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  1. An increasing number of methods are being developed for the early detection of infectious disease outbreaks which could be naturally occurring or as a result of bioterrorism; however, no standardised framework...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, Serryn Eagleson, Robert G Hall, Lynne Dailey and Aileen J Plant
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:263
  2. Smoking history is often di- or trichotomized into for example "never, ever or current smoking". However, smoking must be treated as a time-dependent covariate when lifetime data is available. In particular, i...

    Authors: Anneke Kramer, Angelique CM Jansen, Emily S van Aalst-Cohen, Michael WT Tanck, John JP Kastelein and Aeilko H Zwinderman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:262
  3. PAPRICA is a research program designed to estimate the impact on the health of patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency of a prevention strategy based on notification of ozone pollution. The first year ...

    Authors: Sandrine A Lacour, Michèle de Monte, Patrice Diot, Jérôme Brocca, Nadège Veron, Patrice Colin and Valérie Leblond
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:261
  4. Many school-aged children suffer physical and mental impairments which can adversely affect their development and result in significant morbidity. A high proportion of children in western countries attend pre-...

    Authors: Heribert L Stich, Bernhard T Baune, Riccardo N Caniato and Alexander Krämer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:260
  5. Among patients with hypertension, those with established left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) represent a high risk cohort with poor prognosis. We aimed to investigate differences in characteristics and health c...

    Authors: Heinz Völler, Frank J Sonntag, Joachim Thiery, Karl Wegscheider, Friedrich C Luft and Kurt Bestehorn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:256
  6. Over the last five decades, a wide gap in mortality opened between western and eastern Europe; this gap increased further after the dramatic fluctuations in mortality in the former Soviet Union (FSU) in the 19...

    Authors: Anne Peasey, Martin Bobak, Ruzena Kubinova, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pajak, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Amanda Nicholson and Michael Marmot
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:255
  7. On the 20th September 2005, soldiers and staff at the Air Force base in Western Greece experienced an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis. The purpose of this study was to identify the agent and the source of the o...

    Authors: Eleni Jelastopulu, Danai Venieri, Georgia Komninou, Theodoros Kolokotronis, Theodoros C Constantinidis and Christos Bantias
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:254
  8. Eating patterns in Western industrialized countries are characterized by a high energy intake and an overconsumption of (saturated) fat, cholesterol, sugar and salt. Many chronic diseases are associated with u...

    Authors: Luuk H Engbers, Mireille NM van Poppel, Marijke Chin A Paw and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:253
  9. Cervical cancer screening programmes have markedly reduced the incidence and mortality rates of the disease. A substantial amount of deaths from the disease could be prevented further by organised screening pr...

    Authors: Ahti Anttila, Matti Hakama, Laura Kotaniemi-Talonen and Pekka Nieminen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:252
  10. Prior studies on social capital and health have assessed social capital in residential neighbourhoods and communities, but the question whether the concept should also be applicable in workplaces has been rais...

    Authors: Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Tom Cox, Marianna Virtanen, Jaana Pentti, Sara J Cox and Richard G Wilkinson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:251

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2007 7:90

  11. Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. The aim of this study was to explore whe...

    Authors: Maria Sleskova, Jolanda Tuinstra, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ferdinand Salonna, Johan W Groothoff and Sijmen A Reijneveld
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:250
  12. The population's views concerning influenza vaccine are important in maintaining high uptake of a vaccine that is required yearly to be effective. Little is also known about the views of the more vulnerable ol...

    Authors: Punam Mangtani, Elizabeth Breeze, Sue Stirling, Smita Hanciles, Sari Kovats and Astrid Fletcher
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:249
  13. Sufficient targeted HIV prevention activities aiming at reducing HIV transmission within and from an extremely marginalized population of injection drug users (IDUs) must urgently and efficiently be implemente...

    Authors: Thu Minh T Tran, Hien T Nguyen, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Akio Nishimura and Katsuki Ito
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:248
  14. SF-36 has been both translated into different languages and adapted to different cultures to obtain comparable data on health status internationally. However there have been only a limited number of studies fo...

    Authors: Yucel Demiral, Gul Ergor, Belgin Unal, Semih Semin, Yildiz Akvardar, Berna Kıvırcık and Köksal Alptekin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:247
  15. Over the past decade, about one-third of all births nationwide in Taiwan were delivered by cesarean section (CS). Previous studies in the US and Europe have documented the need for risk adjustment for fairer c...

    Authors: Chao-Hsiun Tang, Han-I Wang, Chun-Sen Hsu, Hung-Wen Su, Mei-Ju Chen and Herng-Ching Lin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:246
  16. The purpose of this study is to analyse the trends in scientific research on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies by applying bibliometric tools to the scientific literature published between 1973 and 2002.

