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  1. There is evidence of higher prevalence of asthma in populations of lower socio-economic status in affluent societies, and the prevalence of asthma is also very high in some Latin American countries, where soci...

    Authors: Sérgio Souza da Cunha, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Mauricio Lima Barreto, Bernd Genser and Laura C Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:205
  2. A ban on smoking in wholly or substantially enclosed public places has been in place in Scotland since 26th March 2006. The impact of this legislation is currently being evaluated in seven studies, three of which...

    Authors: Mark Petticrew, Sean Semple, Shona Hilton, Kaen S Creely, Douglas Eadie, Deborah Ritchie, Catherine Ferrell, Yvette Christopher and Fintan Hurley
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:204
  3. The use of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) to prevent non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) related-strokes is often sub-optimal. We aimed to evaluate whether implementing guidelines on antithrombotic thera...

    Authors: Simona Bo, Susanna Valpreda, Luca Scaglione, Daniela Boscolo, Marina Piobbici, Mario Bo and Giovannino Ciccone
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:203
  4. In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental...

    Authors: Hasan C Ekerbicer, Mustafa Celik, Ekrem Guler, Mehmet Davutoglu and Metin Kilinc
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:202
  5. Adolescents need to be aware that there is a method of preventing pregnancy even after an unprotected intercourse. Limited information is available on the awareness of young adolescents and the effects of sell...

    Authors: Kobra Falah-Hassani, Elise Kosunen, Rahman Shiri and Arja Rimpelä
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:201
  6. Numerous studies have investigated mortality during a heatwave, while few have quantified heat associated morbidity. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between hospital admissions and intensity, durat...

    Authors: Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Ugo Fedeli, Cristiana Visentin, Giovanni Milan, Emanuela Fadda and Paolo Spolaore
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:200
  7. The UK is the only developed country to have established a nation-wide stop smoking treatment service. Apart from addressing tobacco dependence, which is the leading preventable cause of ill health and prematu...

    Authors: Allan Low, Louise Unsworth, Anne Low and Iain Miller
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:198
  8. Seasonal flu epidemics in the European region cause high numbers of cases and deaths. Flu-associated mortality has been estimated but morbidity studies are necessary to understand the burden of disease in the ...

    Authors: Annick D Lenglet, Victoria Hernando, Pilar Rodrigo, Amparo Larrauri, Juan DM Donado and Salvador de Mateo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:197
  9. Ahmedabad is an industrial city in Gujarat, India. In 2003, the HIV prevalence among commercial sex workers (CSWs) in Ahmedabad reached 13.0%. In response, the Jyoti Sangh HIV prevention programme for CSWs was...

    Authors: Isaac C-H Fung, Lorna Guinness, Peter Vickerman, Charlotte Watts, Gangadhar Vannela, Jagdish Vadhvana, Anna M Foss, Laxman Malodia, Meena Gandhi and Gaurang Jani
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:195
  10. In 2002 and 2003 there were large outbreaks of measles in many provinces of Laos, including in Vientiane. We therefore conducted a study to determine risk factors associated with measles amongst children admit...

    Authors: Mayfong Mayxay, Tiengthong Khomthilat, Phoutthalavanh Souvannasing, Khamphouvanh Phounesavath, Banlieng Vorasane, Sommay Keomany, Phouvieng Douangdala, Khamseng Philavong, Leila Srour and Paul N Newton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:193
  11. Historically there has been a wide variation in the proportion of inadequate smears between general practices. Cervical screening in the UK is undergoing a fundamental change by moving from conventional to liq...

    Authors: Wayne N Harrison, Alison MJ Teale, Suzanne P Jones and Mohammed A Mohammed
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:191
  12. Public health interventions are directed towards social systems and it is difficult to foresee all consequences. While targeted outcomes may be positively influenced, interventions may at worst be counterprodu...

    Authors: Maria Emmelin, Lars Weinehall, Hans Stenlund, Stig Wall and Lars Dahlgren
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:190
  13. In recent years, more adolescents are engaging in premarital sex in China. However, only a limited number of studies have explored out-of-school youth's sexual attitudes and behaviors, critical for prevention ...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Bonita Stanton, Vafa Kamali, Sylvie Naar-King, Iqbal Shah and Ronald Thomas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:189
  14. The unequal use of mental health care is a great issue, even in countries with universal health coverage. Better knowledge of the factors that have an impact on the pathway to mental health care may be a great...

