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  1. Content type: Research article

    There are few available data regarding the prevalence of diabetes in the sub-Himalayan region of India. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes in rural Garhwal based...

    Authors: Pam Anderson, Nathan Grills, Rajesh Singh, Rajkumari Singh, Roger G. Evans, Paramita Sengupta and Amanda G. Thrift

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:817

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to weight loss interventions is crucial to successful outcomes, yet little is known about how best to improve it. This suggests a need for developing and improving adherence strategies, such as forma...

    Authors: Nia Coupe, Sarah Peters, Sarah Rhodes and Sarah Cotterill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:816

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In 2017, the G20 health ministers convened for the first time to discuss global health and issued a communiqué outlining their health priorities, as the BRICS and G7 have done for years. As these political clu...

    Authors: Bronwyn McBride, Sarah Hawkes and Kent Buse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:815

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Although gender is an important determinant of health behaviour with males less likely to perform health-protective behaviours, samples in health behaviour research are heavily biased towards females. This stu...

    Authors: Jillian Ryan, Luke Lopian, Brian Le, Sarah Edney, Gisela Van Kessel, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Tim Olds and Carol Maher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:814

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco is the main cause of non-communicable disease and premature death globally. Implementing restrictive school tobacco policies such as smoke-free-school-hours (SFSH) may have the potential to reduce smok...

    Authors: Clara Heinze, Anneke Vang Hjort, Peter Elsborg, Helle Terkildsen Maindal and Charlotte Demant Klinker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:813

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in Nigeria rose by approximately 5% from 39 to 41 deaths per 1000 total births between 2008 and 2013, indicating a reversal in earlier gains. This study sought to identify fa...

    Authors: Osita K. Ezeh, Edward O. Uche-Nwachi, Uchechukwu D. Abada and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:811

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Harmful alcohol use is a modifiable risk factor contributing to the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases and deaths and the implementation of policies focused on primary prevention is pivotal to addr...

    Authors: Opeyemi Abiona, Mojisola Oluwasanu and Oladimeji Oladepo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:810

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity is a cornerstone in the prevention and treatment of obesity. There are relatively few studies that explore the effect of accelerometer-determined moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...

    Authors: Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Irina Kovalskys, Mauro Fisberg, Georgina Gomez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Viviana Guajardo, Michael Pratt, Carlos Pires and Dirceu Solé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:809

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Sleep problems are common in the general population. Cigarette smoking is common in the general population of China. Examinations of the prevalence of poor sleep quality among Chinese smokers and nonsmokers ar...

    Authors: Yanhui Liao, Liqin Xie, Xiaogang Chen, Brian C. Kelly, Chang Qi, Chen Pan, Mei Yang, Wei Hao, Tieqiao Liu and Jinsong Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:808

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) have similar symptoms to those caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The modes of transmission and dynamics of time series data still remain poorly understood. Climatic ...

    Authors: Raymond Nyoka, Thomas N. O. Achia, Jimmy Omony, Samuel M. Musili, Anthony Gichangi and Henry Mwambi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:807

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency (ID) among children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and their correction during nutritional rehabilitation are not well documented. This study assessed anaemi...

    Authors: Peter Akomo, Paluku Bahwere, Hitoshi Murakami, Chrissy Banda, Elizabeth Maganga, Sylvester Kathumba, Kate Sadler and Steve Collins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:806

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  12. Content type: Debate

    Malaria and Lyme disease were the largest vector-borne epidemics in recent US history. Malaria, a mosquito-borne disease with intense transmission, had higher morbidity and mortality, whereas Lyme and other ti...

    Authors: Ilia Rochlin, Dominick V. Ninivaggi and Jorge L. Benach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:804

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework is a useful tool for evaluating the impact of programs in community settings. RE-AIM has been applied to evaluate individu...

    Authors: Robert B. Shaw, Shane N. Sweet, Christopher B. McBride, William K. Adair and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:803

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Most studies measure the impact of ischemic heart disease (IHD) on individuals using quality of life metrics such as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs); however, IHD also has an enormous impact on producti...

    Authors: Deborah Schofield, Michelle Cunich, Rupendra Shrestha, Megan Passey, Lennert Veerman, Robert Tanton and Simon Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:802

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Unimproved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) behaviors are key drivers of infectious disease transmission and influencers of mental well-being. While WASH is seen as a critical enabler of health, important...

    Authors: Maryann G. Delea, Jedidiah S. Snyder, Mulusew Belew, Bethany A. Caruso, Joshua V. Garn, Gloria D. Sclar, Mulat Woreta, Kassahun Zewudie, Abebe Gebremariam and Matthew C. Freeman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:801

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  16. Content type: Research article

    One of the factors influencing variation in tobacco control policies across European countries is the relative policy dominance of pro and anti-tobacco control interest groups. Scholars investigating this powe...

