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  1. Content type: Research article

    Most studies measure the impact of ischemic heart disease (IHD) on individuals using quality of life metrics such as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs); however, IHD also has an enormous impact on producti...

    Authors: Deborah Schofield, Michelle Cunich, Rupendra Shrestha, Megan Passey, Lennert Veerman, Robert Tanton and Simon Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:802

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Unimproved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) behaviors are key drivers of infectious disease transmission and influencers of mental well-being. While WASH is seen as a critical enabler of health, important...

    Authors: Maryann G. Delea, Jedidiah S. Snyder, Mulusew Belew, Bethany A. Caruso, Joshua V. Garn, Gloria D. Sclar, Mulat Woreta, Kassahun Zewudie, Abebe Gebremariam and Matthew C. Freeman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:801

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  3. Content type: Research article

    One of the factors influencing variation in tobacco control policies across European countries is the relative policy dominance of pro and anti-tobacco control interest groups. Scholars investigating this powe...

    Authors: Thomas G. Kuijpers, Anton E. Kunst and Marc C. Willemsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:800

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Workplace presenteeism is common and leads to the spread of infectious diseases. Previous reviews have focused on presenteeism in relation to general physical or mental ill health. In this systematic review we...

    Authors: R. K. Webster, R. Liu, K. Karimullina, I. Hall, R. Amlôt and G. J. Rubin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:799

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  5. Content type: Research article

    A wide range of outcome measures can be calculated for hospital-treated injury patients. These include mortality, use of critical care services, complications, length of stay, treatment costs, readmission and ...

    Authors: Dasamal Tharanga Fernando, Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Stuart Newstead and Zahid Ansari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:798

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Improper use of antibiotics leads to the emergence of resistant microorganisms as well as drug toxicity, increased healthcare costs, morbidity and mortality. Globally, an estimated 25–68% of hospitalized patie...

    Authors: Antoinette A. A. Bediako-Bowan, Enid Owusu, Appiah-Korang Labi, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Gifty Sunkwa-Mills, Stephanie Bjerrum, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Cynthia Bannerman, Kåre Mølbak, Jørgen Anders Lindholm Kurtzhals and Mercy Jemima Newman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:797

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study assesses how tuberculosis (TB) screening is perceived by immigrants in Norway. Screening is mandatory for people arriving from high incidence countries. To attend screening, immigrants have to conta...

    Authors: Ingunn Nordstoga, Mona Drage, Tore Wælgaard Steen and Brita Askeland Winje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:796

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Drowning is a leading and preventable cause of death that has suffered an attention deficit. Improving drowning data in countries would assist the understanding of the full extent and circumstances of drowning...

    Authors: Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin and Tessa Clemens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:794

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  9. Content type: Research article

    HIV/AIDS has emerged as a serious public health issue across the globe, and particularly in developing countries. Comprehensive knowledge and positive attitudes are cornerstones for the prevention, control and...

    Authors: Sarosh Iqbal, Sidra Maqsood, Asma Zafar, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:793

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  10. Content type: Research article

    HIV disproportionately infects women in many regions. Zimbabwe is one of the countries, most heavily affected. Unequal gender power relations between men and women can increase women’s vulnerability to HIV. Th...

    Authors: Teurai Rwafa, Simukai Shamu and Nicola Christofides

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:792

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Ghana is among African countries not likely to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) three (3) target of reducing maternal mortality to 70 per 100,000 live births by the year 2030 if maternal and chil...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Japiong Milipaak, Evelyn Korkor Ansah and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:791

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Research has consistently shown that early onset of drinking (EOD) is associated with alcohol-related problems in adulthood. However, recent reviews have identified several limitations in the early onset liter...

    Authors: Frøydis Enstad, Tracy Evans-Whipp, Anne Kjeldsen, John W. Toumbourou and Tilmann von Soest

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:790

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Socially disadvantaged groups, such as drug users, sex workers and homeless individuals, are labelled as “hard-to-reach” (HTR) in public health and medical research. HIV disproportionately impacts these popula...

    Authors: Dan Lin, Chun-yang Zhang, Zi-kai He and Xiao-dong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:789

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is the leading cause of disability in young people (aged 15–25) globally. Loneliness is a major factor in the development and relapse of depression in young people, yet few interventions directly ad...

    Authors: Tegan Cruwys, Catherine Haslam, Zoe C. Walter, Joanne Rathbone and Elyse Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:788

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol consumption is a significant cause of disease, death and social harm, and it clusters with smoking tobacco and an unhealthy diet. Using automatically registered retail data for research purposes is a n...

    Authors: Liisa Uusitalo, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Tomi Lintonen, Ossi Rahkonen and Jaakko Nevalainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:787

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are considered the number one cause of death worldwide, especially in low- and middle-income countries, Bolivia included. Lack of reliable estimates of risk factor distribution c...

