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  1. Early detection of prehypertension is important to prevent hypertension-related complications, such as cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Data regarding the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Aida Lydia, Siti Setiati, Czeresna Heriawan Soejono, Rahmi Istanti, Jessica Marsigit and Muhammad Khifzhon Azwar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:493

    Content type: Research article

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  2. It is now 25 years since the adoption of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the same concerns raised during its negotiations such as high prices of medicines, ma...

    Authors: Marion Motari, Jean-Baptiste Nikiema, Ossy M. J. Kasilo, Stanislav Kniazkov, Andre Loua, Aissatou Sougou and Prosper Tumusiime

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:490

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Self-rated health (SRH) has been frequently used in population health surveys. However, most of these studies only focus on specific factors that might directly affect SRH, so only partial or confounding infor...

    Authors: Yajie Li, Qucuo Nima, Bin Yu, Xiong Xiao, Peibin Zeng, Deji Suolang, Ruifeng He, Zhuoga Ciren, Pingcuo Wangqing, Ciren Laba, Yangzong Silang, Ling Song, Yixi Kangzhu and Jingzhong Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:489

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) remains a public health concern due to the high morbidity and mortality rates from the disease. The DR-TB is a multifaceted illness with expensive treatment regimens, toxic medications a...

    Authors: Lesley-Ann Lynnath Cannon, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Daniel Ter Goon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:488

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Africans pour dirty water around their houses which constitutes aquatic habitats (AH). These AH are sought by mosquitoes for larval development. Recent studies have shown the effectiveness of destroying AH aro...

    Authors: Paul Layie, Vivient Corneille Kamla, Jean Claude Kamgang and Yves Emvudu Wono

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:487

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) is an anthropometric index associated with visceral adiposity. It remains unclear whether SAD and its socio-economic correlates differ in women and men, which limits the epide...

    Authors: Chang Li, Marcelline Harris, Dennis Tsilimingras, Sophia Z. Liu, Ying Sheng and Xuefeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:486

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The purpose of this study was to: 1) examine the maintenance of Physical Education and physical activity during the distance learning time, 2) determine the resources educators are utilizing to deliver PE curr...

    Authors: Andjelka Pavlovic, Laura F. DeFina, Breanna L. Natale, Shelby E. Thiele, Timothy J. Walker, Derek W. Craig, Georgina R. Vint, David Leonard, William L. Haskell and Harold W. Kohl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:485

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Characterising the size and distribution of the population at risk of severe COVID-19 is vital for effective policy and planning. Older age, and underlying health conditions, are associated with higher risk of...

    Authors: Jemma L. Walker, Daniel J. Grint, Helen Strongman, Rosalind M. Eggo, Maria Peppa, Caroline Minassian, Kathryn E. Mansfield, Christopher T. Rentsch, Ian J. Douglas, Rohini Mathur, Angel Y. S. Wong, Jennifer K. Quint, Nick Andrews, Jamie Lopez Bernal, J. Anthony Scott, Mary Ramsay…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:484

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The reproductive health and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programs in Iran were integrated as a pilot project in September 2014. This study aims to provide a comprehensive evaluatio...

    Authors: Parvin Afsar Kazeroni, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Mandana Tira, Maryam Sargolzaiie, Sana Eybpoosh, Zahra Majdfar, Bushra Zareie, Mohammad Aziz Rasouli and Ebrahim Ghaderi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:483

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Quarantine has been adopted as a key public health measure to support the control of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in many countries Uganda adopted institutional quarantine for individuals suspec...

    Authors: Rawlance Ndejjo, Gloria Naggayi, Ronald Tibiita, Richard Mugahi and Simon P. S. Kibira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:482

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The physical activity-environment relationship has been infrequently investigated in Chinese children. Reliable and valid environmental measures specific to the age group and the local context are crucial for ...

    Authors: Gang He, Wendy Huang, Jo Salmon and Stephen H. S. Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:480

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Inconsistencies are evident in definitions and interpretations of theory, application of theory, and reporting of theory use within the behaviour change field impeding cumulative knowledge advancement. Standar...

