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  1. Economic evaluation of school-based obesity interventions could provide support for public health decision of obesity prevention. This study is to perform cost–utility and cost–benefit assessment of three scho...

    Authors: Haiquan Xu, Yanping Li, Songming Du, Qian Zhang, Ailing Liu, Junmao Sun and Guansheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1608

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In Pakistan there is a dire need to explore the quality of life in infertile males and females and its undesirable psychological outcomes. This, study aimed to compare the quality of life (QoL) of males and fe...

    Authors: Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Salima Farooq, Saima Sachwani, Marilyn Chapman and Nargis Asad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1607

    Content type: Research article

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  3. A low prevalence of HIV in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients has been reported in the literature though mechanisms for this are not understood.

    Authors: P. F. Blatyta, S. Kelly, T. T. Goncalez, A. B. Carneiro-Proietti, T. Salomon, C. Miranda, E. Sabino, L. Preiss, C. Maximo, P. Loureiro, B. Custer and C. de Almeida-Neto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1606

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Electronic (eHealth) and mobile (mHealth) health interventions can provide a large coverage, and are promising tools to change health behavior (i.e. physical activity, sedentary behavior and healthy eating). H...

    Authors: Janis Fiedler, Tobias Eckert, Kathrin Wunsch and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1605

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global health problem. The epidemic is very serious in sub-Saharan Africa with approximately 70% of the global cases. The disease particularly affects youth, a...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew Abate, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie, Melese Abate Reta, Gillian H. Ice and Zelalem T. Haile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1603

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tailored and culturally appropriate latent tuberculosis (TB) infection screening and treatment programs, including interventions against TB stigma, are needed to reduce TB incidence in low TB incidence countri...

    Authors: Ineke Spruijt, Dawit Tesfay Haile, Susan van den Hof, Kathy Fiekert, Niesje Jansen, Degu Jerene, Eveline Klinkenberg, Ieva Leimane and Jeanine Suurmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1602

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Early childhood educators play a prominent role in promoting healthy activity behaviours in childcare. However, they have expressed that they lack the appropriate pre-service training to confidently lead physi...

    Authors: Brianne A. Bruijns, Andrew M. Johnson and Patricia Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1600

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Benefits of cash transfers (CTs) for HIV prevention have been demonstrated largely in purposively designed trials, commonly focusing on young women. It is less clear if CT interventions not designed for HIV pr...

    Authors: Robin Schaefer, Ranjeeta Thomas, Laura Robertson, Jeffrey W. Eaton, Phyllis Mushati, Constance Nyamukapa, Katharina Hauck and Simon Gregson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1599

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Globally, India has the third largest population of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the second highest number of COVID-19 cases. Anxiety is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) nonadherence. It is c...

    Authors: Ivan Marbaniang, Shashikala Sangle, Smita Nimkar, Kanta Zarekar, Sonali Salvi, Amol Chavan, Amita Gupta, Nishi Suryavanshi and Vidya Mave

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1598

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Norway and Sweden have similar populations and health care systems, but different reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Norway closed educational institutions, and banned sports and cultural activities; Sweden k...

    Authors: Lise M. Helsingen, Erle Refsum, Dagrun Kyte Gjøstein, Magnus Løberg, Michael Bretthauer, Mette Kalager and Louise Emilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1597

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Since the time of declaration of global pandemic of COVID-19 by World Health Organization (WHO), falsified hand sanitizers surfaced regularly in markets, posing possible harm to public due to unlisted inclusio...

    Authors: Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Sabaa Saleh Al-Hemyari, Moyad Shahwan, Faris El-Dahiyat and Shazia Jamshed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1595

    Content type: Research article

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  12. One of the most important concerns in every healthcare system is the elimination of disparities in health service utilization and achievement of health equity. This study aimed to investigate the disparities i...

    Authors: Rozhin Amin, Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Nader Jahanmehr, Ali-Reza Abadi and Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1594

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Maternity waiting homes (MWHs), residential spaces for pregnant women close to obstetric care facilities, are being used to tackle physical barriers to access. However, their effectiveness has not been rigorou...

