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  1. Content type: Research article

    In 2014, the Ethiopian government passed a new smoking legislation that banned smoking in public and workplaces including health care facilities. However, data’s on level of non-compliance and associated facto...

    Authors: Tamiru Tadesse and Belay Zawdie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:91

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Globally, diarrhea is a leading cause of child morbidity and mortality. Although latrines are integral for reducing enteric pathogen transmission, several studies have shown no evidence that latrine ownership ...

    Authors: V. K. Lopez, B. T. West, P. J. Clarke, E. Quentin and J. N. S. Eisenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:90

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Daily behaviours such as active commuting to school (ACS) could be a source of physical activity, contributing to the improvement of youth cardiovascular health, however, the relationship between ACS and other...

    Authors: Emilio Villa-González, Francisco J. Huertas-Delgado, Palma Chillón, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez and Yaira Barranco-Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:85

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The growing number of sport-based youth development interventions provide a potential avenue for integrating sport meaningfully into the U.S. public health agenda. However, efficacy and quality must be reliabl...

    Authors: Meredith A. Whitley, William V. Massey, Martin Camiré, Mish Boutet and Amanda Borbee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:89

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Without social medical insurance in the destination areas and with low social integration, rural-to-urban migrants had barriers to health service in the destination areas, some of the migrants had to seek heal...

    Authors: Bo-li Peng and Li Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:86

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  6. Content type: Research article

    This paper reports on a five-year study using a theory-based program logic evaluation, and supporting survey and interview data to examine the extent to which the activites of the South Australian Health in Al...

    Authors: Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Helen van Eyk, Angela Lawless, Carmel Williams and Michael Marmot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:88

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  7. Content type: Research article

    HIV immunosuppression increases susceptibility to other STIs and STIs can enhance HIV transmission, reduce CD4 cell count and increase viral load. Co-infections of HIV and STIs may thus reduce the preventive b...

    Authors: Stephen Okoboi, Barbara Castelnuovo, David M. Moore, Joseph Musaazi, Andrew Kambugu, Josephine Birungi, Mastula Nanfuka and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:87

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The risk of mortgage foreclosure disproportionately burdens Hispanic/Latino populations perpetuating racial disparities in health. In this study, we examined the relationship between area-level mortgage forecl...

    Authors: Earle C. Chambers, David B. Hanna, Simin Hua, Dustin T. Duncan, Marlene Camacho-Rivera, Shannon N. Zenk, Jessica L. McCurley, Krista Perreira, Marc D. Gellman and Linda C. Gallo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:77

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  9. Content type: Research article

    There is limited and conflicting evidence for associations between use of screen-based technology and anxiety and depression in young people. We examined associations between screen time measured at 16 years a...

    Authors: Jasmine N. Khouja, Marcus R. Munafò, Kate Tilling, Nicola J. Wiles, Carol Joinson, Peter J. Etchells, Ann John, Fiona M. Hayes, Suzanne H. Gage and Rosie P. Cornish

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:82

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to describe the most recent prevalence estimates of adolescent body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness from thirteen regions in Shandong Province, China and to examine differences by social...

    Authors: Xiangren Yi, You Fu, Ryan D. Burns, Yang Bai and Peng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:81

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Bolivia are the highest in Latin America. Vaginal cell self-sampling can improve screening coverage. Information on common reasons for low screening coverage...

    Authors: Gustavo Allende, Pedro Surriabre, Leyddy Cáceres, Diego Bellot, Neli Ovando, Andrea Torrico, Pamela Calle, Carla Ascarrunz, Sophie Alexander, Michel Bossens, Véronique Fontaine and Patricia Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:80

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  12. Content type: Correspondence

    On April 28, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared polio a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” (PHIC) under the authority of the International Health Regulations. Although polio has...

    Authors: Shahella Idrees Shakeel, Matthew Brown, Shakeel Sethi and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:79

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Due to the limited evidence of the cost-effectiveness of Community Health Workers (CHW) delivering treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), there is a need to better understand the costs incurred by both...

