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Table 3 Control vs. Intervention - Least Square Means (LSM) of Dietary Intake Outcome Measures at Baseline, Immediate Post-Treatment, 6 Mo Follow-up, and 12 Mo Follow-up

From: An in-home intervention of parent-implemented strategies to increase child vegetable intake: results from a non-randomized cluster-allocated community trial

  Baseline Immediate Post-Treatment 6 Mo Follow-Up 12 Mo Follow-up
Control Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention
Outcome Measure LSM(SE) LSM(SE) t-test p-value LSM(SE) LSM(SE) t-test p-val LSM(SE) LSM(SE) t-test p-val LSM(SE) LSM(SE) t-test p-value
Total Vegetable Servings a,b, 1.6 (0.2) 1.7(0.2) 0.85 1.7(0.2) 1.5(0.2) 0.53 1.8(0.2) 1.7(0.3) 0.77 1.7(0.2) 1.9(0.1) 0.54
Total Non-Fried Vegetable Servingsa,c 1.6(0.2) 1.6(0.2) 0.93 1.6(0.2) 1.3(0.2) 0.32 1.7(0.2) 1.6(0.2) 0.82 1.4(0.2) 1.7(0.2) 0.39
Dark Green Vegetable Servingsa,d 0.1(0.0) 0.1(0.0) 0.91 0.2(0.0) 0.1(0.0) 0.30 0.1(0.0) 0.1(0.1) 0.74 0.1(0.0) 0.2(0.1) 0.32
Deep Yellow Vegetable Servingsa,e 0.1(0.1) 0.2(0.1) 0.33 0.1(0.0) 0.2(0.0) 0.31 0.1(0.0) 0.2(0.1) 0.06 0.1(0.0) 0.2(0.1) 0.23
Tomato Servingsa, f 0.5(0.1) 0.4(0.1) 0.27 0.5(0.1) 0.3(0.1) 0.08 0.5(0.1) 0.4(0.1) 0.10 0.4(0.1) 0.4(0.1) 0.95
Legume Servingsa,g 0.2(0.0) 0.1(0.0) 0.04 0.1(0.1) 0.1(0.1) 0.77 0.2(0.1) 0.1(0.1) 0.14 0.2(0.1) 0.2(0.1) 0.85
White Potato Servingsa,e 0.2(0.1) 0.2(0.1) 0.83 0.1(0.1) 0.1(0.1) 0.81 0.1(0.1) 0.2(0.1) 0.06 0.2(0.1) 0.1(0.1) 0.61
Total Energy (Kcal)h 1588.8 (87.8) 1573.6 (88.7) 0.90 1574.2 (95.5) 1434.3 (94.6) 0.30 1525.0 (97.3) 1577.8 (105.2) 0.7 1428.2 (98.3) 1537.7 (102.8) 0.4
HEI 2010 Total Scorei 54.8 (2.8) 55.6 (2.7) 0.84 54.5 (2.5) 56.3 (2.4) 0.6 56.8 (2.6) 54.3 (2.7) 0.5 55.8 (2.6) 56.8 (2.6) 0.8
HEI 2010 Total Vegetables Component Scorec 2.4 (0.2) 2.4 (0.3) 0.84 2.5 (0.3) 2.3(0.3) 0.7 2.6 (0.3) 2.2 (0.3) 0.3 2.6 (0.3) 2.6 (0.3) 1.0
HEI 2010 Greens and Beans Component Scorec 2.2 (0.3) 1.7 (0.3) 0.35 2.3 (0.4) 1.8(0.4) 0.3 2.5 (0.4) 1.4 (0.4) 0.06 2.2 (0.4) 2.2 (0.4) 1.0
  1. aMean daily values from three 24-h dietary recalls (Nutrition Data System for Research software version 2014, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN). Vegetable servings are defined per the 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans as 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables or ½ cup of other cooked or raw vegetables. Vegetable servings are defined per the 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans as 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables or ½ cup of other cooked or raw vegetables
  2. bfinal model co-variates: food security status, total energy in kcal, adult education, child age and child gender
  3. cfinal model co-variates: food security status, adult education, child age and child gender
  4. dfinal model co-variates: child age and child gender
  5. e. final model co-variates: child age and child gender
  6. f. final model co-variates: food security status, Total Energy in kcal, adult race, child age and child gender
  7. g. final model co-variates: food security status, child age and child gender
  8. h. final model co-variates: food security status, adult education, child age, adult race, child gender, household size
  9. i. final model co-variates: food security status, Total Energy in kcal, adult education, adult race, child gender, child race, household size, child age