    Authors: Thomas G. Kuijpers, Anton E. Kunst and Marc C. Willemsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:800

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Workplace presenteeism is common and leads to the spread of infectious diseases. Previous reviews have focused on presenteeism in relation to general physical or mental ill health. In this systematic review we...

    Authors: R. K. Webster, R. Liu, K. Karimullina, I. Hall, R. Amlôt and G. J. Rubin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:799

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  18. Content type: Research article

    A wide range of outcome measures can be calculated for hospital-treated injury patients. These include mortality, use of critical care services, complications, length of stay, treatment costs, readmission and ...

    Authors: Dasamal Tharanga Fernando, Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Stuart Newstead and Zahid Ansari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:798

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Improper use of antibiotics leads to the emergence of resistant microorganisms as well as drug toxicity, increased healthcare costs, morbidity and mortality. Globally, an estimated 25–68% of hospitalized patie...

    Authors: Antoinette A. A. Bediako-Bowan, Enid Owusu, Appiah-Korang Labi, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Gifty Sunkwa-Mills, Stephanie Bjerrum, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Cynthia Bannerman, Kåre Mølbak, Jørgen Anders Lindholm Kurtzhals and Mercy Jemima Newman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:797

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  20. Content type: Research article

    This study assesses how tuberculosis (TB) screening is perceived by immigrants in Norway. Screening is mandatory for people arriving from high incidence countries. To attend screening, immigrants have to conta...

    Authors: Ingunn Nordstoga, Mona Drage, Tore Wælgaard Steen and Brita Askeland Winje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:796

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Drowning is a leading and preventable cause of death that has suffered an attention deficit. Improving drowning data in countries would assist the understanding of the full extent and circumstances of drowning...

    Authors: Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin and Tessa Clemens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:794

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  22. Content type: Research article

    HIV/AIDS has emerged as a serious public health issue across the globe, and particularly in developing countries. Comprehensive knowledge and positive attitudes are cornerstones for the prevention, control and...

    Authors: Sarosh Iqbal, Sidra Maqsood, Asma Zafar, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:793

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  23. Content type: Research article

    HIV disproportionately infects women in many regions. Zimbabwe is one of the countries, most heavily affected. Unequal gender power relations between men and women can increase women’s vulnerability to HIV. Th...

    Authors: Teurai Rwafa, Simukai Shamu and Nicola Christofides

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:792

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Ghana is among African countries not likely to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) three (3) target of reducing maternal mortality to 70 per 100,000 live births by the year 2030 if maternal and chil...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Japiong Milipaak, Evelyn Korkor Ansah and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:791

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Research has consistently shown that early onset of drinking (EOD) is associated with alcohol-related problems in adulthood. However, recent reviews have identified several limitations in the early onset liter...

    Authors: Frøydis Enstad, Tracy Evans-Whipp, Anne Kjeldsen, John W. Toumbourou and Tilmann von Soest

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:790

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Socially disadvantaged groups, such as drug users, sex workers and homeless individuals, are labelled as “hard-to-reach” (HTR) in public health and medical research. HIV disproportionately impacts these popula...

    Authors: Dan Lin, Chun-yang Zhang, Zi-kai He and Xiao-dong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:789

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is the leading cause of disability in young people (aged 15–25) globally. Loneliness is a major factor in the development and relapse of depression in young people, yet few interventions directly ad...

    Authors: Tegan Cruwys, Catherine Haslam, Zoe C. Walter, Joanne Rathbone and Elyse Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:788

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol consumption is a significant cause of disease, death and social harm, and it clusters with smoking tobacco and an unhealthy diet. Using automatically registered retail data for research purposes is a n...

    Authors: Liisa Uusitalo, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Tomi Lintonen, Ossi Rahkonen and Jaakko Nevalainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:787

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are considered the number one cause of death worldwide, especially in low- and middle-income countries, Bolivia included. Lack of reliable estimates of risk factor distribution c...

    Authors: Yercin Mamani-Ortiz, Miguel San Sebastián, Ada X. Armaza, Jenny M. Luizaga, Daniel E. Illanes, Marcia Ferrel and Paola A. Mosquera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:786

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Social position, traditionally measured by objective data on socioeconomic status (SES), is linked to health status in adults. In adolescents, the association is more uncertain and there are some studies sugge...

    Authors: Junia Joffer, Renée Flacking, Erik Bergström, Eva Randell and Lars Jerdén

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:785

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    A community-based approach can be a promising strategy for implementing school-based health promotion aimed at stimulating healthy physical activity and dietary behaviour. Such an approach builds on the commun...