    Authors: Yercin Mamani-Ortiz, Miguel San Sebastián, Ada X. Armaza, Jenny M. Luizaga, Daniel E. Illanes, Marcia Ferrel and Paola A. Mosquera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:786

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Social position, traditionally measured by objective data on socioeconomic status (SES), is linked to health status in adults. In adolescents, the association is more uncertain and there are some studies sugge...

    Authors: Junia Joffer, Renée Flacking, Erik Bergström, Eva Randell and Lars Jerdén

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:785

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    A community-based approach can be a promising strategy for implementing school-based health promotion aimed at stimulating healthy physical activity and dietary behaviour. Such an approach builds on the commun...

    Authors: Bonnie Maria van Dongen, Monica Antonia Maria Ridder, Ingrid Hendrika Margaretha Steenhuis and Carry Mira Renders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:784

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  19. Content type: Research article

    India’s economic development and urbanisation in recent decades has varied considerably between states. Attempts to assess how overweight (including obesity) varies by socioeconomic position at the national le...

    Authors: Shammi Luhar, Poppy Alice Carson Mallinson, Lynda Clarke and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:783

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity (PA) preferences associated with increases in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and decrease in sedentary time in Mexican American (MA) ...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Salinas and Deborah Parra-Medina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:782

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Mini-grants have been used to stimulate multisector collaboration in support of public health initiatives by funding non-traditional partners, such as economic development organizations. Such mini-grants have ...

    Authors: Christiaan G. Abildso, Angela Dyer, Shay M. Daily and Thomas K. Bias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:779

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco smoking is considered as a major public health issue worldwide. Reduction of tobacco usage has been one of the main government policies in Sri Lanka and the price of cigarettes has been raised several ...

    Authors: Hiranya Nilakshi Fernando, Imaesha Thilini Pradeepika Wimaladasa, Anjali Nimaya Sathkoralage, Ashani Nisansala Ariyadasa, Chathurika Udeni, Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Prasanna Herath and Nishantha Kumarasinghe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:778

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Considering that building a sports facility is a major investment to promote population health, it is important to understand whether it is effective in increasing the level of physical activity (PA) in the co...

    Authors: Akio Kubota, Munehiro Matsushita, Ben J. Smith, Takemi Sugiyama and Takashi Arao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:777

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The worldwide concern about safety has created a need for new and effective strategies to improve safety in the workplace. Based on reported studies, approximately 90% of workplace accidents are due to unsafe ...

    Authors: Azita Zahiri Harsini, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Hormoz Sanaeinasab and Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:776

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The food environment can influence opportunities and barriers to food access. This study aimed to investigate whether access to healthy foods varies according to store types and the socioeconomic status of the...

    Authors: B. V. L. Costa, M. C. Menezes, C. D. L. Oliveira, S. A. Mingoti, P. C. Jaime, W. T. Caiaffa and A. C. S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:775

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity (PA) has been recommended for the management of HIV and AIDS. The purpose of this study was to develop a contextualised intervention for promoting PA among women living with HIV and A...

    Authors: S.Z. Mabweazara, L.L. Leach and C. Ley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:774

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  27. Content type: Research article

    For over 20 years, Madagascar has been challenged by continued high prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting among children under 5 years of age. Yet, nutritional status of post-under-five age group has...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Aiga, Kanae Abe, Vonjy Nirina Andrianome, Emmanuel Randriamampionona, Angèle Razafitompo Razafinombana, Toshiyasu Murai and Masahiro Hara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:773

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Researchers and activists have long called for changes to blood donation policies to end what is frequently framed as unjustified bans or deferral periods for men who have sex with men (MSM). Since 2016, in Ca...

    Authors: Daniel Grace, Mark Gaspar, David Lessard, Benjamin Klassen, David J. Brennan, Barry D. Adam, Jody Jollimore, Nathan J. Lachowsky and Trevor A. Hart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:772

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia has been scaled up since the introduction of the service in 2003. Free ART was launched in 2005, resulting in fewer new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) inf...

    Authors: Getinet Abera Lenjiso, Berhanu Seyoum Endale and Yadeta Dessie Bacha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:771

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage rate has fallen sharply in Japan since 2013, when newspapers began covering negative campaigns against the vaccination. We examined and compared contents fro...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masafumi Okada, Mio Kato and Takahiro Kiuchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:770

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, there is a growing need to develop community-based, culturally appropriate palliative care for Indigenous people living in First Nations communities. The public health approach to palliative care, w...

    Authors: Holly Prince, Shevaun Nadin, Maxine Crow, Luanne Maki, Lori Monture, Jeroline Smith and Mary Lou Kelley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:768

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Few cases of organophosphate poisoning in developing countries have been investigated using clinical and epidemiological methods. On 30 October 2015, 3 students at Mukuju School, Tororo District, Uganda, died ...

