Green CA, Pope CR. Gender, psychosocial factors and the use of medical services: a longitudinal analysis. Soc Sci Med. 1999;48(10):1363–72.
Mansfield AK, Addis ME, Courtenay W. Measurement of men’s help seeking: development and evaluation of the barriers to help seeking scale. Psychol Men Masculinity. 2005;6(2):95.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. A snapshot of men’s health in regional and remote Australia. In: AIHW, editor. Rural health series no 11. Canberra: AIHW; 2010.
Welfare AIoHa. The health of Australia’s males, June ed. Canberra: AIHW; 2011.
Banks I, Baker P. Men and primary care: improving access and outcomes. Trends in Urology & Men’s Health. 2013;4(5):39–41.
Bayram C, Valenti L, Britt H. General practice encounters with men. Aust Fam Physician. 2016;45(4):171–4.
Hale S, Grogan S, Willott S. Patterns of self‐referral in men with symptoms of prostate disease. Br J Health Psychol. 2007;12(3):403–19.
Husaini BA, Moore ST, Cain VA. Psychiatric symptoms and help-seeking behavior among the elderly: an analysis of racial and gender differences. J Gerontol Soc Work. 1994;21(3-4):177–96.
McKay JR, Rutherford MJ, Cacciola JS, Kabasakalian-McKay R, Alterman AI. Gender differences in the relapse experiences of cocaine patients. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1996;184(10):616–22.
Padesky CA, Hammen CL. Sex differences in depressive symptom expression and help-seeking among college students. Sex Roles. 1981;7(3):309–20.
Rickwood DJ, Braithwaite VA. Social-psychological factors affecting help-seeking for emotional problems. Soc Sci Med. 1994;39(4):563–72.
Thom B. Sex differences in help‐seeking for alcohol problems–1. The barriers to help‐seeking. Br J Addict. 1986;81(6):777–88.
Weissman MM, Klerman GL. Sex differences and the epidemiology of depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1977;34(1):98–111.
Yousaf O, Grunfeld EA, Hunter MS. A systematic review of the factors associated with delays in medical and psychological help-seeking among men. Health Psychology Review. 2013(ahead-of-print):1–13
Wang Y, Hunt K, Nazareth I, Freemantle N, Petersen I. Do men consult less than women? An analysis of routinely collected UK general practice data. BMJ Open. 2013;3(8):e003320.
Hale S, Grogan S, Willott S. Male GPs’ views on men seeking medical help: a qualitative study. Br J Health Psychol. 2010;15(4):697–713.
RACGP. Guidelines for preventive activities in general practice. In: Vol. 2016. 8th ed. Australia: The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; 2012.
McIsaac WJ, Fuller-Thomson E, Talbot Y. Does having regular care by a family physician improve preventive care? Can Fam Physician. 2001;47(1):70–6.
Harris MF, McKenzie S. Men’s health: what’s a GP to do? Med J Aust. 2006;185(8):440.
Addis ME, Mahalik JR. Men, masculinity, and the contexts of help seeking. Am Psychol. 2003;58(1):5.
Galdas PM, Cheater F, Marshall P. Men and health help‐seeking behaviour: literature review. J Adv Nurs. 2005;49(6):616–23.
Davies J, McCrae BP, Frank J, Dochnahl A, Pickering T, Harrison B, Zakrzewski M, Wilson K. Identifying male college students’ perceived health needs, barriers to seeking help, and recommendations to help men adopt healthier lifestyles. J Am Coll Heal. 2000;48(6):259–67.
Doherty DT, Kartalova‐O’Doherty Y. Gender and self‐reported mental health problems: predictors of help seeking from a general practitioner. Br J Health Psychol. 2010;15(1):213–28.
Holden C, Jolley D, McLachlan R, Pitts M, Cumming R, Wittert G, Handelsman D, De Kretser D. Men in Australia Telephone Survey (MATeS): predictors of men’s help-seeking behaviour for reproductive health disorders. Med J Aust. 2006;185(8):418–22.
Koopmans GT, Lamers LM. Gender and health care utilization: the role of mental distress and help-seeking propensity. Soc Sci Med. 2007;64(6):1216–30.
Mackenzie C, Gekoski W, Knox V. Age, gender, and the underutilization of mental health services: the influence of help-seeking attitudes. Aging and Mental Health. 2006;10(6):574–82.
Ang RP, Lim KM, Tan A-G, Yau TY. Effects of gender and sex role orientation on help-seeking attitudes. Curr Psychol. 2004;23(3):203–14.
Morgan NT, Robinson M. Students’ help-seeking behaviours by gender, racial background, and student status. Can J Couns. 2003;37(2):151–66.
Möller-Leimkühler AM. Barriers to help-seeking by men: a review of sociocultural and clinical literature with particular reference to depression. J Affect Disord. 2002;71(1):1–9.
Vogel DL, Wester SR. To seek help or not to seek help: the risks of self-disclosure. J Couns Psychol. 2003;50(3):351.
Coles R, Watkins F, Swami V, Jones S, Woolf S, Stanistreet D. What men really want: a qualitative investigation of men’s health needs from the Halton and St Helens Primary Care Trust men’s health promotion project. Br J Health Psychol. 2010;15(4):921–39.
Gough B. Try to be healthy, but don’t forgo your masculinity: deconstructing men’s health discourse in the media. Soc Sci Med. 2006;63(9):2476–88.
