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  1. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) by gender in Chinese rural adults.

    Authors: Zhicheng Luo, Yuqian Li, Yitan Hou, Xiaotian Liu, Jingjing Jiang, Yan Wang, Xue Liu, Dou Qiao, Xiaokang Dong, Ruiying Li, Fang Wang and Chongjian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1744

    Content type: Research article

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  2. While discrimination takes multiple forms, racial or ethnic discrimination is a root cause of this health-damaging social phenomenon. We drew on intersectionality theory, which offers an account of discriminat...

    Authors: Nihaya Daoud, Neveen Ali Saleh-Darawshy, Meiyin Gao, Ruslan Sergienko, Stephanie Ruth Sestito and Nabil Geraisy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1741

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Establishing healthy nutrition, activity, and sleep behaviours early in life is a key strategy in childhood obesity prevention. Parents are the primary influence on the development and establishment of obesity...

    Authors: Andrea B. Fuller, Rebecca A. Byrne, Rebecca K. Golley and Stewart G. Trost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1740

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Public health strategies to increase physical activity in low-income communities may reduce cardiovascular risk in these populations. This controlled trial compared the cardiovascular risk estimated by the Fra...

    Authors: Amana M. Lima, André O. Werneck, Edilson Cyrino and Paulo Farinatti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1738

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Skin cancer attributed to sunlight exposure has an increasing trend worldwide, resulting in increased problems for healthcare services. This study aimed to evaluate the health safety practices of high school s...

    Authors: Hosna Janjani, Saharnaz Nedjat, MasoudYunesian, Simin Nasseri, Fatemeh Haghighat Doost and Ramin Nabizadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1736

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Rapid ageing of the population and increasing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among the elderly is one of the major public health challenges in India. To achieve the Universal Health Coverage, ever-growing el...

    Authors: Montu Bose and Somdutta Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1735

    Content type: Research article

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  7. University undergraduate students are within the population at highest risk for acquiring sexually transmitted infections, unplanned pregnancy, and other negative health outcomes. Despite the availability of s...

    Authors: Christine Cassidy, Audrey Steenbeek, Donald Langille, Ruth Martin-Misener and Janet Curran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1734

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Adherence to a traditional Mediterranean diet has been associated with lower mortality and cardiovascular disease risk. The relative importance of diet compared to other lifestyle factors and effects of dietar...

    Authors: Elizabeth J. Williamson, Julia Polak, Julie A. Simpson, Graham G. Giles, Dallas R. English, Allison Hodge, Lyle Gurrin and Andrew B. Forbes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1733

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Finding effective intervention strategies to combat rising obesity levels could significantly reduce the burden that obesity and associated non-communicable diseases places on both individuals and the National...

    Authors: Aidan Q. Innes, Greig Thomson, Mary Cotter, James A. King, Niels B. J. Vollaard and Benjamin M. Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1732

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Street child is any child whose age is less than 18 years for whom the street has become his or her habitual abode and/or source of livelihood, is inadequately protected, supervised or directed by responsible ...

    Authors: Sabit Zenu, Eshetu Alemayehu and Kifle Woldemichael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1731

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Since its introduction in 2006, SOPARC (Systematic Observation of Play and Recreation in Communities) has become a fundamental tool to quantify park visitor behaviors and characteristics. We tested SOPARC reli...

    Authors: Oriol Marquet, J. Aaron Hipp, Claudia Alberico, Jing-Huei Huang, Dustin Fry, Elizabeth Mazak, Gina S. Lovasi and Myron F. Floyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1730

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Aedes aegypti-borne diseases are becoming major public health problems in tropical and sub-tropical regions. While socioeconomic status has been associated with larval mosquito abundance, the drivers or possible ...

    Authors: Zachary J. Madewell, Silvia Sosa, Kimberly C. Brouwer, José Guillermo Juárez, Carolina Romero, Audrey Lenhart and Celia Cordón-Rosales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1729

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Self-harm (SH) behaviors are established risk factors of suicide, however, in Chinese left-behind children (LBC), SH remains severely under-discussed. In this study, we aimed to investigate SH and explore its ...

    Authors: Xin Tian, Wei Chang, Qiong Meng, Ying Chen, Zhen Yu, Limei He and Yuanyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1728

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in China. However, identifying patients has proved challenging, resulting in widespread under-diagnosis of the conditi...

