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Table 3 Factors associated with intent to accept COVID-19 vaccination

From: Willingness to accept COVID-19 vaccination among people living with HIV in a high HIV prevalence community

  Intend to accept COVID-19 vaccination, n (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value, univariate model Adjusted OR (95% CI), n = 144 p-value, multivariable model
No/Unsure Yes
Gender
 Female 68 (44) 85 (56) 0.80 (0.43–1.47) 0.47 0.89 (0.36–2.22) 0.81
 Male 23 (39) 36 (61) Ref Ref Ref Ref
Age category       0.018
 18–25 13 (68) 6 (32) 0.19 (0.063–0.58) 0.007 1.75 (1.10–2.78)  
 26–40 59 (46) 69 (54) 0.48 (0.26–0.91)   per 10 year increase in age  
  > 40 19 (29) 46 (71) Ref    
Sources of information on COVID-19
 Radio 60 (38) 97 (62) 2.09 (1.12–3.89) 0.021 2.21 (0.94–5.21) 0.071
 Television 71 (46) 84 (54) 0.64 (0.34–1.20) 0.16   
 Social media 20 (71) 8 (29) 0.25 (0.11–0.60) 0.002 0.30 (0.11–0.84) 0.022
 Friends/family 10 (45) 12 (55) 0.89 (0.37–2.17) 0.80   
 Clinic materials/staff 17 (37) 29 (63) 1.37 (0.70–2.69) 0.36   
Median mistrust summary score, n = 144
 Below median 16 (24) 50 (76) Ref Ref Ref Ref
 At or above median 47 (60) 31 (40) 0.21 (0.10–0.44) < 0.001 0.21 (0.093–0.45) < 0.001
Concerns about the COVID-19 pandemic
 Becoming infected myself 15 (42) 21 (58) 1.06 (0.51–2.20) 0.87   
 Family member becoming infected 8 (57) 6 (43) 0.54 (0.18–1.62) 0.27   
 Unable to work 28 (39) 44 (61) 1.29 (0.72–2.29) 0.40   
 Food running out 6 (46) 7 (54) 0.87 (0.28–2.68) 0.81   
 Money running out 13 (38) 21 (62) 1.26 (0.59–2.67) 0.55   
 Death 9 (39) 14 (61) 1.19 (0.49–2.89) 0.70   
 No concerns 18 (56) 14 (44) 0.53 (0.25–1.13) 0.10   
Recommendeda daily activities changed due to COVID-19 pandemic
 0 15 (36) 27 (64) Ref 0.25   
 1 21 (54) 18 (46) 0.48 (0.20–1.16)    
  ≥ 2 55 (42) 76 (58) 0.77 (0.37–1.58)    
COVID-19 Stigma summary score, n = 207
 Below median 36 (40) 54 (60) Ref Ref   
 At or above median 55 (47) 62 (53) 0.75 (0.43–1.31) 0.31   
Vaccinated against influenza
 Yes 9 (28) 23 (72) 2.14 (0.94–4.88) 0.071   
 No or unsure 82 (46) 98 (54) Ref Ref   
  1. aChanges in activity falling within the recommendations of the South Africa National Department of Public Health