuxin Ni, Qianyun Wang, Fengshi Jing, Yi Zhou, Xi He, Shanzi Huang, Wencan Dai, Dan Wu, Joseph D. Tucker, Hongbo Jiang, Liqun Huang and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1772

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Examining the distribution of the burden of different communicable and non-communicable diseases and injuries worldwide can present proper evidence to global policymakers to deal with health inequality. The pr...

    Authors: Mehrnoosh Emadi, Sajad Delavari and Mohsen Bayati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1771

    Content type: Research

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  5. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in public health and policy measures to reduce in-person contact and the transmission of the virus. These measures impacted daily life and mental well-being (MWB). The aims of th...

    Authors: Amanda S. Gilbert, Laurel Schmidt, Alan Beck, Maura M. Kepper, Stephanie Mazzucca and Amy Eyler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1770

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Research has shown that the risk for a severe course of COVID-19 is increased in the elderly population and among patients with chronic conditions. The aim of this study was to provide estimates of the size of...

    Authors: Jakob Holstiege, Manas K. Akmatov, Claudia Kohring, Lotte Dammertz, Frank Ng, Thomas Czihal, Dominik von Stillfried and Jörg Bätzing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1769

    Content type: Research

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  7. In Taiwan, illegal drug use is a critical health problem during adolescence. Schools playa vital role in preventing students’ illegal drug use. Accordingly, we developed and evaluated a school-based, drug-use ...

    Authors: Li-Chen Lin, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Jung-Yu Liao, Cheng-Yu Lin and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1768

    Content type: Research

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  8. Food policies and environment (availability, accessibility, affordability, marketing) in and around educational institutes can influence food choices and behaviours of children and adolescents.

    Authors: Shalini Bassi, Deepika Bahl, Monika Arora, Fikru Tesfaye Tullu, Sakshi Dudeja and Rachita Gupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1767

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This research estimates the effects of vulnerability on the spread of COVID-19 cases across U.S. counties. Vulnerability factors (Socioeconomic Status, Minority Status & Language, Housing type, Transportation,...

    Authors: John Ulimwengu and Aziza Kibonge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1765

    Content type: Research

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  10. Adolescents are considered at high risk of developing iron deficiency. Studies in children indicate that the prevalence of iron deficiency increased with malaria transmission, suggesting malaria seasonally may...

    Authors: Stephen A. Roberts, Loretta Brabin, Halidou Tinto, Sabine Gies, Salou Diallo and Bernard Brabin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1764

    Content type: Research

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  11. Digital interventions may provide low-threshold support for smoking cessation (SC) and alcohol moderation (AM) to the growing population of cancer survivors. The objective was to explore preconditions of succe...

    Authors: Ajla Mujcic, Matthijs Blankers, Dilara Yildirim, Brigitte Boon and Rutger Engels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1763

    Content type: Research

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  12. Self-rated health (SRH) - one of the most common health indicators used to verify health conditions - can be influenced by several types of socioeconomic conditions, thereby reflecting health inequalities. Thi...

    Authors: Thaís Lopes de Oliveira, Raquel Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, Rosane Harter Griep, Arlinda B. Moreno, Maria da Conceição Chagas de Almeida, Ylva Brännström Almquist and Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1761

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Death by drowning is a leading cause of accidental death in the United Kingdom (UK) and worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that effective documentation of drowning is required to describe dr...

    Authors: Samuel P. Hills, Matthew Hobbs, Michael J. Tipton and Martin J. Barwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1760

    Content type: Research

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  14. While vaccine development is itself a challenge; ensuring optimal vaccine uptake at population level can present an even more significant challenge. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the Pakistani populati...

    Authors: Muhammad Junaid Tahir, Muhammad Saqlain, Waleed Tariq, Summaiya Waheed, Steven H. S. Tan, Sarim Irhas Nasir, Irfan Ullah and Ali Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1759

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Breastfeeding for optimum duration is one of the most effective ways to reduce infant morbidity and mortality and confirms expected growth and development of children. The aim of this study was to determine th...

    Authors: Ummay Ayesha, A. S. M. A. Mamun, Md. Abu Sayem and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1758

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Early childhood is a critical window for preventing obesity and chronic disease. Yet, 1 in 4 Australian children aged 5 years and under are affected by overweight or obesity; and significant proportions of chi...

    Authors: Stewart G. Trost, Rebecca Byrne, Kate E. Williams, Brittany J. Johnson, Anna Bird, Kate Simon, Li Kheng Chai, Caroline O. Terranova, Hayley E. Christian and Rebecca K. Golley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1757

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Common mental disorders are highly prevalent in the working population, affecting about 1 in 5 persons in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. About 30% of those affected have ...

    Authors: E. Björk Brämberg, B. Arapovic-Johansson, U. Bültmann, P. Svedberg and G. Bergström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1756

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Depression is a psychological dysfunction that impairs health and quality of life. However, whether environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETSE) is associated with depression is poorly understood. This study wa...