    Authors: Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Muluemebet Abera Wordofa, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Nicole Bergen, Getachew Kiros, Yisalemush Asefa, Shifera Asfaw, Abebe Mamo, Erko Endale, Kednapa Thavorn, Ronald Labonte, Monica Taljaard and Manisha A. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1593

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Global commitment to stop Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and ensure access to HIV treatment calls for women empowerment, as these efforts play major roles in mother-to-child transmission. We examined the a...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Joseph Kojo Oduro, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Eugene Budu, Francis Appiah, Linus Baatiema, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Francis Sambah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1592

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Eswatini continues to have the highest prevalence of HIV in the world, and one of the highest HIV incidences among adult populations (aged 15–49). This analysis reports on both key elements of study design/pro...

    Authors: Marelize Gorgens, Andrew F. Longosz, Sosthenes Ketende, Muziwethu Nkambule, Tengetile Dlamini, Mbuso Mabuza, Kelvin Sikwibele, Vimbai Tsododo, Mthokozisi Dlamini, Futhie Dennis-Langa, Wendy Heard, Andrea Low, Pandu Harimurti, David Wilson, Khanya Mabuza and Damien de Walque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1591

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pupils in secondary schools do not meet the targets for physical activity levels during physical education (PE) sessions, and there is a lack of data on the vigorous physical activity domain (VPA) in PE known ...

    Authors: Anne Delextrat, Patrick Esser, Nick Beale, Floris Bozon, Emma Eldridge, Hooshang Izadi, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Catherine Wheatley and Helen Dawes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1590

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has caused enormous stress among the public in China. Intellectual input from various aspects is needed to fight against COVID-19, including understanding ...

    Authors: Jian-Bin Li, An Yang, Kai Dou, Lin-Xin Wang, Ming-Chen Zhang and Xiao-Qi Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1589

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite widespread application of the Symptom Check-List-90-R (SCL-90-R) for Chinese undergraduate students, there are no appropriate norms for them. The aim of this study is to provide norms for the Chinese v...

    Authors: Yulan Yu, Chonghua Wan, Xudong Zhao, E. Scott Huebner, Jianfeng Tan, Chuanzhi Xu and Jingjing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1588

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Penetration and participation of real life implementation of lifestyle change programs to prevent type 2 diabetes has been challenging. This is particularly so among low income individuals in the United States...

    Authors: Jay R. Desai, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Gretchen Taylor, Sara Johnson, Julie Anderson, Joyce E. Garrett, Todd Gilmer, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Katelyn Engel, Jeff Schiff and Patrick J. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1587

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC2006) entered into force in August 2013 and is a milestone for better working and living conditions (WLC) for seafarers. As of March 2020, 96 countries have ratified th...

    Authors: Marina Liselotte Fotteler, Despena Andrioti Bygvraa and Olaf Chresten Jensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1586

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging infectious disease, which has caused numerous deaths and health problems worldwide. This study aims to examine the effects of airborne particulate matter (PM)...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Jiangtao Liu, Yanlin Li, Shihua Fu, Xiaocheng Xu, Lanyu Li, Ji Zhou, Xingrong Liu, Xiaotao He, Jun Yan, Yanjun Shi, Jingping Niu, Yong Yang, Yiyao Li, Bin Luo and Kai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1585

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In the UK certain groups with pre-disposing conditions are eligible for vaccination with the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). Uptake of the vaccine in these individuals has not been reported for 10...

    Authors: Ian Matthews, Xiaoyan Lu, Qian Xia, Wynona Black and Bayad Nozad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The prevalence of being bullied traditionally among U.S. high school students is expected to reduce to 17.9%, according to Healthy People 2020 Initiatives. We examined trends in traditional victimization and c...

