Bifftu BB, Dachew BA, Tiruneh BT, Guracho YD. Prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt and completed suicide in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Syst Rev. 2019;8(1):72.
Posner K, Brodsky B, Yershova K, Buchanan J, Mann J. The classification of suicidal behavior. The Oxford handbook of suicide and self-injury; 2014. p. 7–22.
Wasserman D. Suicide: an unnecessary death. Oxford University: CRC Press; 2001.
Krug EG, Mercy JA, Dahlberg LL, Zwi AB. The world report on violence and health. Lancet. 2002;360(9339):1083–8.
Fleischmann A, De Leo D. The World Health Organization’s report on suicide: a fundamental step in worldwide suicide prevention; 2014.
Patton GC, Coffey C, Sawyer SM, Viner RM, Haller DM, Bose K, et al. Global patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet. 2009;374(9693):881–92.
Borges G, Nock MK, Abad JMH, Hwang I, Sampson NA, Alonso J, et al. Twelve month prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts in the WHO world mental health surveys. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010;71(12):1617.
Organization WH: Public health action for the prevention of suicide: a framework. 2012.
Central stastical Agency E: Cences 2007 on southern nations nationalities and peoples’ Region In.; 2007.
GZHO. Gedeo zone health sector development and transformation achievement report. Dilla; 2017.
FDRE P. Commission FDRoEPC: summary and statistical report of the 2007 population and housing census: population size by age and sex. Addis Ababa: Population Census Policy; 2008.
Moustafa MA, Youssef UM, Sleem NF, Mohamed El-Hanafy RH. Prevalence and associated factors of suicide among pregnant women at Zagazig University hospitals. Zagazig Univ Med J. 2019;25(2):216–26.
Frautschi S, Cerulli A, Maine D. Suicide during pregnancy and its neglect as a component of maternal mortality. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 1994;47(3):275–84.
Dalgard OS, Dowrick C, Lehtinen V, Vazquez-Barquero JL, Casey P, Wilkinson G, et al. Negative life events, social support and gender difference in depression. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2006;41(6):444–51.
Cox JL, Holden JM, Sagovsky R. Detection of postnatal depression: development of the 10-item Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. Br J Psychiatry. 1987;150(6):782–6.
YAZICI NV. Gender discourse and public space: socio-spatial construction of gender in the city, the case of Rize, Turkey. Middle East Technical University; 2019.
Shepard LB. Addressing violence against women and girls in sexual and reproductive health services: a review of knowledge assets. In: UNFPA, nd Web; 2016.
Nock MK, Joiner TE Jr, Gordon KH, Lloyd-Richardson E, Prinstein MJ. Non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents: diagnostic correlates and relation to suicide attempts. Psychiatry Res. 2006;144(1):65–72.
Organization WH. Preventing suicide: A global imperative [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014. p. 92. 2017
Lindahl V, Pearson JL, Colpe L. Prevalence of suicidality during pregnancy and the postpartum. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2005;8(2):77–87.
Pinheiro RT, da Cunha Coelho FM, da Silva RA, de Ávila QL, de Mattos Souza LD, Castelli RD, et al. Suicidal behavior in pregnant teenagers in southern Brazil: social, obstetric and psychiatric correlates. J Affect Disord. 2012;136(3):520–5.
Keizer R, Dykstra PA, Poortman A-R. The transition to parenthood and well-being: the impact of partner status and work hour transitions. J Fam Psychol. 2010;24(4):429.
Dyrdal GM, Røysamb E, Nes RB, Vittersø J. Can a happy relationship predict a happy life? A population-based study of maternal well-being during the life transition of pregnancy, infancy, and toddlerhood. J Happiness Stud. 2011;12(6):947–62.
Bener A, Gerber LM, Sheikh J. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders and associated risk factors in women during their postpartum period: a major public health problem and global comparison. Int J Women's Health. 2012;4:191.
Ishida K, Stupp P, Serbanescu F, Tullo E. Perinatal risk for common mental disorders and suicidal ideation among women in Paraguay. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2010;110(3):235–40.
Nasreen HE, Kabir ZN, Forsell Y, Edhborg M. Prevalence and associated factors of depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy: a population based study in rural Bangladesh. BMC Womens Health. 2011;11(1):22.
Quinlivan JA, Condon J. Anxiety and depression in fathers in teenage pregnancy. Austr N Z J Psychiatry. 2005;39(10):915–20.