    Authors: Marco Koch, Thomas Butt, Wudong Guo, Xue Li, Yirong Chen, Diana Tan and Gordon G. Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1727

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In the last few years, so-called “common mental disorders”, including adjustment disorder and stress-related exhaustion, have outrivalled musculoskeletal disorders as being the leading cause of long-term sick ...

    Authors: Agneta Lindegård, Gunilla Wastensson, Emina Hadzibajramovic and Anna Grimby-Ekman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1726

    Content type: Research article

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  16. With rapid development of China’s economy, there were over 68.7 million left-behind children (LBC) in China whose mental health has become a problem of public concern. The present cross-sectional study aimed t...

    Authors: Xiu Zhang, Mengjie Li, Li Guo and Yanna Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1725

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Relying solely on altruistic appeals may fail to fulfil the increasing demand for blood supplies. Current research has largely been attempted to determine and understand motives that serve as blood donation dr...

    Authors: Lamyae Sardi, Ali Idri, Juan Manuel Carrillo de Gea, Ángel Toval and José Luis Fernández-Alemán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1724

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Low levels of physical activity (PA) and prolonged sitting time (ST) increase the risk of non-communicable diseases and mortality, and can be influenced by socio-demographic characteristics. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Irina Kovalskys, Mauro Fisberg, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Viviana Guajardo, Michael Pratt, Abby C. King and Dirceu Solé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1723

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To reveal the ethnic disparity in the pneumonia-specific mortality rates of children under the age of 5 years (PU5MRs) and provide suggestions regarding priority interventions to reduce preventable under-five-...

    Authors: Min Luo, Ziling Zhao, Linkun He, Bingzhong Su, Weixin Liu and Gang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1722

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Community acquired pneumonia is responsible for 16% of under 5 mortality in India, probably due to delayed recognition and qualified care seeking. Therefore these deaths could possibly be averted by creating c...

    Authors: Shally Awasthi, Divas Kumar, Neha Mishra, Monika Agarwal and Chandra Mani Pandey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1721

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Obesity in the United States is a serious and preventable health concern. Previous research suggests that habitual short sleep may influence obesity-risk behaviors, such as increased caloric intake, decreased ...

    Authors: Andrea T. Kozak, Scott M. Pickett, Nicole L. Jarrett, Shaunt A. Markarian, Kari I. Lahar and Jason E. Goldstick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1720

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. National smoking cessation strategies in Nigeria are hindered by lack of up-to-date epidemiologic data. We aimed to estimate prevalence of tobacco smoking in Nigeria to guide relevant interventions.

    Authors: Davies Adeloye, Asa Auta, Ademola Fawibe, Muktar Gadanya, Nnenna Ezeigwe, Rex G. Mpazanje, Mary T. Dewan, Chiamaka Omoyele, Wondimagegnehu Alemu, Michael O. Harhay and Isaac F. Adewole

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1719

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Control of blood pressure among hypertensives is a major challenge around the world. Interventions for improving hypertension control in India are very limited. This paper describes the protocol for a cluster ...

    Authors: G. K. Mini, P. S. Sarma and K. R. Thankappan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1718

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Ultra-processed food consumption is a risk factor for obesity and has a negative environmental impact. Food companies spend billions of dollars on advertisements each year to increase the consumption of ultra-...

    Authors: Petter Fagerberg, Billy Langlet, Aleksandra Oravsky, Johanna Sandborg, Marie Löf and Ioannis Ioakimidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1717

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Transition to college is characterized by change, ambiguity, and adjustment compared to the previous lifestyle before entering college. Our study aimed was to determine the pattern of students’ physical exerci...

    Authors: Sarah Ahmed Alkhateeb, Najwa Fahad Alkhameesi, Ghadeer Nazeh Lamfon, Shahad Zuhair Khawandanh, Lujain Khalid Kurdi, Murooj Yaseen Faran, Alya Abdullah Khoja, Lujain Muhammed Bukhari, Hadeel Rajeh Aljahdali, Nuha Abdullah Ashour, Hessan Turki Bagasi, Raghdah Adel Delli, Ohood Abdullah Khoja and Osama Yousof Safdar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1716

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Tuberculosis (TB) makes a big challenge to public health, especially in high TB burden counties of China and Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). The aim of this study was to identify the spatial-temporal dynamic p...

