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  1. A number of studies have reported low uptake of cancer screening programmes by South Asian populations in the UK. However, studies to date have not adjusted findings for differences in demographics and socio-e...

    Authors: Ala Szczepura, Charlotte Price and Anil Gumber
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:346
  2. Dental epidemiology has indicated that immigrants and minority ethnic groups should be regarded as high risk populations on the verge of oral health deterioration. The objectives of this study were to measure ...

    Authors: Yuval Vered, Avi Zini, Alon Livny, Jonathan Mann and Harold D Sgan-Cohen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:345
  3. Malaria control in remote, forested areas of the Mekong region relies on personal protection from mosquito bites. Uptake of these methods may be limited by knowledge of the link between mosquitoes and malaria ...

    Authors: Sarah J Moore, Xia Min, Nigel Hill, Caroline Jones, Zhang Zaixing and Mary M Cameron
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:344
  4. Research in infectious disease control is heavily skewed towards high end technology; development of new drugs, vaccines and clinical interventions. Oft ignored, is the evidence to inform the best strategies t...

    Authors: Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath, Hashim Ghalib, Franco Pagnoni and William C Skelly
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:343
  5. Tuberculosis is the commonest opportunistic infection and the number one cause of death in HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries. To address the extent of the tuberculosis HIV coinfection in rural Tanzania...

    Authors: Bernard J Ngowi, Sayoki G Mfinanga, Johan N Bruun and Odd Morkve
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:341
  6. Previous studies have reported discrepancies in cause-specific mortality among groups of individuals with different socio-economic status. However, most of the studies were limited by the specificity of the in...

    Authors: Marianne Weires, Justo Lorenzo Bermejo, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist and Kari Hemminki
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:340
  7. Transport and its links to health and health inequalities suggest that it is important to assess both the direct and unintended indirect health and related impacts of transport initiatives and policies. Health...

    Authors: Hilary Thomson, Ruth Jepson, Fintan Hurley and Margaret Douglas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:339
  8. Since the schools vaccination campaign in 1994, measles has been eliminated from England. Maintaining elimination requires low susceptibility levels to keep the effective reproduction number R below 1. Since 1...

    Authors: Yoon Hong Choi, Nigel Gay, Graham Fraser and Mary Ramsay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:338
  9. Survey data suggest that in Texas Latino youth exhibit higher rates of susceptibility to smoking than youth from other ethnic groups. In this analysis we examined the relationship between susceptibility to smo...

    Authors: Anna V Wilkinson, Andrew J Waters, Vandita Vasudevan, Melissa L Bondy, Alexander V Prokhorov and Margaret R Spitz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:337
  10. Vitamin D plays a critical role in bone metabolism and many cellular and immunological processes. Recent research indicates that concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], the main indicator of vit...

    Authors: Agnes Gozdzik, Jodi Lynn Barta, Hongyu Wu, Dennis Wagner, David E Cole, Reinhold Vieth, Susan Whiting and Esteban J Parra
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:336
  11. Family or friends bereaved by suicide are at risk of experiencing complications because of attitudes regarding suicide. It is important that individuals close to those grieving after a death by suicide demonst...

    Authors: Sachiko Minamizono, Yutaka Motohashi, Masako Yamaji and Yoshihiro Kaneko
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:334
  12. Falls are a major health threat to older community-living people, and initiatives to prevent falls should be a public health priority. We evaluated a Dutch version of a successful British fall prevention progr...

    Authors: Michel HC Bleijlevens, Marike RC Hendriks, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Joseph PM Diederiks, Harry FJM Crebolder and Jacques ThM van Eijk
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:332
  13. To describe malaria knowledge, attitudes toward malaria and bed net use, levels of ownership and use of bed nets, and factors associated with ownership and use among pregnant women attending their first antena...

    Authors: Audrey Pettifor, Eboni Taylor, David Nku, Sandra Duvall, Martine Tabala, Steve Meshnick and Frieda Behets
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:331
  14. Obesity can be defined using body mass index (BMI) or waist (abdominal obesity). Little information exists regarding its prevalence and determinants in Switzerland. Hence, we assessed the levels of obesity as ...

    Authors: Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Vincent Mooser, Fred Paccaud, Gérard Waeber and Peter Vollenweider
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:330
  15. The belief that adolescents engaged in sports increase their overall physical activity level while simultaneously decreasing physical inactivity has been the foundation of many intervention programs in develop...

