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Table 3 Prevalence (%) of sedentary behaviour (>4h30min/day) in men and women of European Union (EU) countries and gender differences between 2002 and 2017

From: Changes in sedentary behaviour in European Union adults between 2002 and 2017

  Gender 2002 2005 2013 2017 2002–2017
Sample SB (%) 95% CI Z-score p-value Sample SB (%) 95% CI Z-score p-value Sample SB (%) 95% CI Z-score p-value Sample SB (%) 95% CI Z-score p-value χ2 p-value
EU Mend n = 7082 51.2 50.0–52.4 4.59 <  0.001 n = 11,286 49.4 48.5–50.3 4.67 <  0.001 n = 12,063 52.7 51.8–53.7 3.27 <  0.001 n = 12,115 55.8 54.9–56.8 4.45 <  0.001 311,002 <  0.001
Womenc,d n = 8281 47.6 46.6–48.7    n = 15,127 46.5 45.8–47.3    n = 14,925 50.7 49.8–51.5    n = 15,125 53.1 52.2–53.8    374,081 <  0.001
Country
 Austria Menc,d n = 387 41.1 36.2–46.0 0.54 0.59 n = 477 50.7 45.9–55.3 2.83 <  0.001 n = 476 58.6 53.8–63.0 0.33 0.74 n = 477 65.4 61.2–69.6 1.43 0.15 137,597 <  0.001
Womenb,c,d n = 592 39.4 35.6–43.4    n = 504 59.7 55.6–63.9    n = 530 59.6 55.5–63.6    n = 534 61.1 56.9–65.5    149,116 <  0.001
 Belgium Menb n = 510 49.6 45.1–53.5 1.14 0.26 n = 469 60.6 56.3–65.0 3.64 <  0.001 n = 507 58.6 54.2–63.1 1.83 0.07 n = 466 58.4 53.6–62.9 0.19 0.85 100,024 <  0.001
Womend n = 555 46.1 42.0–50.3    n = 495 48.9 44.7–53.1    n = 540 53.0 48.5–57.6    n = 519 59.0 55.1–63.4    102,617 <  0.001
 Bulgaria Menc       n = 452 37.8 33.2–42.7 3.20 <  0.001 n = 468 54.9 50.2–59.2 1.79 0.07 n = 459 50.3 45.8–54.9 3.11 <  0.001 39,992 <  0.001
Womenc,d       n = 501 48.1 44.1–52.5    n = 539 60.5 56.4–64.7    n = 556 60.1 55.9–63.8    25,428 <  0.001
 Croatia Men       n = 395 50.4 45.3–54.9 1.11 0.27 n = 439 55.6 50.8–60.4 0.25 0.80 n = 442 55.4 51.1–60.0 2.38 0.02 4711 0.318
Womenc       n = 571 46.8 42.7–51.0    n = 553 54.8 50.6–59.0    n = 576 47.9 44.1–52.1    10,229 0.037
 Cyprus Menc       n = 198 57.1 50.0–63.1 1.57 0.11 n = 225 52.4 45.8–59.1 0.18 0.86 n = 216 52.8 45.8–59.3 2.11 0.04 35,839 <  0.001
Womenc       n = 275 49.8 44.0–55.6    n = 258 51.6 45.3–57.4    n = 271 43.2 37.3–49.1    35,577 <  0.001
 Czech Republic Men       n = 459 58.8 54.0–63.4 0.49 0.62 n = 418 61.5 56.9–66.0 1.07 0.28 n = 430 61.6 57.2–66.3 0.28 0.78 24,993 <  0.001
Women       n = 536 57.3 53.0–61.2    n = 580 58.1 54.7–62.1    n = 581 62.5 58.5–66.4    49,404 <  0.001
 Denmark Men n = 489 66.1 62.0–70.3 0.70 0.48 n = 523 66.9 62.9–70.9 2.27 0.02 n = 483 72.1 67.9–75.8 0.26 0.80 n = 510 69.0 65.3–73.1 1.21 0.23 31,976 <  0.001
Womenc n = 499 68.1 63.9–72.1    n = 488 60.0 55.5–64.5    n = 509 71.3 67.6–75.0    n = 486 65.4 60.9–69.7    32,921 <  0.001
 Estonia Mend       n = 311 49.5 44.1–55.3 1.08 0.28 n = 399 54.6 49.6–59.4 0.55 0.58 n = 344 59.0 54.1–64.2 0.82 0.41 36,826 <  0.001
