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Table 4 Associations between SF-12-PCS and -MCS and potential determinants in mothers: results of univariable linear regression analysis

From: Determinants of maternal health four weeks after delivery: cross-sectional findings from the KUNO-kids health study

Mothers (n = 1225)
  SF-12
  Physical component scale Mental component scale
Characteristic B (CI95%) SE (B) β p B (CI95%) SE (B) β p
Socioeconomic factors
Age (years) −0.16 0.05 − 0.09 < 0.01 0.19 0.07 0.08 < 0.01
(−0.26;-0.06)     (0.06;0.33)    
Single mother −1.43 1.70 −0.02 0.40 −0.60 2.20 −0.01 0.79
(−4.75;1.90)     (−4.91;3.72)    
Health insurance −0.10 0.62 − 0.00 0.88 1.81 0.80 0.06 0.02
(−1.31;1.12)     (0.24;3.38)    
Educational status
 10 years ref ref ref   ref ref ref  
 Less than 10 years 0.56 0.91 0.02 0.54 1.34 1.18 0.03 0.26
(−2.28;-0.34)     (−0.98;3.65)    
 More than 10 years −1.31 0.50 −0.08 0.01 1.35 0.64 0.06 0.04
(−2.28;-0.34)     (0.09;2.61)    
Employment before maternity leave −1.32 0.76 −0.05 0.08 −1.56 0.98 −0.04 0.11
(−2.81;0.18)     (−3.49;0.37)    
Migration background −1.44 0.79 −0.05 0.07 −2.05 1.02 −0.06 0.05
(−2.99;0.12)     (−4.06;-0.04)    
Psychosocial factors
Subjective position within society (Mac-Arthur Scale) 0.17 0.18 0.03 0.35 0.85 0.23 0.10 < 0.01
(−0.19;0.53)     (0.39;1.31)    
F-sozu score 0.51 0.45 0.03 0.26 3.85 0.577 0.18 < 0.01
(−0.38;1.39)     (2.73;4.97)    
Social and emotional strains −2.74 0.52 −0.15 < 0.01 −7.89 0.63 −0.33 < 0.01
  (−3.75;-1.73)     (−9.12;-6.66)    
PSI
 Personal limitation −0.33 0.06 − 0.16 < 0.01 −1.27 0.07 − 0.47 < 0.01
(−0.44;-0.22)     (− 1.39;-1.14)    
 Parental competence −0.21 0.06 −0.09 < 0.01 −1.45 0.07 −0.48 < 0.01
  (−0.33;-0.08)     (−1.59;-1.31)    
 Parent-child bond −0.14 0.07 −0.06 0.04 −1.17 0.08 −0.37 < 0.01
(−0.27;− 0.01)     (−1.33;-1.01)    
Domestic environment
Size of current residence per person living in the house 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.74 -0.01 0.02 − 0.02 0.78
(− 0.02;0.03)     (−0.04;0.03)    
Humidity stains (mold) −1.94 0.67 −0.08 < 0.01 − 0.53 0.87 − 0.02 0.55
(−3.25;-0.64)     (−2.24;1.18)    
Smoking inside the house 3.89 3.11 0.03 0.21 −3.35 4.37 −0.02 0.44
(2.21;9.98)     (−11.05;4.78)    
Lifestyle factors
Drinking alcohol 1 year before pregnancy − 0.83 0.48 −0.05 0.08 −0.52 0.62 −0.02 0.40
(−1.77;0.10)     (−1.72;0.69)    
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy −1.29 1.76 −0.02 0.47 −4.53 2.27 −0.05 0.05
(−4.75;2.17)     (−9.00;-0.06)    
Drinking alcohol since delivery −0.25 0.63 − 0.01 0.69 − 0.04 0.81 − 0.00 0.97
(−1.48;0.98)     (− 1.62;1.55)    
Smoker lifetime (> 100 cigarettes) 0.55 0.46 0.03 0.23 −1.14 0.59 −0.05 0.05
(− 0.34;1.45)     (−2.30;0.02)    
Smoking during pregnancy 1.16 1.55 0.02 0.46 −2.12 2.01 −0.03 0.29
(−1.88;4.19)     (−6.05;1.82)    
BMI before pregnancy
 Underweight −0.28 1.56 − 0.01 0.86 −1.30 2.01 −0.02 0.52
  (−3.33;2.78)     (−1.32;1.40)    
 Normal ref ref ref   ref ref ref  
 Overweight −0.40 0.54 −0.02 0.45 0.04 0.69 0.02 1.00
(−1.45;0.65)     (−1.13;2.45)    
 Obese −0.60 0.71 −0.02 0.39 0.66 0.91 0.02 0.47
(−1.99;0.78)     (−1.13;2.45)    
Healthy diet 0.19 0.45 0.01 0.67 1.07 0.59 0.05 0.07
(−0.70;1.08)     (− 0.08;2.22)    
Regular physical activity −0.33 0.45 −0.02 0.47 0.77 0.59 0.04 0.19
(−1.22;0.57)     (−0.38;1.92)    
Health care utilization
Doctors consultations during pregnancy −0.11 0.04 −0.08 0.01 −0.02 0.05 −0.01 0.65
−0.18;-0.03)     (−0.13;0.08)    
History of psychiatric diseases −1.63 0.77 −0.06 0.03 −0.04 0.05 −0.86 0.03
(−3.14;-0.13)     (−0.14;0.05)    
History of somatic diseases −2.17 0.46 −0.13 < 0.01 −2.17 0.46 −0.13 < 0.01
(−3.08;-1.26)     (−3.08;-1.26)    
Child & birth related factors
Birth mode (C-section) −4.44 0.49 −0.24 < 0.01 0.53 0.65 0.02 0.42
(−5.39;-3.48)     (−0.75;1.80)    
First child −1.40 0.46 −0.08 < 0.01 − 0.90 0.59 − 0.04 0.13
(−2.30;-0.51)     (− 2.06;0.25)    
Preterm delivery 0.81 0.95 0.02 0.40 1.05 1.23 0.02 0.39
(−1.06;2.68)     (−1.36;3.47)    
Season of birth (Winter) 0.01 0.45 0.00 0.99 −0.07 0.58 −0.00 0.90
(−0.87;0.89)     (−1.21;1.06)    
VAS child 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.08 0.18 0.03 0.15 < 0.01
(−0.01;0.10)     (0,11;0,24)    
Breastfeeding −0.14 0.58 −0.01 0.81 0.17 0.75 0.01 0.83
(−1.28;1.00)     (−1.31;1.64)