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  1. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective means of public health interventions to prevent childhood deaths from infectious diseases. Although several fragmented studies have been conducted concerning full ...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Muluneh Alene, Kassahun Yawukal Chane, Yoseph Merkebe Alamneh, Molla Yigzaw Birhanu and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:777

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Studies indicate that health-related components of physical fitness are associated with mental health outcomes. However, research is scarce concerning this relationship in young adolescents in general and non-...

    Authors: Andreas Åvitsland, Eva Leibinger, Tommy Haugen, Øystein Lerum, Runar B. Solberg, Elin Kolle and Sindre M. Dyrstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:776

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Maternal anemia is a worldwide public health problem especially in developing countries including Ethiopia. The anemia burden among lactating mothers was higher in Africa particularly in Ethiopia, and scant at...

    Authors: Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:775

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The professionals who perform cleaning activity constitute a major economic sector in Brazil. Cleaners may develop health problems related to the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. It is necessary to ...

    Authors: Josiane Sotrate Gonçalves and Tatiana de Oliveira Sato

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:774

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Assessing public opinion towards tobacco policies is important, particularly when determining the possible direction of future public health policies. The aim of this study was to describe the implementation o...

    Authors: John Baker, Mohd Masood, Muhammad Aziz Rahman and Stephen Begg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:773

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Obesity is becoming an important public health challenge, especially among immigrants coming from low and middle income to high-income countries. In this study we examined the relationship between overweight/o...

    Authors: Samera Azeem Qureshi, Melanie Straiton and Abdi A. Gele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:772

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Indian women are more prone to first birth at a relatively younger age after marriage. Also, we do not have sufficient literature available that focuses on contraceptive use before first birth. The analysis of...

    Authors: Pragya Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar Singh, Anjali Singh and Anjali Pandey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:771

    Content type: Research article

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  8. People living in rural and remote communities commonly experience significant health disadvantages. Geographical barriers and reduced specialist and generalist services impact access to care when compared with...

    Authors: R. Disler, K. Glenister and J. Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:770

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) infection is a significant public health problem in Ethiopia, and has wide distribution in the country. The impact of the disease is particularly high on school-age children. Nati...

    Authors: Abebaw Tiruneh, Daniel Kahase, Endalew Zemene, Eyob Tekalign, Absra Solomon and Zeleke Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:769

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The paper aimed to examine the association between obesity status and successful aging among elderly adults in China and further find gender differences in the effect of components of successful aging on obesi...

    Authors: Huiqiang Luo, Xiaohui Ren, Jijie Li, Kan Wu, Yixi Wang, Qing Chen and Ningxiu Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:767

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Globally, the prevalence of chronic disease continues to rise and is likely to grow further over the coming decades due to population ageing. Since older age is associated closely with development of chronic d...

    Authors: Sung Hee Kwon, Jun-Pyo Myong, Hyoung-Ah Kim and Kyeong Yeon Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:763

    Content type: Research article

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  12. A Zika virus (ZIKV) infection outbreak occurred in Brazil in 2015, accompanied by a marked increase in the number of newborns presenting with microcephaly and other neurological disorders. This characteristic ...

    Authors: Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto, Daniele de Almeida Soares-Marangoni, Fernando Pierette Ferrari, Maria Elizabeth Araújo Ajalla, Fabio Antonio Venancio, Thais Silveira da Rosa and Everton Falcão de Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:762

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Health beliefs are relevant to consider in patients with type 2 diabetes since disease control depends mainly on the patient’s behaviour. The aim of this study was to assess the association between health beli...

    Authors: Abril Violeta Muñoz-Torres, Patricia Medina-Bravo, Brenda Elizabeth Valerio-Pérez, Grecia Mendoza-Salmeron, Jorge Escobedo-de la Peña and Lubia Velázquez-López

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:761

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Oshikhandass is a rural village in northern Pakistan where a 1989–1991 verbal autopsy study showed that diarrhea and pneumonia were the top causes of under-5 mortality. Intensive surveillance, active community...

    Authors: C. L. Hansen, B. J. J. McCormick, S. I. Azam, K. Ahmed, J. M. Baker, E. Hussain, A. Jahan, A. F. Jamison, S. L. Knobler, N. Samji, W. H. Shah, D. J. Spiro, E. D. Thomas, C. Viboud and Z. A. Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:759

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is an important indicator of maternal health and socioeconomic development. Although China has experienced a large decline in MMR, substantial disparities across regions are ...

    Authors: Xinyu Zhang, Yingfeng Ye, Chaowei Fu, Guanshen Dou, Xiaohua Ying, Mengcen Qian and Shenglan Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:758

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Delay in tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis is one of the first obstacles for controlling the disease. Delays generate greater deterioration of the health of the patients and increase the possibilities of transmissio...