    Authors: Taylor Willmott and Sharyn Rundle-Thiele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:479

    Content type: Correspondence

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  13. HIV affects many adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa. Given the bi-directional HIV and mental health relationship, mental health services may help prevent and treat HIV in this population. ...

    Authors: Nondumiso Mthiyane, Guy Harling, Natsayi Chimbindi, Kathy Baisley, Janet Seeley, Jaco Dreyer, Thembelihle Zuma, Isolde Birdthistle, Sian Floyd, Nuala McGrath, Frank Tanser, Maryam Shahmanesh and Lorraine Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:478

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Temporal discounting, the tendency of individuals to discount future costs and benefits relative to the present, is often associated with greater engagement in risky behaviors. Incentives such as conditional c...

    Authors: Jessica Londeree Saleska, Abigail Norris Turner, Maria F. Gallo, Abigail Shoben, Bienvenu Kawende, Noro Lantoniaina Rosa Ravelomanana, Harsha Thirumurthy and Marcel Yotebieng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:477

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is a recognised public health, social and educational issue, which must be achieved to allow the realisation of human rights. People with disabilities are likely to experienc...

    Authors: Jane Wilbur, Shubha Kayastha, Thérèse Mahon, Belen Torondel, Shaffa Hameed, Anita Sigdel, Amrita Gyawali and Hannah Kuper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:476

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Overweight and obesity are major public health problems worldwide, with projections suggesting a proportional increase in the number of affected individuals in developing countries by the year 2030. Evidence-b...

    Authors: Larissa Pone Simo, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Francine Zeuga Temgoua, Leo Cedric Fosso Fozeu, Divine Tim Bonghaseh, Aimé Gilbert Noula Mbonda, Raymond Yurika, Winfred Dotse-Gborgbortsi and Dora Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:475

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Globally COVID-19 has had a profound impact on the psychological wellbeing of millions of people, and there is an urgent imperative to address elevated levels of distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Worl...

    Authors: Dharani Keyan, Katie Dawson, Suzanna Azevado, Srishti Yadav, Jenny Tran and Richard A. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:474

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Venezuela is in the throes of a complex humanitarian crisis that is one of the worst in decades to impact any country outside of wartime. This case analysis describes the challenges faced by the ongoing Maraca...

    Authors: Gladys E. Maestre, Rosa V. Pirela, Carmen L. Paz, Jesus D. Melgarejo, Luis J. Mena, Carlos A. Chavez, Reinier Leendertz, Michele Petitto, Eglé Silva, Gustavo E. Calmón, Lama Al-Aswad, Joseph H. Lee and Joseph D. Terwilliger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:473

    Content type: Research in practice

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  19. In Palestine, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a rapidly growing health concern. This study evaluated knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients with T2DM with regard to their disease. The study also inve...

    Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Saed Samaro and Zaid Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:472

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although the number of existing cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China has been decreasing since late February 2020, the number of confirmed cases abroad is surging. Improving public knowledge o...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Dan Wang, Hao Xu, Ying Xiao, Cui Chen, Ru-Nan Chen, Liang-Hao Hu and Zhao-Shen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:471

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Sexual reproductive health communication between parents and children has been shown to promote safer sexual choices. In many South African households, third-generation female caregivers, often grandmothers or...

    Authors: Jane E. Simmonds, Charles D. H. Parry, Fareed Abdullah, Nadine Harker Burnhams and Nicola Christofides

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:470

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In France, like in most developed countries, the number of road accident fatalities is estimated from police data. These estimates are considered to be good-quality, unlike estimates of road injuries admitted ...

    Authors: Anthony Zullo, Maxime Large, Emmanuelle Amoros and Jean-Louis Martin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:469

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Leaders in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are exposed to increased stress as a result of a range of challenges. Moreover, they rarely have the opportunity to participate in stress management trainin...