Gough B. The psychology of men’s health: maximizing masculine capital. Health Psychol. 2013;32(1):1.
Jeffries M, Grogan S. ‘Oh, I’m just, you know, a little bit weak because I’m going to the doctor’s’: young men’s talk of self-referral to primary healthcare services. Psychol Health. 2012;27(8):898–915.
Johnson JL, Oliffe JL, Kelly MT, Galdas P, Ogrodniczuk JS. Men’s discourses of help‐seeking in the context of depression. Sociology of health & illness. 2012;34(3):345–61.
Mahalik JR, Burns SM, Syzdek M. Masculinity and perceived normative health behaviors as predictors of men’s health behaviors. Soc Sci Med. 2007;64(11):2201–9.
Noone JH, Stephens C. Men, masculine identities, and health care utilisation. Sociology of health & illness. 2008;30(5):711–25.
O’Brien R, Hunt K, Hart G. ‘It’s caveman stuff, but that is to a certain extent how guys still operate’: men’s accounts of masculinity and help seeking. Soc Sci Med. 2005;61(3):503–16.
O'Loughlin RE, et al. Role of the gender-linked norm of toughness in the decision to engage in treatment for depression. Psychiatric Services. 2011;62(7):740–6.
Pederson EL, Vogel DL. Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: testing a mediation model on college-aged men. J Couns Psychol. 2007;54(4):373.
Rochlen AB, Paterniti DA, Epstein RM, Duberstein P, Willeford L, Kravitz RL. Barriers in diagnosing and treating men with depression: a focus group report. American journal of men’s health. 2010;4(2):167–75.
Smith JA, Braunack-Mayer A, Wittert G, Warin M. “It’s sort of like being a detective”: Understanding how Australian men self-monitor their health prior to seeking help. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008;8(56):10.
Steinfeldt JA, Steinfeldt MC. Gender role conflict, athletic identity, and help-seeking among high school football players. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2010;22(3):262–73.
Vogel DL, Heimerdinger-Edwards SR, Hammer JH, Hubbard A. “Boys don’t cry”: Examination of the links between endorsement of masculine norms, self-stigma, and help-seeking attitudes for men from diverse backgrounds. J Couns Psychol. 2011;58(3):368.
Currier D, Pirkis J, Carlin J, Degenhardt L, Dharmage SC, Giles-Corti B, Gordon I, Gurrin LC, Hocking J, Kavanagh AM, et al. The Australian longitudinal study on male health - methods. BMC Public Health. In press
Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): volume 5–remoteness structure. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2011.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. In: ABS, editor. ABS Household Expenditure Survey and Survey of Income and Housing Costs, vol. 2016. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2003.
Barbor TF, Higgins-Biddle JC, Saunders JB, Monteiro MG. AUDIT - the alcohol use disorders identification test: guidelines for use in primary care. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2001.
Ware JE, Kosinski M, Turner-Bowker DM, Gandek B. How to Score Version 2 of the SF-12 Health Survey. Lincoln: QualityMetric Incorporated; 2002.
Dixon J, Welch N. Researching the rural–metropolitan health differential using the ‘social determinants of health’. Aust J Rural Health. 2000;8(5):254–60.
Humphreys J. Rural health status: what do statistics show that we don’t already know? Aust J Rural Health. 1999;7(1):60–3.
Wilkinson D, Blue I. The new rural health: Oxford University Press; 2002
Humphreys JS, Jones MP, Jones JA, Mara PR. Workforce retention in rural and remote Australia: determining the factors that influence length of practice. Med J Aust. 2002;176(10):472–6.
Bourke L, Sheridan C, Russell U, Jones G, DeWitt D, Liaw ST. Developing a conceptual understanding of rural health practice. Aust J Rural Health. 2004;12(5):181–6.
Adler NE, Boyce T, Chesney MA, Cohen S, Folkman S, Kahn RL, Syme SL. Socioeconomic status and health: the challenge of the gradient. Am Psychol. 1994;49(1):15.
Hiscock R, Bauld L, Amos A, Fidler JA, Munafo M. Socioeconomic status and smoking: a review. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2012;1248(1):107–23.
Harris M. The role of primary health care in preventing the onset of chronic disease, with a particular focus on the lifestyle risk factors of obesity, tobacco and alcohol. Canberra: National Preventative Health Taskforce; 2008. p. 1–21.
Dowell A, Hilton S, Bland J, Harris T, Jones D, Katbamna S. Prevention in practice: results of a 2-year follow-up of routine health promotion interventions in general practice. Fam Pract. 1996;13(4):357–62.
Boulware LE, Marinopoulos S, Phillips KA, Hwang CW, Maynor K, Merenstein D, Wilson RF, Barnes GJ, Bass EB, Powe NR. Systematic review: the value of the periodic health evaluation. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(4):289–300.
Harris M. The role of primary health care in preventing the onset of chronic disease, with a particular focus on the lifestyle risk factors of obesity, tobacco and alcohol. In: Prevention Health Task Force. 2008.
Department of Health. MBS Health Assessments Items 701, 703, 705, 707, 715 and 10986. Canberra: Department of Health; 2015.
White A, McKee M, Richardson N, de Visser R, Madsen SA, de Sousa BC, Hogston R, Zatoński W, Makara P. Europe’s men need their own health strategy. BMJ. 2011;343:d7397; doi:10.1136/bmj.d7397.