Womend       n = 644 53.3 49.4–57.1    n = 594 56.4 52.5–60.4    n = 642 61.7 57.9–65.4    16,464 0.002
 Finland Mena n = 414 63.3 58.7–68.4 1.03 0.30 n = 399 56.1 51.1–61.4 2.02 0.04 n = 429 61.5 57.1–66.2 0.00 1.00 n = 493 54.2 49.5–58.6 0.74 0.46 17,986 0.006
Womenc n = 563 60.0 56.0–64.1    n = 583 49.6 45.5–53.7    n = 525 61.5 57.5–65.7    n = 515 51.8 47.4–56.1    33,536 <  0.001
 France Mend n = 480 46.3 42.1–50.6 1.79 0.07 n = 444 42.1 37.8–46.8 0.84 0.40 n = 461 49.9 45.3–54.4 0.46 0.64 n = 433 54.0 49.7–58.7 1.71 0.09 35,693 <  0.001
Womenc,d n = 531 40.7 36.2–45.2    n = 542 39.5 35.1–43.7    n = 541 48.4 44.0–52.5    n = 558 48.6 44.4–52.7    37,430 <  0.001
 Germany Mend n = 939 49.5 46.1–52.5 0.49 0.62 n = 678 54.4 50.9–58.1 2.69 0.01 n = 770 52.5 49.1–56.1 0.88 0.38 n = 776 57.2 53.6–60.8 2.80 0.01 81,819 <  0.001
Women n = 1052 50.8 47.5–53.6    n = 834 47.5 44.2–51.0    n = 796 50.3 46.7–53.5    n = 801 50.2 46.7–53.7    74,897 <  0.001
 Great Britain Menc,d n = 333 45.7 40.5–51.1 0.97 0.33 n = 469 48.2 43.5–53.1 0.76 0.45 n = 458 60.7 56.3–65.3 2.54 0.01 n = 505 57.2 52.9–61.4 2.50 0.01 83,335 <  0.001
Womenc n = 651 42.4 38.6–46.2    n = 520 45.8 41.7–49.8    n = 517 52.6 48.0–56.9    n = 510 49.4 44.7–53.5    78,646 <  0.001
 Greece Menb n = 481 49.9 44.9–53.6 0.67 0.50 n = 417 67.2 62.6–71.9 1.54 0.12 n = 469 59.5 54.8–64.0 2.17 0.03 n = 442 62.9 58.6–67.4 0.50 0.62 39,455 <  0.001
Womenb,d n = 488 47.3 42.8–51.4    n = 562 71.7 67.8–75.4    n = 506 52.6 48.2–57.1    n = 537 64.4 60.3–68.5    89,735 <  0.001
 Hungary Mend       n = 388 35.1 30.2–39.9 1.11 0.27 n = 412 35.0 30.6–39.6 2.10 0.04 n = 425 44.2 39.8–49.2 1.31 0.19 14,959 0.005
Womend       n = 602 38.5 34.9–42.4    n = 585 41.5 37.6–45.6    n = 608 48.4 44.4–52.8    17,964 0.001
 Italy Mena n = 481 55.3 50.5–59.7 1.00 0.32 n = 371 44.5 39.4–49.9 0.41 0.68 n = 444 47.1 42.8–51.6 2.14 0.03 n = 509 51.5 47.2–56.0 1.48 0.14 14,705 0.023
Womena,d n = 514 52.1 47.7–56.4    n = 598 43.1 39.1–47.0    n = 565 40.4 36.1–44.4    n = 517 56.1 52.0–60.3    39,341 <  0.001
 Ireland Mend n = 461 40.1 35.8–44.5 0.06 0.95 n = 427 42.2 37.5–47.1 2.42 0.02 n = 429 49.0 44.1–53.4 3.73 <  0.001 n = 471 52.4 48.2–56.9 2.84 <  0.001 100,620 <  0.001
Womend n = 494 40.5 36.0–44.9    n = 541 34.6 30.3–38.4    n = 550 37.1 33.1–41.1    n = 514 43.4 39.3–47.5    56,911 <  0.001
 Latvia Men       n = 324 37.4 32.4–42.9 2.39 0.02 n = 446 48.4 43.7–53.1 1.34 0.18 n = 358 48.0 42.7–53.9 0.57 0.57 20,231 <  0.001
Women       n = 609 45.5 41.9–49.3    n = 533 52.7 48.6–56.8    n = 613 49.9 46.2–53.7    13,730 0.008
 Lithuania Menc,d       n = 353 30.3 25.2–35.1 2.71 0.01 n = 442 49.3 44.8–54.1 1.49 0.14 n = 367 49.1 44.1–54.0 0.46 0.65 113,428 <  0.001
Womenc       n = 605 39.0 35.2–43.1    n = 538 54.1 49.8–58.2    n = 631 50.6 46.9–54.5    110,817 <  0.001
