Gilbert R, Widom CS, Browne K, Fergusson D, Webb E, Janson S. Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. Lancet. 2009;373(9657):68–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61706-7.
Cai Q. Investigation on primary and middle school students’ child abuse status and influence factors in Zhuang nationality area. master. Nanning: Guangxi Med Univ; 2009 (In Chinese).
Hussey JM, Chang JJ, Kotch JB. Child maltreatment in the United States: prevalence, risk factors, and adolescent health consequences. Pediatrics. 2006;118(3):933–42. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2005-2452.
Nock NK, Joiner TE, Gordon KH, Lloyd-Richardson E, Prinstein MJ. Non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents: diagnostic correlates and relation to suicide attempts. Psychiatry Res. 2016;144:65–72.
Brezo J, Paris J, Vitaro F, Hebert M, Tremblay RE, Turecki G. Predicting suicide attempts in young adults with histories of childhood abuse. Br J Psychiatry. 2008;193(2):134–9. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.107.037994.
Hawton K, Saunders KE, O'Connor RC. Self-harm and suicide in adolescents. Lancet. 2012;379(9834):2373–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60322-5.
Wan Y, Hu C, Hao J, Sun Y, Tao F. Deliberate self-harm behaviors in Chinese adolescents and young adults. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011;20(10):517–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-011-0213-1.
Patton GC, Coffey C, Sawyer SM, Viner RM, Haller DM, Bose K, et al. Global patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet. 2009;374(9693):881–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60741-8.
Owens D, Horrocks J, House A. Fatal and non-fatal repetition of self-harm. Systematic review. Br J Psychiatry. 2002;181(3):193–9. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.181.3.193.
Coope C, Donovan J, Wilson C, Barnes M, Metcalfe C, Hollingworth W, et al. Characteristics of people dying by suicide after job loss, financial difficulties and other economic stressors during a period of recession (2010–2011): a review of coroners’ records. J Affect Disord. 2015;183:98–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.04.045.
Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman DP, Williamson DF, Giles WH. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from the adverse childhood experiences study. JAMA. 2001;286(24):3089–96. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.286.24.3089.
Serafini G, Canepa G, Adavastro G, Nebbia J, Belvederi Murri M, et al. The relationship between childhood maltreatment and non-suicidal self-injury: a systematic review. Front Psych. 2017;24:149.
Fergus S, Zimmerman MA. Adolescent resilience: a frame work for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. Annu Rev Public Health. 2005;26(1):399–419. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144357.
Meng X, Fleury MJ, Xiang YT, Li M, D'Arcy C. Resilience and protective factors among people with a history of child maltreatment: a systematic review. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2018;53(5):453–75. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1485-2.
Bolger KE, Patterson CJ. Sequelae of child maltreatment: vulnerability and resilience. Resilience and vulnerability: adaptation in the context of childhood adversities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2003. p. 156–81.
Nock MK, Prinstein MJ. Contextual features and behavioral functions of self-mutilation among adolescents. J Abnorm Psychol. 2005;114(1):140–6. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.114.1.140.
Bernstein DP, Stein JA, Newcomb MD, Walker E, Pogge D, Ahluvalia T, et al. Development and validation of a brief screening version of the childhood trauma questionnaire. Child Abuse Negl. 2003;27(2):169–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134(02)00541-0.
Hu Y, Gan Y. Development and psychometric validity of the resilience scale for Chinese adolescents. Acta Psychol Sin. 2008;40(8):902–12 (In Chinese). https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2008.00902.
Feng Y. The relation of adolescents’ self-harm behaviors, individual emotion characteristics and family environment factors. master. Wuhan: Central China Norm Univ; 2008 (In Chinese).
Campbell-Sills L, Cohan SL, Stein MB. Relationship of resilience to personality, coping, and psychiatric symptoms in young adults. Behav Res Ther. 2006;44(4):585–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2005.05.001.
Ding H, Han J, Zhang M, Wang K, Gong J, Yang S. Moderating and mediating effects of resilience between childhood trauma and depressive symptoms in Chinese children. J Affect Disord. 2017;211:130–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.12.056.
Wingo AP, Wrenn G, Pelletier T, Gutman AR, Bradley B, Ressler KJ. Moderating effects of resilience on depression in individuals with a history of childhood abuse or trauma exposure. J Affect Disord. 2010;126(3):411–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.04.009.
Tugade MM, Fredrickson BL. Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004;86(2):320–33. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35126.96.36.1990.
Rew L, Horner SD. Youth resilience framework for reducing health-risk behaviours in adolescents. J Pediatr Nurs. 2003;18(6):379–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0882-5963(03)00162-3.
Peng L, Zhang J, Li M, Li P, Zhang Y, Zuo X, et al. Negative life events and mental health of Chinese medical students: the effect of resilience, personality and social support. Psychiatry Res. 2012;196(1):138–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2011.12.006.
