Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, Lamb MM, Flegal KM: Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007-2008. JAMA. 2010, 303 (3): 242-249. 10.1001/jama.2009.2012.
Abrams P, Levitt Katz LE: Metabolic effects of obesity causing disease in childhood. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2011, 18 (1): 23-27. 10.1097/MED.0b013e3283424b37.
Gordon-Larsen P, The NS, Adair LS: Longitudinal trends in obesity in the United States from adolescence to the third decade of life. Obesity. 2010, 18 (9): 1801-1804. 10.1038/oby.2009.451.
Singh AS, Mulder C, Twisk JWR, van Mechelen W, Chinapaw MJM: Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obes Rev. 2008, 9 (5): 474-488. 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00475.x.
Mokdad AH, Marks JS, Stroup DF, Gerberding JL: Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000. JAMA. 2004, 291 (10): 1238-1245. 10.1001/jama.291.10.1238.
De Gonzalez AB, Hartge P, Cerhan JR, Flint AJ, Hannan L, MacInnis RJ, Moore SC, Tobias GS, Anton-Culver H, Freeman LB, et al: Body-mass index and mortality among 1.46 million white adults. N Engl J Med. 2010, 363 (23): 2211-2219. 10.1056/NEJMoa1000367.
Goodman E, Slap GB, Huang B: The public health impact of socioeconomic status on adolescent depression and obesity. Am J Public Health. 2003, 93 (11): 1844-1850. 10.2105/AJPH.93.11.1844.
Goodman E: The role of socioeconomic status gradients in explaining differences in US adolescents' health. Am J Public Health. 1999, 89 (10): 1522-1528. 10.2105/AJPH.89.10.1522.
Gordon-Larsen P, Adair LS, Popkin BM: The relationship of ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and overweight in U.S. adolescents. Obes Res. 2003, 11 (1): 121-129. 10.1038/oby.2003.20.
Wang Y, Beydoun MA: The obesity epidemic in the United States–gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Epidemiol Rev. 2007, 29: 6-28. 10.1093/epirev/mxm007.
Senese LC, Almeida ND, Fath AK, Smith BT, Loucks EB: Associations between childhood socioeconomic position and adulthood obesity. Epidemiol Rev. 2009, 31 (1): 21-51. 10.1093/epirev/mxp006.
Parsons TJ, Power C, Logan S, Summerbell CD: Childhood predictors of adult obesity: a systematic review. Int J Obes. 1999, 23 (SUPPL. 8): S1-S107.
Wells NM, Evans GW, Beavis A, Ong AD: Early childhood poverty, cumulative risk exposure, and body mass index trajectories through young adulthood. Am J Public Health. 2010, 100 (12): 2507-2512. 10.2105/AJPH.2009.184291.
Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Chen E, Matthews KA: Childhood socioeconomic status and adult health. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010, 1186: 37-55. 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.05334.x.
Pollitt RA, Rose KM, Kaufman JS: Evaluating the evidence for models of life course socioeconomic factors and cardiovascular outcomes: a systematic review. BMC Publ Health. 2005, 5: 7-10.1186/1471-2458-5-7.
Hallqvist J, Lynch J, Bartley M, Lang T, Blane D: Can we disentangle life course processes of accumulation, critical period and social mobility? An analysis of disadvantaged socio-economic positions and myocardial infarction in the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program. Soc Sci Med. 2004, 58 (8): 1555-1562. 10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00344-7.
Ziol-Guest KM, Duncan GJ, Kalil A: Early childhood poverty and adult body mass index. Am J Public Health. 2009, 99 (3): 527-532. 10.2105/AJPH.2007.130575.
National Institute of Child Health & Human Development: Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD): study overview. 2012, Access date June 8, 2012 http://www.nichd.nih.gov/research/supported/seccyd/overview.cfm
Network NECCR: Child care and child development: the NICHD study of early child care. Developmental follow-up: concepts, domains, and methods. Edited by: Friedman SL, Haywood HC. 1994, New York: Academic Press, 377-396.