    Authors: J. A. M. Lehmann, E. Schwarz, Z. Rahmani Azad, S. Gritzka, T. Seifried-Dübon, M. Diebig, M. Gast, R. Kilian, U. Nater, M. Jarczok, F. Kessemeier, S. Braun, E. Balint, E. Rothermund, F. Junne, P. Angerer…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:468

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  24. In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic. Many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda inclusive, implemented lockdowns, curfew, banning of both private and public transp...

    Authors: Elizabeth Katana, Bob Omoda Amodan, Lilian Bulage, Alex R. Ario, Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Robert Colebunders and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:467

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The high prevalence and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have made it the most important health and social challenge around the world. However, this disease can be largely prevented by adherenc...

    Authors: Roghayeh Ezati Rad, Shokrollah Mohseni, Hesamaddin Kamalzadeh Takhti, Mehdi Hassani Azad, Nahid Shahabi, Teamur Aghamolaei and Fatemeh Norozian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:466

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Monitoring factors related to hormonal contraception (HC) use is essential to evaluating public health strategies and promoting access to contraception. We aimed to examine municipal social and health indicato...

    Authors: Elena Toffol, Oskari Heikinheimo, Anna But, Antti Latvala, Timo Partonen and Jari Haukka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:465

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The proportion of elderly individuals is increasing globally. They should be well cared for to enable them to enjoy their full lifespans. Good health is a vital component of one’s overall quality of life. Our ...

    Authors: Sathees Santhalingam, Sivayogan Sivagurunathan, Shamini Prathapan, Sivapalan Kanagasabai and Luxmi Kamalarupan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Poor sleep and poor mental health go hand in hand and, together, can have an adverse impact on physical health. Given the already disproportionate physical health inequities experienced by people with a mental...

    Authors: Alexandra P. Metse, Caitlin Fehily, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Olivia Wynne, Sharon Lawn, John Wiggers and Jenny A. Bowman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:463

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:646

  29. Many people are now living longer with HIV due to access to antiretroviral treatment. In turn, there has been an increase in the burden of hypertension and diabetes. The paucity of data on the burden of hypert...

    Authors: Nicola Chiwandire, Nompumelelo Zungu, Musawenkosi Mabaso and Charles Chasela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:462

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hospitals’ emergency rooms (ERs) are generally the first point of contact of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) victims to the health care system. For efficient management and resource allocation for ERs to man...

    Authors: Sonica Singhal, Sarah Orr, Harkirat Singh, Menaka Shanmuganantha and Heather Manson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:461

    Content type: Research article

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  31. We investigated the health status of some workers exposed to occupational noise in Xinjiang, and explored the influencing factors of their health level. We aimed to determine the key protection groups of occup...

    Authors: Shiyu Zhao, Dongkui He, Hanwei Zhang, Tingting Hou, Chengxin Yang, Wen Ding and Ping He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:460

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Obesity is well known as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to determine the performance of and the optimal cutoff values for obesity indices to discriminate the presence of metabolic abnormali...

    Authors: Sooyoung Cho, Aesun Shin, Ji-Yeob Choi, Sang Min Park, Daehee Kang and Jong-Koo Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Online Food Delivery Services (OFDS) have rapidly expanded in North America, but their implications for geographic access to food and potential dietary outcomes of their use are poorly understood. The purpose ...

    Authors: Keshbir Brar and Leia Michelle Minaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:458

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Unmet need is a critical indicator of access to healthcare services. Despite concrete evidence about unmet need in Iran’s health system, no recent evidence of this negative outcome is available. This study aim...

    Authors: Sajad Vahedi, Amin Torabipour, Amirhossein Takian, Saeed Mohammadpur, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Mohammad Mehdi Kiani and Efat Mohamadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:457

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Zambia is among the countries with the highest HIV burden and where youth remain disproportionally affected. Access to HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is a crucial step to ensure the reduction of HIV transmi...

    Authors: Aimé Bitakuya Heri, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Nurilign Ahmed, Maurice Mubuyaeta Musheke and Mitsuaki Matsui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:456

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Physical activity has positive effects on several diseases and may reduce the risk of morbidity and the mortality rate. Whether the prevalence of disease and health care consumption differ between the members ...

