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Table 4 Logistic regression estimates for elderly who suffered from water borne diseases by their background characteristics in India

From: Prevalence and predictors of water-borne diseases among elderly people in India: evidence from Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, 2017–18

Background characteristics AOR
95% CI
Place of residence
 Rural 1.21*(1.12,1.31)
 Urban Ref
Age (in years)
 60–69 Ref
 70–79 0.99(0.92,1.06)
 80 +  0.94(0.85,1.05)
Sex
 Male Ref
 Female 1.19*(1.1,1.28)
Education
 No education/primary not completed 1.56*(1.34,1.82)
 Primary completed 1.37*(1.16,1.62)
 Secondary completed 1.31*(1.12,1.54)
 Higher and above Ref
Marital status
 Currently married Ref
 Widowed 1.05(0.98,1.13)
 Others 0.92(0.75,1.13)
Working status
 Working Ref
 Retired 0.95(0.88,1.03)
 Not working 0.81*(0.73,0.88)
Body Mass Index
 Underweight 1.12*(1.01,1.24)
 Normal 1.08(0.99,1.17)
 Overweight/obese Ref
Type of toilet facility
 Unimproved 1.22*(1.13,1.32)
 Improved Ref
Source of drinking water
 Unimproved 1.37*(1.2,1.57)
 Improved Ref
Type of house
 Pucca Ref
 Semi pucca 1.14*(1.06,1.23)
 Kutcha 1.08(0.99,1.19)
MPCE quintile
 Poorest 0.87*(0.78,0.96)
 Poorer 1.02(0.93,1.13)
 Middle 0.93(0.84,1.03)
 Richer 1.01(0.91,1.11)
 Richest Ref
Religion
 Hindu Ref
 Muslim 0.92(0.83,1.01)
 Christian 0.99(0.86,1.15)
 Others 0.91(0.79,1.04)
Caste
 Scheduled Caste Ref
 Scheduled Tribe 1.27*(1.13,1.43)
 Other Backward Class 1.16*(1.06,1.26)
 Others 0.93(0.84,1.02)
Region
 North Ref
 Central 1.36*(1.23,1.5)
 East 0.69*(0.63,0.76)
 Northeast 0.46*(0.4,0.53)
 West 0.50*(0.45,0.56)
 South 0.23*(0.21,0.26)
Cox & snell R square 0.065
Nagelkerke R square 0.097
  1. Ref Reference, * if p < 0.05, CI Confidence interval, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio