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  1. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer burden worldwide. In France, it is the second most common cause of cancer death after lung cancer. Systematic uptake of CRC screening can improve survival r...

    Authors: Marie-Anne Durand, Aurore Lamouroux, Niamh M. Redmond, Michel Rotily, Aurélie Bourmaud, Anne-Marie Schott, Isabelle Auger-Aubin, Adèle Frachon, Catherine Exbrayat, Christian Balamou, Laëtitia Gimenez, Pascale Grosclaude, Nora Moumjid, Julie Haesebaert, Helene Delattre Massy, Julia Bardes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1684

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among young adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is still a major public health challenge. Early school-based sexuality education programs and sexual health in...

    Authors: Ruby Doryn Mcharo, Philippe Mayaud and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1683

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There is increasing evidence that COVID-19 has unmasked the true magnitude of health inequity worldwide. Policies and guidance for containing the infection and reducing the COVID-19 related deaths have proven ...

    Authors: Anindit Chhibber, Aditi Kharat, Dylan Kneale, Vivian Welch, Mukdarut Bangpan and Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1682

    Content type: Research

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  4. Trauma is a significant public health issue, negatively impacting a range of health outcomes. Providers and administrators in public mental health systems recognize the widespread experience of trauma, as well...

    Authors: Todd P. Gilmer, Kimberly Center, Danielle Casteel, Kyle Choi, Debbie Innes-Gomberg and Amy E. Lansing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1681

    Content type: Research

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  5. Authors: Ellen Cruyt, Patricia De Vriendt, Miet De Letter, Peter Vlerick, Patrick Calders, Robby De Pauw, Kristine Oostra, Maria Rodriguez-Bailón, Arnaud Szmalec, Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Ana Judit Fernández-Solano, Laura Vidaña-Moya and Dominique Van de Velde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1680

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:622

  6. Public health measures such as physical distancing and work-from-home initiatives have been implemented to slow the spread of COVID-19. These measures may also be associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors,...

    Authors: Katie J. Shillington, Leigh M. Vanderloo, Shauna M. Burke, Victor Ng, Patricia Tucker and Jennifer D. Irwin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1679

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. The well-being of people who use drugs (PWUD) continues to be threatened by substances of unknown type or quantity in the unregulated street drug supply. Current efforts to monitor the drug supply are limited ...

    Authors: Emily Biggar, Kristi Papamihali, Pascale Leclerc, Elaine Hyshka, Brittany Graham, Marliss Taylor, Doris Payer, Bridget Maloney-Hall and Jane A. Buxton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1678

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Polygyny occurs when a man has more than one wife at the same time. It often contributes to poor health among family members, particularly young children. It encourages the spread of sexually transmitted infec...

    Authors: Yitayish Damtie, Bereket Kefale, Melaku Yalew, Mastewal Arefaynie and Bezawit Adane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1677

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of a multitude of socio-economic, lifestyle, environmental, psychosocial and birth related determinants and their effect on maternal health four weeks after...

    Authors: Veronika Pinker, Susanne Brandstetter, Christina Tischer, Birgit Seelbach-Göbel, Michael Melter, Michael Kabesch and Christian Apfelbacher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1676

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is a promising dietary target for childhood obesity prevention. This paper describes the design and methods of a cluster randomized trial of H2GO!, a youth empo...

    Authors: Monica L. Wang, Linda S. Sprague Martinez, Janice Weinberg, Selenne Alatorre, Stephenie C. Lemon and Milagros C. Rosal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1675

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  11. Identification of those who are most at risk of developing specific patterns of disease across different populations is required for directing public health policy. Here, we contrast prevalence and patterns of...

    Authors: Belinda Hernández, Stacey Voll, Nathan A. Lewis, Cathal McCrory, Arthur White, Lucy Stirland, Rose Anne Kenny, Richard Reilly, Craig P. Hutton, Lauren E. Griffith, Susan A. Kirkland, Graciela Muniz Terrera and Scott M. Hofer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1674

    Content type: Research

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  12. The aim of this study was to investigate bidirectional associations between (prolonged) sitting time and sleep duration in 12- to 14-year-old adolescents using a between-subjects and within-subjects analyses a...

    Authors: Maïté Verloigne, Veerle Van Oeckel, Ruben Brondeel and Louise Poppe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1673

    Content type: Research

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  13. Hypertension is highly prevalent and is one of the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular outcomes. Isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH), however, tends to be ignored due to insufficient recognition. We s...