    Authors: Elías Sanz-Casado, Margarita Ramírez-de Santa Pau, Carlos A Suárez-Balseiro, Isabel Iribarren-Maestro and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:245
  17. This study examines the association between socioeconomic status and changes in physical function in younger- (aged 55–70 years) and older-old (aged 70–85 years) adults and seeks to determine the relative cont...

    Authors: Annemarie Koster, Hans Bosma, Marjolein I Broese van Groenou, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Brenda WJH Penninx, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Dorly JH Deeg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:244
  18. Smoking in film is a risk factor for smoking uptake in adolescence. This study aimed to quantify exposure to smoking in film received by New Zealand audiences, and evaluate potential interventions to reduce th...

    Authors: Jesse Gale, Bridget Fry, Tara Smith, Ken Okawa, Anannya Chakrabarti, Damien Ah-Yen, Jesse Yi, Simon Townsend, Rebecca Carroll, Alannah Stockwell, Andrea Sievwright, Kevin Dew and George Thomson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:243
  19. An internet-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) – the Great Influenza Survey or GIS – was launched in the Netherlands in the 2003–2004 influenza season. The aim of the present study was to validate th...

    Authors: Richard L Marquet, Aad IM Bartelds, Sander P van Noort, Carl E Koppeschaar, John Paget, François G Schellevis and Jouke van der Zee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:242
  20. Tobacco and alcohol use and related morbidity and mortality are critical public health problems. Results of several, but not all, studies suggest that lesbians and gay men are at elevated risk for smoking toba...

    Authors: Elisabeth P Gruskin and Nancy Gordon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:241
  21. Estimation of the frequency of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is difficult in areas with low tuberculosis infection rates and high exposure to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), including BCG vaccinatio...

    Authors: José I Villate, Berta Ibáñez, Valentín Cabriada, José I Pijoán, Jorge Taboada and Arantza Urkaregi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:240
  22. Japanese men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those living in large metropolitan areas such as Tokyo and Osaka, are facing a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Although the Internet is used as a new venue for m...

    Authors: Yasuharu Hidaka, Seiichi Ichikawa, Junko Koyano, Michiko Urao, Toshihiko Yasuo, Hirokazu Kimura, Masako Ono-Kihara and Masahiro Kihara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:239
  23. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has consistently been found to afflict one in twenty pregnant women and is therefore considered a leading cause of physical injury, mental illness and adverse pregnancy outcome....

    Authors: Kristien Roelens, Hans Verstraelen, Kathia Van Egmond and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:238
  24. Determinants of intrafamilial HCV transmission are still being debated. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlates of HCV seropositivity among familial contacts of HCV positive patients in Italy.

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Miele, Alice Mannocci, Giacomina Chiaradia, Filippo Berloco, Maria L Gabrieli, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Maria Giovanna Ficarra, Antonio Matera, Gualtiero Ricciardi and Antonio Grieco
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:237
  25. Immunizations have reduced childhood vaccine preventable disease incidence by 98–100%. Continued vaccine preventable disease control depends on high immunization coverage. Immunization registries help ensure h...

    Authors: Robert W Linkins, Daniel A Salmon, Saad B Omer, William KY Pan, Shannon Stokley and Neal A Halsey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:236
  26. Many systems for routine public health surveillance rely on centralized collection of potentially identifiable, individual, identifiable personal health information (PHI) records. Although individual, identifi...

    Authors: Ross Lazarus, Katherine Yih and Richard Platt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:235
  27. Work-related neck and upper limb pain has mainly been studied in specific occupational groups, and little is known about its impact in the general population. The objectives of this study were to estimate the ...

    Authors: Julius Sim, Rosie J Lacey and Martyn Lewis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:234
  28. There is a current paucity of data on the health behaviour of non-selected populations in Central Europe. Data on health behaviour were collected as part of the EMIL study which investigated the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Mark M Haenle, Stefan O Brockmann, Martina Kron, Ursula Bertling, Richard A Mason, Gerald Steinbach, Bernhard O Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Peter Kern, Isolde Piechotowski and Wolfgang Kratzer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:233
  29. The vulnerability of young people to HIV and the recent emergence of the HIV epidemic in China have made it urgent to assess and update the HIV/STD risk profile of Chinese young people.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Masahiro Kihara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:232
  30. The systematic vaccination with 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) was introduced as a strategic objective of health for all the people over 65 in Catalonia in 1999. We analysed the evolution ...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Córcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Francisco Ester, Nuria Sarrá, Xabier Ansa and Neus Saún
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:231
  31. An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the Niigata-Chuetsu region of Japan at 5.56 P.M. on the 23rd of October, 2004. The earthquake was followed by sustained occurrence of numerous aftershock...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Hideki Kuwabara, Taroh Endoh, Naohito Tanabe, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:230
  32. Previous studies have used social network variables to improve our understanding of HIV transmission. Similar analytic approaches have not been undertaken for hepatitis C (HCV) or B (HBV), nor used to conduct ...

