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  1. Content type: Research article

    Obesity ranks as a major public health problem in many countries in the world. The obesity-socioeconomic status relationship is not well established in middle-income countries.

    Authors: Danilo Cosme Klein Gomes, Rosely Sichieri, Eliseu Verly Junior, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Amanda de Moura Souza and Diana Barbosa Cunha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:965

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Smoking during pregnancy has adverse health consequences for the mother and fetus. E-cigarettes could aid with smoking cessation but there is limited research on the prevalence and patterns of e-cigarette use,...

    Authors: Shawn C. Chiang, Lorien C. Abroms, Sean D. Cleary, Ichhya Pant, Lindsay Doherty and Nandita Krishnan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:964

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To determine whether age is a barrier against acceptability of cervicovaginal self-sampling in screening for cervical cancer at two gynecology outpatient clinics.

    Authors: Noely Paula Cristina Lorenzi, Lara Termini, Adhemar Longatto Filho, Maricy Tacla, Lana Maria de Aguiar, Mariana Carmezim Beldi, Edson Santos Ferreira-Filho, Edmund Chada Baracat and José Maria Soares-Júnior

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:963

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  4. Content type: Research article

    India faces a high burden of child undernutrition. We evaluated the effects of two community strategies to reduce undernutrition among children under 3 years in rural Jharkhand and Odisha, eastern India: (1) m...

    Authors: Raj Kumar Gope, Prasanta Tripathy, Vandana Prasad, Hemanta Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar Sinha, Ranjan Panda, Jayeeta Chowdhury, Ganapathy Murugan, Shampa Roy, Megha De, Sanjib Kumar Ghosh, Swati Sarbani Roy and Audrey Prost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:962

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Understanding stakeholders’ perceptions is crucial to the development and implementation of any intervention. However, a structured approach to eliciting stakeholder insights into complex, multisector issues o...

    Authors: Santosh Gaihre, Janet Kyle, Sean Semple, Jo Smith, Debbi Marais, Madhu Subedi and Heather Morgan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:961

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In Brazil, 70% of the population depends on the public healthcare system. Since early detection is considered crucial, this study aimed to evaluate temporal changes in breast cancer screening coverage provided...

    Authors: Danielle Cristina Netto Rodrigues, Ruffo Freitas-Junior, Rosemar Macedo Sousa Rahal, Rosangela da Silveira Corrêa, Pollyana Alves Gouveia, João Emílio Peixoto, Edésio Martins and Leonardo Ribeiro Soares

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:959

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Dengue fever is the world’s fastest spreading mosquito borne viral infection. It is prevalent throughout both subtropical and tropical region, and affects over 128 countries. Dengue virus (DENV) infection pose...

    Authors: Salomon Bonsi Tchuandom, Jules Colince Tchadji, Thibau Flaurant Tchouangueu, Monique Zambo Biloa, Etienne Philémon Atabonkeng, Marcelle Irina Miste Fumba, Eithel Sylvian Massom, Godwin Nchinda and Jules-Roger Kuiate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:958

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Over-indebtedness is currently rising in high-income countries. Millions of citizens are confronted with the persistent situation when household income and assets are insufficient to cover payment obligations ...

    Authors: Jacqueline Warth, Marie-Therese Puth, Judith Tillmann, Johannes Porz, Ulrike Zier, Klaus Weckbecker and Eva Münster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:957

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  9. Content type: Research article

    A healthy diet is a key determinant of an individual’s health status and is closely related to mental health and quality of life (QoL); however, the exact nature of the relationship is unknown. This study hypo...

    Authors: Jo-Eun Lee, You Jin Kim, Hee Jung Park, Saejong Park, Hyesook Kim and Oran Kwon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:956

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Drowning is still the primary cause of death in children under 5 years old, however, little is known about the drowning of Hunan province children. This study identifies the previously unpublished incidence an...

    Authors: Zhiyu Liu, Fanjuan Kong, Lei Yin, Aihua Wang, Lili Xiong, Donghua Xie, Lizhang Chen and Xiaoqi Sheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:955

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Since the 2014–2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic, the concept of measuring health security capacity has become increasingly important within the broader context of health systems-strengthening, enhancing respons...