    Authors: Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque, Mathias Roberto Loch and Arli Ramos de Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:329
  16. Pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation have not been adequately tested in pregnancy and women are reluctant to use them. Behavioural support alone has a modest effect on cessation rates; therefore, more effec...

    Authors: Michael Ussher, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Lianne Straus, Robert West, Bess Marcus, Beth Lewis and Isaac Manyonda
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:328
  17. The workplace is an ideal setting for health promotion. Helping employees to be more physically active can not only improve their physical and mental health, but can also have economic benefits such as reduced...

    Authors: Rosemary RC McEachan, Rebecca J Lawton, Cath Jackson, Mark Conner and Jennifer Lunt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:326
  18. There is a demand for strategies to promote smoking cessation in high-risk populations like smoking pregnant women and their partners. The objectives of this study were to investigate parental smoking behaviou...

    Authors: Torbjørn Øien, Ola Storrø, Jon A Jenssen and Roar Johnsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:325
  19. Central body fat is a better predictor than overall body fat for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in both adults and children. Waist circumference (WC) has been used as a proxy measure of central body fat. Chi...

    Authors: Rita YT Sung, Hung-Kwan So, Kai-Chow Choi, Edmund AS Nelson, Albert M Li, Jane AT Yin, Charlotte WL Kwok, Pak-Cheung Ng and Tai-Fai Fok
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:324
  20. A change in pattern of tobacco use has been observed in the last decade in Norway. Snuff use and occasional smoking have to some degree replaced daily smoking among adolescents and young adults. Daily smoking ...

    Authors: Liv Grotvedt, Hein Stigum, Ragnhild Hovengen and Sidsel Graff-Iversen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:322
  21. Malaria transmission in Ethiopia is unstable and seasonal, with the majority of the country's population living in malaria-prone areas. Results from DHS 2005 indicate that the coverage of key malaria intervent...

    Authors: Estifanos B Shargie, Teshome Gebre, Jeremiah Ngondi, Patricia M Graves, Aryc W Mosher, Paul M Emerson, Yeshewamebrat Ejigsemahu, Tekola Endeshaw, Dereje Olana, Asrat WeldeMeskel, Admas Teferra, Zerihun Tadesse, Abate Tilahun, Gedeon Yohannes and Frank O Richards Jr
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:321
  22. Large population growth surveys of children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 y were undertaken in Hong Kong in 1963 and 1993. The global epidemic of obesity is a major public health concern. To monitor the impact ...

    Authors: Hung-Kwan So, Edmund AS Nelson, Albert M Li, Eric MC Wong, Joseph TF Lau, Georgia S Guldan, Kwok-Hang Mak, Youfa Wang, Tai-Fai Fok and Rita YT Sung
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:320
  23. Hospital preparedness is critical for the early detection and management of public health emergency (PHE). Understanding the current status of PHE preparedness is the first step in planning to enhance hospital...

    Authors: Xingming Li, Jianshi Huang and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:319
  24. Screening programmes should be organized to translate theoretical efficacy into effectiveness. An evidence-based organizational model of colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) should assure feasibility and high co...

    Authors: Antonio Federici, Alessandra Barca, Diego Baiocchi, Francesco Quadrino, Sabrina Valle, Piero Borgia, Gabriella Guasticchi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:318
  25. Malaria is still a leading child killer in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, access to prompt and effective malaria treatment, a mainstay of any malaria control strategy, is sub-optimal in many settings. Little is know...

    Authors: Manuel W Hetzel, Brigit Obrist, Christian Lengeler, June J Msechu, Rose Nathan, Angel Dillip, Ahmed M Makemba, Christopher Mshana, Alexander Schulze and Hassan Mshinda
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:317
  26. To respond to the rapid surge in the incidence of suicide in Japan, which appears to be an ongoing trend, the Japanese Multimodal Intervention Trials for Suicide Prevention (J-MISP) have launched a multimodal ...

    Authors: Yutaka Ono, Shuichi Awata, Hideharu Iida, Yasushi Ishida, Naoki Ishizuka, Hiroto Iwasa, Yuichi Kamei, Yutaka Motohashi, Atsuo Nakagawa, Jun Nakamura, Nobuyuki Nishi, Kotaro Otsuka, Hirofumi Oyama, Akio Sakai, Hironori Sakai, Yuriko Suzuki…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:315
  27. There is sustained interest in public health circles in assessing the effects of policies on health and health inequalities. We report on the theory, methods and findings of a project which involved an apprais...