    Authors: John L Wylie, Lena Shah and Ann M Jolly
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:229
  33. The objective of the study was to provide baseline and reference data on the prevalence and distribution of overweight and obesity, using different anthropometric measurements in adult urban populations in Cam...

    Authors: Raoul M Kamadjeu, Richard Edwards, Joseph S Atanga, Emmanuel C Kiawi, Nigel Unwin and Jean-Claude Mbanya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:228
  34. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased mortality after stroke in developed countries. This study was performed to determine whether a similar association also exists in China.

    Authors: Guangyi Zhou, Xinfeng Liu, Gelin Xu, Xifei Liu, Renliang Zhang and Wusheng Zhu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:227
  35. Physical and biological risk factors for vitamin D inadequacy are known; however, cultural- and population-specific behaviours and attitudes that influence these risk factors, particularly among Asian people, ...

    Authors: Annie WC Kung and Ka-Kui Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:226
  36. Intestinal parasitic infections are a public health problem in developing countries such as Mexico. As a result, two governmental programmes have been implemented: a) "National Deworming Campaign" and b) "Oppo...

    Authors: Luis Quihui, Mauro E Valencia, David WT Crompton, Stephen Phillips, Paul Hagan, Gloria Morales and Silvia P Díaz-Camacho
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:225
  37. The association between poverty and mental health has been widely investigated. There is, however, limited evidence of mental health implications of working poverty, despite its representing a rapidly expandin...

    Authors: Stefan Vetter, Jerome Endrass, Ivo Schweizer, Hsun-Mei Teng, Wulf Rossler and William T Gallo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:223
  38. Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection that can have serious consequences. It is universally agreed that screening for chlamydia infection should be offered to sexually active young wom...

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Jane M Gunn, Rhian Parker, Christopher K Fairley and Jane Hocking
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:221
  39. There is a debate on whether preventive home visits to older people have any impact. This study was undertaken to investigate whether preventive home visits by professional health workers to older persons can ...

    Authors: Klas-Göran Sahlen, Lars Dahlgren, Britt Mari Hellner, Hans Stenlund and Lars Lindholm
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:220
  40. Most western countries have disability benefit schemes ostensibly based upon requiring (1) a work inhibiting functional limitation that (2) can be attributed to a diagnosable condition, injury or disease. The ...

    Authors: Simon Overland, Nicholas Glozier, John Gunnar Mæland, Leif Edvard Aarø and Arnstein Mykletun
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:219
  41. The harmful effects of urban air pollution on general population in terms of annoying symptoms are not adequately evaluated. This is in contrast to the hospital admissions and short term mortality. The present...

    Authors: Masud Yunesian, Fariba Asghari, Javad Homayoun Vash, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Dariush Farhud
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:218
  42. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a workgroup to revise the tuberculosis (TB) case report in the United States of America (U.S.). The group proposed substantial revisions. Study obj...

    Authors: Joan E Sprinson, Elizabeth S Lawton, Travis C Porco, Jennifer M Flood and Janice L Westenhouse
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:217
  43. Heroin addiction often severely disrupts normal social functioning. The aims of this multi-centre study of heroin users in long-term replacement treatment were: i) to provide information on aspects of social c...

    Authors: Gianluca Quaglio, Fabio Lugoboni, Cristian Pattaro, GICS, Linda Montanari, Alessandro Lechi, Paolo Mezzelani and Don C Des Jarlais
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:216
  44. Early detection and treatment of mental disorders in adolescents and young adults can lead to better health outcomes. Mental health literacy is a key to early recognition and help seeking. Whilst a number of p...

    Authors: Annemarie Wright, Patrick D McGorry, Meredith G Harris, Anthony F Jorm and Kerryn Pennell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:215
  45. In response to increases in methamphatemine-associated sexually transmitted diseases, the San Francisco Department of Public Health implemented a contingency management (CM) field program called the Positive R...

    Authors: Steven Shoptaw, Jeffrey D Klausner, Cathy J Reback, Stephen Tierney, John Stansell, C Bradley Hare, Steven Gibson, Michael Siever, William D King, Uyen Kao and Jeffrey Dang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:214

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