    Authors: Benon Kwesiga, Alex R. Ario, Lilian Bulage, Julie Harris and Bao-Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:767

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  33. Content type: Research article

    No studies have examined distribution, retention and use of maternal and child health (MCH) home-based records (HBRs) in the poorest women in low income countries. Our primary objective was to compare distribu...

    Authors: Sayed Ataullah Saeedzai, Iftekhar Sadaat, Zelaikha Anwari, Shafiqullah Hemat, Shakir Hadad, Keiko Osaki, Megumi Asaba, Yohei Ishiguro, Rasuli Mudassir, Jane Machlin Burke, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Khaksar Yousufi and Karen Margaret Edmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:766

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    In the current labour system many workers are still exposed to heavy physical demands during their job. In contrast to leisure time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA) is associated ...

    Authors: Margo Ketels, Dirk De Bacquer, Tom Geens, Heidi Janssens, Mette Korshøj, Andreas Holtermann and Els Clays

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:765

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Over the last 20 years there have been reports of a form of chronic kidney disease of unknown cause (CKDu) affecting rural communities in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. Valid prevalence estimates, us...

    Authors: Thilanga Ruwanpathirana, Sameera Senanayake, Nalika Gunawardana, Asoka Munasinghe, Samitha Ginige, Deepa Gamage, Jagath Amarasekara, Buddi Lokuketagoda, Pubudu Chulasiri, Sarath Amunugama, Paba Palihawadana, Ben Caplin and Neil Pearce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:763

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Although anemia is one of the leading causes of the global burden of disease, information about its prevalence in Russia is mostly missing. We therefore assessed its prevalence and associated factors in a Russ...

    Authors: Mukharram M. Bikbov, Gyulli M. Kazakbaeva, Rinat M. Zainullin, Venera F. Salavatova, Timur R. Gilmanshin, Dilya F. Yakupova, Yulia V. Uzianbaeva, Inga I. Arslangareeva, Songhomitra Panda-Jonas, Svetlana R. Mukhamadieva, Renat I. Khikmatullin, Said K. Aminev, Ildar F. Nuriev, Artur F. Zaynetdinov and Jost B. Jonas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:762

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne arbovirus that can produce serious public health consequences. In 2016, ZIKV caused an epidemic in many countries around the world, including the United States. ...

    Authors: Shahir Masri, Jianfeng Jia, Chen Li, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Guiyun Yan and Jun Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:761

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, socioeconomic factors such as place of residence, mother’s educational level, or household wealth, are strongly associated with risk factors of under-five mortality (U5M) such as health ...

    Authors: Carine Van Malderen, Agbessi Amouzou, Aluisio J. D. Barros, Bruno Masquelier, Herman Van Oyen and Niko Speybroeck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:760

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Due to multiple and interacting factors, Latino children are disproportionately at risk for overweight and obesity in the United States. Childhood obesity increases the risk for adverse physical and psychosoci...

    Authors: Kathryn M. Tucker, Maia Ingram, Kevin Doubleday, Rosie Piper and Scott C. Carvajal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:759

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  40. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to explore the development of job demands, decision authority and social support within and between industries with different gender composition in Sweden between 1991 and 2013.

    Authors: Sara Cerdas, Annika Härenstam, Gun Johansson and Anna Nyberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:758

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  41. Content type: Research article

    To better understand health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents, it is important to gain knowledge about factors associated with HRQOL. Being involved in bullying is a significant threat to health, ...

    Authors: Kristin Haraldstad, Lisbeth G. Kvarme, Knut-Andreas Christophersen and Sølvi Helseth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:757

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Difficulties engaging families with overweight children to enrol into programs aimed at reducing childhood obesity have been well documented. During the implementation of the Parenting, Eating and Activity for...

    Authors: Emma Esdaile, Emely Hernandez, Carly Jane Moores and Helen Anna Vidgen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:756

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Migrants and refugees have important health needs and face inequalities in their health status. Health care delivery to this patient group has become a challenging public health focus in high income countries....

    Authors: Julia Brandenberger, Thorkild Tylleskär, Katrin Sontag, Bernadette Peterhans and Nicole Ritz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:755

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Universal childhood vaccination programmes form a core component of child health policies in most countries, including the UK. Achieving high coverage rates of vaccines is critical for establishing ‘herd immun...

    Authors: Eric Emerson, Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines and Chris Hatton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:748

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  45. Content type: Research

    The rapid growth of economy and increasing cost of living in Malaysia have given significant impact especially to the lowest household income population. The main objective of this study was to determine risk ...

    Authors: Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Chamhuri Siwar, Mohd Azlan Shah Zaidi and Hazila Abdul Kadir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):551

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 4

  46. Content type: Research

    School children are considered a high-risk group for visual impairment because uncorrected refractive errors and problems such as amblyopia can seriously affect their learning abilities and their physical and ...

    Authors: Rokiah Omar, Wan Mohd Hafidz Wan Abdul and Victor Feizal Knight

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):543

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 4