Riddoch CJ, Mattocks C, Deere K, Saunders J, Kirkby J, Tilling K, Leary SD, Blair SN, Ness AR: Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity. Arch Dis Child. 2007, 92 (11): 963-969. 10.1136/adc.2006.112136.
Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Parkinson KN, Maute U, Li PX, Reilly JJ, Team tGMSC: Surveillance of physical activity in the UK is flawed: validation of the health survey for England physical activity questionnaire. Arch Dis Child. 2008, 93 (12): 1054-1058. 10.1136/adc.2007.135905.
McLure SA, Summerbell CD, Reilly JJ: Objectively measured habitual physical activity in a highly obesogenic environment. Child Care Health Dev. 2009, 35 (3): 369-375. 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.00946.x.
Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Frary JK, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JJ: Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentary behavior in children. Pediatrics. 2011, 127 (1): E24-E30. 10.1542/peds.2010-1935.
Janssen I, LeBlanc AG: Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010, 7: 40-10.1186/1479-5868-7-40.
Owen CG, Nightingale CM, Rudnicka AR, Cook DG, Ekelund U, Whincup PH: Ethnic and gender differences in physical activity levels among 9–10-year-old children of white European, South Asian and African–Caribbean origin: the child heart health study in England (CHASE study). Int J Epidemiol. 2009, 38 (4): 1082-1093. 10.1093/ije/dyp176.
Corder K, van Sluijs EMF, Ekelund U, Jones AP, Griffin SJ: Changes in Children’s physical activity over 12 months: longitudinal results from the SPEEDY study. Pediatrics. 2010, 126 (4): E926-E935. 10.1542/peds.2010-0048.
Hughes AR, Sherriff A, Lawlor DA, Ness AR, Reilly JJ: Incidence of obesity during childhood and adolescence in a large contemporary cohort. Prev Med. 2011, 52 (5): 300-304. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.02.014.
Hughes AR, Sherriff A, Lawlor DA, Ness AR, Reilly JJ: Timing of excess weight gain in the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children (ALSPAC). Pediatrics. 2011, 127 (3): e730-e736. 10.1542/peds.2010-0959.
van Sluijs EM, Kriemler S, McMinn AM: The effect of community and family interventions on young people’s physical activity levels: a review of reviews and updated systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2011, 45 (11): 914-922. 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090187.
Dobbins M, De Corby K, Robeson P, Husson H, Tirilis D: School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6–18. Cochr Database System Rev(Online). 2009, 21 (1): CD007651-
Reilly JJ: Can we modulate physical activity in children?. Int J Obes. 2011, 35 (10): 1266-10.1038/ijo.2011.62.
Ward DS, Saunders RP, Pate RR: Physical activity interventions in children and adolescents. 2006, Champaign: Human Kinetics
McMinn AM, van Sluijs EM, Nightingale CM, Griffin SJ, Cook DG, Owen CG, Rudnicka AR, Whincup PH: Family and home correlates of children’s physical activity in a multi-ethnic population: the cross-sectional child heart and health study in England (CHASE). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011, 8: 11-10.1186/1479-5868-8-11.
King AC, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, Murray L, Besson H, Reilly JJ, Basterfield L: Correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour in English children. Eur J Public Health. 2011, 21 (4): 424-431. 10.1093/eurpub/ckq104.
Yam PS, Morrison R, Penpraze V, Westgarth C, Ward DS, Mutrie N, Hutchison P, Young D, Reilly JJ: Children, parents, and pets exercising together (CPET) randomised controlled trial: study rationale, design, and methods. BMC Public Health. 2012, 12 (1): 208-10.1186/1471-2458-12-208.
Bauman AE, Russell SJ, Furber SE, Dobson AJ: The epidemiology of dog walking: an unmet need for human and canine health. Med J Aust. 2001, 175 (11–12): 632-634.
Westgarth C, Boddy L, Stratton G, German A, Gaskell R, Coyne K, Bundred P, McCune S, Dawson S: Pet ownership, dog types and attachment to pets in 9–10 year old children in Liverpool, UK. BMC Vet Res. 2013, 9 (1): 1-10. 10.1186/1746-6148-9-1.