    Authors: Kun Xie, Xiufang Gao, Liwen Bao, Ying Shan, Haiming Shi and Yong Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1672

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Healthcare workers are considered key stakeholders in efforts to address vaccine hesitancy. Midwives’ influence in advising expectant parents on early-childhood vaccinations is unquestioned, yet they remain an...

    Authors: Lisa Lehner, Janna Gribi, Kathryn Hoffmann, Katharina T. Paul and Ruth Kutalek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1671

    Content type: Research

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  15. Retirement is a life-course transition likely to affect, through different mechanisms, behavioural risk factors’ patterns and, ultimately, health outcomes. We assessed the impact of transitioning to retirement...

    Authors: Giacomo Pietro Vigezzi, Giovanni Gaetti, Vincenza Gianfredi, Beatrice Frascella, Leandro Gentile, Angelo d’Errico, David Stuckler, Fulvio Ricceri, Giuseppe Costa and Anna Odone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1670

    Content type: Research

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  16. Human mobility plays an important role in the dynamics of infectious disease spread. Evidence from the initial nationwide lockdowns for COVID− 19 indicates that restricting human mobility is an effective strat...

    Authors: Raju Gottumukkala, Satya Katragadda, Ravi Teja Bhupatiraju, Md. Azmyin Kamal, Vijay Raghavan, Henry Chu, Ramesh Kolluru and Ziad Ashkar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1669

    Content type: Research

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  17. The actual human cost of the pandemic cannot be viewed through the COVID-19 mortality rates alone, especially when the pandemic is widening the existing health disparities among different subpopulations within...

    Authors: Barrak Alahmad, Dawoud AlMekhled, Ayah Odeh, Dalia Albloushi and Janvier Gasana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1668

    Content type: Research

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  18. Despite widespread use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and other tools, malaria caused 409,000 deaths worldwide in 2019. While indoor residual spraying (IRS) is an effective supplement, IRS is modera...

    Authors: Kihomo Robert Mpangala, Yara A. Halasa-Rappel, Mohamed Seif Mohamed, Ruth C. Mnzava, Kaseem J. Mkuza, Peter E. Mangesho, William N. Kisinza, Joseph P. Mugasa, Louisa A. Messenger, George Mtove, Aggrey R. Kihombo and Donald S. Shepard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1666

    Content type: Research

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  19. The Sami people is an indigenous minority population living in the northern parts of Norway and mainly in rural areas. We lack data of contemporary levels of physical activity (PA) in rural regions of Northern...

    Authors: Kristin Benjaminsen Borch, Bent Martin Eliassen, Marita Melhus, Elin Damsgård and Ann Ragnhild Broderstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1665

    Content type: Research

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  20. Acne vulgaris is one of the most prevalent skin diseases responsible for dermatological consultations. Several internal and external factors can affect acne occurrence and severity. Outdoor air pollution is an...

    Authors: Claudia El Haddad, Nour-Estelle Gerbaka, Souheil Hallit and Carmen Tabet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1664

    Content type: Research

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  21. HIV stigma is a common barrier to HIV prevention, testing, and treatment adherence, especially for low- and middle-income countries such as Myanmar. However, there was no validated Myanmar version of a stigma ...

    Authors: Feifei Huang, Wei-Ti Chen, Cheng-Shi Shiu, Sai Htun Lin, Min San Tun, Thet Wai Nwe, Yin Thet Nu Oo and Htun Nyunt Oo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1663

    Content type: Research

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  22. To compare hesitancy toward a future COVID-19 vaccine for children of various sociodemographic groups in a major metropolitan area, and to understand how parents obtain information about COVID-19.

    Authors: Nina L. Alfieri, Jennifer D. Kusma, Nia Heard-Garris, Matthew M. Davis, Emily Golbeck, Leonardo Barrera and Michelle L. Macy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1662

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. In recent years, air pollution has become an imminent problem in China. Few studies have investigated the impact of air pollution on the mortality of the middle-aged and elderly people. Therefore, this study a...

    Authors: Yuqi Chen, Zhigang Jiao, Ping Chen, Lijun Fan, Xudan Zhou, Yuepu Pu, Wei Du and Lihong Yin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1661

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Malaria remains a significant public health challenge in Nigeria. Consistent bed net use (sleeping under a treated net every night) has been identified as a key malaria prevention behavior. This paper explores...