    Authors: Sanjana J. Ravi, Diane Meyer, Elizabeth Cameron, Michelle Nalabandian, Beenish Pervaiz and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:954

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Children spend a considerable amount of time at school and consume at least one meal/day. This study aimed to investigate if a free, healthy school meal every day for one school year was associated with childr...

    Authors: Frøydis N. Vik, Wendy Van Lippevelde and Nina C. Øverby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:951

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Despite advancement in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) services, the rate of MTCT of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa is still high. This is partly due to low retention of HIV positive mothers in H...

    Authors: Enosk Mirembe Masereka, Tom Denis Ngabirano, Charles Peter Osingada, Christine Sekaggya Wiltshire, Barbara Castelnuovo and Agnes N. Kiragga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:950

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Community-driven projects that aim to address public concerns about health risks from H. pylori infection in Indigenous Arctic communities (estimated H. pylori prevalence = 64%) show frequent failure of treatment...

    Authors: Kathleen Williams, Amy Colquhoun, Rachel Munday and Karen J. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:949

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), more than 93% of users must pay out of pocket for care. Despite the risk of catastrophic expenditures (CE), 94% of births in Lubumbashi are attended by skilled pe...

    Authors: Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Karen D. Cowgill, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet and Philippe Donnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:948

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Given the anti-immigrant rhetoric and policy proposals by President Donald Trump during the 2016 presidential campaign and afterwards, his election to president in November 2016 and subsequent policy changes h...

    Authors: Paul J. Fleming, William D. Lopez, Hannah Mesa, Raymond Rion, Ellen Rabinowitz, Richard Bryce and Monika Doshi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:947

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  17. Content type: Research article

    With prevalence estimates indicating that young Australian children are increasingly sedentary, it is important to identify the relevant attributes that are shaping this lack of activity. Literature has identi...

    Authors: Nicola Wiseman, Neil Harris and Martin Downes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:946

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Childhood overweight and obesity is a serious public health issue with an increase being observed in preschool-aged children. Treating childhood obesity is difficult and few countries use standardized treatmen...

    Authors: Anna Ek, Christine Delisle Nyström, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Josep A. Tur, Karin Nordin, Cristina Bouzas, Emma Argelich, J. Alfredo Martínez, Gary Frost, Isabel Garcia-Perez, Marc Saez, Corina Paul, Marie Löf and Paulina Nowicka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:945

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Indigenous communities retain knowledge of the land and food resources rooted in historical continuity within their region of residence. Food systems research can be leveraged to identify strategies to encoura...

    Authors: Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Shauna Downs, Archna Singh, Santanu Paramanik, Gail Goldberg and Jessica Fanzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:944

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, bicycle injuries have increased, yet little is known about the impact of such injures on sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP). The aim was to explore SA and DP among individuals o...

    Authors: Linnea Kjeldgård, Maria Ohlin, Rasmus Elrud, Helena Stigson, Kristina Alexanderson and Emilie Friberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:943

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Childhood morbidities are a major cause of mortality of children in the developing countries particularly in Ethiopia. Regardless of the noticeable improvement in the reduction of under-five death in Ethiopia,...

    Authors: Kasahun Takele, Temesgen Zewotir and Denis Ndanguza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:942

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This study is a secondary analysis of the trial by Callaghan et al. (2011), which reported higher antidepressant effects for preferred intensity (n = 19) vs. prescribed intensity (n = 19) exercise of three sessio...

    Authors: Ioannis D. Morres, Anton Hinton-Bayre, Efthymios Motakis, Tim Carter and Patrick Callaghan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:941

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Consumption of fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of obesity, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. The study assessed the pattern of intake and the factors that influence dai...

    Authors: Kufre Joseph Okop, Kululwa Ndayi, Lungiswa Tsolekile, David Sanders and Thandi Puoane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:940

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Born in Bradford (BiB) is a prospective multi-ethnic pregnancy and birth cohort study that was established to examine determinants of health and development during childhood and, subsequently, adult life in a ...

