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  1. Racial and ethnic disparities in stillbirth risk had been documented in most western countries, but it remains unknown in China. This study was to determine whether exist ethnic disparities in stillbirth risk ...

    Authors: Yanpeng Wu, Jianhong Pan, Dong Han, Lixin Li, Yanfei Wu, Rui Liao, Zijie Liu, Dingyun You, Pingyan Chen and Ying Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Evidence for correlation between the cigarette use and blood pressure change remains ambiguous. This study modelled relationship between the duration of smoking and systolic blood pressure in a large national ...

    Authors: Yuelun Zhang, Yunying Feng, Shi Chen, Siyu Liang, Shirui Wang, Ke Xu, Dongping Ning, Xianxian Yuan, Huijuan Zhu, Hui Pan and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Cervical cancer is the second commonest female cancer in Sri Lanka. Two major drawbacks of the present cervical cancer screening programme are the suboptimal sensitivity of the pap smear and the low coverage. ...

    Authors: K. C. M. Perera, N. Mapitigama and HTCS Abeysena

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Mobile health technologies have advanced to now allow monitoring of the acute physiological responses to lifestyle behaviours. Our aim was to explore how people engaged with real-time feedback on their physica...

    Authors: Maxine E. Whelan, Francesca Denton, Claire L. A. Bourne, Andrew P. Kingsnorth, Lauren B. Sherar, Mark W. Orme and Dale W. Esliger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research article

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  5. COVID-19 is an emerging public health emergency of international concern. The trajectory of the global spread is worrisome, particularly in heavily populated countries such as Nigeria. The study objective was ...

    Authors: Ayo Stephen Adebowale, Adeniyi F. Fagbamigbe, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Olalekan K. Obisesan, Emmanuel J. Awosanya, Rotimi F. Afolabi, Selim A. Alarape and Sunday O. Obabiyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Body image concerns may give rise to a multitude of risk behaviors, such as unhealthy weight control practices, disordered eating behaviors (e.g., compensatory purging or preoccupation with food), smoking, exc...

    Authors: Mattias Strand, Peeter Fredlund, Cecilia Boldemann and Anton Lager

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Conceptual and theoretical links between politics and public health are longstanding. Internationally comparative systematic review evidence has shown links between four key political exposures – the welfare s...

    Authors: Maxwell S. Barnish, Si Ying Tan, Araz Taeihagh, Michelle Tørnes, Rebecca V. H. Nelson-Horne and G. J. Melendez-Torres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:127

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Air pollution has been linked to increased mortality and morbidity. The Program 4 of the Healthy Aging in Industrial Environment study investigates whether the health and wellbeing benefits of physical activit...

    Authors: S. Elavsky, V. Jandačková, L. Knapová, V. Vašendová, M. Sebera, B. Kaštovská, D. Blaschová, J. Kühnová, R. Cimler, D. Vilímek, T. Bosek, J. Koenig and D. Jandačka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:126

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Health insurance is an important mechanism to prevent financial hardship in the process of accessing health care. Since the launch of Nigeria’s National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2005, only 5% of Niger...

    Authors: Gbadegesin O. Alawode and David A. Adewole

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In view of the upcoming demographic transition, there is still no clear evidence on how increasing life expectancy will affect future disease burden, especially regarding specific diseases. In our study, we pr...

    Authors: Valeska Milan, Stefan Fetzer and Christian Hagist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Transactional sexual relationships contribute to a high incidence of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) living in low-resource settings. Cash transfers (CT) are a structural approach t...

    Authors: Alok Gangaramany, Peter Balvanz, Margaret Waruguru Gichane, Stephan Goetschius, Saransh Sharma, Krittika Sharma, Jeff Mulhausen, Paul Noble-Campbell, Joyce Wamoyi, Suzanne Maman and Ram Prasad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:122

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To ensure patient-centered tuberculosis preventive treatment, it is important to consider factors that make it easier for patients to complete treatment. However, there is little published literature about pat...

    Authors: Courtney M. Yuen, Ana K. Millones, Jerome T. Galea, Daniela Puma, Judith Jimenez, Leonid Lecca, Mercedes C. Becerra and Salmaan Keshavjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Despite a global call for action and growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) associated with physical inactivity, effective interventions to increase community-wide physical activity (PA) remain few....

    Authors: Ling Chew, Isabel Tavitian-Exley, Nicole Lim and Alice Ong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Female Mexican Immigrants (FMIs) experience high rates of depression compared with other populations. For this population, depression is often exacerbated by social isolation associated with the experience of ...

    Authors: Janet Page-Reeves, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Lidia Regino, Jackie Perez, Molly Bleecker, Daniel Perez, Bill Wagner, Susan Tigert, Elaine L. Bearer and Cathleen E. Willging

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Ensuring safety and wellbeing of healthcare providers is crucial, particularly during times of a pandemic. In this study, we aim to identify the determinants of anxiety in physicians on duty in coronavirus war...

    Authors: Qaisar Khalid Mahmood, Sara Rizvi Jafree, Aisha Jalil, Syed Mujtaba Hasnain Nadir and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The COVID-19 has caused a sizeable global outbreak and has been declared as a public health emergency of international concern. Sufficient evidence shows that temperature has an essential link with respiratory...