    Authors: Bonnie Maria van Dongen, Monica Antonia Maria Ridder, Ingrid Hendrika Margaretha Steenhuis and Carry Mira Renders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:784

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  32. Content type: Research article

    India’s economic development and urbanisation in recent decades has varied considerably between states. Attempts to assess how overweight (including obesity) varies by socioeconomic position at the national le...

    Authors: Shammi Luhar, Poppy Alice Carson Mallinson, Lynda Clarke and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:783

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity (PA) preferences associated with increases in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and decrease in sedentary time in Mexican American (MA) ...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Salinas and Deborah Parra-Medina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:782

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mini-grants have been used to stimulate multisector collaboration in support of public health initiatives by funding non-traditional partners, such as economic development organizations. Such mini-grants have ...

    Authors: Christiaan G. Abildso, Angela Dyer, Shay M. Daily and Thomas K. Bias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:779

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco smoking is considered as a major public health issue worldwide. Reduction of tobacco usage has been one of the main government policies in Sri Lanka and the price of cigarettes has been raised several ...

    Authors: Hiranya Nilakshi Fernando, Imaesha Thilini Pradeepika Wimaladasa, Anjali Nimaya Sathkoralage, Ashani Nisansala Ariyadasa, Chathurika Udeni, Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Prasanna Herath and Nishantha Kumarasinghe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:778

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Considering that building a sports facility is a major investment to promote population health, it is important to understand whether it is effective in increasing the level of physical activity (PA) in the co...

    Authors: Akio Kubota, Munehiro Matsushita, Ben J. Smith, Takemi Sugiyama and Takashi Arao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:777

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    The worldwide concern about safety has created a need for new and effective strategies to improve safety in the workplace. Based on reported studies, approximately 90% of workplace accidents are due to unsafe ...

    Authors: Azita Zahiri Harsini, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Hormoz Sanaeinasab and Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:776

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The food environment can influence opportunities and barriers to food access. This study aimed to investigate whether access to healthy foods varies according to store types and the socioeconomic status of the...

    Authors: B. V. L. Costa, M. C. Menezes, C. D. L. Oliveira, S. A. Mingoti, P. C. Jaime, W. T. Caiaffa and A. C. S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:775

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity (PA) has been recommended for the management of HIV and AIDS. The purpose of this study was to develop a contextualised intervention for promoting PA among women living with HIV and A...

    Authors: S.Z. Mabweazara, L.L. Leach and C. Ley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:774

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  40. Content type: Research article

    For over 20 years, Madagascar has been challenged by continued high prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting among children under 5 years of age. Yet, nutritional status of post-under-five age group has...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Aiga, Kanae Abe, Vonjy Nirina Andrianome, Emmanuel Randriamampionona, Angèle Razafitompo Razafinombana, Toshiyasu Murai and Masahiro Hara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:773

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Researchers and activists have long called for changes to blood donation policies to end what is frequently framed as unjustified bans or deferral periods for men who have sex with men (MSM). Since 2016, in Ca...

    Authors: Daniel Grace, Mark Gaspar, David Lessard, Benjamin Klassen, David J. Brennan, Barry D. Adam, Jody Jollimore, Nathan J. Lachowsky and Trevor A. Hart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:772

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia has been scaled up since the introduction of the service in 2003. Free ART was launched in 2005, resulting in fewer new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) inf...

    Authors: Getinet Abera Lenjiso, Berhanu Seyoum Endale and Yadeta Dessie Bacha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:771

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage rate has fallen sharply in Japan since 2013, when newspapers began covering negative campaigns against the vaccination. We examined and compared contents fro...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masafumi Okada, Mio Kato and Takahiro Kiuchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:770

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, there is a growing need to develop community-based, culturally appropriate palliative care for Indigenous people living in First Nations communities. The public health approach to palliative care, w...

    Authors: Holly Prince, Shevaun Nadin, Maxine Crow, Luanne Maki, Lori Monture, Jeroline Smith and Mary Lou Kelley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:768

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Few cases of organophosphate poisoning in developing countries have been investigated using clinical and epidemiological methods. On 30 October 2015, 3 students at Mukuju School, Tororo District, Uganda, died ...

    Authors: Benon Kwesiga, Alex R. Ario, Lilian Bulage, Julie Harris and Bao-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:767

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  46. Content type: Research article

    No studies have examined distribution, retention and use of maternal and child health (MCH) home-based records (HBRs) in the poorest women in low income countries. Our primary objective was to compare distribu...

    Authors: Sayed Ataullah Saeedzai, Iftekhar Sadaat, Zelaikha Anwari, Shafiqullah Hemat, Shakir Hadad, Keiko Osaki, Megumi Asaba, Yohei Ishiguro, Rasuli Mudassir, Jane Machlin Burke, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Khaksar Yousufi and Karen Margaret Edmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:766

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