    Authors: Eleanor Rogers, Saul Guerrero, Deepak Kumar, Sajid Soofi, Shahid Fazal, Karen Martínez, Jose Luis Alvarez Morán and Chloe Puett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:84

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The English national health system experienced a major reorganisation in April 2013. This mixed methods study examined how staff managed to deliver the national immunisation programme within a new health infra...

    Authors: Tracey Chantler, Sadie Bell, Vanessa Saliba, Catherine Heffernan, Thara Raj, Mary Ramsay and Sandra Mounier-Jack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:83

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Painful Diabetic Neuropathy (PDN) is a complication that affects up to one third of people living with diabetes. There is limited data on the prevalence of PDN from countries in the Middle East and North Afric...

    Authors: Sabri Garoushi, Mark I. Johnson and Osama A. Tashani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:78

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Voorstad on the Move (VoM) is a community health promotion program implemented in a socioeconomically deprived city district in the Netherlands. Based on exploration of the health situation, concurrent views o...

    Authors: Marja A. J. G. de Jong, Annemarie Wagemakers and Maria A. Koelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:72

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  17. Content type: Research article

    As health is influenced by the social, economic and environmental conditions in which individuals live, local communities are an ideal setting to promote health and wellbeing. However, up to now various health...

    Authors: Jennifer Hilger-Kolb, Claudia Ganter, Maren Albrecht, Catherin Bosle, Joachim E. Fischer, Laura Schilling, Claudia Schlüfter, Maria Steinisch and Kristina Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:75

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Increasing children’s physical activity (PA) at school is critical to obesity prevention and health promotion. Implementing novel, low-cost PA programs offers potential to contribute to children’s in-school PA...

    Authors: Catherine M. Wright, Virginia R. Chomitz, Paula J. Duquesnay, Sarah A. Amin, Christina D. Economos and Jennifer M. Sacheck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:73

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The impact of social isolation and loneliness on health risk may be mediated by a combination of direct biological processes and lifestyle factors. This study tested the hypothesis that social isolation and lo...

    Authors: Stephanie Schrempft, Marta Jackowska, Mark Hamer and Andrew Steptoe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:74

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Sickness absence in pregnancy accounts for a large part of sickness-related absenteeism among women. Exercise in pregnancy is associated with a lower level of sickness absence, however little is known about ho...

    Authors: Idunn Brekke, Kåre Rønn Richardsen and Anne Karen Jenum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:71

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  21. Content type: Research article

    As demonstrated by the United Nations High-Level Meeting on tuberculosis (TB) held in September 2018, the political momentum for TB has been increasing. The aim of this study was to analyze the current challen...

    Authors: Haruka Sakamoto, Sangnim Lee, Aya Ishizuka, Eiji Hinoshita, Hiroyuki Hori, Nanao Ishibashi, Kenichi Komada, Masataro Norizuki, Yasushi Katsuma, Hidechika Akashi and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:76

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and the carotid plaque score (cPS) are valid markers for detecting subclinical atherosclerosis. Evaluation of ASI and ABI for detection of atherosclerosis is assessed in t...

    Authors: Javad Alizargar and Chyi-Huey Bai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:65

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance is a global health threat. Public knowledge is considered a prerequisite for appropriate use of antibiotics and limited spread of antibiotic resistance. Our aim was to examine the level o...

    Authors: Marit Waaseth, Abdifatah Adan, Ingrid L. Røen, Karoline Eriksen, Tijana Stanojevic, Kjell H. Halvorsen, Beate H. Garcia, Lone Holst, Karen M. Ulshagen, Hege S. Blix, Hilde Ariansen and Hedvig M. E. Nordeng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:66

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In 2016, the Government of India introduced the oral rotavirus vaccine (ROTAVAC, Bharat Biotech, India) in 4 states of India as part of the Universal Immunization Programme, and expanded to 5 more states in 20...