    Authors: Akinkunmi Paul Okekunle, Jeffery Osahon Asowata, Jung Eun Lee and Onoja Matthew Akpa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1755

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Various factors motivate people to undertake treatment for obesity. Among others they include health benefits, willingness to please others, and dissatisfaction with one’s appearance. The present study aimed t...

    Authors: Wojciech Gruszka, Aleksander J. Owczarek, Mateusz Glinianowicz, Monika Bąk-Sosnowska, Jerzy Chudek and Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1754

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Providing care for patients with dementia can negatively influence the physical health and health behaviours of family caregivers. A better understanding of the factors associated with health check-up and canc...

    Authors: Bomgyeol Kim, Yejin Lee, Jin-Won Noh and Tae Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1753

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In 2018, meningococcal ACWY-TT vaccine (MenACWY-TT) was offered to adolescents in the Netherlands within the National Immunization Programme at 14 years of age. A questionnaire study assessed the tolerability ...

    Authors: J. M. Kemmeren, L. van Balveren, A. Kant and H. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1752

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Eating disorder symptoms (EDs) have been discussed as a prominent problem among late adolescent girls with serious health risks and long-term consequences. However, there is a lack of population-based evidence...

    Authors: Caroline Cohrdes, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Katja Kajikhina and Heike Hölling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1751

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The Western Pacific Region (WPR) is exposed each year to seasonal influenza and is often the source of new influenza virus variants and novel pathogen emergence. National influenza surveillance systems play a ...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Thierry Rigoine De Fougerolles, Kim Sampson, Lance Jennings, Paul Van Buynder, Yuelong Shu, Zamberi Sekawi, Leo Yee-Sin, Tony Walls, Olivier Vitoux, J. Kevin Yin, Ada Wong, Francois Schellevis and Philippe Vanhems

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1750

    Content type: Research

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  24. Motivational messaging is a frequently used digital intervention to promote positive health behavior changes, including smoking cessation. Typically, motivational messaging systems have not actively sought fee...

    Authors: Jinying Chen, Thomas K. Houston, Jamie M. Faro, Catherine S. Nagawa, Elizabeth A. Orvek, Amanda C. Blok, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Bridget M. Smith and Rajani S. Sadasivam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1749

    Content type: Research

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  25. Lymphatic filariasis (LF), Buruli ulcer (BU) and leprosy are neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) of the skin co-endemic in some communities in Nigeria. Not enough is known about the effectiveness of integrated ...

    Authors: Chinwe C. Eze, Ngozi Ekeke, Chukwuka Alphonsus, Linda Lehman, Joseph N. Chukwu, Charles C. Nwafor, Eileen Stillwaggon, Anthony O. Meka, Larry Sawers, Joy Ikebudu, Moses C. Anyim and Kingsley N. Ukwaja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1748

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Optimized symptom-based COVID-19 case definitions that guide public health surveillance and individual patient management in the community may assist pandemic control.

    Authors: Hannah E. Reses, Mark Fajans, Scott H. Lee, Charles M. Heilig, Victoria T. Chu, Natalie J. Thornburg, Kim Christensen, Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Alicia Fry, Aron J. Hall, Jacqueline E. Tate, Hannah L. Kirking and Scott A. Nabity

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1747

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The tendency of women to smoke has increased in recent years and the prevalence of smoking among women is increasing. The purpose of this study was to design and evaluation the psychometric properties of the s...

    Authors: Alireza Jafari, Nooshin Peyman, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Mehrsadat Mahdizadeh and Hadi Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1746

    Content type: Research

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  28. Public health strategies in the context of respiratory droplet-transmissible diseases (such as influenza or COVID-19) include intensified hand hygiene promotion, but a review on the effectiveness of different ...

    Authors: Koen Veys, Kim Dockx, Hans Van Remoortel, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Emmy De Buck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1745

    Content type: Research

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  29. Prostate cancer (Pca) is the second most common cause of cancer among Lebanese men. Screening is an effective method to reduce prostate cancer mortality. This study assessed the knowledge, awareness, and scree...

    Authors: Johnny Boustany, Maher Abdessater, Halim Akl, Anthony Kanbar, Joey El Khoury, Serge Assaf, Charbel Dabal, Charbel El Hachem, Antoine Kassis, Rodrigue Saad, Rami Halabi and Raghid El Khoury

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1744

    Content type: Research

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  30. Substance use among young people is a significant public health concern, particularly in Scotland. Primary prevention activities are essential in delaying young people’s substance use and reducing the harms as...

    Authors: Hannah Carver, Peter McCulloch and Tessa Parkes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1742

    Content type: Research

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  31. Use of electronic data collection, management and analysis tools to support outbreak response is limited, especially in low income countries. This can hamper timely decision-making during outbreak response. Id...

    Authors: Patrick Keating, Jillian Murray, Karl Schenkel, Laura Merson and Anna Seale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1741

    Content type: Research

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  32. Globally, immunization prevents 2–3 million deaths annually from vaccine-preventable diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, influenza, and measles. In developing countries, several immunization progr...

