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  1. Content type: Research article

    Cancer outcomes vary widely among different countries. However, comparisons of cost-effectiveness and cost-efficiency of different systems are complex because the incidences of different cancers vary across co...

    Authors: Horace C. W. Choi, Ka-on Lam, Herbert H. M. Pang, Steven K. C. Tsang, Roger K. C. Ngan and Anne W. M. Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1065

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Access to quality essential healthcare services and vaccines for all is key to achieving universal health coverage. Inequities driven by differences in place of residence and socio-economic status persist amon...

    Authors: Duncan N. Shikuku, Maxwell Muganda, Soudie O. Amunga, Elly O. Obwanda, Alice Muga, Thomas Matete and Paul Kisia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1064

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome involves a set of metabolic risk factors that directly increases the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Physical inactivity due to driving can increase the risk of metabolic syn...

    Authors: Mina Shayestefar, Khosro Sadeghniiat Haghighi, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Mehri Delvarianzadeh, Farzaneh Nematzadeh and Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1058

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Public health policies sometimes have unexpected effects. Understanding how policies and interventions lead to outcomes is essential if policymakers and researchers are to intervene effectively and reduce harm...

    Authors: Kathryn Oliver, Theo Lorenc, Jane Tinkler and Chris Bonell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1057

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There are few if any reports concerning the joint use of waterpipe, cigarette and exposure to second-hand smoking in Tehran, Iran. Here, we simultaneously investigated the prevalence and predictors of smoking ...

    Authors: Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Yahya Salimi and Saharnaz Nedjat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1056

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Childhood overweight/obesity has become a major public health concern globally because of its adverse health consequences and escalating prevalence. The factors underlying the disease conditions manifested dur...

    Authors: Ashmita Karki, Archana Shrestha and Narayan Subedi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1055

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Eating disorders among adolescents are an ongoing public health concern. Sustainable health promotion programmes require a thorough understanding of the social context in which minors engage. Initial studies s...

    Authors: Katharina Pilgrim and Sabine Bohnet-Joschko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1054

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Many effective physical activity (PA) interventions have focused on individual factors or a single theoretical model, limiting our understanding of the determinants of PA practice and their interactions in the...

    Authors: Aurélie Van Hoye, Yacobou Omorou, Christine Rotonda, Sophie Gendarme, Cyril Tarquinio, Bastien Houtmann, Didier Peiffert, Raffaele Longo and Charles Martin-Krumm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1053

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  9. Content type: Correction

    It has been highlighted that the original article [1] contained some errors in the Result section of the Abstract. The incorrect and correct statement is shown in the Correction article.

    Authors: Shixu Li, Jie Xu, Zhigang Jiang, Ya Luo, Yu Yang and Jie Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1052

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2019 19:723

  10. Content type: Research article

    Community-based educational programs can complement clinical strategies to increase cancer screenings and encourage healthier lifestyles to reduce cancer burden. However, implementation quality can influence p...

    Authors: Emily S. King, Carla J. Moore, Hannah K. Wilson, Samantha M. Harden, Marsha Davis and Alison C. Berg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1051

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Warfarin is classified as a high-alert medication for ambulatory healthcare and safe guards for high-alert medications are necessary, including the practice of mandatory patient education. The high cost of hos...

    Authors: Krista Heinrich, Katherine Sanchez, Cecilia Hui, Kiara Talabi, Marlena Perry, Huanying Qin, Hoa Nguyen and Amulya Tatachar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1050

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Promoting a positive lifestyle change is a challenge for primary health care. The aim of this study was to analyze health and risk-related beliefs and attitudes in relation to lifestyle and lifestyle change in...

    Authors: Pekka Mäntyselkä, Hannu Kautiainen and Juhani Miettola

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1049

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The heavy workload of physicians in Taiwan may contribute to poor lifestyles and increased risk for diabetes mellitus (DM). We conducted this study to determine the risk for DM among physicians in Taiwan.

    Authors: Shang-Gyu Lee, I-Jung Feng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Yi-Fong Wang, Chewn-Yi Yang, Jhi-Joung Wang, Jui-Yuan Chung and Chien-Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1047

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  14. Content type: Research article

    While power imbalance is now recognized as a key component of bullying, reliable and valid measurement instruments have yet to be developed. This research aimed to develop a self-report instrument that measure...

    Authors: Helen J. Nelson, Garth E. Kendall, Sharyn K. Burns, Kimberly A. Schonert-Reichl and Robert T. Kane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1046

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition is a serious health problem and highly prevalent in developing countries. There is no as such confirmatory test to measure undernutrition. The objective of the present study is to determine a ne...

    Authors: Ankita Bhattacharya, Baidyanath Pal, Shankarashis Mukherjee and Subrata Kumar Roy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1045

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sunburns during childhood are strongly associated with development of melanoma in later life. While parents play an important role in children’s sun protection, insight in possible shifts in behavioral respons...

