Sun H, Saeedi P, Karuranga S, Pinkepank M, Ogurtsova K, Duncan BB, et al. IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global, regional and country-level diabetes prevalence estimates for 2021 and projections for 2045. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2022;183:109119.
Gómez-Pimienta E, González-Castro TB, Fresan A, Juárez-Rojop IE, Martínez-López MC, Barjau-Madrigal HA, et al. Decreased quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with emotional distress. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(15):2652.
Alfian SD, Annisa N, Iskandarsyah A, Perwitasari DA, Denig P, Hak E, et al. Emotional Distress is Associated with Lower Health-Related Quality of Life Among Patients with Diabetes Using Antihypertensive and/or Antihyperlipidemic Medications: A Multicenter Study in Indonesia. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2021;17:1333.
Lin X, Xu Y, Pan X, Xu J, Ding Y, Sun X, et al. Global, regional, and national burden and trend of diabetes in 195 countries and territories: an analysis from 1990 to 2025. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):1–11.
Alzaheb RA, Altemani AH. The prevalence and determinants of poor glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity: targets and therapy. 2018;11:15.
Cheng L, Sit JW, Choi K-c, Chair S-y, Li X, Wu Y, et al. Effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based intervention programme among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial. Int J Nursing Studies. 2018;79:43–51.
Mirzaei M, Rahmaninan M, Mirzaei M, Nadjarzadeh A. Epidemiology of diabetes mellitus, pre-diabetes, undiagnosed and uncontrolled diabetes in Central Iran: results from Yazd health study. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):166.
Fiagbe J, Bosoka S, Opong J, Takramah W, Axame W, Owusu R, et al. Prevalence of controlled and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and associated factors of controlled diabetes among diabetic adults in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. Diabetes Management. 2017;7(5):343–54.
Ling W, Huang Y, Huang Y-M, Fan R-R, Sui Y, Zhao H-L. Global trend of diabetes mortality attributed to vascular complications, 2000–2016. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2020;19(1):1–12.
Bonora E, Fedeli U, Schievano E, Trombetta M, Saia M, Scroccaro G, et al. SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 in diabetes mellitus. Population-based study on ascertained infections, hospital admissions and mortality in an Italian region with∼ 5 million inhabitants and∼ 250,000 diabetic people. Nutr Metabol Cardiovasc Dis. 2021;31(9):2612–8.
Emami T, FatehiZadeh M, Abedi M. Comparative study of the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral and parents, education on increased self-esteem of students. Sci Res J. 2006;13(7):2–19.
Heidari-Soureshjani S, Yarmohammadi P, Torabi-Farsani Z, Solati K, Ahmadi A. Relationship Between Adherence to Health Behaviors and Several Social Cognitive Theory Structures in Diabetic Women. J Diabetes Nurs. 2018;6(3):517–29.
Khalili F, Eslami AA, Farajzadegan Z, Hassanzadeh A. The association between social-psychological factors and treatment adherence behaviors among maintenance hemodialysis patients in Isfahan, Iran: A conceptual framework based on social cognitive theory. Health System Research. 2011;7:278-90.
Anderson ES, Winett RA, Wojcik JR. Self-regulation, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and social support: social cognitive theory and nutrition behavior. Ann Behav Med. 2007;34(3):304–12.
AminiMoridani M, Tol A, Sadeghi R, Mohebbi B, Azam K. Assessing the effect of family-based intervention education program on perceived social support among older adults with type 2 diabetes: Application of social cognitive theory. J Nurs Educ. 2015;4(3):30–40.
Borhaninejad V, Iranpour A, Shati M, Tahami AN, Yousefzadeh G, Fadayevatan R. Predictors of self-care among the elderly with diabetes type 2: Using Social Cognitive Theory. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2017;11(3):163–6.
Hejazi S, Peyman N, Tajfard M, Esmaily H. The impact of education based on self-efficacy theory on health literacy, self-efficacy and self-care behaviors in patients with type 2 diabetes. Iranian J Health Educ Health Promotion. 2017;5(4):296–303.
