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  1. Sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic and opioid medicament (SO) use and its relation to tobacco smoking and alcohol risk drinking is largely unknown. Prevalence data for SO intake and its co-occurrence with tobacco ...

    Authors: Ulrich John, Sebastian E Baumeister, Henry Völzke, Christian Meyer, Sabina Ulbricht and Dietrich Alte
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:337
  2. During the past decades a rising trend of living alone can be observed in the population especially in urban areas. Living alone is considered a psychosocial risk factor. We studied the relationship between li...

    Authors: Ulla Kandler, Christa Meisinger, Jens Baumert and Hannelore Löwel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:335
  3. The use of spirometry for early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still an issue of debate, particularly because of a lack of convincing evidence that spirometry has an added positiv...

    Authors: Daniel Kotz, Geertjan Wesseling, Marcus JH Huibers and Onno CP van Schayck
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:332
  4. Many studies have been carried out that focus on mental patients' access to care for their mental illness, but very few pay attention on these same patients' access to care for their physical diseases. Acute a...

    Authors: Jen-Huoy Tsay, Cheng-Hua Lee, Yea-Jen Hsu, Pen-Jen Wang, Ya-Mei Bai, Yiing-Jenq Chou and Nicole Huang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:331
  5. Whole body vibration (WBV) exposure at work is common and studies found evidence that this exposure might cause low back pain (LBP). A recent review concluded there is a lack of evidence of effective strategie...

    Authors: Ivo JH Tiemessen, Carel TJ Hulshof and Monique HW Frings-Dresen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:329
  6. Little evidence exists regarding the magnitude of contribution of excess weight to diabetes in the Middle East countries. This study aimed at quantification of the impact of overweight and obesity on the incid...

    Authors: Farhad Hosseinpanah, Mehdi Rambod and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:328
  7. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects many children, adolescents, and adults and is associated with a number of impairments. Poor academic performance is related to ADHD in clinical samples. ...

    Authors: Alina Rodriguez, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Carsten Obel, Anja Taanila, Jouko Miettunen, Irma Moilanen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Katri Pietiläinen, Hanna Ebeling, Arto J Kotimaa, Karen Markussen Linnet and Jørn Olsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:327
  8. Rural sub-Saharan Africa is at an early stage of economic and health transition. It is predicted that the 21st century will see a serious added economic burden from non-communicable disease including vascular dis...

    Authors: Margaret Thorogood, Myles Connor, Stephen Tollman, Gillian Lewando Hundt, Gerry Fowkes and Jennifer Marsh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:326
  9. There are about 1.6 billion GSM cellular phones in use throughout the world today. Numerous papers have reported various biological effects in humans exposed to electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones....

    Authors: Gábor Stefanics, Lóránd Kellényi, Ferenc Molnár, Györgyi Kubinyi, György Thuróczy and István Hernádi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:325
  10. Computer tailoring may be a promising technique for prevention of overweight in adolescents. However, very few well-developed, evidence-based computer-tailored interventions are available for this target group...

    Authors: Nicole PM Ezendam, Anke Oenema, Petra M van de Looij-Jansen and Johannes Brug
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:324
  11. Previous research has indicated that children's behaviors have long-term effects on later life. Hence it is important to monitor the development of health risk behaviors in childhood. This study examined the c...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Wu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Lee-Lan Yen and Tony Szu-Hsien Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:323
  12. People who have complex health care needs frequently access emergency departments for treatment of acute illness and injury. In particular, evidence suggests that those who are homeless, or suffer mental illne...

    Authors: Gaye Moore, Marie Gerdtz, Elizabeth Manias, Graham Hepworth and Andrew Dent
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:320
  13. Since 1988, self-reported mental health problems in Sweden have increased more among young people than in any other age group. Young adults aged 18 – 29 with minor mental health problems were welcomed to four ...

