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  1. Despite effective biomedical tools, HIV remains the largest cause of morbidity/mortality in South Africa – especially among adolescents and young people. We used community-based participatory research (CBPR), ...

    Authors: Maryam Shahmanesh, Nonhlanhla Okesola, Natsayi Chimbindi, Thembelihle Zuma, Sakhile Mdluli, Nondumiso Mthiyane, Oluwafemi Adeagbo, Jaco Dreyer, Carina Herbst, Nuala McGrath, Guy Harling, Lorraine Sherr and Janet Seeley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1393

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To prevent or recover from a disease, the prescriptions for medications must be correct, and the patient must comply with the medication’s instructions. Therefore, this study verified the theory of planned beh...

    Authors: Kyung Hyun Suh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1391

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In the light of urbanization and aging, a crucially relevant policy question is how to shape neighborhoods to foster healthy aging. An important debate is whether older adults should group in neighborhoods, or...

    Authors: Eline Verspoor, Mariëlle A. Beenackers, Joost Oude Groeniger and Frank J. van Lenthe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1390

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Children’s consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, diabetes, and dental decay. California’s Healthy Beverages in Child Care Act (AB 2084) requires all licensed child care centers a...

    Authors: Kimberly Hazard, Danielle Lee, Lorrene Ritchie, Roberta Rose, L. Karina Díaz Rios, Kaela Plank and Abbey Alkon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1387

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Sexual Health and Relationships Education (SHRE) provides individuals with knowledge and skills to manage risky behaviors and take informed decisions to protect themselves against STIs, and unintended pregnanc...

    Authors: Narges Sheikhansari, Charles Abraham, Sarah Denford and Mehrdad Eftekhar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1386

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Time spent in daily activities (sleep, sedentary behaviour and physical activity) has important consequences for health and wellbeing. The amount of time spent varies from day to day, yet little is known about...

    Authors: Ty Ferguson, Rachel Curtis, Francois Fraysse, Rajini Lagiseti, Celine Northcott, Rosa Virgara, Amanda Watson and Carol A. Maher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1384

    Content type: Research

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  7. Adolescence is a sensitive period of life in which everyone faces physical and psychological changes. No longitudinal studies considering changes in body image perception and body composition in Italian adoles...

    Authors: Stefania Toselli, Alessia Grigoletto, Luciana Zaccagni, Natascia Rinaldo, Georgian Badicu, Wilhelm Robert Grosz and Francesco Campa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1381

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Multimorbidity is a significant contributor to inequalities in healthcare and has become a major unaddressed challenge for the health system in China. The aim of this study is to assess the socio-demographic d...

    Authors: Yang Zhao, Siqi Zhao, Lin Zhang, Tilahun Nigatu Haregu and Haipeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1380

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Unmet need for postpartum contraception is high. Integration of family planning with routine child immunization services may help to satisfy unmet need. However, evidence about the determinants and effects of ...

    Authors: Kate L. Sheahan, Ilene S. Speizer, Jennifer Orgill-Meyer, Siân Curtis, Morris Weinberger, John Paul and Antonia V. Bennett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1379

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite considerable institutional experimentation at national and international levels in response to calls for global health security reform, there is little research on organisational models that address ou...

    Authors: Philomena Raftery, Mazeda Hossain and Jennifer Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1378

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Female sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa face high unmet need for family planning and higher risk for unintended pregnancy. Community empowerment HIV prevention approaches have the potential to increase family...

    Authors: S. Wilson Beckham, Melissa Stockton, Noya Galai, Wendy Davis, Jessie Mwambo, Samuel Likindikoki and Deanna Kerrigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1377

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The negative effect of unfavorable working conditions and long-term work stress on health has been demonstrated in previous research. To address these challenges, systematic approaches such as psychosocial ris...

    Authors: Valeria Pavlista, Peter Angerer and Mathias Diebig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1376

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This article aims to understand the prevalence of hyperlipidemia and its related factors in Shanxi Province. On the basis of multivariate Logistic regression analysis to find out the influencing factors closel...

    Authors: Xuchun Wang, Jinhua Pan, Zeping Ren, Mengmeng Zhai, Zhuang Zhang, Hao Ren, Weimei Song, Yuling He, Chenglian Li, Xiaojuan Yang, Meichen Li, Dichen Quan, Limin Chen and Lixia Qiu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1375

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Public health measures, such as social isolation, are vital to control the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but such measures may increase the risk of depression. Thus, this study examines th...

    Authors: Bolin Cao, Dongya Wang, Yifan Wang, Brian J. Hall, Nan Wu, Meimei Wu, Qishan Ma, Joseph D. Tucker and Xing Lv

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1374

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged initially in China in December 2019 causing the COVID-19 disease, which quickly spread worldwide. Iran was one of the first countries ou...