    Authors: Ebrima Touray, Amadou Barrow, Bakary Kinteh, Mansour Badjie, Musa Nget, Jainaba Touray, Sambou L. S. Kinteh, Solomon P. S. Jatta and Lamin Ceesay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1740

    Content type: Research

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  33. A variety of strategies have been used to reach men with HIV self-testing services, including social network-based HIV self-test kits distribution. However, few studies have assessed men’s comfort to distribut...

    Authors: Joseph K. B. Matovu, Gaspar Mbita, Akeen Hamilton, Frank Mhando, Wynton M. Sims, Noah Thompson, Albert N. Komba, Jackson Lija, Jiajia Zhang, Thomas van den Akker, Dustin T. Duncan, Augustine T. Choko and Donaldson F. Conserve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1739

    Content type: Research

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  34. Focus groups and workshops can be used to gain insights into the persistence of and potential solutions for environmental health priorities in underserved areas. The objective of this study was to characterize...

    Authors: Suwei Wang, Molly B. Richardson, Mary B. Evans, Ethel Johnson, Sheryl Threadgill-Matthews, Sheila Tyson, Katherine L. White and Julia M. Gohlke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1738

    Content type: Research

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  35. Community testing for HIV can reach previously untested populations but is rarely offered in workplaces. Targeting the construction sector could reach workers from high risk populations.

    Authors: Wendy Jones, Sarah Somerset, Catrin Evans, Katharine Whittingham, Matthew Middleton and Holly Blake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1737

    Content type: Research

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  36. Connectedness to family and peers is a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Existing research examining associations between social media use and social connectedness has been largely quantitative and ...

    Authors: Lizzy Winstone, Becky Mars, Claire M. A. Haworth and Judi Kidger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1736

    Content type: Research

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  37. Flood disaster preparedness among the community seldom received attention. Necessary intervention must be taken to prevent the problem. Health Education Based Intervention (HEBI) was developed following the He...

    Authors: M. N. Mohd Tariq, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Mohd Rafee Baharudin, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Md Said Salmiah, Jamilah Ahmad and Sri Ganesh Muthiah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1735

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. In the UK, annual influenza vaccination is currently recommended for adults aged 16–64 years who are in a clinical at-risk group. Despite recommendations, rates of vaccine uptake in the UK have historically be...

    Authors: Simon Oakley, Julien Bouchet, Paul Costello and James Parker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1734

    Content type: Research

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  39. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem with harmful consequences. In Australia, there is no national standard screening tool and screening practice is variable across states. The obje...

    Authors: K. Hegarty, J. Spangaro, M. Kyei-Onanjiri, J. Valpied, J. Walsh, J. Chapman and J. Koziol-McLain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1733

    Content type: Research

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  40. Physical fights have been a common health problem among adolescents, and approximately a million adolescents’ lives are lost due to violence-related incidents worldwide. There is a lack of information on the b...

    Authors: Agumasie Semahegn, Yadeta Dessie, Nega Assefa, Chelsey R. Canavan, Yemane Berhane and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1732

    Content type: Research

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  41. Community-acquired pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in adults. Approximately one-third of pneumonia cases can be attributed to the pneumococcus. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs)...

    Authors: Claire von Mollendorf, Mukhchuluun Ulziibayar, Bradford D. Gessner, Lien Anh Ha Do, Cattram D. Nguyen, Rohini Beavon, Bujinlkham Suuri, Dashtseren Luvsantseren, Dorj Narangerel, Adam Jenney, Eileen M. Dunne, Catherine Satzke, Badarchiin Darmaa, Tuya Mungun and E. Kim Mulholland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1731

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Childhood unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and disability for children. Despite the risk factors that lead to the occurrence of injuries have been identified, the relationship between cumu...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Fengxin Bai, Hongling Song, Jun Yang, Xinlong Wang, Qingfang Ye and Yuqiu Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1730

    Content type: Research article

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  43. People with disadvantages are a high-risk group of unemployment or underemployment. Disadvantages include disability, under-education, or being a member of a minority, etc. Effective labor market programs coul...

    Authors: Noémi Meisznerné Kuklek, Máté Cséplő, Eszter Pozsonyi and Henriette Pusztafalvi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1729

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Domestic violence (social, legal, and health violence) is the most common type of violence against women. Due to factors such as the current quarantine, this type of violence has increased during the COVID-19 ...

    Authors: Arezoo Yari, Hosein Zahednezhad, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh and Amanj Kurdi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1727

    Content type: Research

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  45. Social support is an important health determinant and may affect dietary behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between perceived social support and the Chinese Diet Balance Index-16...

    Authors: Qiang Zhang, Yuan Ruan, Wenmin Hu, Juanjuan Li, Jiang Zhao, Min Peng, Rong Wan, Xiangdong Min, Shaomei He and Zhitao Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1726

    Content type: Research

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  46. It is important to gain insight into the burden of COVID-19 at city district level to develop targeted prevention strategies. We examined COVID-19 related hospitalisations by city district and migration backgr...

    Authors: Liza Coyer, Elke Wynberg, Marcel Buster, Camiel Wijffels, Maria Prins, Anja Schreijer, Yvonne T. H. P. van Duijnhoven, Alje P. van Dam, Mariken van der Lubben and Tjalling Leenstra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1721

    Content type: Research

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