    Authors: Jinou Chen, Yubing Qiu, Rui Yang, Ling Li, Jinglong Hou, Kunyun Lu and Lin Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1715

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Between 1975 and 1985 a total of 91 Danish patients with moderate and severe hemophilia (PWH) was infected with HIV constituting a major scandal in the Danish health care system. This study describes the burde...

    Authors: Emilie B. Ingvorsen, Christina Schnohr, Terkel Andersen, Lars Lehrmann, Eva Funding, Lone H. Poulsen, Karen B. Holm, Alex L. Laursen, Jan Gerstoft and Jakob B. Bjorner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1714

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Physical activity and good nutrition are important behavioral factors in promoting health and preventing disease. It is important to understand the factors affecting physical activity and nutrition. The purpos...

    Authors: Wan-Li Chen, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Zi-Yi Cui, Jing-Ya Wang, Jie Zhao, Ji-Wei Wang, Xian Wang and Jin-Ming Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1713

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Increasing evidence suggests that psychological well-being (PWB) is associated with lower disease and mortality risk, and may be enhanced with relatively low-cost interventions. Yet, dissemination of these int...

    Authors: Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Rachel A. Millstein, Christiana von Hippel, Chanelle J. Howe, Linda Powers Tomasso, Gregory R. Wagner and Tyler J. VanderWeele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1712

    Content type: Debate

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  30. Blogs are widely being used by health professionals and consumers to communicate and access nutrition information. There are numerous benefits for dietitians to establish and contribute to healthy eating blogs...

    Authors: Rebecca Mete, Jayne Curlewis, Alison Shield, Kristen Murray, Rachel Bacon and Jane Kellett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1711

    Content type: Research article

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  31. While PWID of Puerto Rican origin have been migrating to the US for decades, the range of factors influencing their migration to the US and the resources they draw on to do so are not well understood. This is ...

    Authors: R. Abadie, P. Habecker, C. Gelpi-Acosta and K. Dombrowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1710

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Misuse and dependency of opioids especially codeine-containing products is of increasing global concern. Inappropriate use of opioids among healthcare students could affect quality of service and ethical condu...

    Authors: Wuraola Akande-Sholabi, Rasaq Adisa, Olayinka S. Ilesanmi and Ayomide E. Bello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1709

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This cross-sectional study aims to validate the Chinese version of Zelaya’s HIV-related Stigma Scale (CVZHSS) among a large undergraduate sample in mainland China, and apply it to measure the level of differen...

    Authors: Fang Ruan, Guochen Fu, Mingyu Zhou, Lan Luo, Jing Chen, Wei Hua, Xin Li, Yifan Chen, Xiaobao Xia, Yanting Xiong, Yuhua Chen, Bin Shi, Shengbo Lu, Hudie Zhang, Dawei Wu, Yusi Liu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1708

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Globally 214 million women of reproductive age in developing regions have unmet needs in modern contraceptives. Intrauterine contraception (IUC) is highly effective, has few medical contraindications, low disc...

    Authors: Moazzam Ali, Rachel Folz and Madeline Farron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1707

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Adverse childhood experience (ACE), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and resilience can all contribute to depressive symptoms. However, little is known regarding the complex relationships betwe...

    Authors: Changmian Ding, Tang Wang, Xiangfan Chen, Jingjing Li, Wei Wang, Danqin Huang, Hong Yan and Shiyue Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1706

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Identifying lifestyle-related health predictors affecting adolescent behaviors is a matter of interest and study for diverse audiences, including the religious sphere. The Adventist religion recommends their f...

    Authors: Maria Elena Acosta Enríquez, Felipe Javier Uribe Salas, Juha Baek, Jenny Patricia Sierra Archbold and Genny Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1705

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Diet-related cardiovascular diseases have produced a large health burden in China. Coal miners are a high-risk population for cardiovascular disease, but there is little evidence concerning associations betwee...

    Authors: Qian Sun, Jin-Sha Ma, Hui Wang, Shu-Hong Xu, Jun-Kang Zhao, Qian Gao, Jian-Jun Huang and Tong Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1704

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mobility limitations in older adults are associated with poor clinical outcomes including higher mortality and disability rates. A decline in mobility (including physical function and life-space) is detectable...

