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  1. Content type: Research article

    Medication co-payments represent a financial barrier to antihypertensive medication adherence. The introduction of co-payments for Irish publically insured patients was associated with a 5% reduction in adhere...

    Authors: Paul Dillon, Susan M. Smith, Paul Gallagher and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1282

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol and drug use and other health-risk behaviors tend to cluster together among adolescents and contribute a large amount of harm to both themselves and to others. This paper aims to characterize secondary...

    Authors: Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Jing Li, Edward McNeil and Darika Saingam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1272

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Measurement error in self-report questionnaires is a common source of bias in epidemiologic studies. The study aim was to assess information bias of the educational gradient in sickness absence among participa...

    Authors: Petter Kristensen, Karina Corbett, Ferdinand A. Mohn, Therese N. Hanvold and Ingrid S. Mehlum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1275

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Results from studies investigating the association between coffee consumption and osteoporosis or bone mineral density (BMD) have been inconsistent. This longitudinal study was performed to assess the effect o...

    Authors: Huan-Cheng Chang, Chuan-Fa Hsieh, Yi-Chin Lin, Disline Manli Tantoh, Pei-Chieh Ko, Ya-Yu Kung, Mei-Chi Wang, Shu-Yi Hsu, Yi-Ching Liaw and Yung-Po Liaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1273

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The promotion of smoking cessation within lung cancer screening could lead to benefits for smoking-related disease and improve cost-effectiveness of screening. Little is known about how smokers respond to lung...

    Authors: Ben Young, Kavita Vedhara, Denise Kendrick, Roberta Littleford, John F. R. Robertson, Frank M. Sullivan, Stuart Schembri and Roshan das Nair

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1276

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The consumption of alcohol and other drugs causes social and health problems in industrialized societies. Furthermore, alcohol and drug consumption in the workplace is associated with work accidents, absenteei...

    Authors: Montse Gómez-Recasens, Silvana Alfaro-Barrio, Lucia Tarro, Elisabet Llauradó and Rosa Solà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1281

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Parents are the primary providers of nurturing care for young children’s healthy early development. However, the literature on parenting in early childhood, especially in low- and middle-income countries, has ...

    Authors: Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy and Aisha K. Yousafzai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1274

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Social support can provide psychosocial benefits to promote positive health behaviors such as mammography screening. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Mammography Socia...

    Authors: Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Mitra Bahrami, John S. Luque, Tahereh Pashaei, Parvaneh Taymoori and Deam Roshani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1280

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Free VMMC services have been available in Uganda since 2010. However, uptake in Northern Uganda remains disproportionately low. We aimed to determine if this is due to men’s insufficient knowledge on VMMC, and...

    Authors: Barbara Marjorie Nanteza, David Serwadda, Edward Nelson Kankaka, Grace Bua Mongo, Ronald Gray and Frederick Edward Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1278

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal sepsis causes 0.5 million deaths annually, mostly in low resource settings. Babies born in African rural homes without running water or toilet facilities are especially vulnerable. Alcohol-based hand ...

    Authors: J. Ditai, M. Mudoola, M. Gladstone, J. Abeso, J. Dusabe-Richards, M. Adengo, P. Olupot-Olupot, E. D. Carrol, J. Storr, A. Medina-Lara, B. Faragher and A. D. Weeks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1279

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Few countries in the Middle East have a population-based cancer registry, despite a clear need for accurate cancer statistics in this region. We therefore established a registry in the East Azerbaijan province...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Somi, Roya Dolatkhah, Sepideh Sepahi, Mina Belalzadeh, Jabraeil Sharbafi, Leila Abdollahi, Azin Nahvijou, Saeed Nemati, Reza Malekzadeh and Kazem Zendehdel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1266

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is one of the most common diseases of childhood and is a health problem globally, particularly in developing counties and in children less than 2 years of age. Anemia during childhood has short- and lon...

    Authors: Zhi Huang, Fu-xiang Jiang, Jian Li, Dan Jiang, Ti-gang Xiao and Ju-hua Zeng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1267

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  13. Content type: Technical advance

    HIV programs are often assessed by the proportion of patients who are alive and retained in care; however some patients are categorized as lost to follow-up (LTF) and have unknown vital status. LTF is not an o...