 Luxembourg Men n = 272 55.9 50.0–61.8 2.74 0.01 n = 194 57.7 51.0–64.4 3.50 <  0.001 n = 197 63.6 56.9–70.1 3.85 <  0.001 n = 196 57.1 50.5–63.8 1.73 0.08 18,303 0.006
Women n = 308 44.5 39.0–50.0    n = 278 41.4 35.6–47.1    n = 293 45.7 40.3–51.5    n = 289 49.1 43.3–55.0    18,322 0.005
 Malta Men       n = 157 43.3 36.3–51.0 4.82 <  0.001 n = 199 40.7 34.2–47.7 1.83 0.07 n = 211 47.4 40.8–53.6 0.07 0.94 36,146 <  0.001
Womend       n = 326 22.1 18.1–26.4    n = 297 32.7 27.6–38.0    n = 289 47.1 41.5–52.9    68,420 <  0.001
 Poland Mena       n = 413 51.6 47.0–56.7 0.35 0.73 n = 382 42.2 36.9–47.4 0.64 0.52 n = 396 48.7 43.7–53.8 1.69 0.09 22,746 <  0.001
Womena       n = 537 52.7 48.4–57.0    n = 604 44.2 40.2–48.3    n = 585 43.3 39.1–47.2    22,650 <  0.001
 Portugal Mend n = 432 33.3 28.9–38.2 1.43 0.15 n = 387 26.9 22.2–31.3 1.16 0.25 n = 461 37.7 33.0–42.1 2.19 0.03 n = 435 47.1 42.5–51.7 1.55 0.12 63,050 <  0.001
Womend n = 517 29.0 25.3–33.1    n = 581 23.6 20.3–27.0    n = 576 31.3 27.4–35.1    n = 633 42.3 38.4–46.1    97,001 <  0.001
 Romania Mend       n = 432 30.1 26.2–34.7 0.90 0.37 n = 498 35.3 31.3–39.8 0.41 0.68 n = 460 41.7 36.7–45.9 0.71 0.48 31,476 <  0.001
Womend       n = 528 27.5 23.7–31.1    n = 489 36.6 32.3–40.9    n = 514 39.5 34.8–43.6    30,620 <  0.001
 Slovakia Mend       n = 392 44.9 39.8–49.7 1.52 0.13 n = 414 55.8 51.0–60.4 0.29 0.77 n = 472 58.5 54.0–63.1 1.02 0.31 38,269 <  0.001
Women       n = 637 49.8 46.0–53.7    n = 565 54.9 50.4–58.9    n = 614 55.4 51.3–59.4    31,092 <  0.001
 Slovenia Menb       n = 434 47.7 43.1–52.1 0.44 0.66 n = 455 35.4 31.2–40.0 0.26 0.80 n = 463 43.0 38.7–47.3 1.58 0.11 25,593 <  0.001
Womenb,d       n = 551 46.3 41.9–50.3    n = 641 34.6 31.0–38.2    n = 553 47.9 43.6–52.1    48,760 <  0.001
 Spain Men n = 452 43.8 39.2–48.7 0.19 0.85 n = 422 42.7 37.9–46.9 0.89 0.37 n = 464 46.3 41.8–50.4 1.79 0.07 n = 447 48.8 44.1–53.5 1.69 0.09 67,644 <  0.001
Women n = 486 44.4 40.5–49.0    n = 565 39.8 36.1–43.7    n = 526 40.7 36.7–45.2    n = 555 43.4 39.5–47.7    50,332 <  0.001
 Sweden Mend n = 464 60.8 56.5–64.7 2.05 0.04 n = 563 56.0 51.9–60.0 1.34 0.18 n = 503 65.4 61.0–69.4 0.19 0.85 n = 543 66.9 63.0–70.9 0.68 0.49 33,950 <  0.001
Womenc,d n = 523 54.3 49.9–58.7    n = 458 51.8 47.2–56.3    n = 488 66.0 62.1–70.1    n = 491 68.8 65.2–72.7    53,305 <  0.001
 The Netherlands Mend n = 487 66.5 62.4–70.6 4.55 <  0.001 n = 493 74.0 70.0–78.1 4.36 <  0.001 n = 458 74.2 70.5–77.9 0.38 0.70 n = 533 82.0 79.2–85.2 1.73 0.08 52,244 <  0.001
Womenc,d n = 508 52.4 48.0–56.7    n = 501 61.1 57.1–65.3    n = 544 73.2 69.3–76.8    n = 469 77.6 73.8–81.2    129,678 <  0.001
  1. CI Confidence intervals. Analysis of the adjusted standardised residuals: Higher observed cases than the expected on the >4h30min box for 2002 (a), 2005 (b), 2013 (c), and 2017 (d)