    Authors: Philippa K Bird, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Mark Mon-Williams, Neil Small, Jane West, Peter Whincup, John Wright, Elizabeth Andrews, Sally E Barber, Liam J B Hill, Laura Lennon, Dan Mason, Katy A Shire, Dagmar Waiblinger, Amanda H. Waterman, Deborah A. Lawlor…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:939

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Various neglected tropical diseases show spatially changing seasonality at small areas. This phenomenon has received little scientific attention so far. Our study contributes to advancing the understanding of ...

    Authors: Phuong N. Truong, Thuong Vu Nguyen, Thao Thi Thanh Nguyen and Alfred Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:937

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Patterns of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior have important implications for child health. The purpose of the study was to describe the PA and sedentary behavior among Chinese children.

    Authors: Chao Song, Weiyan Gong, Caicui Ding, Fan Yuan, Yan Zhang, Ganyu Feng, Zheng Chen and Ailing Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:936

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Interventions that promote health and wellbeing among young adults are needed. Such interventions, however, require measurement tools that support intervention planning, monitoring and evaluation. The primary ...

    Authors: Guy Faulkner, Subha Ramanathan and Matthew Kwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:935

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Dengue is a major public health problem in the tropics and sub-tropics, but the disease is less known to non-dengue-endemic countries including in Northeast Asia. However, an unexpected dengue outbreak occurre...

    Authors: Jung-Seok Lee and Andrew Farlow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:934

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Creating inclusive and accessible outdoor environments that provide and encourage opportunities for older adults to engage in physical activity and social interaction is important for healthy ageing. The Senio...

    Authors: Pazit Levinger, Maya Panisset, Jeremy Dunn, Terry Haines, Briony Dow, Frances Batchelor, Stuart Biddle, Gustavo Duque and Keith D Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:933

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Low-level lead exposure has harmful and persistent effects on behaviour. Recent studies have linked environmental lead exposure and the development of aggressive, violent and criminal behaviour. This protocol ...

    Authors: Thokozani P. Mbonane, Angela Mathee, André Swart and Nisha Naicker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:932

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The extent of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment associated with depression in low-and middle-income countries is not known. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and intensity of...

    Authors: Yohannes Hailemichael, Charlotte Hanlon, Kebede Tirfessa, Sumaiyah Docrat, Atalay Alem, Girmay Medhin, Crick Lund, Dan Chisholm, Abebaw Fekadu and Damen Hailemariam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:930

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  32. Content type: Research article

    While younger adults (15–49 years) form the majority of the population living with HIV, older adults (≥50 years) infected with HIV face multiple challenges related to the aging process and HIV. We explored the...

    Authors: Jepchirchir Kiplagat, Ann Mwangi, Charles Chasela and Susann Huschke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:929

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge and practices of sexual and reproductive healthcare is pivotal to the Safe Motherhood Initiative; however, only a few studies have investigated adolescent mothers’ knowledge of sexual and reproductiv...

    Authors: Desiree Govender, Saloshni Naidoo and Myra Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:928

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Insurance claims management practices may have a significant impact on the health and experiences of injured workers claiming in workers’ compensation systems. There are few multi-jurisdictional studies of the...

    Authors: Alex Collie, Luke Sheehan, Tyler J. Lane, Shannon Gray and Genevieve Grant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:927

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Open drains are common methods of transporting solid waste and excreta in low-income urban neighborhoods. Open drains can overflow due to blockages with solid waste and during rainfall, posing exposure risks. ...

    Authors: David M. Berendes, Juan S. Leon, Amy E. Kirby, Julie A. Clennon, Suraja J. Raj, Habib Yakubu, Katharine A. Robb, Arun Kartikeyan, Priya Hemavathy, Annai Gunasekaran, Sheela Roy, Ben Chirag Ghale, J. Senthil Kumar, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Gagandeep Kang and Christine L. Moe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:926

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, supported a mass vaccination Measles-Rubella Campaign (MRC) in Bangladesh during January–February 2014.

