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Table 3 Socio-demographic and familial characteristics of AES and MES Pupils

From: Poly-substance use and sexual risk behaviours: a cross-sectional comparison of adolescents in mainstream and alternative education settings

  Female Male
AES MES AES vs. MES AES MES AES vs. MES
% (n/N) % (n/N) OR (95% CI) % (n/N) % (n/N) OR (95% CI)
Family composition
 Lives with both biological parents 41.2 (28/68) 63.5 (1231/1939) 1.00 37.7 (57/151) 63.5 (1323/2085) 1.00
 Lives in single parent household 38.2 (26/68) 23.2 (450/1939) 2.54 (1.47, 4.38) 39.1 (59/151) 24.6 (513/2085) 2.70 (1.83, 3.90)
 Lives in reconstituted household 5.9 (4/68) 9.3 (180/1939) 0.98 (0.34, 2.82) 8.6 (13/151) 8.5 (171/2085) 1.77 (0.95, 3.29)
 Lives in residential or foster care 10.3 (7/68) 2.0 (39/1939) 7.89 (3.25, 19.17) 11.9 (18/151) 1.8 (38/2085) 10.99 (5.91, 20.45)
 Not known/Missing 4.4 (3/68) 2.0 (39/1939) 3.38 (0.99, 11.60) 2.6 (4/151) 1.9 (4/2085) 2.32 (0.80, 6.71)
Paternal employment status
 Full time employment 55.9 (38/68) 77.3 (1499/1939) 1.00 51.7 (78/151) 79.5 (1658/2085) 1.00
 Part time employment 7.4 (5/68) 4.5 (88/1939) 2.24 (0.86, 5.84) 5.3 (8/151) 3.8 (79/2085) 3.63 (2.37, 5.58)
 Unemployed 8.8 (6/68) 7.0 (136/1939) 1.74 (0.72, 4.19) 20.5 (31/151) 7.1 (149/2085) 4.42 (2.82, 6.93)
 No male guardian/missing 27.9 (1968) 11.1 (216/1939) 3.47 (1.97, 6.13) 22.5 (34/151) 9.5 (199/2085) 2.15 (1.01, 4.61)
Maternal employment status
 Full time employment 22.1 (15/68) 47.8 (926/1939) 1.00 31.1 (47/151) 52.2 (1088/2085) 1.00
 Part time employment 17.6 (12/68) 25.9 (502/1939) 1.48 (0.68, 3.18) 11.9 (18/151) 22.5 (469/2085) 0.89 (0.51, 1.55)
 Unemployed 45.6 (31/68) 14.6 (284/1939) 6.74 (3.59, 12.66) 38.4 (58/151) 14.0 (291/2085) 4.64 (3.08, 6.92)
 No female guardian/missing 14.7 (10/68) 11.7 (227/1939) 2.72 (1.21, 6.13) 18.5 (28/151) 11.4 (237/2085) 2.74 (1.68, 4.46)
Frequency of parent-child arguments
 At least once a week 48.5 (33/68) 53.1 (1029/1939) 1.00 37.7 (57/151) 46.8 (975/2085) 1.00
 Less than once a week 47.1 (32/68) 46.1 (894/1939) 1.12 (0.68, 1.83) 56.3 (85/151) 52.2 (1088/2085) 1.34 (0.95, 1.89)
 Not known/missing 4.4 (3/68) 0.8 (16/1939) 5.85 (1.62, 21.05) 6.0 (9/151) 1.1 (22/2085) 7.00 (3.08, 15.89)
Parent-child connectedness
 High levels of reported connectedness 47.1 (32/68) 57.8 (1121/1939) 1.00 49.7 (75/151) 54.7 (1140/2085) 1.00
 Low levels of reported connectedness 45.6 (31/68) 41.6 (806/1939) 1.35 (0.82, 2.23) 44.4 (67/151) 44.3 (924/2085) 1.10 (0.78, 1.55)
 Not known/missing 7.4 (5/68) 0.6 (12/1939) 14.60 (4.86, 43.89) 6.0 (9/151) 1.0 (21/2085) 6.51 (2.88, 14.72)
Family time
 Frequently eats meals and go places as a family 32.4 (22/68) 51.1 (991/1939) 1.00 31.1 (47/151) 50.6 (1056/2085) 1.00
 Infrequently eats meals and go places as a family 61.8 (42/68) 48.4 (939/1939) 2.02 (1.19, 3.40) 63.6 (96/151) 48.5 (1012/2085) 2.13 (1.49, 3.05)
 Not known/missing 5.9 (4/68) 0.5 (9/1939) 20.02 (5.73, 70.00) 5.3 (8/151) 0.8 (17/2085) 10.57 (4.34, 25.74)