    Authors: Hanna Lindblom, Mats Lowén, Tomas Faresjö, Kristofer Hedman and Per Sandström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:455

    Content type: Research article

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  37. South Africa was the first sub-Saharan African country to implement a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax called the Health Promotion Levy (HPL) in April 2018. Given news media can increase public awareness and...

    Authors: Michael Essman, Fernanda Mediano Stoltze, Francesca Dillman Carpentier, Elizabeth C. Swart and Lindsey Smith Taillie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Stress and burnout among healthcare workers has been recognized as a global crisis needing urgent attention. Yet few studies have examined stress and burnout among healthcare providers in sub-Saharan Africa, a...

    Authors: Patience A. Afulani, Linnet Ongeri, Joyceline Kinyua, Marleen Temmerman, Wendy Berry Mendes and Sandra J. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:453

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Collaborations between health systems and community-based organizations (CBOs) are increasingly common mechanisms to address the unmet health-related social needs of high-risk populations. However, there is li...

    Authors: Etsemaye P. Agonafer, Savanna L. Carson, Vanessa Nunez, Kelli Poole, Clemens S. Hong, Maria Morales, Jessica Jara, Sarmen Hakopian, Tiffany Kenison, Ish Bhalla, Francesca Cameron, Stefanie D. Vassar and Arleen F. Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:452

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Understanding the impact of food insecurity on HIV outcomes is critical for the development and implementation of effective, evidence-based interventions to address food insecurity and improve the HIV care cas...

    Authors: Noelle A. Benzekri, Jacques F. Sambou, Sanou Ndong, Mouhamadou Baïla Diallo, Ibrahima Tito Tamba, Dominique Faye, Ibrahima Sall, Jean Philippe Diatta, Khadim Faye, Ousseynou Cisse, Fatima Sall, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Cheikh T. Ndour, Papa Salif Sow, Jean Jacques Malomar, Stephen E. Hawes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. The adolescent years see significant physical and emotional development that lay foundations for patterns of behaviour that can continue into adult life, including the shaping of eating behaviours. Given paren...

    Authors: Lucy M. Dahill, Stephen Touyz, Natalie M. V. Morrison and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The evidence is now unequivocal that people from Black and Minority Ethnic Backgrounds (BAME) living in the UK are disproportionately affected by covid-19. There is growing evidence that the reasons for this d...

    Authors: Shaima M. Hassan, Adele Ring, Naheed Tahir and Mark Gabbay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. COVID-19 continues to represent the single biggest challenge to contemporary community sport globally. Compliance with social distancing policies, strict return-to-play protocols, and COVID-19 specific trainin...

    Authors: Sam Elliott, M. J. Drummond, I. Prichard, R. Eime, C. Drummond and R. Mason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:448

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, governments, health experts, and ethicists have proposed guidelines about ICU triage and priority access to a vaccine. To increase political legitimacy and accountability, public ...

    Authors: Tim Reeskens, Femke Roosma and Evelien Wanders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:447

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Tobacco smoking using a hookah (i.e., waterpipe) is a global epidemic. While evidence suggests that sexual minorities (SM) have higher odds of hookah use compared to heterosexuals, little is known about their ...

    Authors: Mary Rezk-Hanna, Ian W. Holloway, Joy Toyama, Umme Shefa Warda, Lorree Catherine Berteau, Mary-Lynn Brecht and Linda Sarna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:445

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are not eligible to donate blood or plasma in Canada if they have had sex with another man in the last 3 months. This time-based deferment has reduced since 2013; from an initia...

    Authors: Daniel Grace, Mark Gaspar, Benjamin Klassen, David Lessard, Praney Anand, David J. Brennan, Nathan Lachowsky, Barry D. Adam, Joseph Cox, Gilles Lambert, Jody Jollimore and Trevor A. Hart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:444

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Refugees are highly vulnerable to many health-related risks. Monitoring non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is of overriding importance in these populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of risk...

    Authors: Erfan Taherifard, Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ehsan Taherifard, Abdolrasool Hemmati, Behnaz Rastegarfar and Hossein Molavi Vardanjani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:442

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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