    Authors: Deanna P. Jannat-Khah, Michelle Unterbrink, Margaret McNairy, Samuel Pierre, Dan W. Fitzgerald, Jean Pape and Arthur Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1269

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Some university students consume pharmaceutical stimulants without a medical prescription with the goal of improving their academic performance. The prevalence of this practice has been well documented in the ...

    Authors: Jayne Lucke, Charmaine Jensen, Matthew Dunn, Gary Chan, Cynthia Forlini, Sharlene Kaye, Bradley Partridge, Michael Farrell, Eric Racine and Wayne Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1270

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Timely monitoring HIV epidemic among key populations is a formidable challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between data collected from an enhanced HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS+) and an HIV se...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Fei Zhong, Stephen Pan, Joseph D. Tucker, Sharon Weir, Jinkou Zhao and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1268

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  16. Content type: Technical advance

    Describing how and why an evidence-based intervention is adapted for a new population and setting using a formal evaluation and an adaptation framework can inform others seeking to modify evidence-based weight...

    Authors: Rachel G. Tabak, Jaime R. Strickland, Richard I. Stein, Hank Dart, Graham A. Colditz, Bridget Kirk, Ann Marie Dale and Bradley A. Evanoff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1265

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Eating outside the home is challenging for consumers with food allergy (FA) and intolerance (FI) and lack of allergen information provision in eating out venues can lead to unnecessary restrictions. Following ...

    Authors: Julie Barnett, Fiona M. Begen, M. Hazel Gowland and Jane S. Lucas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1263

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Non-optimal blood pressure (BP) levels are a major cause of disease burden globally. We describe current BP and treatment patterns in rural India and compare different approaches to BP lowering in this setting.

    Authors: Devarsetty Praveen, David Peiris, Stephen MacMahon, Kishor Mogulluru, Arvind Raghu, Anthony Rodgers, Shailaja Chilappagari, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Gari D. Clifford, Pallab K. Maulik, Emily Atkins, Rohina Joshi, Stephane Heritier, Stephen Jan and Anushka Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1264

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The effect of shift work on impairment of cognition in later life has not yet been sufficiently investigated. Therefore, we aimed at testing the feasibility of a large-scale epidemiologic study examining this ...

    Authors: Tobias Weinmann, Céline Vetter, Susanne Karch, Dennis Nowak and Katja Radon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1256

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity tracks into adulthood with detrimental effects on health. We aimed to examine the relationships of diet in childcare settings and daily physical activity (PA) of preschoolers with body mass i...

    Authors: Vanessa Er, Kaiseree Ioni Dias, Angeliki Papadaki, James White, Sian Wells, Dianne Stanton Ward, Chris Metcalfe, Russell Jago and Ruth Kipping

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1262

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Article 20 of the EU Tobacco Products Directive [TPD] stipulates that e-cigarette packets and refill products must carry a nicotine addiction health warning. Although previous studies conducted in North Americ...

    Authors: Catherine Kimber, Daniel Frings, Sharon Cox, Ian Albery and Lynne Dawkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1259

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We sought to identify if socioeconomic and demographic factors play a role in resident knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika in order to inform effective management procedur...

    Authors: A. Whiteman, A. Mejia, I. Hernandez and J. R. Loaiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1261

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Men of low socioeconomic position (SEP) are less likely than those of higher SEP to consume fruits and vegetables, and more likely to eat processed discretionary foods. Education level is a widely used marker ...

    Authors: Lena D. Stephens, David Crawford, Lukar Thornton, Dana Lee Olstad, Philip J. Morgan, Frank J. van Lenthe and Kylie Ball

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1257

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  24. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of anal cancer; in the majority of cases this is linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Anal cancer screening is not routinely offered in Zimbabwe.

    Authors: Simbarashe Chinyowa, Joel M. Palefsky, Zvavahera M. Chirenje, Rudo Makunike-Mutasa, Marshall Munjoma and Godfrey I. Muguti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1260

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Snacking is a prevalent dietary behaviour among young adults, which could independently contribute to weight gain. Vending machines provide easy access to unhealthy snacks and beverages for young adults in uni...