    Authors: Ruili Li, Qiguo Lian, Qiru Su, Luhai Li, Meixian Xie and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1583

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Syphilis and gonorrhea reached an all-time high in 2018. The resurgence of syphilis and gonorrhea requires innovative methods of sexual contact tracing that encourage disclosure of same-sex sexual contacts tha...

    Authors: Janet E. Rosenbaum, Jacky Jennings, Jonathan M. Ellen, Laurel M. Borkovic, Jo-Ann Scott, Charleen Wylie and Anne Rompalo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1526

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Despite efforts to improve HIV testing and linkage to HIV care among adolescents, young people and adult men, uptake rates remain below global targets. We conducted formative research to generate data necessar...

    Authors: Joseph K. B. Matovu, Aminah Nambuusi, Scovia Nakabirye, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and David Serwadda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1582

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Secondary schools in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) provide health promotion, preventive, and early intervention services. Nevertheless, literature indicates that the modules of these services are ei...

    Authors: Solomon Musa Gimba, Paul Harris, Amornrat Saito, Hyacinth Udah, Averil Martin and Amanda J. Wheeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1581

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Physical activity (PA) is one of the key determinants of healthy ageing. Research showed that time allocation plays an important role in PA. Therefore, an understanding of the time use of older adults is cruci...

    Authors: Imke Stalling, Birte Marie Albrecht, Friederike Doerwald and Karin Bammann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1580

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) experience a disproportionate burden of type 2 diabetes and related complications. Although diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) interventions h...

    Authors: Kaʻimi A. Sinclair, Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Claire Townsend-Ing, Pearl A. McElfish and Joseph Keaweʻaimoku Kaholokula

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1579

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The ‘Sankofa’ pediatric HIV disclosure study (2013–2017) was an intervention that aimed to address the low prevalence of disclosure of HIV status in Ghana.

    Authors: Christopher Radcliffe, Aba Sam, Quinn Matos, Sampson Antwi, Kofi Amissah, Amina Alhassan, Irene Pokuaa Ofori, Yunshan Xu, Yanhong Deng, Nancy R. Reynolds and Elijah Paintsil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1578

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Increasing numbers of older people in sub-Saharan Africa are gaining access to pension benefits and it is often claimed that these benefits promote healthy forms of consumption, which contribute to significant...

    Authors: Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Sutapa Agrawal and Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1577

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Non-communicable diseases [NCDs] are the major cause of mortality globally and are increasing in prevalence. Different healthcare professionals’ access different population groups; and engaging allied healthca...

    Authors: Zehra Yonel, Asma Yahyouche, Zahra Jalal, Alistair James, Thomas Dietrich and Iain L. C. Chapple

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1576

    Content type: Research article

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  32. People with occupations that require them to spend time working outdoors in suitable tick habitats are predicted to be at an increased risk for tick-borne diseases (TBDs). However, few studies have assessed th...

    Authors: Anna Schotthoefer, Kathryn Stinebaugh, Michael Martin and Claudia Munoz-Zanzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1575

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In the UK, Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) communities are generally considered to be at risk of low or variable immunisation uptake. Many strategies to increase uptake for the general population are relevant ...

    Authors: Lisa Dyson, Helen Bedford, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson and Cath Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1574

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Vaccine hesitancy has been recognized as an important barrier to timely vaccinations around the world, including in sub-Saharan Africa. In Tanzania, 1 in 4 children is not fully vaccinated. The objective of th...

    Authors: Lavanya Vasudevan, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Sara Moses, Esther Ngadaya, Sayoki Godfrey Mfinanga and Jan Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1573

    Content type: Research article

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  35. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: T. Lunau, M. Wahrendorf, N. Dragano, J. Siegrist, K. A. van der Wel and M. Rigó

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1572

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1377

  36. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a major global public health challenge. This study aimed to investigate on how people perceive the COVID-19 outbreak using the components of the Ext...

    Authors: Leila Jahangiry, Fatemeh Bakhtari, Zahara Sohrabi, Parvin Reihani, Sirous Samei, Koen Ponnet and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1571

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Individuals living in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas are often at risk of having other communicable diseases simultaneously. This usually creates diagnostic difficulties leading to misdiagnosis and overloo...