    Authors: Gaopei Zhu, Yuhang Zhu, Zhongli Wang, Weijing Meng, Xiaoxuan Wang, Jianing Feng, Juan Li, Yufei Xiao, Fuyan Shi and Suzhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is an urgent need for scaled-up effective interventions which overcome barriers to health-enhancing physical activity for children and adolescents. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the state governme...

    Authors: Bridget C. Foley, Katherine B. Owen, Adrian E. Bauman, William Bellew and Lindsey J. Reece

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Noise is a major public health issue because of its negative impacts on health, including annoyance, sleep disturbance, cardiovascular diseases and altered cognitive performance among children. Self-rated heal...

    Authors: Clémence BAUDIN, Marie LEFÈVRE, Patricia CHAMPELOVIER, Jacques LAMBERT, Bernard LAUMON and Anne-Sophie EVRARD

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Maternal and child health have shown important advances in the world in recent years. However, national averages indicators hide large inequalities in access and quality of care in population subgroups. We exp...

    Authors: Manuel Colomé-Hidalgo, Juan Donado Campos and Ángel Gil de Miguel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Effective preparedness to respond to mass casualty incidents and disasters requires a well-planned and integrated effort by all involved professionals, particularly those who are working in healthcare, who are...

    Authors: Krzysztof Goniewicz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Frederick M. Burkle, Attila J. Hertelendy, Ahmed Al-Wathinani, Michael Sean Molloy and Amir Khorram-Manesh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are still among the major public health issues in developing countries. Assessing the prevalence of IPIs and potential risk factors in different localities is essential t...

    Authors: Gedamu Gebreamlak Hailu and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  22. School nurses in the school health services are assigned to promote health and participation among children when conducting health visits. Still, for children of foreign origin this promotion of participation ...

    Authors: Emmie Wahlström, Marie Golsäter, Mats Granlund, Inger K. Holmström, Peter Larm and Maria Harder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The rapid expansion of dengue, Zika and chikungunya with large scale outbreaks are an increasing public health concern in many countries. Additionally, the recent coronavirus pandemic urged the need to get con...

    Authors: Maria Angelica Carrillo, Axel Kroeger, Rocio Cardenas Sanchez, Sonia Diaz Monsalve and Silvia Runge-Ranzinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  24. We assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a sequential approach of parent-targeted HPV vaccine reminders and phone-based Motivation Interviewing (MI).

    Authors: Stephanie A. S. Staras, Eric Richardson, Lisa J. Merlo, Jiang Bian, Lindsay A. Thompson, Janice L. Krieger, Matthew J. Gurka, Ashley H. Sanders and Elizabeth A. Shenkman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Home-based interventions have potential for improving early child development (ECD) in low-resource settings. The design of locally acceptable strategies requires an in-depth understanding of the household con...

    Authors: Jessica D. Rothstein, Audrey J. Buckland, Kristin Gagnier, Mayra Ochoa, Aliya Allen-Valley, Belinda Jivapong, Lilia Z. Cabrera, Elli Leontsini and Kelly R. Fisher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Electronic health tools are of little use if the intended user lacks the skills to effectively engage them. Engaging eHealth requires a skill set, or literacy, of its own. The present study is an effort to pro...

    Authors: Adnan Adil, Ahmed Usman, Nasir Mehmood Khan and Faria Ibad Mirza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Public health workers at the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) and primary health care institutes (PHIs) were among the main workers who implemented prevention, control, and contain...

    Authors: Jinghua Li, Jingdong Xu, Huan Zhou, Hua You, Xiaohui Wang, Yan Li, Yuan Liang, Shan Li, Lina Ma, Jing Zeng, Huanle Cai, Jinzhao Xie, Chenghao Pan, Chun Hao, Stuart Gilmour, Joseph Tak-fai Lau…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  28. When a new or re-emergent pathogen, such as SARS-CoV-2, causes a major outbreak, rapid access to pertinent research findings is crucial for planning strategies and decision making. We researched whether the sp...

    Authors: Javad Khanali, Mohammad-Reza Malekpour and Ali-Asghar Kolahi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Health and social care workers (HSCWs) have carried a heavy burden during the COVID-19 crisis and, in the challenge to control the virus, have directly faced its consequences. Supporting their psychological we...

    Authors: Johannes H. De Kock, Helen Ann Latham, Stephen J. Leslie, Mark Grindle, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Liz Ellis, Rob Polson and Christopher M. O’Malley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Mothers in low-income countries face many challenges to appropriately feed their children in the first year such as poverty, food insecurity and high workloads. However, even in the lowest income families ther...

    Authors: Jeanine Ahishakiye, Lenneke Vaandrager, Inge D. Brouwer and Maria Koelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Following the 2016 Peace Agreement with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), Colombia promised to reincorporate more than 13,000 guerrilla fighters into its healthcare system. Despite a subsidi...