    Authors: Yumeng Shi, Amanda Lee Grech and Margaret Allman-Farinelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1255

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of the differences in the outcomes of care by socioeconomic status (SES) is beneficial for both the efficient targeting of health care services and to decrease health inequalities. This study compar...

    Authors: Maija Toivakka, Aki Pihlapuro, Markku Tykkyläinen, Lauri Mehtätalo and Tiina Laatikainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1258

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  27. Content type: Research article

    As high stigmatization of HIV and relatively low knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention measures persist in Sub-Saharan Africa, the improvement of HIV-related knowledge, and the evaluation of which types...

    Authors: Lena Faust and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1254

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The Brazilian indigenous population is currently undergoing a process of epidemiological transition regarding the occurrence of communicable diseases, malnutrition and non-communicable chronic diseases. Chroni...

    Authors: Zilmar Augusto de Souza Filho, Alaidistânia Aparecida Ferreira, Juliano dos Santos, Karina Cardoso Meira and Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1251

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Second-hand smoke (SHS) causes numerous health problems in children such as asthma, respiratory tract infections and sudden infant death syndrome. The home is the main source of exposure to SHS for children, p...

    Authors: Charlotte Renwick, Qi Wu, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Rebecca Thorley, John Britton, Sarah Lewis, Elena Ratschen and Steve Parrott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1252

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  30. Content type: Correspondence

    In a recent issue of the BMC Public Health journal, Bian et al. described the results of an interesting meta-analysis on the association between dairy products consumption and risk of hip fracture. Although th...

    Authors: Hanieh Malmir and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1253

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    This research program aims to investigate the implementation and effects of a theoretically promising prevention method. It is being developed in a European research collaboration within a Comenius project (20...

    Authors: Charli Eriksson, Birgitta Kimber and Therése Skoog

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1250

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, Rwanda adopted ART for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV from pregnant women living with HIV during pregnancy and breasfeeding period. This study examines rates of mother-to-child-tran...

    Authors: Placidie Mugwaneza, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Aline Umubyeyi, James Humuza, Landry Tsague, Fabian Mwanyumba, Vincent Mutabazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Ange Irakoze, Emmanuel Mutaganzwa, Carl Lombard and Debra Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1248

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to explore short-term changes following the introduction of alcohol restrictions (most notably 2 am to 3 am last drinks). We examined patterns of nightlife attendance, intoxication, and alcohol...

    Authors: Kerri Coomber, Renee Zahnow, Jason Ferris, Nicolas Droste, Richelle Mayshak, Ashlee Curtis, Kypros Kypri, Dominique de Andrade, Kristy Grant, Tanya Chikritzhs, Robin Room, Heng Jiang, Nicholas Taylor, Jake Najman and Peter Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1185

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes and suboptimal glycaemic control in Kuwait requires novel, wide-reaching, low-cost interventions to motivate and mobilise individuals towards more effective self-ma...

    Authors: Ebaa Al-Ozairi, Katie Ridge, Etab Taghadom, Nicole de Zoysa, Clare Tucker, Kurtis Stewart, Daniel Stahl and Khalida Ismail

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1249

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to aflatoxin, a mycotoxin produced by fungi that commonly contaminates cereal crops across sub-Saharan Africa, has been associated with impaired child growth. We investigated the impact of aflatoxin e...

    Authors: Sinead Watson, Sophie E. Moore, Momodou K. Darboe, Gaoyun Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yi-Ting Huang, Kamilla G. Eriksen, Robin M. Bernstein, Andrew M. Prentice, Christopher P. Wild, Ya Xu, Michael N. Routledge and Yun Yun Gong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1247

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  36. Content type: Research article

    While dietary patterns (DPs) enable the combination of foods that make up a person’s habitual diet to be known, little is known about the DPs of health sector professionals. The objective of this study was to ...

    Authors: Alejandra Betancourt-Nuñez, Fabiola Márquez-Sandoval, Laura I. González-Zapata, Nancy Babio and Barbara Vizmanos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1246

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Sexual minority young adults represent a high-risk population for tobacco use. This study examined cigarette and alternative tobacco product (ATP) use prevalence across sexual orientation (heterosexual, gay/le...