    Authors: Tariro L. Mduluza-Jokonya, Thajasvarie Naicker, Luxwell Jokonya, Herald Midzi, Arthur Vengesai, Maritha Kasambala, Emilia Choto, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Elopy Sibanda, Francisca Mutapi and Takafira Mduluza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1570

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Physical literacy is a multidimensional concept that describes a holistic foundation for physical activity engagement. Understanding the utilization and effectiveness of physical literacy in the context of hea...

    Authors: Katie Cornish, Gloria Fox, Trina Fyfe, Erica Koopmans, Anne Pousette and Chelsea A. Pelletier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1569

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Dementia is a global public health priority. Many modifiable factors have been shown to influence the development of dementia, but these factors are not adequately known by the general public. This study aimed...

    Authors: Yong-Bo Zheng, Le Shi, Yi-Miao Gong, Xiao-Xiao Wang, Qing-Dong Lu, Jian-Yu Que, Muhammad Zahid Khan, Yan-Ping Bao and Lin Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1567

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Early diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) are the mainstay of global and national TB control efforts. However, the gap between expected and reported cases persists for various reasons attributable to ...

    Authors: Adedapo Olufemi Bashorun, Christopher Linda, Semeeh Omoleke, Lindsay Kendall, Simon D. Donkor, Ma-Ansu Kinteh, Baba Danso, Lamin Leigh, Sheriff Kandeh, Umberto D’Alessandro and Ifedayo Morayo O. Adetifa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1566

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To achieve real-world impacts, behavior change interventions need to be scaled up and broadly implemented. Implementation is challenging however, and the factors influencing successful implementation are not f...

    Authors: Elina Renko, Keegan Knittle, Minttu Palsola, Taru Lintunen and Nelli Hankonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1568

    Content type: Research article

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  42. With many medical equipment in hospitals coming in direct contact with healthcare workers, patients, technicians, cleaners and sometimes care givers, it is important to pay close attention to their capacity in...

    Authors: Robert T. Ssekitoleko, Solomon Oshabaheebwa, Ian G. Munabi, Martha S. Tusabe, C. Namayega, Beryl A. Ngabirano, Brian Matovu, Julius Mugaga, William M. Reichert and Moses L. Joloba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1561

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Undernutrition among under five children in India is a major public health problem. Despite India’s growth in the economy, the child mortality rate due to undernutrition is still high in both urban and rural a...

    Authors: Sujata Murarkar, Jayashree Gothankar, Prakash Doke, Prasad Pore, Sanjay Lalwani, Girish Dhumale, Sanjay Quraishi, Reshma Patil, Vivek Waghachavare, Randhir Dhobale, Kirti Rasote, Sonali Palkar and Nandini Malshe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1559

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The individual infectiousness of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), quantified by the number of secondary cases of a typical index case, is conventionally modelled by a negative-binomial (NB) distribution. B...

    Authors: Daihai He, Shi Zhao, Xiaoke Xu, Qiangying Lin, Zian Zhuang, Peihua Cao, Maggie H. Wang, Yijun Lou, Li Xiao, Ye Wu and Lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1558

    Content type: Correspondence

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  45. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major infectious diseases that seriously endanger people’s health. In Shandong province, the relationship between the level of economic development and TB incidence has not been...

    Authors: Qian-yun Zhang, Dong-mei Yang, Lin-qing Cao, Jin-yue Liu, Ning-ning Tao, Yi-fan Li, Yao Liu, Wan-mei Song, Ting-ting Xu, Shi-jin Li, Qi-qi An, Si-qi Liu, Lei Gao, Wan-yan Song and Huai-chen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1557

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Unacceptably high rate of childhood stunting for decades remained a puzzle in the eastern Indian state of Bihar. Despite various programmatic interventions, nearly half of the under-five children (numerically ...

    Authors: Saswata Ghosh, Santosh Kumar Sharma and Debarshi Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1549

    Content type: Research article

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