    Authors: Osabohien Mathew Okoh, Bolanle Olapeju, Foyeke Oyedokun-Adebagbo, Uwem Inyang, Anna McCartney-Melstad, Ian Tweedie, Stella Babalola and Douglas Storey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1660

    Content type: Research

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  25. The emergence of the new causative agent of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the city of Wuhan, China, in December 2019, and its spread worldwide, led the World Health Organizati...

    Authors: Hilton Pereira da Silva, Isabella Nogueira Abreu, Carlos Neandro Cordeiro Lima, Aline Cecy Rocha de Lima, Alexandre do Nascimento Barbosa, Lehi Rodrigues de Oliveira, Mayumi Aragão Fujishima, Sandra Souza Lima, Vitor Nina de Lima, Socorro Castelo-Branco and Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1659

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The effectiveness of lockdowns in mitigating the spread of COVID-19 has been the subject of intense debate. Data on the relationship between public health restrictions, mobility, and pandemic growth has so far...

    Authors: Christopher Dainton and Alexander Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1658

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The COVID-19 pandemic laid bare some of the United States’ most devastating health and social inequities faced by people experiencing homelessness. Homeless populations experience disproportionate rates of und...

    Authors: Natalia M. Rodriguez, Alexa M. Lahey, Justin J. MacNeill, Rebecca G. Martinez, Nina E. Teo and Yumary Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1657

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Substance use is a major public health concern worldwide. Alcohol and drug use have increased during recent decades in many low- and middle-income countries, with South Africa, where this study was conducted, ...

    Authors: Adeem Ahmad Massarwi, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Jenny Doubt, Jamie M. Lachman, Yulia Shenderovich and Ohad Green

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1656

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Currently, there is a paucity of data on the knowledge and practice of preventive measures for Hepatitis E infection in Nigerian populations. This study provided data on the prevalence, knowledge and practices...

    Authors: Chioma Ngozichukwu Pauline Mbachu, Joy Chinelo Ebenebe, Henry Chima Okpara, John Onuora Chukwuka, Ikechukwu Innocent Mbachu, Jacinta Chinyere Elo-Ilo, Chizalu Ifeyinwa Ndukwu and Ifeoma Egbuonu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1655

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The governmental public health workforce in the United States comprises almost 300,000 staff at federal, state, and local levels. The workforce is poised for generational change, experiencing significant level...

    Authors: Jonathon P. Leider, Katie Sellers, Jessica Owens-Young, Grace Guerrero-Ramirez, Kyle Bogaert, Moriah Gendelman and Brian C. Castrucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1654

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The Urbanicity Scale was developed based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) to measure the urbanization index of communities according to 12 components. The present study was designed to systemati...

    Authors: Ted C. T. Fong and Rainbow T. H. Ho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1653

    Content type: Research

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  32. Women delivering in health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa and their newborns do not always receive proven interventions needed to prevent and/or adequately manage severe complications. The gaps in quality of...

    Authors: Tieba Millogo, Kadidiatou Raïssa Kourouma, Aïssatou Diallo, Marie Laurette Agbre-Yace, Mamadou Diouldé Baldé and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1652

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. An increasing number of people living with HIV (PLWH) have had chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) over the last 5 years. However, robust evidence regarding the perception and challenges of having NCDs amo...

    Authors: Zhongfang Yang, Zheng Zhu, Lucylynn Lizarondo, Weijie Xing, Shuyu Han, Hui Hu, Yan Hu and Bei Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1651

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. In Mozambique, HIV infection remains a leading cause of adolescent mortality. With advances in antiretroviral treatment (ART), the population of adolescents living with vertically-acquired HIV is growing. Most...

    Authors: Joana Falcão, Allison Zerbe, Claude Ann Mellins, Joanne Mantell, Kirsty Brittain, Bill Kapogiannis, Eduarda Pimentel de Gusmao, Teresa Beatriz Simione and Elaine J. Abrams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1650

    Content type: Research

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  35. The proposed National Health Insurance (NHI) system aims to re-engineer primary healthcare (PHC) in South Africa, envisioning both private sector providers and public sector clinics as independent contracting ...

    Authors: Kerensa Govender, Sarah Girdwood, Daniel Letswalo, Lawrence Long, G. Meyer-Rath and J. Miot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1649

    Content type: Research

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  36. Hypertension remains the major modifiable risk factor of stroke recurrence. The study aimed to determine the up-to-date epidemiological features of hypertension among the survivors of ischemic stroke.