Christian HE, Westgarth C, Bauman A, Richards EA, Rhodes R, Evenson KR, Mayer JA, Thorpe RJ: Dog ownership and physical activity: a review of the evidence. J Phys Act Health. 2013, 10 (5): 750-759.
Owen CG, Nightingale CM, Rudnicka AR, Ekelund U, McMinn AM, van Sluijs EMF, Griffin SJ, Cook DG, Whincup PH: Family Dog ownership and levels of physical activity in childhood: findings from the child heart and health study in England. Am J Public Health. 2010, 100 (9): 1669-1671. 10.2105/AJPH.2009.188193.
Christian H, Trapp G, Lauritsen C, Wright K, Giles-Corti B: Understanding the relationship between dog ownership and children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Pediatric Obes. 2013, 8 (5): 392-10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00113.x.
Salmon J, Timperio A, Chu B, Veitch J: Dog ownership, dog walking, and children’s and parents’ physical activity. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2010, 81 (3): 264-271.
Rhodes RE, Murray H, Temple VA, Tuokko H, Higgins JW: Pilot study of a dog walking randomized intervention: effects of a focus on canine exercise. Prev Med. 2012, 54 (5): 309-312. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.02.014.
Cutt H, Giles-Corti B, Knuiman M, Timperio A, Bull F: Understanding dog owners’ increased levels of physical activity: results from RESIDE. Am J Public Health. 2008, 98 (1): 66-69. 10.2105/AJPH.2006.103499.
Reeves MJ, Rafferty AP, Miller CE, Lyon-Callo SK: The impact of dog walking on leisure-time physical activity: results from a population-based survey of Michigan adults. J Phys Act Health. 2011, 8 (3): 436-444.
Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M: Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new medical research council guidance. BMJ. 2008, 337: 1655-10.1136/bmj.a1655.
Jones RA, Riethmuller A, Hesketh K, Trezise J, Batterham M, Okely AD: Promoting fundamental movement skill development and physical activity in early childhood settings: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2011, 23 (4): 600-615.
Power R, Langhaug LF, Nyamurera T, Wilson D, Bassett MT, Cowan FM: Developing complex interventions for rigorous evaluation–a case study from rural Zimbabwe. Health Educ Res. 2004, 19 (5): 570-575. 10.1093/her/cyg073.
Schulz KF, Altman DG, Moher D: CONSORT 2010 statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. BMJ. 2010, 340: 332-10.1136/bmj.c332.
McLoone P: Carstairs Scores for Scottish Postcode Sectors from the 2001 Census. 2004, Glasgow: MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
Campbell NC, Murray E, Darbyshire J, Emery J, Farmer A, Griffiths F, Guthrie B, Lester H, Wilson P, Kinmonth AL: Designing and evaluating complex interventions to improve health care. BMJ. 2007, 334 (7591): 455-459. 10.1136/bmj.39108.379965.BE.
Puyau MR, Adolph AL, Vohra FA, Butte NF: Validation and calibration of physical activity monitors in children. Obes Res. 2002, 10 (3): 150-157. 10.1038/oby.2002.24.
Salmon J, Arundell L, Hume C, Brown H, Hesketh K, Dunstan DW, Daly RM, Pearson N, Cerin E, Moodie M, et al: A cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce sedentary behavior and promote physical activity and health of 8–9 year olds: the Transform-Us! study. BMC Public Health. 2011, 11: 759-10.1186/1471-2458-11-759.
Hughes AR, Stewart L, Chapple J, McColl JH, Donaldson MDC, Kelnar CJH, Zabihollah M, Ahmed F, Reilly JJ: Randomized, controlled trial of a best-practice individualized behavioral program for treatment of childhood overweight: Scottish childhood overweight treatment trial (SCOTT). Pediatrics. 2008, 121 (3): e539-e546. 10.1542/peds.2007-1786.
Hughes AR, Farewell K, Harris D, Reilly JJ: Quality of life in a clinical sample of obese children. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007, 31 (1): 39-44. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803410.
Freedson PS, Melanson E, Sirard J: Calibration of the computer science and applications, inc. accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998, 30 (5): 777-781. 10.1097/00005768-199805000-00021.