    Authors: Karlijn Thoonen, Francine Schneider, Math Candel, Hein de Vries and Liesbeth van Osch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1044

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Prisons offer the state the opportunity to gain access to a population that is at particularly high risk of ill-health. Despite the supportive legal and policy structures surrounding prison rehabilitation, the...

    Authors: Nasrul Ismail

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1043

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Despite the strong association of smoking with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cerebral stroke, the consequences of smoking have not been elucidated among Iranian populations. This study aimed to assess sex-s...

    Authors: Parisa Amiri, Kamyar Mohammadzadeh-Naziri, Behnood Abbasi, Leila Cheraghi, Sara Jalali-Farahani, Amir Abbas Momenan, Atieh Amouzegar, Farzad Hadaegh and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1042

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents engage in various combinations (typologies) of physical activity and sedentary behaviors, which impact their health and wellbeing in different ways. As such, there is a need to understand the facto...

    Authors: Kate E. Parker, Jo Salmon, Karen Villanueva, Suzanne Mavoa, Jenny Veitch, Helen L. Brown and Anna Timperio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1041

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In Cameroon, since the first epidemiological week held in 2015, snakebites have been registered among Potential Epidemic Diseases (PED). In the Centre Region, the most densely populated of the country, weekly ...

    Authors: Désiré Tchoffo, Joseph Kamgno, Sévilor Kekeunou, Callixte Yadufashije, Hugues C. Nana Djeunga and Armand Séraphin Nkwescheu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1040

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Interventions in India to improve menstrual health and hygiene management (MHHM) have been implemented at the national, state, district and school level. However, evaluations of these interventions have been s...

    Authors: Astha Ramaiya, Alka Malhotra, Carmen Cronin, Sarah Stevens, Kelli Kostizak, Animesh Sharma, Shailesh Nagar and Suruchi Sood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1039

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Age cohort screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) might be an effective strategy if the majority of undiagnosed cases are concentrated in a particular age group. The objective of this study was to determine HCV...

    Authors: Karen K. Kyuregyan, Elena Yu. Malinnikova, Natalia V. Soboleva, Olga V. Isaeva, Anastasia A. Karlsen, Vera S. Kichatova, Ilya A. Potemkin, Elena V. Schibrik, Olga A. Gadjieva, Boris A. Bashiryan, Natalya N. Lebedeva, Igor L. Serkov, Anna Yankina, Claudio Galli and Mikhail I. Mikhailov

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1038

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To determine the optimal cut-off values and evaluate the associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-height ratio (WHtR) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Yi’an Gu, Na Wang, Qi Zhao, Nawi Ng, Ruiping Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Yonggen Jiang, Weibing Wang and Genming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1035

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate complementary feeding practices significantly contribute to undernutrition among children under 2 years of age in India. However, there is limited up-to-date evidence on the prevalence and factor...

    Authors: Mansi Vijaybhai Dhami, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Uchechukwu L. Osuagwu and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1034

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Self-medication is a public health concern that may create several problems such as increase in drug resistance, raise in drug use per capita, and creating side effects. This study was conducted to determine p...

    Authors: Mahmood Karimy, Majed Rezaee-Momtaz, Mahmoud Tavousi, Ali Montazeri and Marzieh Araban

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1033

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Professional drivers are known to be at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) on account of the higher prevalence co-occurring risk factors they harbour. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and CVD share similar...

    Authors: Casmir E. Amadi, Amam C. Mbakwem, Oyewole A. Kushimo, Jayne N. Ajuluchukwu and Michael Akinkunmi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1032

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In Mozambique cervical cancer is a public health threat, due to its high incidence and limited access to early diagnosis of precancerous lesions. International organisations are supporting the introduction of ...

    Authors: Sergi Alonso, Olga Cambaco, Yolanda Maússe, Graça Matsinhe, Eusébio Macete, Clara Menéndez, Elisa Sicuri, Esperança Sevene and Khátia Munguambe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1031

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  28. Content type: Research article

    We examined the correlations between living arrangement and the physical activity (PA) levels of youth aged 9–19 years while accounting for demographic factors such as age, sex, and socioeconomic status in Sha...

    Authors: Xiang Fan, Zheng Zhu, Jie Zhuang, Yang Liu, Yan Tang, Peijie Chen and Zhen-bo Cao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1030

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite an understanding of the circumstances of child marriage, including how it limits agency and erodes childhood support systems, not much is known about the relationship between child marriage and mental ...

    Authors: Neetu A. John, Jeffrey Edmeades and Lydia Murithi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1029

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The Cholera-Hospital-Based-Intervention-for-7-Days (CHoBI7) is a handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention program delivered by a health promoter bedside in a health facility and through home visi...

    Authors: Christine Marie George, Fatema Zohura, Alana Teman, Elizabeth Thomas, Tasdik Hasan, Sohel Rana, Tahmina Parvin, David A. Sack, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Alain Labrique, Jahed Masud, Peter Winch, Elli Leontsini, Kelsey Zeller, Farzana Begum, Abul Hasem Khan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1028

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2019 19:1134

  31. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent sexual risky behaviours continue to be significant drivers of the HIV epidemic globally. The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with prior engagement in high-risk sexual beh...