    Authors: Mark Petticrew, Stephen Platt, Allyson McCollam, Sarah Wilson and Sian Thomas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:314
  28. Data about the predictors of smoking among adolescents in Greece are sparse. We tried to identify factors associated with current cigarette smoking among in-school adolescents in Greece in the context of GYTS ...

    Authors: George Rachiotis, Adamson S Muula, Emmanuel Rudatsikira, Seter Siziya, Athina Kyrlesi, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis and Christos Hadjichristodoulou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:313
  29. In general men tend to drink more alcohol and experience more alcohol-related sickness, injuries and mortality than women. In this paper, the overall hypothesis was that increased gender similarity in the divi...

    Authors: Anna Månsdotter, Mona Backhans and Johan Hallqvist
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:312
  30. The 2007 Wanless report highlights the ever increasing problem of obesity and the consequent health problems. Obesity is a significant cause of diabetes. An increasing evidence base suggests that in terms of r...

    Authors: Nicola F Weaver, Louise Hayes, Nigel C Unwin and Madeleine J Murtagh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:311
  31. An increasing number of persons suffer from non-specific health symptoms such as headache, sleep disturbances, difficulties in concentrating and more. In lack of a medical explanation, more and more persons ta...

    Authors: Joerg Schröttner and Norbert Leitgeb
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:310
  32. The purpose of this study was to explore the cross-cultural differences in the frequency of fish intake and in motivations for fish consumption between people from households with (CVD+) or without (CVD-) medi...

    Authors: Zuzanna Pieniak, Wim Verbeke, Federico Perez-Cueto, Karen Brunsø and Stefaan De Henauw
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:306
  33. Latinos are a fast growing segment of the U.S. health care population. Acculturation factors, including English fluency, result in an ethnic group heterogeneous with regard to SES, health practices, and health...

    Authors: Nancy P Gordon and Carlos Iribarren
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:305
  34. Abundant literature supports the beneficial effects of physical activity for improving health of people with chronic diseases. The relationship between multimorbidity and physical activity levels, however, has...

    Authors: Catherine Hudon, Hassan Soubhi and Martin Fortin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:304
  35. To clarify the nature of the relationship between food deprivation/undernutrition during pre- and postnatal development and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, this study examined the relationship betw...

    Authors: Rosemary F Head, Mark S Gilthorpe, Allyson Byrom and George TH Ellison
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:303
  36. With surveys suggesting that exceeding guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol intake is commonplace, the health and social impact of modifying intake on a population level is potentially considerable. If public hea...

    Authors: G David Batty, Heather Lewars, Carol Emslie, Michaela Benzeval and Kate Hunt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:302
  37. The present study was performed to assess, beyond socio-economic factors, independent associations between the health and nutritional status of children under 5 years old and (1) family behavioural factors rel...

    Authors: Taufiq Mashal, Takehito Takano, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki, Shafiqullah Hemat, Masafumi Watanabe and Kaoruko Seino
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:301
  38. Using the Internet to seek health information is becoming more common. Its consequences on health care utilisation are hardly known in the general population, in particular among children whose parents seek he...

    Authors: Gauthier Bouche and Virginie Migeot
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:300
  39. Reliable studies of the incidence and characteristics of medical end-of-life decisions with a certain or possible life shortening effect (ELDs) are indispensable for an evidence-based medical and societal deba...

    Authors: Kenneth Chambaere, Johan Bilsen, Joachim Cohen, Geert Pousset, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Freddy Mortier and Luc Deliens
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:299
  40. Helping the large number of problem drinkers who will never seek treatment is a challenging issue. Public health initiatives employing educational materials or mass media campaigns have met with mixed success....

    Authors: John A Cunningham, Clayton Neighbors, Cameron Wild and Keith Humphreys
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:298
  41. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent symptom in middle-aged women, but data on incidence is limited and rarely reported. In order to analyze incidence, remission, or development patterns of severity and ty...

    Authors: David Jahanlu, Samera Azeem Qureshi and Steinar Hunskaar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:296

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