Ng M, Fleming T, Robinson M, Thomson B, Graetz N, Margono C, Mullany EC, Biryukov S, Abbafati C, Abera SF, et al. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2013. Lancet. 2014;384(9945):766–81.
Popkin BM, Slining MM. New dynamics in global obesity facing low- and middle-income countries. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 2):11–20.
Monteiro CA, Moura EC, Conde WL, Popkin BM. Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bull World Health Organ. 2004;82(12):940–6.
Popkin BM. Understanding global nutrition dynamics as a step towards controlling cancer incidence. Nat Rev Cancer. 2007;7(1):61–7.
Swinburn B, Vandevijvere S, Kraak V, Sacks G, Snowdon W, Hawkes C, Barquera S, Friel S, Kelly B, Kumanyika S, et al. Monitoring and benchmarking government policies and actions to improve the healthiness of food environments: a proposed government healthy food environment policy index. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 1):24–37.
Potvin Kent M, Dubois L, Wanless A. A nutritional comparison of foods and beverages marketed to children in two advertising policy environments. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012;20(9):1829–37.
Mackenbach JD, Rutter H, Compernolle S, Glonti K, Oppert J-M, Charreire H, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Brug J, Nijpels G, Lakerveld J. Obesogenic environments: a systematic review of the association between the physical environment and adult weight status, the SPOTLIGHT project. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:233.
Adeigbe RT, Baldwin S, Gallion K, Grier S, Ramirez AG. Food and beverage marketing to Latinos: a systematic literature review. Health Educ Behav. 2015;42(5):569–82.
James WPT. The fundamental drivers of the obesity epidemic. Obes Rev. 2008;9(Suppl 1):6–13.
Monteiro CA, Moubarac JC, Cannon G, Ng SW, Popkin B. Ultra-processed products are becoming dominant in the global food system. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 2):21–8.
Larson N, Story M. A review of environmental influences on food choices. Ann Behav Med. 2009;38(Suppl 1):S56–73.
Barquera S, Campos I, Rivera JA. Mexico attempts to tackle obesity: the process, results, push backs and future challenges. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 2):69–78.
Barquera S, Campos-Nonato I, Hernandez-Barrera L, Pedroza A, Rivera-Dommarco JA. Prevalence of obesity in Mexican adults 2000-2012. Salud Publica Mex. 2013;55(Suppl 2):S151–60.
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Recommendations from a Pan American Health Organization Expert Consultation on the Marketing of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children in the Americas. In. Washington, DC.:; 2011: 130.
Federal Trade Commission. Marketing Food to Children and Adolescents: A Review of Industry Expenditures, Activities, and Self-Regulation. Washington, DC: U.S. Federal Trade Commission; 2008.
Federal Trade Commission. A review of food marketing to children and adolescents: Follow-up report. Washington, DC: U.S. Federal Trade Commission; 2012.
Kelly B, King L, Baur L, Rayner M, Lobstein T, Monteiro C, Macmullan J, Mohan S, Barquera S, Friel S, et al. Monitoring food and non-alcoholic beverage promotions to children. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 1):59–69.
Kraak VI, Story M. An accountability evaluation for the industry's responsible use of brand mascots and licensed media characters to market a healthy diet to American children. Obes Rev. 2015;16(6):433–53.
IOM (Institute of Medicine). Challenges and Opportunities for Change in Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2013.
Consejo de Autorregulación y Ética Publicitaria. Código PABI. Código de Autorregulación de Publicidad de Alimentos y Bebidas No Alcohólicas dirigida al Público Infantil. Ciudad de México: CONAR; 2012.
Sharma LL, Teret SP, Brownell KD. The food industry and self-regulation: standards to promote success and to avoid public health failures. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(2):240–6.
World Health Organization. A Framework for Implementing the Set of Recommendations on the Marketing of Foods and Non‐alcoholic Beverages to Children. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012.
Theodore F, Juarez-Ramirez C, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Blanco I, Tolentino-Mayo L, Bonvecchio A. Barriers and opportunities for the regulation of food and beverage advertising to children in Mexico. Salud Publica Mex. 2014;56(Suppl 2):s123–9.
Bragg MA, Yanamadala S, Roberto CA, Harris JL, Brownell KD. Athlete endorsements in food marketing. Pediatrics. 2013;132(5):805–10.
Chacon V, Letona P, Barnoya J. Child-oriented marketing techniques in snack food packages in Guatemala. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:967.
Chacon V, Letona P, Villamor E, Barnoya J. Snack food advertising in stores around public schools in Guatemala. Crit Public Health. 2015;25(3):291–8.