U.S Census Bureau: Poverty thresholds, 1991. Access date February 23, 2011. 2010, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/threshld/thresh91.html,
Nader PR, Bradley RH, Houts RM, McRitchie SL, O’Brien M: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 years. JAMA: J Am Med Assoc. 2008, 300 (3): 295-305. 10.1001/jama.300.3.295.
Nader PR, O'Brien M, Houts R, Bradley R, Belsky J, Crosnoe R, Friedman S, Mei Z, Susman EJ, Health ftNIoC, et al: Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood. Pediatrics. 2006, 118 (3): e594-e601. 10.1542/peds.2005-2801.
Kuczmarski RJ, Ogden CL, Guo SS, et al: 2000 CDC growth charts for the United States: Methods and development. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat. 2002, 11 (246): Access date February 23, 2011.http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_11/sr11_246.pd
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: About BMI for children and teens. 2011, Access Date June 8, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/childrens_bmi/about_childrens_bmi.html
Flegal KM, Ogden CL: Childhood obesity: are we all speaking the same language?. Adv Nutr. 2011, 2 (2): 159S-166S.
Himes JH: Challenges of accurately measuring and using BMI and other indicators of obesity in children. Pediatrics. 2009, 124 (Supplement 1): S3-S22.
Jung T, Wickrama KAS: An introduction to latent class growth analysis and growth mixture modeling. Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2008, 2 (1): 302-317. 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2007.00054.x.
Curhan GC, Chertow GM, Willett WC, Spiegelman D, Colditz GA, Manson JE, Speizer FE, Stampfer MJ: Birth weight and adult hypertension and obesity in women. Circulation. 1996, 94 (6): 1310-1315. 10.1161/01.CIR.94.6.1310.
Curhan GC, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Spiegelman D, Ascherio AL, Stampfer MJ: Birth weight and adult hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity in US men. Circulation. 1996, 94 (12): 3246-3250. 10.1161/01.CIR.94.12.3246.
Rogers I: The influence of birthweight and intrauterine environment on adiposity and fat distribution in later life. Int J Obes. 2003, 27 (7): 755-777. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802316.
Hughes AR, Sherriff A, Lawlor DA, Ness AR, Reilly JJ: Timing of excess weight gain in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Pediatrics. 2011, 127 (3): e730-e736. 10.1542/peds.2010-0959.
Hankinson AL, Daviglus ML, Bouchard C, Carnethon M, Lewis CE, Schreiner PJ, Liu K, Sidney S: Maintaining a high physical activity level over 20 years and weight gain. JAMA. 2010, 304 (23): 2603-2610. 10.1001/jama.2010.1843.
The NS, Suchindran C, North KE, Popkin BM, Gordon-Larsen P: Association of adolescent obesity with risk of severe obesity in adulthood. JAMA. 2010, 304 (18): 2042-2047. 10.1001/jama.2010.1635.
Hingle MD, O'Connor TM, Dave JM, Baranowski T: Parental involvement in interventions to improve child dietary intake: a systematic review. Prev Med. 2010, 51 (2): 103-111. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.04.014.
Hollar D, Lombardo M, Lopez-Mitnik G, Hollar TL, Almon M, Agatston AS, Messiah SE: Effective multi-level, multi-sector, school-based obesity prevention programming improves weight, blood pressure, and academic performance, especially among low-income, minority children. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2010, 21 (2 Suppl): 93-108.
Hollar D, Messiah SE, Lopez-Mitnik G, Hollar TL, Almon M, Agatston AS: Effect of a two-year obesity prevention intervention on percentile changes in body mass index and academic performance in low-income elementary school children. Am J Public Health. 2010, 100 (4): 646-653. 10.2105/AJPH.2009.165746.
Sturm R, Powell LM, Chriqui JF, Chaloupka FJ: Soda taxes, soft drink consumption, and children's body mass index. Health Aff. 2010, 29 (5): 1052-1058. 10.1377/hlthaff.2009.0061.
Adler NE, Stewart J: Health disparities across the lifespan: meaning, methods, and mechanisms. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010, 1186: 5-23. 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.05337.x.