Peyman N, Taghipour A, Mahdizadeh M, Esmaeely H. The effect of educational intervention based on self-regulation strategies on physical activity in women with type 2 diabetes. Evidence Based Care. 2013;2(4):7–17.
Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health behavior: Theory, research, and practice. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons; 2015.
Hayden J. Introduction to health behavior theory. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2019.
Salaza LF, DiClemente R, RA Crosby R. Health behavior theory for public health: principles, foundations, and applications. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett; 2019.
Sharma M. Theoretical foundations of health education and health promotion. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2017.
Bennich BB, Røder ME, Overgaard D, Egerod I, Munch L, Knop FK, et al. Supportive and non-supportive interactions in families with a type 2 diabetes patient: an integrative review. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2017;9(1):1–9.
HemmatiMaslakpak M, Razmara S, Niazkhani Z. Effects of Face-to-Face and Telephone-Based Family-Oriented Education on Self-Care Behavior and Patient Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Diabetes Res. 2017;2017:8404328.
Han L, Ma Y, Wei S, Tian J, Yang X, Shen X, et al. Are home visits an effective method for diabetes management? A quantitative systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of diabetes investigation. 2017;8(5):701–8.
Souza DAS, Reis IA, Cortez DN, Afonso GdS, Torres HdC. Evaluation of home visits for the empowerment of diabetes self-care. Acta Paul Enferm. 2017;30(4):350–7.
Kurnia AD, Amatayakul A, Karuncharernpanit S. Predictors of diabetes self-management among type 2 diabetics in Indonesia: Application theory of the health promotion model. International journal of nursing sciences. 2017;4(3):260–5.
Vissenberg C, Nierkens V, Van Valkengoed I, Nijpels G, Uitewaal P, Middelkoop B, et al. The impact of a social network based intervention on self-management behaviours among patients with type 2 diabetes living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods: a mixed methods approach. SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England; 2017. p. 569–83.
Rasbach LE. Exploring Self-Efficacy in the Current Era of Type 1 Diabetes Management in Youth: Medical University of South Carolina. 2014.
Chlebowy DO, Garvin BJ. Social support, self-efficacy, and outcome expectations. Diabetes Educ. 2006;32(5):777–86.
Ahn C, Heo M, Zhang S. Sample size calculations for clustered and longitudinal outcomes in clinical research. New York: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group; 2014.
Gotay C, Moore T. Assessing quality of life in head and neck cancer. Qual Life Res. 1992;1(1):5–17.
Jaques D. David Jaques Teaching small groups ABC of learning and teaching in medicine. BMJ. 2003;326:492–4. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7387.492.
Van Belle G, Fisher LD, Heagerty PJ, Lumley T. Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences: John Wiley & Sons; 2004.
Mirfeizi M, Jafarabadi MA, Toorzani ZM, Mohammadi SM, Azad MD, Mohammadi AV, et al. Feasibility, reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the Diabetes Quality of Life Brief Clinical Inventory (IDQOL-BCI). Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012;96(2):237–47.
Mazloomi S, Mody M, Malakimoghadam H, Tavasoli E, Vahdani NZ. Predictors of self-care in type 2 diabetic patients in Birjand and Yazd city. Iranian J Diabetes Metabol. 2018;17(2):97–104.
Bougar IR, Besharat MA, Reza M, Talepasand S. Direct and indirect impacts of knowledge about diabetes and social support on self-management of diabetes. Contemp Psychol. 2011;6(1):37–48.
Tan MY, Magarey J. Self-care practices of Malaysian adults with diabetes and sub-optimal glycaemic control. Patient Educ Couns. 2008;72(2):252–67.
Schillinger D, Barton LR, Karter AJ, Wang F, Adler N. Does literacy mediate the relationship between education and health outcomes? A study of a low-income population with diabetes. Public Health Rep. 2006;121(3):245–54.