    Authors: Li Jing, Yuanmeng Tian, Guocheng Ren, Limin Zhang, Lei Shi, Dong Dai, Liying Xing and Shuang Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1648

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. In the last three decades, Ghana has championed the objectives of Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiatives to provide pregnant women and nursing mothers with the skills and support systems necessary for attaining op...

    Authors: Jacqueline Nkrumah, Aaron Asibi Abuosi and Rodney Buadi Nkrumah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1647

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The long-term growth and sustained high prevalence of obesity in the US is likely to increase the burden of Type 2 diabetes. Hispanic individuals are particularly burdened by a larger share of diabetes than no...

    Authors: Matthew Lee Smith, Lixian Zhong, Shinduk Lee, Samuel D. Towne Jr and Marcia G. Ory

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1646

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Given the increasing rates of childhood obesity in Alaska Native children and the understanding that the most effective interventions are informed by and reflect the cultural knowledge of the community in whic...

    Authors: Amanda K. Walch, Kathryn A. Ohle, Kathryn R. Koller, Lucinda Alexie, Flora Sapp, Timothy K. Thomas and Andrea Bersamin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1645

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The study aimed to characterize the prevalence of alcohol consumption and further investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

    Authors: Xueyan Wu, Xiaotian Liu, Wei Liao, Ning Kang, Xiaokang Dong, Tanko Abdulai, Zhihan Zhai, Chongjian Wang, Xiaoqiong Wang and Yuqian Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1644

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Experiences of HIV stigma remain prevalent across Canada, causing significant stress and negatively affecting the health and wellbeing of people living with HIV. While studies have consistently demonstrated th...

    Authors: Jason M. Lo Hog Tian, James R. Watson, Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, Billy Tran, Janet A. Parsons, Robert G. Maunder, Kiffer G. Card, Stefan Baral, Christian Hui, Anthony R. Boni, Monisola Ajiboye, Joanne D. Lindsay and Sean B. Rourke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1595

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Female household heads are faced with more problems than men due to their multiple concurrent roles. The present study was conducted to determine the relationship of supportive roles with mental health and sat...

    Authors: Nooshin Shadabi, Sara Esmaelzadeh Saeieh, Mostafa Qorbani, Touran Bahrami Babaheidari and Zohreh Mahmoodi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1643

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Epidemiological theory and many empirical studies support the hypothesis that there is a protective effect of male circumcision against some sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, there is a paucity ...

    Authors: Lateef Amusa, Temesgen Zewotir, Delia North, Ayesha B. M. Kharsany and Lara Lewis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1642

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Within-household transmission of Covid-19 is responsible for a significant number of infections. Efforts to protect at risk communities are needed. This study explored the acceptability of offering accommodati...

    Authors: Sarah Denford, Kate Morton, Jeremy Horwood, Rachel de Garang and Lucy Yardley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1641

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a global public health issues, especially in China. It has threat the health of children under 5 years old. The early recognition of high-risk districts and understanding of e...

    Authors: Lili Liu, Ling Wang, Chang Qi, Yuchen Zhu, Chunyu Li, Yan Jia, Kaili She, Tingxuan Liu, Yan Zhang, Feng Cui and Xiujun Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1640

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The use of electronic media is widespread among young people and is a potential tool for the perpetration of intimate-partner violence (IPV) towards women. The aim of this study is to validate two questions fo...

    Authors: Lucía Hernández García, Myrian Pichiule Castañeda, Luisa Lasheras Lozano, Marisa Pires Alcaide, María Ordobás Gavín and Ana Gandarillas Grande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1639

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) were increasing in Europe, and Spain and Catalonia were not an exception. Catalonia has been one of the regions with the highest number of C...

    Authors: Alexis Sentís, Albert Prats-Uribe, Evelin López-Corbeto, Marcos Montoro-Fernandez, Daniel Kwakye Nomah, Patrícia Garcia de Olalla, Lilas Mercuriali, Núria Borrell, Víctor Guadalupe-Fernández, Juliana Reyes-Urueña and Jordi Casabona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1637

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Waterpipe is one of the oldest methods of tobacco smoking, which has become the public health challenge, especially in the Eastern Mediterranean countries such as Iran. This study aimed to investigate the wate...

    Authors: Hamid Jafaralilou, Arman Latifi, Mehdi Khezeli, Atefeh Afshari and Farahnaz Zare

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1633

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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