    Authors: Sidhartha Giri, Nayana P. Nair, Ann Mathew, B. Manohar, Anna Simon, Tejinder Singh, S. Suresh Kumar, M. A. Mathew, Sudhir Babji, Rashmi Arora, C. P. Girish Kumar, S. Venkatasubramanian, Sanjay Mehendale, Mohan D. Gupte and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:69

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Surveying support for various regulatory options relating to e-cigarettes can assist policymakers to identify those that have broad support and are therefore likely to be easier to implement. However, data on ...

    Authors: Michelle I. Jongenelis, Caitlin Kameron, Daniel Rudaizky and Simone Pettigrew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:67

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Pit latrine operational management and sludge accumulation rate, presents a challenging sanitation problem in low-income urban settlements. However, these challenges have been under-researched. This study was ...

    Authors: Fredrick Owino Gudda, Wilkister Nyaora Moturi, Omondi Steve Oduor, Edward Wanee Muchiri and Jeroen Ensink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:68

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent school-going mothers return to school in the rekindled hope of obtaining an education. However, their re-introduction into the school environment requires adequate support from teachers, fellow pupi...

    Authors: Shanny Nkwemu, Choolwe N. Jacobs, Oliver Mweemba, Anjali Sharma and Joseph M. Zulu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:62

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The current study investigates the extent to which an adolescent-specific lifestyle risk factor index predicts indicators of the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality.

    Authors: Louise Mewton, Katrina Champion, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Matthew Sunderland, Louise Thornton and Maree Teesson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:60

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Mothers in Motion (MIM), a community-based intervention program, was designed to help young, low-income women with overweight or obesity prevent further weight gain by promoting stress management, healthy eating,...

    Authors: Mei-Wei Chang, Susan Nitzke and Roger Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:56

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In Myanmar, HIV is concentrated among key populations, yet less than half of the estimated 250,000 men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW) report recent HIV testing. As many as 50% of MSM an...

    Authors: Vanessa Veronese, Emily Clouse, Andrea L. Wirtz, Kaung Htet Thu, Soe Naing, Stefan D. Baral, Mark Stoové and Chris Beyrer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:63

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have investigated the association between screen viewing (SV) and sleep duration among young children. This study aims to examine the association between total and device-specific SV and sleep dura...

    Authors: Bozhi Chen, Rob M. van Dam, Chuen Seng Tan, Hwee Ling Chua, Pey Gein Wong, Jonathan Y. Bernard and Falk Müller-Riemenschneider

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:59

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Following the Syrian crisis, a substantial influx of Syrian refugees into Lebanon posed new challenges to optimal vaccination coverage for all children residing in the country. In 2016, the district-based immu...

    Authors: Ziad Mansour, Randa Hamadeh, Alissar Rady, M. Carolina Danovaro-Holliday, Kamal Fahmy, Racha Said, Lina Brandt, Ramy Warrak and Walid Ammar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:58

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Generally, health care utilization in developing countries is low particularly rural community have lower health care utilization. Despite this fact, little is known about the magnitude and determinants of hea...

    Authors: Muluneh Alene, Leltework Yismaw, Yebelay Berelie and Bekalu Kassie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:57

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Linear growth retardation is the most dominant nutritional problem globally. We aimed to describe linear growth trajectory among infants under 2 years of age using the WHO growth velocity standards.

    Authors: Roma Chilengi, Mah Asombang, Jillian L. Kadota, Obvious N. Chilyabanyama, Katayi Mwila-Kazimbaya, Harriet Ng’ombe, Michelo Simuyandi and Samuel Bosomprah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:61

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Indonesia is one of Asia’s countries with the fastest growing rate of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The prevalence of HIV infections in the pro...

    Authors: E. I. Sianturi, D. A. Perwitasari, Md. A. Islam and K. Taxis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:55

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The likelihood of large-scale outbreaks of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) is growing. MDRO outbreaks can affect a wide range of healthcare institutions. Control of such outbreaks requires structured coll...

    Authors: Marion de Vries, Patrick Kenis, Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager, Elis Joost Ruitenberg, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:52

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Vulnerable population groups in South Africa, especially those living in poverty, young children, women, the elderly and people with pre-existing diseases, are susceptible to new or exacerbated health threats ...

