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Page 255 of 272

  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major public and occupational health problem, which is associated with very high costs. Although medical costs for chronic LBP are high, most costs are related to productivity ...

    Authors: Ludeke C Lambeek, Johannes R Anema, Barend J van Royen, Peter C Buijs, Paul I Wuisman, Maurits W van Tulder and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:254

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about the physical health needs of lesbian and bisexual women in the UK; most research has looked at mental or sexual health only. This article reports the results of four surveys carried ...

    Authors: Catherine Meads, Emily Buckley and Paul Sanderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:251

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Although syndromic surveillance systems are gaining acceptance as useful tools in public health, doubts remain about whether the anticipated early warning benefits exist. Many assessments of this question do n...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Robert Aitken, David J Muscatello and Tim Churches

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:250

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Randomised controlled trials demonstrate a 60% reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence through lifestyle modification programmes. The aim of this study is to determine whether such programmes are feasible in pr...

    Authors: Tiina Laatikainen, James A Dunbar, Anna Chapman, Annamari Kilkkinen, Erkki Vartiainen, Sami Heistaro, Ben Philpot, Pilvikki Absetz, Stephen Bunker, Adrienne O'Neil, Prasuna Reddy, James D Best and Edward D Janus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:249

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Chinese National People's Congress ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on 27 August 2005, signaling China's commitment to implement tobacco control policies and legislation cons...

    Authors: Tingzhong Yang, Yanwei Wu, Abu Saleh M Abdullah, Di Dai, Fuzhong Li, Junqing Wu and Haiqing Xiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:248

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for burden of disease. Our objective was to estimate the number of hospital diagnoses and days of treatment attributable to smoking for Canada, 2002.

    Authors: Dolly Baliunas, Jayadeep Patra, Jürgen Rehm, Svetlana Popova and Benjamin Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:247

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In 2002 the oil-tanker Prestige sank off the Galician coast. This study analyzes the effect of this accident on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and mental health in the affected population.

    Authors: José Miguel Carrasco, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Maria José García-Mendizábal, Virginia Lope, Nuria Aragonés, Maria João Forjaz, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Gonzalo López-Abente, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:245

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in times of Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART). We compared the HRQoL of HIV positive patients receiving HAART with those awaiting tre...

    Authors: Goedele M Louwagie, Max O Bachmann, Kobus Meyer, Frikkie le R Booysen, Lara R Fairall and Christo Heunis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:244

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite the relatively low recorded alcohol consumption level, the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) and neighbouring Finland suffer from similar harmful consequences related to the use of alcoh...

    Authors: Ville Helasoja, Eero Lahelma, Ritva Prättälä, Janina Petkeviciene, Iveta Pudule and Mare Tekkel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:241

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Increasing severe vegetation fires worldwide has been attributed to both global environmental change and land management practices. However there is little evidence concerning the population health effects of ...

    Authors: Fay H Johnston, Ross S Bailie, Louis S Pilotto and Ivan C Hanigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:240

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a combination of medical disorders that increase one's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Little information exists on the prevalence of MS in a general adult population i...

    Authors: Cheng-Chieh Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Ming-May Lai, Chia-Ing Li, Ching-Chu Chen, Pei-Chia Chang, Wen-Yuan Lin, Yih-Dar Lee, Tsann Lin and Tsai-Chung Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:239

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Two trials were conducted to compare emergency department patient comprehension of rapid HIV pre-test information using different methods to deliver this information.

    Authors: Roland C Merchant, Erin M Gee, Melissa A Clark, Kenneth H Mayer, George R Seage III and Victor G DeGruttola

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:238

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In November 2005, a large outbreak due to Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) was observed within children who had eaten their meals at 53 school cafeterias in Florence and the surrounding a...

    Authors: Cristina Romani, PierLuigi Nicoletti, Maria Ida Buonomini, Antonino Nastasi and Caterina Mammina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:237

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Although there is rapid progress in vaccine research regarding influenza pandemic vaccines it is expected that pandemic influenza vaccine production can only start once the pandemic virus has been recognized. ...

    Authors: Masja Straetemans, Udo Buchholz, Sabine Reiter, Walter Haas and Gérard Krause

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:236

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  15. Content type: Technical advance

    Obesity is considered to be caused by a combination of heredity and environmental factors with typical onset during childhood. The aim of this study was to identify family risk factors for the development of o...