    Authors: Viviane Kovess-Masféty, Delphine Saragoussi, Christine Sevilla-Dedieu, Fabien Gilbert, Agnieszka Suchocka, Nathalie Arveiller, Isabelle Gasquet, Nadia Younes and Marie-Christine Hardy-Bayle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:188
  15. Childhood obesity is emerging as a major public health problem in developed and developing countries worldwide. The aim of this survey was to establish baseline data on the prevalence and correlates of overwei...

    Authors: Helen Whelton, Janas Harrington, Evelyn Crowley, Virginia Kelleher, Michael Cronin and Ivan J Perry
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:187
  16. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality affecting millions of people worldwide, while placing a noteworthy strain on public health funding. The aim of this study was to assess health...

    Authors: Angelos A Papadopoulos, Nick Kontodimopoulos, Aristidis Frydas, Emmanuel Ikonomakis and Dimitris Niakas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:186
  17. Guidelines recommend multifactorial intervention programmes to prevent falls in older adults but there are few randomised controlled trials in a real life health care setting. We describe the rationale, interv...

    Authors: C Raina Elley, M Clare Robertson, Ngaire M Kerse, Sue Garrett, Eileen McKinlay, Beverley Lawton, Helen Moriarty and A John Campbell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:185
  18. Self-rated health and the factors that influence it have never been described in Singapore before. This paper presents a descriptive study of self-rated health in a nationally representative cross-sectional su...

    Authors: Wei-Yen Lim, Stefan Ma, Derrick Heng, Vineta Bhalla and Suok Kai Chew
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:184
  19. Mental health problems often lead to prolonged sick leave. In primary care, the usual approach towards these patients was the advice to take rest and not return to work before all complaints had disappeared. W...

    Authors: David S Rebergen, David J Bruinvels, Allard J van der Beek and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:183
  20. The objective of the present study was to compare three different sampling and questionnaire administration methods used in the international KIDSCREEN study in terms of participation, response rates, and exte...

    Authors: Silvina Berra, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Michael Erhart, Cristian Tebé, Corinna Bisegger, Wolfgang Duer, Ursula von Rueden, Michael Herdman, Jordi Alonso and Luis Rajmil
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:182
  21. Development of effective behavioral interventions to promote weight control and physical activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public health priority. Community focused wellness organizations, s...

    Authors: Kimberly A Kaphingst, Gary G Bennett, Glorian Sorensen, Karen M Kaphingst, Amy E O'Neil and Kyle McInnis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:181
  22. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most frequent tumour among Caucasian populations worldwide. Among the risk factors associated with this tumour, there are host-related factors and several environmental a...

    Authors: Berta Suárez, Gonzalo López-Abente, Carmen Martínez, Carmen Navarro, Maria José Tormo, Stefano Rosso, Simon Schraub, Lorenzo Gafà, Hélène Sancho-Garnier, Janine Wechsler and Roberto Zanetti
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:180
  23. The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which higher intellectual abilities protect higher socio-economic groups from functional decline and to examine whether the contribution of intellectual abi...

    Authors: Hans Bosma, Martin PJ van Boxtel, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Jelle Jolles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:179
  24. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to record the prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to parental education level, parental body mass index and region of residence, in preschool childre...

    Authors: Yiannis Manios, Vassiliki Costarelli, Maria Kolotourou, Katerina Kondakis, Chara Tzavara and George Moschonis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:178
  25. Self-rated health (SRH) has been widely used to research health inequalities in developed western societies, but few such studies are available in developing countries. Similar to many Arab societies, little r...

    Authors: Taghrid Asfar, Balsam Ahmad, Samer Rastam, Tanja P Mulloli, Kenneth D Ward and Wasim Maziak
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:177
  26. Factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was studied by a survey of subjects who had experienced the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake (6.8 on the Richter scale) in Japan.

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Kuriko Kobayashi, Hideki Kuwabara, Masataka Koizumi, Taro Endo, Miki Ito, Hiroko Honma, Noboru Fukushima, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:175
  27. Health administrative data are increasingly used to examine disease occurrence. However, health administrative data are typically available for a limited number of years – posing challenges for estimating dise...