Rudestam KE. Physical and psychological responses to suicide in the family. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1977;45(2):162.
Cerel J, Jordan JR, Duberstein PR. The impact of suicide on the family. Crisis. 2008;29(1):38–44.
Gelaye B, Kajeepeta S, Williams MA. Suicidal ideation in pregnancy: an epidemiologic review. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2016;19(5):741–51.
Organization WH: Preventing suicide: a global imperative: world health Organization; 2014.
Tirfeneh E, Abera M, Yeshigeta E, Mamaru A, Dube L, Srahbzu M. Suicidal behavior and associated factors among prisoners in Jimma town correctional institution south, West Ethiopia, 2017; 2018.
Molla A, Mengesha A, Derajew H, Kerebih H. Suicidal ideation, attempt, and associated factors among patients with tuberculosis in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Psychiatry J. 2019;2019:2.
Belete K, Kassew T, Demilew D, Zeleke TA. Prevalence and correlates of suicide ideation and attempt among pregnant women attending antenatal care services at public hospitals in southern Ethiopia. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2021;17:1517.
Onah MN, Field S, Bantjes J, Honikman S. Perinatal suicidal ideation and behaviour: psychiatry and adversity. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2017;20(2):321–31.
Rochat TJ, Bland RM, Tomlinson M, Stein A. Suicide ideation, depression and HIV among pregnant women in rural South Africa; 2013.
Belete H, Misgan E. Suicidal behaviour in postnatal mothers in northwestern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2019;9(9):e027449.
Anbesaw T, Negash A, Mamaru A, Abebe H, Belete A, Ayano G. Suicidal ideation and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Jimma medical center, Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2021;16(8):e0255746.
Benute GRG, Nomura RMY, Jorge VMF, Nonnenmacher D, Fráguas Junior R. Lucia MCSd, Zugaib M: risk of suicide in high risk pregnancy: an exploratory study. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2011;57:583–7.
Devries K, Watts C, Yoshihama M, Kiss L, Schraiber LB, Deyessa N, et al. Violence against women is strongly associated with suicide attempts: evidence from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women. Soc Sci Med. 2011;73(1):79–86.
Bifftu BB, Tiruneh BT, Dachew BA, Guracho YD. Prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempted suicide in the general population of Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Ment Heal Syst. 2021;15(1):1–12.
Courtet P, Baud P, Abbar M, Boulenger J, Castelnau D, Mouthon D, et al. Association between violent suicidal behavior and the low activity allele of the serotonin transporter gene. Mol Psychiatry. 2001;6(3):338.
Mitchell MD, Hargrove GL, Collins MH, Thompson MP, Reddick TL, Kaslow NJ. Coping variables that mediate the relation between intimate partner violence and mental health outcomes among low-income, African American women. J Clin Psychol. 2006;62(12):1503–20.
O'Hara MW. Social support, life events, and depression during pregnancy and the puerperium. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1986;43(6):569–73.
Alhusen JL, Frohman N, Purcell G. Intimate partner violence and suicidal ideation in pregnant women. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2015;18(4):573–8.
White P. Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy. Clin Perinatol. 1974;1(2):331–48.
Wenger NK. Recognizing pregnancy-associated cardiovascular risk factors. Am J Cardiol. 2014;113(2):406–9.
Steele IH, Thrower N, Noroian P, Saleh FM. Understanding suicide across the lifespan: a United States perspective of suicide risk factors, assessment & management. J Forensic Sci. 2018;63(1):162–71.
Kotwal N, Prabhakar B. Problems faced by single mothers. J Soc Sci. 2009;21(3):197–204.
Niederkrotenthaler T, Rasmussen F, Mittendorfer-Rutz E. Perinatal conditions and parental age at birth as risk markers for subsequent suicide attempt and suicide: a population based case–control study. Eur J Epidemiol. 2012;27(9):729–38.
Mittendorfer-Rutz E, Wasserman D, Rasmussen F. Fetal and childhood growth and the risk of violent and non-violent suicide attempts: a cohort study of 318 953 men. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008;62(2):168–73.
Beyene GM, Azale T, Gelaye KA, Ayele TA. The effect of antenatal depression on birth weight among newborns in South Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a population-based prospective cohort study. Arch Public Health. 2021;79(1):1–12.
Ayano G, Tesfaw G, Shumet S. Prevalence and determinants of antenatal depression in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2019;14(2):e0211764.