    Authors: Shahab MohammadEbrahimi, Alireza Mohammadi, Robert Bergquist, Fatemeh Dolatkhah, Mahsa Olia, Ayoub Tavakolian, Elahe Pishgar and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1373

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Natural disasters are increasingly affecting a larger segment of the world’s population. These highly disruptive events have the potential to produce negative changes in social dynamics and the environment whi...

    Authors: Ilan Cerna-Turoff, Hanna-Tina Fischer, Hani Mansourian and Susannah Mayhew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1249

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Nice terror attack of July 14, 2016 resulted in 84 deaths and 434 injured, with many hospital staff exposed to the attack, either as bystanders on site at the time of the attack (‘bystander exposure’) who ...

    Authors: Laurence Bentz, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Roxane Fabre, Jeremy Bride, Philippe Pirard, Nadège Doulet, Thierry Baubet, Yvon Motreff and Christian Pradier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1372

    Content type: Research

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  18. A social mobilization (SM) initiative contributed to India’s success in polio elimination. This was the CORE Group Polio Project (CGPP) India, a partner of the Uttar Pradesh (UP) SM Network and which continued...

    Authors: Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey, Jagajeet Prasad Singh and William Weiss

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1371

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The COVID-19 related lockdown and home confinement might have an important impact on the quality of life in enterprise workers. We investigated the quality of life during the epidemic in enterprise workers who...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Chen, Qian Xu, Haijiang Lin, Jianfu Zhu, Yue Chen, Qi Zhao, Chaowei Fu and Na Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1370

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Body mass index (BMI) is an accepted measurement that is widely used to quantify overweight and obesity at the population level. Previous studies have described the distribution variation of BMI through applyi...

    Authors: Weihua Wang, Lin Qiu, Rina Sa, Shaonong Dang, Feng Liu and Xiang Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1369

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Perinatal depression is a pervasive public health concern that disproportionately affects low-income women and can have negative impacts on parenting and child developmental outcomes. Few interventions focus o...

    Authors: Alicia Diebold, Jessica K. Johnson, Marianne Brennan, Jody D. Ciolino, Amelie Petitclerc, Lauren S. Wakschlag, Craig F. Garfield, Chen Yeh, Aiko Lovejoy, Dana Zakieh and S. Darius Tandon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1368

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Access to quality healthcare is a global fundamental human right. However, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, several parameters affect the choices of health service users in fragile, rural contexts (zon...

    Authors: Wyvine Ansima Bapolisi, Hermès Karemere, Freddy Ndogozi, Aimé Cikomola, Ghislain Kasongo, Albert Ntambwe and Ghislain Bisimwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1367

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Smoking remains a leading public health challenge globally. As a psychosocial determinant of health, social capital can influence health attitudes and behaviors, and thus it may have the capacity to reduce smo...

    Authors: Hamideh Zahedi, Mohammad Hasan Sahebihagh, Parvin Sarbakhsh and Leila Gholizadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1366

    Content type: Research

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  24. The importance of health literacy in dealing with the COVID-19 epidemic has been emphasized but scarcely addressed empirically. In this study, the association of health literacy with mental health, compliance ...

    Authors: Lize Hermans, Stephan Van den Broucke, Lydia Gisle, Stefaan Demarest and Rana Charafeddine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1365

    Content type: Research

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  25. Assessment health literacy in people with cardiovascular health problems would facilitate the development of appropriate health strategies for the care and reduction of complications associated with oral antic...

    Authors: Ana Cristina Cabellos-García, Antonio Martínez-Sabater, Miguel Ángel Díaz-Herrera, Vicente Gea-Caballero and Enrique Castro-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1363

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil in 2015 followed the arrival of chikungunya in 2014 and a long history of dengue circulation. Vital to the response to these outbreaks of mosquito-borne pathogens has been ...

    Authors: India L. Clancy, Robert T. Jones, Grace M. Power, James G. Logan, Jorge Alberto Bernstein Iriart, Eduardo Massad and John Kinsman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1362

    Content type: Research

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  27. Individuals may use unhealthy coping mechanisms such as alcohol, tobacco, and unhealthy snack consumption. The purpose of this study was to assess how neighborhood disadvantage is associated with sales of alco...

    Authors: Lauren A. Wallace, Rajib Paul, Shafie Gholizadeh, Wlodek Zadrozny, Caitlan Webster, Melanie Mayfield and Elizabeth F. Racine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1361

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The importance of educating female adolescents has been recognized as critical to the development of any country. However, in low income countries like Zambia they often drop out of school due to poverty, earl...

    Authors: J. Milimo, J. M. Zulu, J. Svanemyr, E. Munsaka, O. Mweemba and I. F. Sandøy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1360

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Suicide in old age is a significant contributor to mortality. However, the extent to which life weariness and suicidal thoughts impact on mortality in a long-term perspective is unknown. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Cecilia Fagerström, Anna-Karin Welmer, Sölve Elmståhl and Hanna Tuvesson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1359

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Literature in the West suggested that bisexual men have a higher smoking rate compared to gay men. Data on patterns of smoking among gay and bisexual men are limited in Eastern Asian countries like China. This...