Morrison R, Penpraze V, Beber A, Reilly JJ, Yam PS: Associations between obesity and physical activity in dogs: a preliminary investigation. J Small Anim Pract. 2013, 54 (11): 570-574. 10.1111/jsap.12142.
Edney ATB, Smith PM: Study of obesity in dogs visiting veterinary practices in the United Kingdom. Vet Rec. 1986, 118 (14): 391-396. 10.1136/vr.118.14.391.
Penpraze V, Reilly JJ, MacLean CM, Montgomery C, Kelly LA, Paton JY, Aitchison T, Grant S: Monitoring of physical activity in young children: How much is enough?. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2006, 18 (4): 483-491.
Trost SG, McIver KL, Pate RR: Conducting accelerometer-based activity assessments in field-based research. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005, 37 (11 Suppl): S531-S543.
Troiano RP, Berrigan D, Dodd KW, Masse LC, Tilert T, McDowell M: Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008, 40 (1): 181-188. 10.1249/mss.0b013e31815a51b3. 110.1249/mss.1240b1013e31815a31851b31813
Yam PS, Penpraze V, Young D, Todd MS, Cloney AD, Houston-Callaghan KA, Reilly JJ: Validity, practical utility and reliability of actigraph accelerometry for the measurement of habitual physical activity in dogs. J Small Anim Pract. 2011, 52 (2): 86-92. 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2010.01025.x.
Vickers AJ, Altman DG: Statistics notes: analysing controlled trials with baseline and follow up measurements. BMJ. 2001, 323 (7321): 1123-1124. 10.1136/bmj.323.7321.1123.
Chen J-L, Weiss S, Heyman MB, Lustig RH: Efficacy of a child-centred and family-based program in promoting healthy weight and healthy behaviors in Chinese American children: a randomized controlled study. J Public Health. 2010, 32 (2): 219-229. 10.1093/pubmed/fdp105.
Sacher PM, Kolotourou M, Chadwick PM, Cole TJ, Lawson MS, Lucas A, Singhal A: Randomized controlled trial of the MEND program: a family-based community intervention for childhood obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md). 2010, 18 (Suppl 1): S62-S68.
Morgan PJ, Lubans DR, Callister R, Okely AD, Burrows TL, Fletcher R, Collins CE: The ‘healthy dads, healthy kids’ randomized controlled trial: efficacy of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight fathers and their children. Inter J Obes. 2011, 35 (3): 436-447. 10.1038/ijo.2010.151.
Pereira MA, FitzerGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM: A collection of physical activity questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1997, 29 (6 Suppl): S1-S205.
Sirard JR, Pate RR: Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents. Sports Med. 2001, 31: 439-454. 10.2165/00007256-200131060-00004.
Loprinzi PD, Lee H, Cardinal BJ, Crespo CJ, Andersen RE, Smit E: The relationship of actigraph accelerometer cut-points for estimating physical activity with selected health outcomes: results from NHANES 200306. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2012, 83 (3): 422-430.
Metcalf B, Henley W, Wilkin T: Effectiveness of intervention on physical activity of children: systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials with objectively measured outcomes (EarlyBird 54). BMJ. 2012, 345: 5888-10.1136/bmj.e5888.
Conn VSHARMDR: Interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults: meta-analysis of outcomes. Am J Public Health. 2011, 101 (4): 751-758. 10.2105/AJPH.2010.194381.
Kushner RF, Blatner DJ, Jewell DE, Rudloff K: The PPET study: people and pets exercising together[ast]. Obesity. 2006, 14 (10): 1762-1770. 10.1038/oby.2006.203.
Historic station data. [http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/stationdata/paisleydata.txt]
Wilkin TJ, Mallam KM, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Voss LD: Variation in physical activity lies with the child, not his environment: evidence for an /`activitystat/' in young children (EarlyBird 16). Int J Obes. 2006, 30 (7): 1050-1055. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803331.
Fremeaux AE, Mallam KM, Metcalf BS, Hosking J, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ: The impact of school-time activity on total physical activity: the activitystat hypothesis (EarlyBird 46). Inter J Obes. 2011, 35 (10): 1277-1283. 10.1038/ijo.2011.52.