    Authors: Iader Rodríguez-Márquez, Fernando Montes, Luz D. Upegui, Nilton Montoya, Nelly E. Vargas, Abelardo Rojas, Gloria C. Valencia, Claudia M. Álvarez, Leonardo Uribe and Jesús Ochoa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:757

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Perceiving a personal risk for HIV infection is considered important for engaging in HIV prevention behaviour and often targeted in HIV prevention interventions. However, there is limited evidence for assumed ...

    Authors: Robin Schaefer, Ranjeeta Thomas, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Noah Kadzura, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:756

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Indian medical education system is on the brink of a massive reform. The government of India has recently passed the National Medical Commission Bill (NMC Bill). It seeks to eliminate the existing shortage and...

    Authors: Yogesh Sabde, Vishal Diwan, Vijay K. Mahadik, Vivek Parashar, Himanshu Negandhi, Tanwi Trushna and Sanjay Zodpey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:755

    Content type: Research article

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  19. HIV prevalence in correctional facilities may be 2 to 10 times higher than in the general adult population. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption is frequent after an incarceration. This, in combination wi...

    Authors: F. Huber, S. Vandentorren, A. Merceron, T. Bonifay, A. Pastre, A. Lucarelli and M. Nacher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:754

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This article focuses on policy and law concerning violence against women as a public health issue. In Sweden, violence against women is recently recognized as a public health problem; we label this shift “The ...

    Authors: Ann Öhman, Monica Burman, Maria Carbin and Kerstin Edin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:753

    Content type: Correspondence

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  21. A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Optio...

    Authors: Nishi Suryavanshi, Abhay Kadam, Savita Kanade, Nikhil Gupte, Amita Gupta, Robert Bollinger, Vidya Mave and Anita Shankar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:752

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), laypersons play a significant role in providing initial care to injured victims of traffic accidents. Post-crash first aid (PFA) training programmes for laypersons h...

    Authors: Menti L. Ndile, Britt-Inger Saveman, Anne H. Outwater, Dickson A. Mkoka and Susann Backteman-Erlanson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:750

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Graphic health warning labels (GHWLs) on tobacco products are more effective than text warnings for communicating the risk of smoking. The implementation of GHWLs can prevent adolescents from initiating smokin...

    Authors: Ji-eun Hwang and Sung-il Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:748

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Youth friendly services (YFS) was established in pilot areas in China. This study aimed to explore the promoting level on the awareness and utilization of YFS after the implementing of a multi-sectoral coopera...

    Authors: Ning Feng, Xi Jin, Jiuling Wu and Linhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:747

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Nigeria has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world, with an estimated 750,000 deaths annually among children under age five. The majority of these deaths are due to pneumonia, malaria, or diarrh...

    Authors: Leanne Dougherty, Kate Gilroy, Abimbola Olayemi, Omitayo Ogesanmola, Felix Ogaga, Chinwe Nweze, Joya Banerjee, Chioma Oduenyi and Michel Pacqué

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:746

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality in Ghana, where rural primary health care is provided mainly by the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative. CH...

    Authors: Leah A. Haykin, Jordan A. Francke, Aurelia Abapali, Elliasu Yakubu, Edith Dambayi, Elizabeth F. Jackson, Raymond Aborigo, Denis Awuni, Engelbert A. Nonterah, Abraham R. Oduro, Ayaga A. Bawah, James F. Phillips and David J. Heller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:745

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Evidence of the impact of community-based nutrition programs is uncommon for two main reasons: the lack of untreated controls, and implementation does not account for the evaluation design. Suchana is a large-sca...

    Authors: Nuzhat Choudhury, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, S. M. Tanvir Ahmed, Kazi Eliza Islam, Vanessa Self, Shahed Rahman, Lilly Schofield, Andrew Hall and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:744

    Content type: Research in practice

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  28. High prevalence of falsified, counterfeit and substandard medicines pose a threat to public health and treatment failure. This study aimed to investigate the quality of selected essential medicines available i...

    Authors: Daariimaa Khurelbat, Gereltuya Dorj, Bruce Sunderland, Tsetsegmaa Sanjjav, Enkhtuul Bayarsaikhan, Davaadagva Damdinjav, Gantuya Dorj, Altantuya Jigjidsuren, Oyun Lkhagvasuren and Baasandorj Erdenetsetseg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:743

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Milk is a nutrient-rich food that makes an important contribution to diets in several Low and Middle Income Countries such as Senegal. Milk can also harbour several pathogenic microorganisms. As in other low a...

    Authors: Bhagyalakshmi Chengat Prakashbabu, Jacqueline M. Cardwell, Laura Craighead, Andrée Prisca Ndjoug Ndour, Damitoti Yempabou, Elhadji Ba, Rianatou Bada-Alambedji, Ayayi Justin Akakpo and Javier Guitian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:742

    Content type: Research article

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  30. From among the global public health concerns, smoking remains one of the most crucial challenges. Especially for adolescents, the increase in the use of electronic cigarettes is controversial, as its use may l...

