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Table 2 Multiple logistic regression models of mental health needs and social support as a function of HIV risk behaviors, stratified by gender

From: Social support, mental health needs, and HIV risk behaviors: a gender-specific, correlation study

  Male Female
AORa 95% CI p AOR 95% CI p
Age (years)
 18–24 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 25–34 0.92 0.73–1.16 .491 1.02 0.79–1.32 .891
 35–44 0.40 0.31–0.53 <.0001 0.44 0.32–0.59 <.0001
 45–54 0.15 0.11–0.22 <.0001 0.18 0.12–0.26 <.0001
 55–64 0.16 0.11–0.23 <.0001 0.09 0.05–0.14 <.0001
 65–99 0.51 0.03–0.09 <.0001 0.05 0.03–0.09 <.0001
Race
 Non-Hispanic White 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 Hispanic or non-White 1.32 1.09–1.60 .005 1.19 0.97–1.47 .103
Marital status
 Not married 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 Married or common law 0.57 0.47–0.70 <.0001 0.43 0.34–0.55 <.0001
Education
 Less than high school 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 High school or GED diploma 0.72 0.56–0.94 .016 1.51 1.07–2.15 .021
 Some college 0.80 0.62–1.05 .112 1.14 0.79–1.64 .478
 College or graduate degree 0.62 0.45–0.84 .002 0.99 0.66–1.48 .951
Income (US$)
  < 15,000 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 15,000 – 24,999 1.65 1.15–2.36 .007 0.89 0.66–1.19 .413
 25,000 – 49,999 1.37 0.97–1.95 .075 0.80 0.59–1.09 .155
 50,000 – 74,999 1.26 0.86–1.86 .239 0.77 0.53–1.11 .163
  > = 75,000 1.39 0.97–1.99 .077 0.67 0.46–0.97 .035
Mental health needs
 No 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 Yes 1.49 1.24–1.78 <.0001 1.93 1.55–2.38 <.0001
Emotional support
 Low 1.00 Ref   1.00 Ref  
 Medium 0.54 0.41–0.70 <.0001 0.55 0.41–0.75 <.0001
 High 0.52 0.41–0.67 <.0001 0.45 0.33–0.62 <.0001
  1. Note: Both models were adjusted for participant age, race, income, educational level, marital status. The Bonferroni-corrected p value is set at .025
  2. aAOR, adjusted odds ratio