Spending money
 £24 or less per week 45.6 (31/68) 20.1 (389/1939) 1.00 51.0 (77/151) 22.5 (470/2085) 1.00
 £25 or more per week 44.1 (30/68) 77.8 (1509/1939) 4.01 (2.40, 6.70) 46.4 (70/151) 74.6 (1556/2085) 3.64 (2.59, 5.12)
 Not known/missing 10.3 (7/68) 2.1 (41/1939) 8.59 (3.57, 20.69) 2.6 (4/151) 2.8 (59/2085) 1.51 (0.53, 4.27)
Parental monitoring
 High levels of parental monitoring 41.2 (28/68) 64.5 (1121/1939) 1.00 38.4 (58/151) 50.2(1047/2085) 1.00
 Low levels of parental monitoring 57.4 (39/68) 34.5 (806/1939) 2.60 (1.59, 4.27) 58.3 (88/151) 48.2 (1006/2085) 1.58 (1.12, 2.22)
 Not known/missing 1.5 (1/68) 1.0 (12/1939) 2.23 (0.39, 17.22) 3.3 (5/151) 1.5 (32/2085) 2.20 (0.84, 5.72)
Intended school leaving age
 Remain at school beyond legal leaving age 26.5 (18/68) 71.2 (1381/1939) 1.00 13.2 (20/151) 63.2 (1318/2085) 1.00
 Leave school as soon as legally possible 55.9 (38/68) 17.7 (344/1939) 8.48 (4.79, 15.03) 63.6 (96/151) 23.0 (480/2085) 13.18 (8.05, 21.58)
 Not known/missing 17.6 (12/68) 11.0 (214/1939) 4.30 (2.04, 9.06) 23.2 (35/151) 13.8 (287/2085) 8.04 (4.57, 14.13)
Expectations of employment, education and training
 Will be in education, employment or training 82.4 (56/68) 92.7 (1797/1939) 1.00 75.5 (114/151) 91.6 (1909/2085) 1.00
 Will not be in education, employment or training 7.4 (5/68) 3.0 (59/1939) 2.71 (1.20, 6.12) 13.2 (20/151) 2.3 (48/2085) 6.98 (4.01, 12.15)
 Not known/missing 10.3 (7/68) 4.3 (83/1939) 2.71 (1.05, 7.04) 11.3 (17/151) 6.1 (128/2085) 2.22 (1.30, 3.82)
Expectations of parenthood
 Will not be a parent 42.6 (29/68) 79.6 (1544/1939) 1.00 29.1 (44/151) 71.2 (1485//2085) 1.00
 Will be a parent 22.1 (15/68) 4.2 (82/1939) 6.41 (3.47, 11.85) 24.5 (37/ 151) 7.2 (151/ /2085) 4.16 (2.77, 6.24)
 Not known/missing 35.3 (24/68) 16.1 (313/1939) 2.83 (1.70, 4.73) 46.4 (70/151) 21.5 (449//2085) 3.15 (2.25, 4.41)
Peer behaviours
 More than half of peers have left school 41.2 (28/68) 4.5 (87/1939) 1.00 35.1 (53/151) 4.1 (83/2085) 1.00
 Less than half of peers have left school 51.5 (35/68) 93.5 (1813/1939) 0.15 (0.10, 0.20) 56.3 (85/151) 93.6 (1951/2085) 0.17 (0.09, 0.33)
 Not known/missing 7.4 (5/68) 2.0 (39/1939) 2.51 (0.90, 6.99) 8.6 (13/151) 2.4 (51/2085) 2.51 (1.24, 5.04)
 More than half of peers smoke tobacco 52.9 (36/68) 14.2 (1640/1939) 1.00 42.4 (64/151) 11.2 (234/2085) 1.00
 Less than half of peers smoke tobacco 39.7 (27/68) 84.6 (276/1939) 0.08 (0.03, 0.21) 49.0 (74/151) 86.9 (1812/2085) 0.12 (0.06, 0.24)
Not known/missing 7.4 (5/68) 1.2 (23/1939) 0.60 (0.22, 1.68) 8.6 (13/151) 1.9 (39/2085) 0.82 (0.41, 1.63)
 More than half of peers have had sex 45.6 (31/68) 25.9 (502/1939) 1.00 45.0 (68/151) 22.0 (459/2085) 1.00
 Less than half of peers have had sex 42.6 (29/68) 72.1 (1398/1939) 0.29 (0.18, 0.47) 47.0 (71/151) 75.8 (1580/2085) 0.28 (0.20, 0.40)
 Not known/missing 11.8 (8/68) 2.0 (39/1939) 0.30 (0.13, 0.70) 7.9 (12/151) 2.2 (46/2085) 0.57 (0.29, 1.13)
  1. Results significant at p<0.05 are in bold