    Authors: Yuki Kuwabara, Aya Kinjo, Maya Fujii, Aya Imamoto, Yoneatsu Osaki, Maki Jike, Yuichiro Otsuka, Osamu Itani, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Ruriko Minobe, Hitoshi Maezato, Susumu Higuchi, Hisashi Yoshimoto and Hideyuki Kanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:741

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The rising prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) calls for effective prevention programs. Self-assessment of CMD risk, for example through an online risk score (ORS), might induce risk reducing behavior...

    Authors: D. M. Stol, M. Hollander, O. C. Damman, M. M. J. Nielen, I. F. Badenbroek, F. G. Schellevis and N. J. de Wit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:740

    Content type: Research article

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  32. As organ donation registration rates remain low, especially among lower-educated people, it is important to support this group in making their registration decision. To prepare lower-educated students in the N...

    Authors: Esther Steenaart, Rik Crutzen and Nanne K. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:739

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Since 2014, the migrant population residing in Europe has dramatically increased. Migrants’ unmet health needs represent a barrier to integration and should be promptly addressed, without stigma, in order to f...

    Authors: Filippo Del Puente, Niccolò Riccardi, Lucia Taramasso, Giovanni Sarteschi, Rachele Pincino and Antonio Di Biagio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:738

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Household Contacts (HHCs) of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) have a higher risk of developing TB. Contact investigation is recommended to reach this group and identify undiagnosed cases. In this stu...

    Authors: Mubarek A. Yassin, Kesetebirhan D. Yirdaw, Daniel G. Datiko, Luis E. Cuevas and Mohammed A. Yassin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:737

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A study involving children from Alagoas (Northeast Brazil) revealed that, as a consequence of a drastic reduction in the prevalence of stunting between 1992 to 2005, (22.5 to 11.4%) combined with an increase i...

    Authors: Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Gabriela Tenório Albuquerque, Tamara Rodrigues dos Santos, Rosália de Lima Barbosa, Andressa Lima Cavalcante, Luísa Elvira Cavazzani Duarte and Monica Lopes de Assunção

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:736

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The adverse life-long consequences of being looked-after as a child are well recognised, but follow-up periods for mortality risk have mostly ended in young adulthood and mortality suggested to differ by age o...

    Authors: Emily T. Murray, Rebecca Lacey, Barbara Maughan and Amanda Sacker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:735

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Tobacco use is a leading cause of preventable diseases and death for all individuals, even more so for people living with HIV (PLWH), due to their status of chronic inflammation. To date, in Italy no study was...

    Authors: Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Marta Pasqualini, Elena Ricci, Paolo Maggi, Giancarlo Orofino, Nicola Squillace, Barbara Menzaghi, Giordano Madeddu, Lucia Taramasso, Daniela Francisci, Paolo Bonfanti, Francesca Vichi, Marco dell’Omo and Luca Pieroni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:734

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The inverse association between physical activity and body fat percentage (%) varies among different populations. We aim to examine whether the significant association between them was uniform across the subpo...

    Authors: Qinpei Zou, Chang Su, Wenwen Du, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Gangqiang Ding and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:732

    Content type: Research article

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  39. HIV-related incidence and mortality is increasing across Peru, with highest mortality rates recorded in the Amazonian region of Loreto. This epidemic is concentrated in men who have sex with men, a population ...

    Authors: Jasmine Tattsbridge, Connie Wiskin, Gilles de Wildt, Anna Clavé Llavall and César Ramal-Asayag

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:728

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Adolescence is a crucial period for developing and maintaining good habits for mental health and well-being. This is important for future mental health, as most mental health problems manifest during adolescen...

    Authors: Nicola J. Simkiss, Nicola S. Gray, Greg Malone, Andrew Kemp and Robert J. Snowden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:727

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Globally only 79% of adults living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) know their status and men in sub-Saharan Africa are considered a particularly hard-to-reach population for HIV testing. Home-based HIV...

    Authors: Daisy Krakowiak, Pamela Makabong’o, Marielle Goyette, John Kinuthia, Alfred Onyango Osoti, Victor Asila, Molly Ann Gone, Jennifer Mark and Carey Farquhar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:724

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disproportionately affects the Southern United States, accounting for approximately 46% of people living with HIV. HIV-related stigma is recognized as a barrier to testing, t...

    Authors: Renessa Williams, Robert Cook, Babette Brumback, Christa Cook, Miriam Ezenwa, Emma Spencer and Robert Lucero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:723

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) are important for building healthier dietary patterns. We conducted this study to (a) investigate diet conditions of Chinese adult residents from the per...

    Authors: Ying Yang, Di He, Liuyi Wei, Shizhen Wang, Lei Chen, Mi Luo and Zongfu Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:720

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The ageing workforce has an impact on public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate work-related disorders, work tasks and measures associated with the possibility of working beyond 65 years of age or not.

    Authors: Kerstin Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:716

    Content type: Research article

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