Borhaninejad V, Mansouri T, Hoseyni R, Fadayevatan R. The relationship between diabetic knowledge and self-care among the Elderly with diabetes Type 2 in Kerman-2016. J Gerontol. 2017;1(3):1–10.
Mayberry LS, Osborn CY. Family support, medication adherence, and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(6):1239–45.
Wang C-Y, Fenske MM. Self-care of adults with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: influence of family and friends. Diabetes Educ. 1996;22(5):465–70.
Heidari S, Nouri Tajer M, Hosseini F, Inanlou M, Golgiri F, Shirazi F. Geriatric family support and diabetic type-2 glycemic control. Iranian J Ageing. 2008;3(2):573–80.
Madden MH, Tomsik P, Terchek J, Navracruz L, Reichsman A, demons Clark T, et al. Keys to successful diabetes self-management for uninsured patients: social support, observational learning, and turning points: a safety net providers’ strategic alliance study. J Nat Med Assoc. 2011;103(3):257–64.
Nicklett EJ, Liang J. Diabetes-related support, regimen adherence, and health decline among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2010;65(3):390–9.
Nouwen A, Urquhart Law G, Hussain S, McGovern S, Napier H. Comparison of the role of self-efficacy and illness representations in relation to dietary self-care and diabetes distress in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Psychol Health. 2009;24(9):1071–84.
Wichit N, Mnatzaganian G, Courtney M, Schulz P, Johnson M. Randomized controlled trial of a family-oriented self-management program to improve self-efficacy, glycemic control and quality of life among Thai individuals with Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017;123:37–48.
Chih A-H, Jan C-F, Shu S-G, Lue B-H. Self-efficacy affects blood sugar control among adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus. J Formos Med Assoc. 2010;109(7):503–10.
Jalily M, Barati M, Bashirian S. Using social cognitive theory to determine factors predicting nutritional behaviors in pregnant women visiting health centers in Tabriz. Iran J Educ Community Health. 2015;1(4):11–21.
Cellar DF, Stuhlmacher AF, Young SK, Fisher DM, Adair CK, Haynes S, et al. Trait goal orientation, self-regulation, and performance: A meta-analysis. J Bus Psychol. 2011;26(4):467–83.
Steinsbekk A, Rygg L, Lisulo M, Rise MB, Fretheim A. Group based diabetes self-management education compared to routine treatment for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A systematic review with meta-analysis. BMC health services research. 2012;12(1):1–19.
Hung L-C, Liu C-C, Hung H-C, Kuo H-W. Effects of a nursing intervention program on disabled patients and their caregivers. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2003;36(3):259–72.
Kıtış Y, Emıroğlu ON. The effects of home monitoring by public health nurse on individuals’ diabetes control. Appl Nurs Res. 2006;19(3):134–43.
Oduwole A, Uko R, Tade T, Doherty O, Nwodo R, Imafidon E. The effect of home visits on the quality of life of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatric diabetes. 2011;12(4pt1):335–40.
Chrvala CA, Sherr D, Lipman RD. Diabetes self-management education for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review of the effect on glycemic control. Patient Educ Couns. 2016;99(6):926–43.
Hoseini SJ, Firooz M, Mazlom SR. Relationship between self-efficacy and glycosylated hemoglobin in adolescents with type I diabetes referring to Mashhad Parsian center in 2014. 2018;25:715-22.
Ramli AS, Selvarajah S, Daud MH, Haniff J, Abdul-Razak S, Tg-Abu-Bakar TMI, et al. Effectiveness of the EMPOWER-PAR intervention in improving clinical outcomes of type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary care: a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Fam Pract. 2016;17(1):157.
Schwedes U, Siebolds M, Mertes G. Meal-related structured self-monitoring of blood glucose: effect on diabetes control in non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 2002;25(11):1928–32.
Cortez DN, Macedo MML, Souza DAS, dos Santos JC, Afonso GS, Reis IA, et al. Evaluating the effectiveness of an empowerment program for self-care in type 2 diabetes: a cluster randomized trial. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):41.