Barquera STM, Safdie M, National L. Guidelines for healthy nutrition in Mexican schools: an independent preliminary evaluation. Obes Rev. 2014;15:249–70.
Mallarino C, Gomez LF, Gonzalez-Zapata L, Cadena Y, Parra DC. Advertising of ultra-processed foods and beverages: children as a vulnerable population. Rev Saude Publica. 2013;47(5):1006–10.
Hernández Ávila M, Martínez Montañez OG. Lineamientos generales para el expendio o distribución de alimentos y bebidas en los establecimientos de consumo escolar en los planteles de educación básica. Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México. 2011;68:1–6.
DOF. ACUERDO mediante el cual se establecen los lineamientos generales para el expendio o distribución de alimentos y bebidas en los establecimientos de consumo escolar de los planteles de educación básica. 2010. Available from: http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle_popup.php?codigo=5156173. Accessed 28 Mar 2018.
Secretaria de Educacion Publica. Lineamientos Generales para el expendio o distribución de alimentos y bebidas en los establecimientos de consumo escolar de los planteles de educación básica. Acuerdo Nacional para la Salud Alimentaria. Estrategia contra el Sobrepeso y la Obesidad: Ciudad de México; 2010.
Walton M, Pearce J, Day P. Examining the interaction between food outlets and outdoor food advertisements with primary school food environments. Health Place. 2009;15(3):811–8.
Cairns G, Angus K, Hastings G, Caraher M. Systematic reviews of the evidence on the nature, extent and effects of food marketing to children. A retrospective summary. Appetite. 2013;62:209–15.
Christiansen TB and Lauritsen JM. (Ed.) EpiData - Comprehensive Data Management and Basic Statistical Analysis System. Odense Denmark, EpiData Association; 2010. http://www.epidata.dk.
Barrera LH, Rothenberg SJ, Barquera S, Cifuentes E. The toxic food environment around elementary schools and childhood obesity in Mexican cities. Am J Prev Med. 2016;51(2):264–70.
Long JS, Predicted JF. Probabilities for count models. Stata J. 2001;1:51–7.
StataCorp. Stata Statistical Software: Release 13. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP; 2013.
Williams J, Scarborough P, Matthews A, Cowburn G, Foster C, Roberts N, Rayner M. A systematic review of the influence of the retail food environment around schools on obesity-related outcomes. Obes Rev. 2014;15(5):359–74.
Vandevijvere S, Tseng M. Towards comprehensive global monitoring of food environments and policies to reduce diet-related non-communicable diseases. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(12):2101–4.
Popkin BM, Bellagio Meeting g. Bellagio declaration 2013: countering big Food's undermining of healthy food policies. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 2):9–10.
Gosliner W, Madsen KA. Marketing foods and beverages: why licensed commercial characters should not be used to sell healthy products to children. Pediatrics. 2007;119(6):1255–6. author reply 1256
Harris JL, Graff SK. Protecting young people from junk food advertising: implications of psychological research for first amendment law. Am J Public Health. 2012;102(2):214–22.
Kelly B, Cretikos M, Rogers K, King L. The commercial food landscape: outdoor food advertising around primary schools in Australia. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2008;32(6):522–8.
Mazur A, Telega G, Kotowicz A, Malek H, Jarochowicz S, Gierczak B, Mazurkiewicz M, Pop T, Zajkiewicz K, Druzbicki M, et al. Impact of food advertising on food purchases by students in primary and secondary schools in South-Eastern Poland. Public Health Nutr. 2008;11(9):978–81.
Ng SH, Kelly B, Se CH, Chinna K, Sameeha MJ, Krishnasamy S, Mn I, Karupaiah T. Obesogenic television food advertising to children in Malaysia: sociocultural variations. Glob Health Action. 2014;7(1):25169.
Stern D, Piernas C, Barquera S, Rivera JA, Popkin BM. Caloric beverages were major sources of energy among children and adults in Mexico, 1999-2012. J Nutr. 2014;144(6):949–56.
Barquera S, Hernandez-Barrera L, Tolentino ML, Espinosa J, Ng SW, Rivera JA, Popkin BM. Energy intake from beverages is increasing among Mexican adolescents and adults. J Nutr. 2008;138(12):2454–61.
Secretaría de Salud. Bases técnicas del Acuerdo Nacional para la Salud Alimentaria. Estrategia contra el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Ciudad de México: Secretaría de Salud; 2010.
Rivera JA, Munoz-Hernandez O, Rosas-Peralta M, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Popkin BM, Willett WC, Comite de Expertos: Beverage consumption for a healthy life: recommendations for the Mexican population. Consumo de bebidas para una vida saludable: recomendaciones para la poblacion mexicana. Salud publica de Mexico. 2008;50(2):173–95.