    Authors: Jingjing Li, Danqin Huang, Michael Windle, Cam Escoffery, Wei Wang, Xiaoyan Li, Kevin Tao, Regine Haardörfer, Shiyue Li, Carla J. Berg and Hong Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1358

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The purpose of this study is to assess the status of physical body indices such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) among the older adults aged 45 and above in Indi...

    Authors: Mahadev Bramhankar, Mohit Pandey, Gursimran Singh Rana, Balram Rai, Nand Lal Mishra and Anandi Shukla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1357

    Content type: Research

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  32. Work, rather than unemployment, is recognised as being good for health, but there may be an age when the benefits are outweighed by adverse impacts. As countries around the world increase their typical retirem...

    Authors: Susan Baxter, Lindsay Blank, Anna Cantrell and Elizabeth Goyder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1356

    Content type: Research

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  33. Food insecurity is a growing concern in the UK. Newspaper coverage can reflect and shape public and political views. We examined how frequently food insecurity was reported on in UK newspapers, how the problem...

    Authors: Amy Yau, Hardeep Singh-Lalli, Hannah Forde, Matthew Keeble, Martin White and Jean Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1201

    Content type: Research

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  34. Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSMES) programmes are vital for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) management. However, they are limited in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). To address this gap, a DSMES, ...

    Authors: C. Bamuya, J. C. Correia, E. M. Brady, D. Beran, D. Harrington, A. Damasceno, A. M. Crampin, Ana Magaia, Naomi Levitt, M. J. Davies and M. Hadjiconstantinou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1355

    Content type: Research

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  35. Although health care providers are beginning to focus on men’s roles as fathers and husbands, there is limited understanding of how men view their ability to promote sexual and reproductive health in families ...

    Authors: Tulani Francis L. Matenga, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Sharon Nkwemu, Perfect Shankalala and Karen Hampanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1354

    Content type: Research article

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  36. University students are at a greater risk of gaining weight compared to others. We explored associations between changes in weight and a set of dispositional constructs related to eating behaviour: motivation,...

    Authors: Paula Foscarini-Craggs, Rob Lowe and Michelle Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1353

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars, or salt (“unhealthy foods”) to children is contributing to increasing child obesity. However, many countri...

    Authors: Laura Fisher, Minakshi Dahal, Sarah Hawkes, Mahesh Puri and Kent Buse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1351

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Child marriage in Malawi is a significant problem with 42.1% of women 20–24 married by age 18. In 2017 the Malawi government formalized legislation to make marriage under age 18 illegal; violators are subject ...

    Authors: Andrea J. Melnikas, Nancy Mulauzi, James Mkandawire and Sajeda Amin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1350

    Content type: Research

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  39. Engaging in the arts is a health-related behavior that may be influenced by social inequalities. While it is generally accepted that there is a social gradient in traditional arts and cultural activities, such...

    Authors: Jessica K. Bone, Feifei Bu, Meg E. Fluharty, Elise Paul, Jill K. Sonke and Daisy Fancourt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1349

    Content type: Research

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  40. Elder abuse is recognized as a serious public health concern and top priority aging issues. World Health Organization reported that around 1 out of 6 old people in the world experienced some form of abuse. Thi...

    Authors: Shiva Raj Acharya, B. K. Suman, Sandip Pahari, Yong Chul Shin and Deog Hwan Moon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1348

    Content type: Research

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  41. The neighbourhood in which one lives affects health through complex pathways not yet fully understood. A way to move forward in assessing these pathways direction is to explore the spatial structure of health ...

    Authors: Jürgen Breckenkamp, Oliver Razum, Jacob Spallek, Klaus Berger, Basile Chaix and Odile Sauzet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1346

    Content type: Research

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  42. Anaemia is a global health concern and is also a common comorbidity in multiple medical conditions. Very limited research is available examining anaemia among family members in India and across various countri...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar, Shekhar Chauhan, Ratna Patel and Shobhit Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1341

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Globally, millions of children are involved in child labour. However, low- and middle-income countries are mostly hit. This study examined the predictors of child labour among public secondary school students ...

    Authors: N. O. Enebe, J. T. Enebe, C. C. Agunwa, E. N. Ossai, U. E. Ezeoke, C. A. Idoko and C. O. Mbachu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1339

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Adverse events following immunization is an important factor influencing public trust in vaccination. Publicizing its incidence timely can increase public trust. The aim of this study is to describe the incide...

    Authors: Ran Hu, Shanshan Peng, Yuanbao Liu, Fengyang Tang, Zhiguo Wang, Lei Zhang, Jun Gao and Hongxiong Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1338

    Content type: Research

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