Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Genital HPV Infection - Fact Sheet. 2017. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm.
Jemal A, Simard EP, Dorell C, Noone AM, Markowitz LE, Kohler B, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of Cancer, 1975-2009, featuring the burden and trends in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers and HPV vaccination coverage levels. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013;105(3):175–201.
McQuillan G, Kruszon-Moran D, Markowitz LE, Unger ER, Paulose-Ram R. Prevalence of HPV in adults aged 18–69: United States, 2011–14. NCHS Data Brief. 2017;280:1–8.
Walline HM, Komarck C, McHugh JB, Byrd SA, Spector ME, Hauff SJ, et al. High-risk human papillomavirus detection in oropharyngeal, nasopharyngeal, and Oral cavity cancers. J Am Med Assoc Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;139(12):1320–7.
Meites E, Kempe A, Markowitz LE. Use of a 2-dose schedule for human papillomavirus vaccination updated recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;65(49):1405–8.
Brouwer AF, Eisenberg MC, Carey TE, Meza R. Multisite HPV infections in the United States (NHANES 2003–2014): an overview and synthesis. Prev Med. 2019;123:288–98.
Markowitz LE, Liu G, Hariri S, Steinau M, Dunne EF, Unger ER. Prevalence of HPV after introduction of the vaccination program in the United States. Pediatrics. 2016;137(2):e20151968.
Kash N, Lee M, Kollipara R, Downing C, Guidry J, Tyring S. Safety and efficacy data on vaccines and immunization to human papillomavirus. J Clin Med. 2015;4(4):614–33.
Walker TY, Elam-Evans LD, Yankey D, Markowitz LE, Williams CL, Mbaeyi SA, et al. National, regional, state, and selected local area vaccination coverage among adolescents aged 13–17 years—United States, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67(33):909–17.
Orenstein WA, Gellin BG, Beigi RH, Despres S, Lynfield R, Maldonado Y, et al. Overcoming barriers to low HPV vaccine uptake in the United States: recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 9, 2015. Public Health Rep. 2016;131(1):17–25.
Olshen E, Woods ER, Austin SB, Luskin M, Bauchner H. Parental acceptance of the human papillomavirus vaccine. J Adolesc Health. 2005;37(3):248–51.
Roberts JR, Thompson D, Rogacki B, Hale JJ, Jacobson RM, Opel DJ, et al. Vaccine hesitancy among parents of adolescents and its association with vaccine uptake. Vaccine. 2015;33(14):1748–55.
Kornides ML, McRee AL, Gilkey MB. Parents who decline HPV vaccination: who later accepts and why? Acad Pediatr. 2018;18(2):S21–2.
Gilkey MB, McRee AL. Provider communication about HPV vaccination: a systematic review. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016;12(6):1454–68.
Finney Rutten LJ, St. Sauver JL, Beebe TJ, Wilson PM, Jacobson DJ, Fan C, et al. Association of both consistency and strength of self-reported clinician recommendation for HPV vaccination and HPV vaccine uptake among 11- to 12-year-old children. Vaccine. 2017;35(45):6122–8.
Forster A, Wardle J, Stephenson J, Waller J. Passport to promiscuity or lifesaver: press coverage of HPV vaccination and risky sexual behavior. J Health Commun. 2010;15(2):205–17.
Donahue KL, Stupiansky NW, Alexander AB, Zimet GD. Acceptability of the human papillomavirus vaccine and reasons for non-vaccination among parents of adolescent sons. Vaccine. 2014;32(31):3883–5.
Vollrath K, Thul S, Holcombe J. Meaningful methods for increasing human papillomavirus vaccination rates: an integrative literature review. J Pediatr Health Care. 2018;32(2):119–32.
Liddon NC, Leichliter JS, Markowitz LE. Human papillomavirus vaccine and sexual behavior among adolescent and young women. Am J Prev Med. 2012;42(1):44–52.
Forster AS, Marlow LA, Stephenson J, Wardle J, Waller J. Human papillomavirus vaccination and sexual behaviour: cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys conducted in England. Vaccine. 2012;30(33):4939–44.
Bednarczyk RA, Davis R, Ault K, Orenstein W, Omer SB. Sexual activity-related outcomes after human papillomavirus vaccination of 11- to 12-year-olds. Pediatrics. 2012;130(5):798–805.
Mayhew A, Mullins TLK, Ding L, Rosenthal SL, Zimet GD, Morrow C, et al. Risk perceptions and subsequent sexual behaviors after HPV vaccination in adolescents. Pediatrics. 2014;133(3):404–11.
Smith LMM, Kaufman JSP, Strumpf ECP, Lévesque LEP. Effect of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination on clinical indicators of sexual behaviour among adolescent girls: the Ontario grade 8 HPV vaccine cohort study. Can Med Assoc J. 2015;187(2):E74–81.
Jena AB, Goldman DP, Seabury SA. Incidence of sexually transmitted infections after human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescent females. J Am Med Assoc Intern Med. 2015;175(4):617–23.
Ogilvie GS, Phan F, Pederson HN, Dobson SR, Naus M, Saewyc EM. Population-level sexual behaviours in adolescent girls before and after introduction of the human papillomavirus vaccine (2003–2013). Can Med Assoc J. 2018;190(41):E1221–6.
Mullins TLK, Zimet GD, Rosenthal SL, Morrow C, Ding L, Huang B, et al. Human papillomavirus vaccine-related risk perceptions and subsequent sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted infections among vaccinated adolescent women. Vaccine. 2016;34(34):4040–5.
Mayer MK, Reiter PL, Zucker RA, Brewer NT. Parents’ and sons’ beliefs in sexual disinhibition after human papillomavirus vaccination. Sex Transm Dis. 2013;40(10):822–8.
Eisenberg MC, Campredon LP, Brouwer AF, et al. Dynamics and determinants of HPV infection: the Michigan HPV and oropharyngeal Cancer (M-HOC) study. BMJ Open. 2018;8:e021618.
Kahn JA, Ding L, Huang B, Zimet GD, Rosenthal SL, Frazier AL. Mothers’ intention for their daughters and themselves to receive the human papillomavirus vaccine: a National Study of nurses. Pediatrics. 2009;123(6):1439–45.
Kahn JA, Zimet GD, Bernstein DI, Riedesel JM, Lan D, Huang B, et al. Pediatricians’ intention to administer human papillomavirus vaccine: the role of practice characteristics, knowledge, and attitudes. J Adolesc Health. 2005;37(6):502–10.
Vadaparampil ST, Malo TL, Sutton SK, Ali KN, Kahn JA, Casler A, et al. Missing the target for routine human papillomavirus vaccination: consistent and strong physician recommendations are lacking for 11- to 12-year-old males. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev. 2016;25(10):1435–46.
White A, Hingson R. The burden of alcohol use: excessive alcohol consumption and related consequences among college students. Alcohol Res. 2013;35(2):201–18.
Metrik J, Caswell AJ, Magill M, Monti PM, Kahler CW. Sexual risk behavior and heavy drinking among weekly marijuana users. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2016;77(1):104–12.