    Authors: Jingjing Li, Regine Haardörfer, Milkie Vu, Michael Windle and Carla J. Berg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1244

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    In 2014 the Danish Government introduced a wide-ranging school reform that applies to all public schools in Denmark. The reform involves changes in several aspects of the school structure and content. In a phy...

    Authors: Natascha Holbæk Pedersen, Sofie Koch, Kristian Traberg Larsen, Peter Lund Kristensen, Jens Troelsen, Niels Christian Møller, Jan Christian Brønd, Jacob von Bornemann Hjelmborg, Søren Brage and Anders Grøntved

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1245

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  39. Content type: Research article

    According to the Juvenile Protection Act in Korea, no one is allowed to sell, rent, or distribute tobacco products to adolescents. Furthermore, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Article 16 prohibits ...

    Authors: Seo Young Kang, Jung Ah. Lee and Hong-Jun Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1242

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  40. Content type: Research

    Globally, alcohol consumption contributes to 3.3 million deaths and 5.1% of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), and its use is linked with more than 200 disease and injury conditions. Our study assessed th...

    Authors: Anne Kendagor, Gladwell Gathecha, Melau W Ntakuka, Philip Nyakundi, Samuel Gathere, Dorcas Kiptui, Hussein Abubakar, Oren Ombiro, Pamela Juma and Christine Ngaruiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 3):1216

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 3

  41. Content type: Research article

    Food habits are important to promote and maintain good health throughout life, and unhealthy diet is a modifiable and preventable risk factor. University students are a key group of adults among whom to promot...

    Authors: Roberto Martinez-Lacoba, Isabel Pardo-Garcia, Elisa Amo-Saus and Francisco Escribano-Sotos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1241

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  42. Content type: Research

    Diabetes Mellitus is one of the four major non-communicable diseases causing about 4 million deaths in 2017. By 2040, low income countries are projected to experience 92% increase in mortality due to diabetes....

    Authors: Shukri F Mohamed, Martin Mwangi, Martin K Mutua, Joseph Kibachio, Abubakar Hussein, Zachary Ndegwa, Scholastica Owondo, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 3):1215

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 3

  43. Content type: Research

    Cervical cancer is a major public health concern in Kenya. It is the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women. Although screening is an effective prevention method, uptake is low among eligi...

    Authors: Anne Ng’ang’a, Mary Nyangasi, Nancy G Nkonge, Eunice Gathitu, Joseph Kibachio, Peter Gichangi, Richard G Wamai and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 3):1221

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 3

  44. Content type: Research

    Non-communicable diseases and unintentional injuries are emerging public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. These threats have multiple risk factors with complex interactions. Though some studies have expl...

    Authors: Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Frederick M Wekesah, Shukri F Mohamed, Martin K Mutua, Gershim Asiki and Catherine Kyobutungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 3):1225

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 3

  45. Content type: Research article

    Despite reports that Southeast Asia has one of the highest prevalence for childhood exposure to second hand smoke (SHS), there are limited data on SHS exposure among schoolchildren in individual countries in t...

    Authors: A. M. A. A. P. Alagiyawanna, Esther Queenie Veerasingam and Nick Townsend

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1240

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  46. Content type: Research

    Burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) is increasing worldwide. Risk factor surveillance informs public health interventions in NCD control. This study describes the dietary risk factors for NCD found in th...

    Authors: Valerian Mwenda, Martin Mwangi, Loise Nyanjau, Muthoni Gichu, Catherine Kyobutungi and Joseph Kibachio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 3):1218

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 3

  47. Content type: Research

    Physical inactivity accounts for more than 3 million deaths worldwide, and is implicated in causing 6% of coronary heart diseases, 7% of diabetes, and 10% of colon or breast cancer. Globally, research has show...

    Authors: Muthoni Gichu, Gershim Asiki, Pamela Juma, Joseph Kibachio, Catherine Kyobutungi and Elijah Ogola

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18(Suppl 3):1217

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 3

  48. Content type: Correction

    It has been highlighted, that the original article [1] contained errors in Fig. 1. On the 3rd level, the first box should read “Records with any required information = 157” and the second box should read “Reco...

    Authors: Priscilla Dunyo, Kofi Effah and Emilia Asuquo Udofia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1243

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1156