    Authors: Douglas G Manuel, Jenny JY Lim, Peter Tanuseputro and Therésè A Stukel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:174
  28. Given the high prevalence of mental health problems after disasters it is important to study health services utilization. This study examines predictors for mental health services (MHS) utilization among survi...

    Authors: Dirk-Jan den Ouden, Peter G van der Velden, Linda Grievink, Mattijn Morren, Anja JE Dirkzwager and C Joris Yzermans
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:173
  29. Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality have increased in recent years in many countries. We examined age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality rates for social groups in and regions of Scotland to understand t...

    Authors: Alastair H Leyland, Ruth Dundas, Philip McLoone and F Andrew Boddy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:172
  30. The prevalence of self-reported low back pain among professional cooks was estimated to examine the effects of daily life conditions, job-related factors, and psychological factors on this disorder.

    Authors: Miwako Nagasu, Kazuhiro Sakai, Akiyoshi Ito, Shigeru Tomita, Yoshiomi Temmyo, Mitsuo Ueno and Shigeji Miyagi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:171
  31. A large measles outbreak occurred in Italy in 2002–2003. This study evaluates the health burden and economic impact of measles-related hospitalizations in Italy during the specified period.

    Authors: Antonietta Filia, Antonio Brenna, Augusto Panà, Gianluca Maggio Cavallaro, Marco Massari and Marta L Ciofi degli Atti
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:169
  32. The increasing prevalence of obesity in young women is a major public health concern. These trends have a major impact on pregnancy outcomes in these women, which have been documented by several researchers. I...

    Authors: Sohinee Bhattacharya, Doris M Campbell, William A Liston and Siladitya Bhattacharya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:168
  33. Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for diabetes and heart disease. There is evidence that increasing physical activity can reduce the risk of developing these chronic diseases, but less evidence...

    Authors: Sally B Rose, Beverley A Lawton, C Raina Elley, Anthony C Dowell and Anna J Fenton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:166
  34. Latin America, China and India are experiencing unprecedentedly rapid demographic ageing with an increasing number of people with dementia. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group's title refers to the 66% of people...

    Authors: Martin Prince, Cleusa P Ferri, Daisy Acosta, Emiliano Albanese, Raul Arizaga, Michael Dewey, Svetlana I Gavrilova, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, KS Jacob, ES Krishnamoorthy, Paul McKeigue, Juan Llibre Rodriguez, Aquiles Salas, Ana Luisa Sosa, Renata MM Sousa…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:165
  35. Long waiting times for elective surgical treatment threaten timely care provision in several countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of waiting for elective general surgery on the quality...

    Authors: JP Oudhoff, DRM Timmermans, DL Knol, AB Bijnen and G van der Wal
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:164
  36. The evidence for a "diabesity" epidemic is accumulating worldwide but population-based data are still scarce in the African region. We assessed the prevalence, awareness and control of diabetes (DM) in the Sey...

    Authors: David Faeh, Julita William, Luc Tappy, Eric Ravussin and Pascal Bovet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:163
  37. To present and compare population-based and antenatal-care (ANC) sentinel surveillance HIV prevalence estimates among women in a rural South African population where both provision of ANC services and family p...

    Authors: Brian D Rice, Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, Victoria Hosegood, Frank Tanser, Caterina Hill, Till Barnighausen, Kobus Herbst, Tanya Welz and Marie-Louise Newell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:160
  38. In 2000, the overall rate of injury deaths in children aged 0–14 was 28.7 per 100000 in Estonia, which is more than 5 times higher than the corresponding rate in neighbouring Finland. This paper describes chil...

    Authors: Marika Väli, Katrin Lang, Ruth Soonets, Marika Talumäe and Andrej M Grjibovski
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:158
  39. Community-wide preparedness for pandemic influenza is an issue that has featured prominently in the recent news media, and is currently a priority for health authorities in many countries. The small and medium...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, Feonagh C Cooke, Robert J Donovan, C Raina MacIntyre, Ralf Itzwerth and Aileen J Plant
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:157
  40. Projections of health and social care need are highly sensitive to assumptions about cohort trends in health and disability. We use a repeated population-based cross-sectional study from the Cambridgeshire cen...

    Authors: Carol Jagger, Ruth J Matthews, Fiona E Matthews, Nicola A Spiers, Judith Nickson, Eugene S Paykel, Felicia A Huppert and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:156

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