    Authors: Haribondhu Sarma, Ashwin Budden, Sharmin Khan Luies, Stephen S. Lim, Md. Shamsuzzaman, Tahmina Sultana, Julie K. Rajaratnam, Laura Craw, Cathy Banwell, Md. Wazed Ali and Md. Jasim Uddin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:925

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In Eritrea, facility delivery rates show great discrepancy within urban centers. This study was conducted in Akordet, a multi-cultural lowland town of Gash-Barka Region, aiming at assessing the factors influen...

    Authors: Nahom Kiros Gebregziabher, Almaz Yemane Zeray, Yordanos Tewelde Abtew, Tsinat Debesay Kinfe and Dawit Teweldemedhin Abrha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:924

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The effect of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on child psychological problems remained inconclusive in previous studies. The aim of this study is to explore the association between SHS exposure and psychologic...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Fei Li, Yunting Zhang, Fan Jiang and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:923

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  39. Content type: Research article

    There is growing awareness of the need for effective prevention, early detection, and novel treatment approaches for common mental disorders (CMDs) among university students. Reliable epidemiological data on p...

    Authors: Jason Bantjes, Christine Lochner, Wylene Saal, Janine Roos, Lian Taljaard, Daniel Page, Randy P. Auerbach, Philippe Mortier, Ronny Bruffaerts, Ronald C. Kessler and Dan J. Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:922

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Endometrial cancer is the second most common cancer among female cancer survivors in the US and is increasing in incidence. Rural endometrial cancer patients experience lower survival rates but the reasons for...

    Authors: Brenna E. Blackburn, Sean Soisson, Kerry Rowe, John Snyder, Alison Fraser, Vikrant Deshmukh, Michael Newman, Ken Smith, Kimberly Herget, Anne C. Kirchhoff, Deanna Kepka, Theresa L. Werner, David Gaffney, Kathi Mooney and Mia Hashibe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:921

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Neighbourhood safety has repeatedly been shown to be associated with the health and well-being of the residents. Criminality is often seen as one of the key factors affecting neighbourhood safety. However, the...

    Authors: Polina Putrik, Ludovic van Amelsvoort, Suhreta Mujakovic, Anton E. Kunst, Hans van Oers, IJmert Kant, Maria W. Jansen and Nanne K. De Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:920

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  42. Content type: Research article

    A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the associations between social capital and health. In residential or geographical areas, social capital has attracted attention for its protective effects against s...

    Authors: Daisuke Hori, Soshi Takao, Ichiro Kawachi, Yuh Ohtaki, Christina-Sylvia Andrea, Tsukasa Takahashi, Nagisa Shiraki, Tomohiko Ikeda, Yu Ikeda, Shotaro Doki, Yuichi Oi, Shinichiro Sasahara and Ichiyo Matsuzaki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:919

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Specialized, individualized exercise programs that increase self-efficacy (SE) are essential for the development and maintenance of regular exercise. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of cus...

    Authors: Takashi Wada, Hiromi Matsumoto and Hiroshi Hagino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:917

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy is effective in preventing the progression of HIV to AIDS, but adherence to HIV medication is lower than ideal. A previous Cochrane review concluded that SMS interventions increased adhe...

    Authors: Reshma Shah, Julie Watson and Caroline Free

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:915

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The first Canadian outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was identified in 2004 in Calgary, Alberta. Using a novel model of MRSA population-based surveillance, soc...

    Authors: Victoria C. Gill, Irene Ma, Maggie Guo, Dan B. Gregson, Christopher Naugler and Deirdre L. Church

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:914

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Childhood asthma is a significant health issue with 8.3% prevalence in the U.S. Its prevalence is particularly higher among low-income communities in the Texas-Mexico border region, as they often lack access t...

    Authors: Juha Baek, Ke Huang, Lucia Conner, Niko Tapangan, Xiaohui Xu and Genny Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:912

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Providing comprehensive and high-quality services is one of the most important goals of the health systems and a basic principle for Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Fulfilling this important task would be fea...

    Authors: Ramin Rezapour, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Mohammad Saadati and Hossein Mashhadi Abdolahi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:911

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