    Authors: Ana M Oliveira, Antônio C Oliveira, Marcele S Almeida, Nelson Oliveira and Luis Adan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:235

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of mortality in developing countries, and in these countries diabetes prevalence is increasing rapidly. Diabetes increases the risk of TB. Our aim was to assess the pote...

    Authors: Catherine R Stevenson, Nita G Forouhi, Gojka Roglic, Brian G Williams, Jeremy A Lauer, Chirstopher Dye and Nigel Unwin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:234

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Researchers have frequently encountered difficulties in the recruitment and retention of minorities resulting in their under-representation in clinical trials. This report describes the successful strategies o...

    Authors: M Nabil El-Khorazaty, Allan A Johnson, Michele Kiely, Ayman AE El-Mohandes, Siva Subramanian, Haziel A Laryea, Kennan B Murray, Jutta S Thornberry and Jill G Joseph

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:233

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity has been associated with a decreased risk for breast cancer. The biological mechanismn(s) underlying the association between physical activity and breast cancer is not clear. Most prominent h...

    Authors: Evelyn M Monninkhof, Petra HM Peeters and Albertine J Schuit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:232

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Use of smokeless tobacco is common in South Asia. Tobacco is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Doctors make one of the best avenues to influence patients' tobacco use. However, medical stud...

    Authors: Sardar Z Imam, Haq Nawaz, Yasir J Sepah, Aqueel H Pabaney, Mahwish Ilyas and Shehzad Ghaffar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:231

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Non-Western migrant populations living in Western countries are more likely to be physically inactive during leisure time than host populations. It is argued that this difference will disappear as they accultu...

    Authors: Karen Hosper, Niek S Klazinga and Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:230

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Death certificates are a potential source of sociodemographic data for decedents in epidemiologic research. However, because this information is provided by the next-of-kin or other proxies, there are concerns...

    Authors: Aurelian Bidulescu, Kathryn M Rose, Susanne H Wolf and Wayne D Rosamond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:229

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Web-based health behavior change programs can reach large groups of disparate participants and thus they provide promise of becoming important public health tools. Data on participant rurality can complement o...

    Authors: Brian G Danaher, L Gary Hart, H Garth McKay and Herbert H Severson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:228

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic status could affect the demand for hospital care. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of age, socioeconomic status and comorbidity on acute hospital admissions among elderly.

    Authors: Raffaele Antonelli-Incalzi, Carla Ancona, Francesco Forastiere, Valeria Belleudi, Andrea Corsonello and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:227

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Population studies conducted in Sweden have revealed an association between attendance at cultural activities and health. Using data from US residents, we examined whether the association could be observed in ...

    Authors: Anna V Wilkinson, Andrew J Waters, Lars Olov Bygren and Alvin R Tarlov

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:226

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The global burden of mental illness is high and opportunities for promoting mental health are neglected in most parts of the world. Many people affected by mental illness live in developing countries, where tr...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Helen Herrman, Rajanikant Arole, Joshua White, Ramaswamy Premkumar and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:225

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The initial evaluations of the introduction of legislation that regulates smoking in enclosed public places in European countries, describe an important effect in the control of exposure to environmental tobac...

    Authors: Iñaki Galán, Nelva Mata, Carmen Estrada, Lucía Díez-Gañán, Luis Velázquez, Belén Zorrilla, Ana Gandarillas and Honorato Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:224

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To identify demographic and socio-economic factors that are associated with household expenditure on tobacco in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, and Tajikistan.

    Authors: Mamuka Djibuti, George Gotsadze, George Mataradze and Akaki Zoidze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:222

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Sweden has an extensive child and adolescent psychiatric (CAP) research tradition in which longitudinal methods are used to study juvenile delinquency. Up to the 1980s, results from descriptions and follow-ups...

    Authors: Ulf Engqvist and Per-Anders Rydelius

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:221

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The 2005 International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition of the metabolic syndrome was designed to be useful worldwide, but to date few prevalence studies have used that definition in European populations. ...

    Authors: Bjørn Hildrum, Arnstein Mykletun, Torstein Hole, Kristian Midthjell and Alv A Dahl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:220

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In 2003 the NIH perceived a need to strengthen teaching about tuberculosis (TB) to health professions students. The National Tuberculosis Curriculum Consortium (NTCC) was funded to meet this need. The purpose ...

    Authors: Marguerite Jackson, Shawn Harrity, Helene Hoffman and Antonino Catanzaro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:219

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Improvements in child survival have been very poor in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Since the 1990s, declines in child mortality have reversed in many countries in the region, while in others, they have either slo...