    Authors: Regina Winzer and Agneta Bergsten Brucefors
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:319
  14. Linking health data with census data on ethnicity has potential benefits for the health of ethnic minority groups. Ethical objections to linking these data however include concerns about informed consent and t...

    Authors: Kenneth M Boyd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:318
  15. Globally and nationally large numbers of people are injured each year, yet there is little information on the impact of these injuries on people's lives, on society and on health and social care services. Meas...

    Authors: Ronan A Lyons, Elizabeth E Towner, Denise Kendrick, Nicola Christie, Sinead Brophy, Ceri J Phillips, Carol Coupland, Rebecca Carter, Lindsay Groom, Judith Sleney, Phillip Adrian Evans, Ian Pallister and Frank Coffey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:317
  16. Iodine deficiency is severe public health problem in Ethiopia. Although urinary iodine excretion level (UIE) is a better indicator for IDD the goitre rate is commonly used to mark the public health significanc...

    Authors: Cherinet Abuye and Yemane Berhane
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:316
  17. Brucellosis is known to cause debilitating conditions if not promptly treated. In some rural areas of Tanzania however, practitioners give evidence of seeing brucellosis cases with symptoms of long duration. T...

    Authors: John Kunda, Julie Fitzpatrick, Rudovic Kazwala, Nigel P French, Gabriel Shirima, Alastair MacMillan, Dominic Kambarage, Mark Bronsvoort and Sarah Cleaveland
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:315
  18. This cross-sectional study of two middle-aged community samples from Sweden and Russia examined the distribution of perceived control scores in the two populations, investigated differences in individual contr...

    Authors: Johanna Lundberg, Martin Bobak, Sofia Malyutina, Margareta Kristenson and Hynek Pikhart
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:314
  19. Various factors affect tooth loss in older age including cigarette smoking; however, evidence regarding the association between smoking and tooth loss during young adulthood is limited. The present study exami...

    Authors: Miki Ojima, Takashi Hanioka, Keiko Tanaka and Hitoshi Aoyama
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:313
  20. Medical care for asylum seekers is a complex and critical issue worldwide. It is influenced by social, political, and economic pressures, as well as premigration conditions, the process of migration, and postm...

    Authors: Patrick Bodenmann, Fabrice Althaus, Bernard Burnand, Paul Vaucher, Alain Pécoud and Blaise Genton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:310
  21. The interface between research and policymaking in low-income countries is highly complex. The ability of health systems research to influence policy processes in such settings face numerous challenges. Succes...

    Authors: Adnan A Hyder, Gerald Bloom, Melissa Leach, Shamsuzzoha B Syed and David H Peters
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:309
  22. Our understanding of social disparities in diabetes-related health behaviors is incomplete. The purpose of this study was to determine if having less education is associated with poorer diabetes-related health...

    Authors: Andrew J Karter, Mark R Stevens, Arleen F Brown, O Kenrik Duru, Edward W Gregg, Tiffany L Gary, Gloria L Beckles, Chien-Wen Tseng, David G Marrero, Beth Waitzfelder, William H Herman, John D Piette, Monika M Safford and Susan L Ettner
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:308
  23. For a regional project in four low-incidence states, we designed a customizable tuberculosis outbreak response plan. Prior to dissemination of the plan, a tuberculosis outbreak occurred, presenting an opportun...

    Authors: Laura Freimanis Hance, Karen R Steingart, Christine G Hahn, Lisa Pascopella and Charles M Nolan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:307
  24. Excessive alcohol consumption is a significant public health problem throughout the world. Although there are a range of effective interventions to help heavy drinkers reduce their alcohol consumption, these h...

    Authors: Elizabeth Murray, Jim McCambridge, Zarnie Khadjesari, Ian R White, Simon G Thompson, Christine Godfrey, Stuart Linke and Paul Wallace
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:306
  25. When comparing health differences of groups with equal socioeconomic status (SES) over time, the sociodemographic composition of such a SES group is considered to be constant. However, when the periods are suf...