Tian X, Chang W, Meng Q, Chen Y, Yu Z, He L, et al. Resilience and self-harm among left-behind children in Yunnan, China: a community-based survey. BMC Public Health. 2019;19:1728.
Shi J, Chen Z, Yin F, Zhao J, Zhao X, Yao Y. Resilience as moderator of the relationship between left-behind experience and mental health of Chinese adolescents. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2016;62(4):386–93. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764016636910.
Madden SC. The relationship between psychological maltreatment and deliberate self-harm and the moderating role of resilience in an undergraduate residence hall population. doctor. North Carolina: University of North Carolina; 2007.
Deliberto TL, Nock MK. An exploratory study of correlates, onset, and offset of non-suicidal self-injury. Arch Suicide Res. 2008;12(3):219–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811110802101096.
Mikulincer M, Shaver PR, Pereg D. Attachment theory and affect regulation: the dynamics, development, and cognitive consequences of attachment-related strategies. Motiv Emot. 2003;27(2):77–102. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024515519160.
Morris AS, Silk JS, Steinberg L, Myers SS, Robinson LR. The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Soc Dev. 2010;16:361–88.
Messer JM, Fremouw WJ. A critical review of explanatory models for self- mutilating behaviors in adolescentss. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008;28(1):162–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2007.04.006.
Kim J, Cicchetti D. Longitudinal pathways linking child maltreatment, emotion regulation, peer relations, and psychopathology. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2010;51(6):706–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02202.x.
Jennissen S, Holl J, Mai H, Wolff S, Barnow S. Emotion dysregulation mediates the relationship between child maltreatment and psychopathology: a structural equation model. Child Abuse Negl. 2016;62:51–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.10.015.
Crow T, Cross D, Powers A, Bradley B. Emotion dysregulation as a mediator between childhood emotional abuse and current depression in a low-income African-American sample. Child Abuse Negl. 2014;38(10):1590–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.05.015.
Serafini G, Gonda X, Pompili M, Rihmer Z, Amore M, Engel-Yeger B. The relationship between sensory processing patterns, alexithymia, traumatic childhood experiences, and quality of life among patients with unipolar and bipolar disorders. Child Abuse Negl. 2016;62:39–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.09.013.
Youngblade LM, Belsky J. Child maltreatment, infant-parent attachment security, and dysfunctional peer relationships in toddlerhood. Top Early Child Spec Educ. 1989;9(2):1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/027112148900900202.
Arbona C, Power T. Parental attachment, self-esteem, and antisocial behaviors among African American, European American, and Mexican American adolescents. J Couns Psychol. 2003;50(1):40–51. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0188.8.131.52.
Cassidy J, Shaver PR. Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, , and clinical applications. 3rd ed. New York: Guilford Press; 2016.
Borelli JL, Compare A, Snavely JE, Decio V. Reflective functioning moderates the association between perceptions of parental neglect and attachment in adolescence. Psychoanal Psychol. 2015;32(1):23–35. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037858.
Guerra C, Farkas C, Moncada L. Depression, anxiety and PTSD in sexually abused adolescents: association with self-efficacy, coping and family support. Child Abuse Negl. 2018;76:310–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.11.013.
Sowislo JF, Orth U. Does low self-esteem predict depression and anxiety? A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychol Bull. 2013;139(1):213–40. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028931.
Borelli JL, Brugnera A, Zarbo C, Rabboni M, Bondi E, Tasca GA, et al. Attachment comes of age: adolescents' narrative coherence and reflective functioning predict well-being in emerging adulthood. Attach Hum Dev. 2019;21(4):332–51. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2018.1479870.
Wang Y, Zhang M, Chen H. Self-injury among left-behind adolescents in rural China: the role of parental migration and parent-child attachment. Front Psychol. 2019;9:2672. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02672.
Colman RA, Widom CS. Childhood abuse and neglect and adult intimate relationships: a prospective study. Child Abuse Negl. 2004;28(11):1133–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.02.005.
Gratz KL. Targeting emotion dysregulation in the treatment of self-injury. J Clin Psychol. 2007;63(11):1091–103. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20417.
Celano CM, Gomez-Bernal F, Mastromauro CA, Beale EE, DuBois CM, Auerbach RP, et al. A positive psychology intervention for patients with bipolar depression: a randomized pilot trial. J Ment Health. 2020;29(1):60–8. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2018.1521942.
Townsend E, Hawton K, Altman DG, Arensman E, Gunnell D, Hazell P, et al. The efficacy of problem-solving treatments after deliberate self-harm: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials with respect to depression, hopelessness and improvement in problems. Psychol Med. 2001;31(6):979–88. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291701004238.
Hatcher S, Sharon C, Parag V, Collins N. Problem-solving therapy for people who present to hospital with self-harm: Zelen randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2011;199(4):310–6. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.110.090126.
Niu Y. An intervention research on the relationship between psychological resilience and perceived social support among left-behind children. master. Nanjing: Nanjing Norm Univ; 2014 (In Chinese).