    Authors: Jean-Christophe Fotso, Alex Chika Ezeh, Nyovani Janet Madise and James Ciera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:218

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Surveys have generally found that individuals more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine are female, live in the western United States, are likely to have a health complaint, and have a higher s...

    Authors: Richard L Nahin, James M Dahlhamer, Beth L Taylor, Patricia M Barnes, Barbara J Stussman, Catherine M Simile, Marc R Blackman, Margaret A Chesney, Morgan Jackson, Heather Miller and Kim K McFann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:217

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease remains the leading killer of women in most developed areas of the world. Rates of physical inactivity and poor nutrition, which are two of the most important modifiable risk factors for...

    Authors: Raha Pazoki, Iraj Nabipour, Nasrin Seyednezami and Seyed Reza Imami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:216

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Inequalities in injury related disability retirement may be due to differences in injury risk and or differences in retirement given injury. The aim of the present study was to measure social inequalities in i...

    Authors: Harald Hannerz, Kim L Mikkelsen, Martin L Nielsen, Finn Tüchsen and Søren Spangenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:215

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the Western Australian (WA) Food Security Project was to conduct a preliminary investigation into issues relating to food security in one region within the Perth metropolitan area in Western Austral...

    Authors: Alexandra McManus, Graham Brown and Bruce Maycock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:214

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for many diseases. Rapid economic development in China has been associated with changes in lifestyle, including physical activity. The purpose of this study was to invest...

    Authors: Adriana L Jurj, Wanqing Wen, Yu-Tang Gao, Charles E Matthews, Gong Yang, Hong-Lan Li, Wei Zheng and Xiao-Ou Shu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:213

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic factors strongly influence cardiovascular disease outcomes and risk factors. C-reactive protein (CRP), a non-specific marker of inflammation, is associated with cardiovascular r...

    Authors: Aydin Nazmi and Cesar G Victora

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:212

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Delay in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment initiation may increase disease severity and mortality. In evaluations of tuberculosis control programmes high fatality rates during tuberculosis treatment, are us...

    Authors: Marleen Vree, Nguyen T Huong, Bui D Duong, Nguyen V Co, Dinh N Sy, Frank G Cobelens and Martien W Borgdorff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:210

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Both violence and depression during pregnancy have been linked to adverse neonatal outcomes, particularly low birth weight. The aim of this study was to investigate the independent and interactive effects of t...

    Authors: Cleusa P Ferri, Sandro S Mitsuhiro, Marina CM Barros, Elisa Chalem, Ruth Guinsburg, Vikram Patel, Martin Prince and Ronaldo Laranjeira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:209

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In an influenza pandemic, the benefit of vaccines and antiviral medications will be constrained by limitations on supplies and effectiveness. Non-pharmaceutical public health interventions will therefore be vi...

    Authors: Julia E Aledort, Nicole Lurie, Jeffrey Wasserman and Samuel A Bozzette

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:208

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is endemic in Liaoning Province, China, and this province was the most serious area affected by HFRS during 2004 to 2005. In this study, we conducted a spatial anal...

    Authors: Hualiang Lin, Qiyong Liu, Junqiao Guo, Jibo Zhang, Jinfeng Wang and Huaxin Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:207

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In Scotland on March 26, 2006 a comprehensive prohibition on smoking in all enclosed public places was introduced. This study examines bar workers' attitudes towards a smoke-free working environment.

    Authors: Shona Hilton, Sean Semple, Brian G Miller, Laura MacCalman, Mark Petticrew, Scott Dempsey, Audrey Naji and Jon G Ayres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:206

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  43. Content type: Research article

    There is evidence of higher prevalence of asthma in populations of lower socio-economic status in affluent societies, and the prevalence of asthma is also very high in some Latin American countries, where soci...

    Authors: Sérgio Souza da Cunha, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Mauricio Lima Barreto, Bernd Genser and Laura C Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:205

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The use of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) to prevent non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) related-strokes is often sub-optimal. We aimed to evaluate whether implementing guidelines on antithrombotic thera...

    Authors: Simona Bo, Susanna Valpreda, Luca Scaglione, Daniela Boscolo, Marina Piobbici, Mario Bo and Giovannino Ciccone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:203

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental...

    Authors: Hasan C Ekerbicer, Mustafa Celik, Ekrem Guler, Mehmet Davutoglu and Metin Kilinc

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:202

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