    Authors: Frans JM Bongers, Linelle EN Deunk, Francois G Schellevis, Henk JM van den Hoogen, Jouke van der Zee and Wil JHM van den Bosch
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:305
  26. The Pap test has been used for cervical cancer screening for more than four decades. A human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been approved for use in Canada and is commercially available now. These two preven...

    Authors: Chantal Sauvageau, Bernard Duval, Vladimir Gilca, France Lavoie and Manale Ouakki
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:304
  27. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a major threat to public health. Greece, having the highest smoking prevalence in the European Union is seriously affected by passive smoking. The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Constantine I Vardavas, Barbara Kondilis, Mark J Travers, Elisabeth Petsetaki, Yiannis Tountas and Anthony G Kafatos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:302
  28. By mid adolescence there is an excess in female physical and/or psychosomatic, as well as psychological morbidity. This paper examines the contribution of a range of factors (self-esteem, body image, gender-ro...

    Authors: Helen N Sweeting, Patrick B West and Geoff J Der
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:298
  29. Self-rated health (SRH) is reported as a reliable predictor of disability and mortality in the aged population and has been studied worldwide to enhance the quality of life of the elderly. Nowadays, the elderl...

    Authors: Wei Sun, Misuzu Watanabe, Yoshimi Tanimoto, Takahiro Shibutani, Rei Kono, Masahisa Saito, Kan Usuda and Koichi Kono
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:297
  30. Despite the high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV infection in US correctional settings, most jails and prisons in the United States prevent inmates from using condoms to prevent ST...

    Authors: Joseph D Tucker, Suzanne W Chang and Jacqueline P Tulsky
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:296
  31. The purpose of the present study was to assess the validity and reliability of Form A of Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales in Iran. Health locus of control is one of the most widely measured para...

    Authors: Mahdi Moshki, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Ebrahim Hajizadeh and Parviz Azadfallah
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:295
  32. How advances in knowledge lead via behaviour change to better health is not well understood. Here we report two case studies: a rapid reduction in HIV transmission in homosexual men and a decline in Sudden Inf...

    Authors: Nick Hilliard, Rebeka Jenkins, Nora Pashayan and John Powles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:293
  33. Illegal drug use and related problems have been emerging as an important public health issue in Taiwan. Via the capture-recapture approach, the present study aimed to offer insights into the size of heroin and...

    Authors: Shu-Chuan Chiang, Chuan-Yu Chen, Yuan-Ying Chang, Hsiao-Ju Sun and Wei J Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:292
  34. We investigated the patient- and treatment-system dependent factors affecting treatment outcome in a two-year cohort of all treated culture-verified pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases to establish a basis for i...

    Authors: Tuula Vasankari, Pekka Holmström, Jukka Ollgren, Kari Liippo, Maarit Kokki and Petri Ruutu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:291
  35. Risk factors of all-cause mortality have not been reported in Chinese retired military veterans. The objective of the study was to examine the risk factors and proportional mortality in a Chinese retired milit...

    Authors: Xiao Y Sai, Yao He, Ke Men, Bo Wang, Jiu Y Huang, Qiu L Shi, Lei Zhang, Liang S Li, Bernard CK Choi and Yong P Yan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:290
  36. Exposure of the individual to contaminated food or water correlates closely with the risk for enteric fever. Since public health interventions such as water improvement or vaccination campaigns are implemented...

    Authors: Dipika Sur, Mohammad Ali, Lorenz von Seidlein, Byomkesh Manna, Jacqueline L Deen, Camilo J Acosta, John D Clemens and Sujit K Bhattacharya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:289
  37. The length of stay in asylum centres is generally mentioned as a possible health risk to asylum seekers. Medical staff working with asylum seekers has claimed that long lengths of stay in asylum centres might ...

    Authors: Peter Hallas, Anne R Hansen, Mia A Stæhr, Ebbe Munk-Andersen and Henrik L Jorgensen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:288

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