    Authors: Rogers N. Ssebunya, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Grace P. Kisitu, Albert Maganda and Adeodata Kekitiinwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1027

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In the context of WHO’s “task shifting” project and growing global consensus on primary HPV-based cervical cancer screening, self-sampling is a promising new tool to expand screening access, uptake and coverag...

    Authors: Theresa Brandt, Solomon Berhe Wubneh, Simegnew Handebo, Getu Debalkie, Yohanes Ayanaw, Kassahun Alemu, Felix Jede, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz and Hermann Bussmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1026

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) is a marker that reflects the clinical outcome of cancer treatment. MIR as a prognostic marker is more accessible when compared with long-term follow-up survival surveys....

    Authors: Chi-Chih Wang, Ming-Chang Tsai, Shao-Chuan Wang, Cheng-Ming Peng, Hsiang-Lin Lee, Hsuan-Yi Chen, Tzu-Wei Yang, Chun-Che Lin and Wen-Wei Sung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1025

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Since there is a paucity of research on support for people using Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS), we aimed to identify and synthesise the available evidence in this field. Gaining an understanding of the su...

    Authors: Orlanda Harvey, Steve Keen, Margarete Parrish and Edwin van Teijlingen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1024

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Reform of the health care system in China has prompted concerns about the utilization of mental health services. This study aims to compare the utilization of mental health services among inpatients in various...

    Authors: Jianwei Shi, Lan Tang, Limei Jing, Jinsong Geng, Rui Liu, Li Luo, Ning Chen, Qian Liu, Xin Gong, Xiaojie Bo, Yan Yang and Zhaoxin Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1023

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic accidents (RTA) remain a global public health concern in developing countries. The aim of the study was to document the frequency, characteristics and hospital outcomes of road traffic accidents i...

    Authors: Karifa Kourouma, Alexandre Delamou, Léopold Lamah, Bienvenu Salim Camara, Delphin Kolie, Sidikiba Sidibé, Abdoul Habib Béavogui, Philip Owiti, Marcel Manzi, Serge Ade and Anthony D. Harries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1022

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and to further explore gender differences in BMI-HRQOL association among adults.

    Authors: Jiao Zhang, Lingzhong Xu, Jiajia Li, Long Sun, Wenzhe Qin, Gan Ding, Qian Wang, Jing Zhu, Zihang Yu, Su Xie and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1021

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Many tropical countries are currently experiencing dengue (DEN), chikungunya (CHIK) and also more recently Zika (ZIKA) epidemics (particularly in Latin America). Although the risk of transmission and spread of...

    Authors: Marion Le Tyrant, Daniel Bley, Catherine Leport, Serge Alfandari and Jean-François Guégan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1014

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Vaccination is one of the cost effective strategies reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. Further improvement of immunization coverage would halt about 1.5 million additional deaths globally. Understandi...

    Authors: Koku Sisay Tamirat and Malede Mequanent Sisay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1019

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer treatment and care services have remained largely centralized in Zimbabwe thereby entrenching inequities to access amongst patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the determina...

    Authors: O. Tapera, G. Dreyer, W. Kadzatsa, A. M. Nyakabau, B. Stray-Pedersen and S. J. H. Hendricks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1018

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Depression is regarded as a major public health concern in our society. While living arrangements as a structural factor of social support may contribute to older adults’ depression. Our study aims to investig...

    Authors: Yong Zhang, Zifeng Liu, Lingling Zhang, Paiyi Zhu, Xin Wang and Yixiang Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1017

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Shanghai is one of the earliest cities in developing countries to introduce an organized colorectal screening program for its residents to fight against the rising disease burden of colorectal cancer (CRC). Th...

    Authors: Xiaopan Li, Yi Zhou, Zheng Luo, Yi’an Gu, Yichen Chen, Chen Yang, Jing Wang, Shaotan Xiao, Qiao Sun, Mengcen Qian and Genming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1016

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Lack of exclusive breastfeeding is the most important risk factor for infant and young child morbidity and mortality. A better understanding of the factors that influence EBF is important in order to promote a...

    Authors: Frew Tadesse, Yonas Alemayehu, Sisay Shine, Henok Asresahegn and Trhas Tadesse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1015

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Social disadvantages that start during childhood and continue into the later stages in life may be linked to the presence of diabetes during adulthood. Objective. To analyze whether the presence of social disadva...

    Authors: María Fernanda Carrillo-Vega, Cidronio Albavera-Hernández, Ricardo Ramírez-Aldana and Carmen García-Peña

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1013

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has shown that certain living arrangements, such as living alone, are associated with worse health at older ages. We assessed the association between living arrangements and hospital care use...

    Authors: Yaoyue Hu, Taina Leinonen, Karen van Hedel, Mikko Myrskylä and Pekka Martikainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1011

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