    Authors: Christopher W. Reynolds, Leonar G. Aguiar, Christian Arbelaez, Carlos Gómez Restrepo, Andres Patiño, Heidy Carranza, Lindsey Pileika and Andrés Duarte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:102

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Latinx children in the United States are at high risk for nature-deficit disorder, heat-related illness, and physical inactivity. We developed the Green Schoolyards Project to investigate how green features—tr...

    Authors: Kevin Lanza, Melody Alcazar, Deanna M. Hoelscher and Harold W. Kohl III

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There is a lack of qualitative gambling research on lived experience, help-seeking, and gamblers and affected others’ views on the regulatory environment in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia. This study p...

    Authors: Himanshu Gupta and Matthew Stevens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Since prevalence estimates of recommended physical activity (PA) considerably vary between different surveys, prevalence might be crucially affected by the choice of measuring instrument. The aim of the presen...

    Authors: Gerrit Stassen, Kevin Rudolf, Madeleine Gernert, Ansgar Thiel and Andrea Schaller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  35. High quality, representative data from HIV surveillance systems that have country ownership and commitment are critical for guiding national HIV responses, especially among key and priority populations given t...

    Authors: Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Makini Boothe, Denise Chitsondzo Langa, Isabel Sathane, Roberta Horth, Peter Young, Nick Schaad and Henry F. Raymond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:91

    Content type: Research in practice

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  36. While childhood obesity is rising rapidly in South Asia, there is limited research on quality of life (QoL) of children with overweight and obesity from the region. This study assessed physical and psychosocia...

    Authors: S. Gunawardana, C. B. Gunasinghe, M. S. Harshani and S. N. Seneviratne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Current literature has established that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with the onset of a variety of physical, mental, and behavioural illnesses. However, there are few studies that have ...

    Authors: Eric Smith, Katrina Milaney, Rita I. Henderson and Lyndon Crowshoe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Evidence is scarce on how to promote health and decrease cumulative inequalities for disadvantaged older people. Downstream complex interventions focusing on intermediate factors (self-management, health liter...

    Authors: Sergi Blancafort Alias, Rosa Monteserín Nadal, Irene Moral, Marta Roqué Fígols, Xavier Rojano i Luque and Laura Coll-Planas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  39. During the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in Italy, infection among health-care professionals and in the context of welfare and health-care facilities was a significant concern. It is known that the elderly or those w...

    Authors: Giovanna Deiana, Antonio Azara, Marco Dettori, Fiorenzo Delogu, Gavino Vargiu, Isabella Gessa, Antonella Arghittu, Marcello Tidore, Giorgio Steri and Paolo Castiglia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Asylum-seeking children represent an increasing and vulnerable group of patients whose health needs are largely unmet. Data on the health care provision to asylum-seeking children in European contexts is scarc...

    Authors: Julia Brandenberger, Christian Pohl, Florian Vogt, Thorkild Tylleskär and Nicole Ritz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The Table Talk tool is an observational assessment of early care and education teacher (ECET) mealtime practices. The Table Talk Revised (TT-R) tool incorporates new constructs that emerged from qualitative re...

    Authors: Taren Swindle, Josh Phelps, Nicole M. McBride, James P. Selig, Julie M. Rutledge and Swapna Manyam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  42. About 83,000 COVID-19 patients were confirmed in China up to May 2020. Amid the well-documented threats to physical health, the effects of this public health crisis - and the varied efforts to contain its spre...

    Authors: Shiyan Yan, Rui Xu, Terry D. Stratton, Voyko Kavcic, Dan Luo, Fengsu Hou, Fengying Bi, Rong Jiao, Kangxing Song and Yang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There has been little examination of consumer attitudes towards the commercial advertising of healthcare services in Australia and how marketing is used by consumers in their health decision-making. In this re...

    Authors: ACL Holden, S. Nanayakkara, J. Skinner, H. Spallek and W. Sohn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent infection and severe outcomes caused by influenza viruses in pregnant women and their children. In Ecuador, the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pr...

    Authors: Carlos E. Erazo, Carlos V. Erazo, Mario J. Grijalva and Ana L. Moncayo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Almost one in three Australian adults are now obese, and the rate continues to rise. The causes of obesity are multifaceted and include environmental, cultural and lifestyle factors. Emerging evidence suggests...

    Authors: Rachel G. Curtis, Timothy Olds, François Fraysse, Dorothea Dumuid, Gilly A. Hendrie, Adrian Esterman, Wendy J. Brown, Ty Ferguson, Rajini Lagiseti and Carol A. Maher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:70

    Content type: Study protocol

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  46. Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is an important behavior that can influence individuals’ risk for diabetes, obesity, and other chronic diseases. Nonetheless, there is a lack of valid measures to ass...

    Authors: Brenda Heaton, Julie A. Wright, Julia C. Bond and Lisa M. Quintiliani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Dust storms affect human health by impairing visibility and promoting interactions with microscopic organisms, such as bacteria and fungi. Although ST-elevation MI (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI) diff...

    Authors: Suji Lee, Whanhee Lee, Eunil Lee, Myung Ho Jeong, Seung-Woon Rha, Chong-Jin Kim, Shung Chull Chae, Hyo-Soo Kim, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon and Ho Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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