    Authors: Mareike Münch, Robert Weibel, Alexandros Sofios, Haosheng Huang, Denis Infanger, Erja Portegijs, Eleftheria Giannouli, Jonas Mundwiler, Lindsey Conrow, Taina Rantanen, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Andreas Zeller and Timo Hinrichs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1703

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. A common recommendation is to reduce the consumption of snack food and replace this consumption with nutrient-dense foods. The objective was to assess whether in Colombian children and adults there were change...

    Authors: Oscar F. Herrán, Eduardo Villamor and Doris C. Quintero-Lesmes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1702

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The Patient Activation Measure (PAM) is a recognized measure of how active patients are in their care, and has been translated into several languages and cultural contexts. Patient activity, self-care, and hea...

    Authors: Amanda Hellström, Mesfin Kassaye Tessma, Maria Flink, Anna Dahlgren, Kristina Schildmeijer and Mirjam Ekstedt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1701

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The rate of tobacco use among people with mental illness is nearly twice that of the general population. Psychotropic medications for tobacco cessation are relatively expensive for most Kenyans. Behavioral cou...

    Authors: Yvonne Olando, Mary Kuria, Muthoni Mathai and Mark D. Huffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1700

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. In Australia, around 67% of adults and 25% of children (5–17 years) are currently overweight or obese (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 4364.0.55.001 - National Health Survey: First Results, 2017–18, 2018). Th...

    Authors: Nicola Maitland, Mandy Williams, Bin Jalaludin, Steven Allender, Claudia Strugnell, Andrew Brown, Joshua Hayward, Nicholas Crooks, Jaimie Tredoux, Vincy Li and Karen Wardle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1699

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Despite the existence of efficacious vaccines, the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases remains high and the potential health benefits of paediatric, adolescent and adult vaccination are not being achieved d...

    Authors: Fiona Ecarnot, Gaetano Crepaldi, Philippe Juvin, John Grabenstein, Giuseppe Del Giudice, Litjen Tan, Susan O’Dwyer, Susanna Esposito, Xavier Bosch, Gaetan Gavazzi, John Papastergiou, Jacques Gaillat, Robert Johnson, Marco Fonzo, Andrea Rossanese, Caterina Suitner…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1698

    Content type: Debate

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  44. In Germany, the term ‘migration background’ has been established to differentiate between immigrants and natives. In the present study post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression were analys...

    Authors: Yuriy Nesterko, Michael Friedrich, Elmar Brähler, Andreas Hinz and Heide Glaesmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1697

    Content type: Research article

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  45. School is one of the most formative institutions for adolescents’ development, but whether school environment affects mental health is uncertain. We investigated the association between the school’s pedagogica...

    Authors: Krisztina D. László, Filip Andersson and Maria Rosaria Galanti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1695

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Health care employees in Germany and worldwide are exposed to a variety of stressors. However, most of the hospitals in Germany lack a systematic workplace health management. Thus, this study aims at the evalu...

    Authors: Nadine Mulfinger, Anja Sander, Felicitas Stuber, Regina Brinster, Florian Junne, Ronald Limprecht, Marc N. Jarczok, Tanja Seifried-Dübon, Monika A. Rieger, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Peters, Maja Stiawa, Imad Maatouk, Madeleine Helaß, Christoph Nikendei, Eva Rothermund…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1694

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Sit-stand desk interventions have the potential to reduce workplace sedentary behaviour and improve employee health. However, the extent of sit-stand desk use varies between employees and in different organisa...

    Authors: Jennifer Hall, Tess Kay, Alison McConnell and Louise Mansfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1692

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The social determinants of health have been widely recognised yet there remains a lack of clarity regarding what constitute the macro-economic determinants of health and what can be done to address them. An um...

    Authors: Yannish Naik, Peter Baker, Sharif A. Ismail, Taavi Tillmann, Kristin Bash, Darryl Quantz, Frances Hillier-Brown, Wikum Jayatunga, Gill Kelly, Michelle Black, Anya Gopfert, Peter Roderick, Ben Barr and Clare Bambra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1678

    Content type: Research article

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