    Authors: Busisiwe Shezi, Angela Mathee, Wellington Siziba, Renée A. Street, Nisha Naicker, Zamantimande Kunene and Caradee Y. Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:54

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Suboptimal HIV testing rates through available testing approaches such as HIV counselling and testing have directed research efforts toward recognizing the potential of HIV self-testing as an additional testin...

    Authors: Charlene Harichund, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Pinky Kunene, Sinenhlanhla Simelane and Mosa Moshabela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:53

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B (HepB) is a major public health concern in Malaysia yet little is known about knowledge and awareness of this infection in the country. Such information is essential for designing effective interve...

    Authors: Yogambigai Rajamoorthy, Niazlin Mohd Taib, Subramaniam Munusamy, Samsul Anwar, Abram Luther Wagner, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Ruth Müller, Ulrich Kuch, David Alexander Groneberg, Harapan Harapan and Aye Aye Khin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:47

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Mental health disorders among adolescents have emerged as a major public health issue in many low and middle-income countries, including India. There is a paucity of research on the determinants of psychologic...

    Authors: Tara S. Beattie, Ravi Prakash, April Mazzuca, Leslie Kelly, Prakash Javalkar, T. Raghavendra, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Martine Collumbien, Stephen Moses, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac and Charlotte Watts

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:48

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Understanding reasons for and against vaccination from the parental perspective is critical for designing vaccination campaigns and informing other interventions to increase vaccination uptake in Canada. The o...

    Authors: Deborah A. McNeil, Melissa Mueller, Shannon MacDonald, Sheila McDonald, Vineet Saini, James D. Kellner and Suzanne Tough

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:49

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Studies on healthy individuals that show minor signs of distress and depression—but that are not significant enough to be debilitating or to report to the hospital for treatment—are rare. Our primary objective...

    Authors: Harriet Affran Bonful and Adote Anum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:50

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Urban form interventions can result in positive and negative impacts on physical activity, social participation, and well-being, and inequities in these outcomes. Natural experiment studies can advance our und...

    Authors: Yan Kestens, Meghan Winters, Daniel Fuller, Scott Bell, Janelle Berscheid, Ruben Brondeel, Michael Cantinotti, Geetanjali Datta, Lise Gauvin, Margot Gough, Karen Laberee, Paul Lewis, Sébastien Lord, Hui ( Henry) Luan, Heather McKay, Catherine Morency…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:51

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Uganda is a low income country that continues to experience disease outbreaks caused by emerging and re-emerging diseases such as cholera, meningococcal meningitis, typhoid and viral haemorrhagic fevers. The I...

    Authors: Ben Masiira, Lydia Nakiire, Christine Kihembo, Edson Katushabe, Nasan Natseri, Immaculate Nabukenya, Innocent Komakech, Issa Makumbi, Okot Charles, Francis Adatu, Miriam Nanyunja, Solomon Fisseha Woldetsadik, Ibrahima Socé Fall, Patrick Tusiime, Alemu Wondimagegnehu and Peter Nsubuga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:46

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) experience a range of cognitive, affective, and physical deficits following prenatal alcohol exposure. They are thought to be overrepresented in criminal...

    Authors: K. McLachlan, A. McNeil, J. Pei, U. Brain, G. Andrew and T. F. Oberlander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:43

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and overweight represent a relevant risk factor for seafarer’s health. The frequency and distribution of overweight and obesity among seafarers working on board of Italian flag ships were studied. Anal...

    Authors: Giulio Nittari, Daniele Tomassoni, Marzio Di Canio, Enea Traini, Isabel Pirillo, Andrea Minciacchi and Francesco Amenta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:45

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Stress is a common psychological condition usually associated with many psycho-physical disorders. Stress and its risk factors are frequently seen in Ethiopians including university students. In such circumsta...

    Authors: Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Sony Peter, Ahmad Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmed S. Bahammam and Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:41

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  48. Content type: Research article

    To date, little is known about the association between the use of online social network sites and social isolation among individuals in the second half of life. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to e...

    Authors: André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:40

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