Sacks G, Mialon M, Vandevijvere S, Trevena H, Snowdon W, Crino M, Swinburn B. Comparison of food industry policies and commitments on marketing to children and product (re)formulation in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji. Clinical Public Health. 2014;25:299–319.
Amanzadeh B, Sokal-Gutierrez K, Barker JC. An interpretive study of food, snack and beverage advertisements in rural and urban El Salvador. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:521.
Hillier A, Cole BL, Smith TE, Yancey AK, Williams JD, Grier SA, McCarthy WJ. Clustering of unhealthy outdoor advertisements around child-serving institutions: a comparison of three cities. Health Place. 2009;15(4):935–45.
Maher A, Wilson N, Signal L. Advertising and availability of 'obesogenic' foods around New Zealand secondary schools: a pilot study. N Z Med J. 2005;118(1218):U1556.
Snowdon W. Sugar-sweetened beverages in Pacific Island countries and territories: problems and solutions? Pacific health dialog. 2014;20(1):43–6.
Story M, Nanney MS, Schwartz MB. Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Milbank Q. 2009;87(1):71–100.
Potvin Kent M, Dubois L, Wanless A. Self-regulation by industry of food marketing is having little impact during children's preferred television. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011;6(5–6):401–8.
Swinburn B, Sacks G, Vandevijvere S, Kumanyika S, Lobstein T, Neal B, Barquera S, Friel S, Hawkes C, Kelly B, et al. INFORMAS (international network for food and obesity/non-communicable diseases research, monitoring and action support): overview and key principles. Obes Rev. 2013;14(Suppl 1):1–12.
Vandevijvere S. Why a global convention to protect and promote healthy diets is timely. Public Health Nutr. 2014;17(11):2387–8.
Swinburn B, Sacks G, Lobstein T, Rigby N, Baur LA, Brownell KD, Gill T, Seidell J, Kumanyika S, International Obesity Taskforce Working Group on Marketing to C. The 'Sydney Principles' for reducing the commercial promotion of foods and beverages to children. Public Health Nutr. 2008;11(9):881–6.
Hawkes C, Smith TG, Jewell J, Wardle J, Hammond RA, Friel S, Thow AM, Kain J. Smart food policies for obesity prevention. Lancet. 2015;385(9985):2410–21.
López-Olmedo N, Popkin BM, Taillie LS. The socioeconomic disparities in intakes and purchases of less-healthy foods and beverages have changed over time in urban Mexico. J Nutr. 2018;148(1):109–16.
Jauregui A, Medina C, Salvo D, Barquera S, Rivera-Dommarco JA. Active commuting to School in Mexican Adolescents: evidence from the Mexican National Nutrition and health survey. J Phys Act Health. 2015;12(8):1088–95.
Galbraith-Emami S, Lobstein T. The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2013;14(12):960–74.
Boyland EJ, Whalen R. Food advertising to children and its effects on diet: review of recent prevalence and impact data. Pediatr Diabetes. 2015;16(5):331–7.
Blakely T, Ni Mhurchu C, Jiang Y, Matoe L, Funaki-Tahifote M, Eyles HC, Foster RH, McKenzie S, Rodgers A. Do effects of price discounts and nutrition education on food purchases vary by ethnicity, income and education? Results from a randomised, controlled trial. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011;65(10):902–8.
Boelsen-Robinson T, Backholer K, Peeters A. Digital marketing of unhealthy foods to Australian children and adolescents. Health Promot Int. 2016;31(3):523–33.
Carter M-A, Signal L, Edwards R, Hoek J, Maher A. Food, fizzy, and football: promoting unhealthy food and beverages through sport - a New Zealand case study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:126.
Freeman B, Kelly B, Baur L, Chapman K, Chapman S, Gill T, King L. Digital junk: food and beverage marketing on Facebook. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(12):e56–64.
Jenkin G, Madhvani N, Signal L, Bowers S. A systematic review of persuasive marketing techniques to promote food to children on television. Obes Rev. 2014;15(4):281–93.
Kelly B, Bauman AE, Baur LA. Population estimates of Australian children's exposure to food and beverage sponsorship of sports clubs. J Sci Med Sport. 2014;17(4):394–8.
Lobstein T. Research needs on food marketing to children. Report of the StanMark project. Appetite. 2013;62:185–6.
Hawkes C. Regulating and litigating in the public interest: regulating food marketing to young people worldwide: trends and policy drivers. Am J Public Health. 2007;97(11):1962–73.