Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participants. Mean scores observed for each factor as a function of participants’ characteristics

From: Why patients want to take or refuse to take antibiotics: an inventory of motives

  Mean Factor Score as a Function of Demographic Characteristics  
  Agree to Take Refuse to Take  
Characteristics I II III IV V VI I II III IV N
Age
 19–24 Years 8.53 5.07 4.59 4.41 6.77 4.05 3.36 6.61 8.49 5.04 108
 25–31 Years 9.88 6.02 5.25 4.75 7.56 4.84 3.22 6.49 8.94 4.91 97
 32–47 Years 7.95 6.28 3.65 4.13 6.86 4.55 4.27 6.05 9.13 5.57 111
 47 Years + 7.55 5.77 3.30 4.49 6.81 4.63 4.95 6.54 9.03 4.72 98
Gender
 Males 7.32 5.34 4.16 4.30 6.11 4.22 4.54 6.07 9.21 5.01 146
 Females 9.08 6.02 4.17 4.48 7.46 4.67 3.62 6.60 8.76 5.13 271
Education
 Primary 7.32 6.03 4.03 4.60 6.06 4.57 4.85 6.45 9.00 5.16 86
 Secondary 8.64 5.92 4.02 4.67 6.95 4.52 3.87 6.38 8.96 5.05 219
 Tertiary 8.93 5.29 4.54 3.74 7.72 4.43 3.39 6.41 8.75 5.07 113
Children
 No 9.07 5.72 4.64 4.45 7.05 4.52 3.39 6.47 8.83 5.14 227
 Yes 7.70 5.84 3.59 4.35 6.88 4.49 4.60 6.32 9.00 5.00 191
Often Ill
 No 8.32 5.69 4.04 4.34 7.03 4.46 3.91 6.29 8.93 4.99 327
 Yes 9.01 6.08 4.61 4.68 6.73 4.76 3.93 6.94 8.90 5.34 87
Current Health
 Bad 8.43 6.86 3.55 4.04 6.49 4.35 4.79 6.59 8.94 5.74 44
 Good 8.47 5.65 4.24 4.46 7.04 4.55 3.81 6.41 8.94 4.99 370
Number of prescriptions of antibiotics last year
 None 7.87 4.92 3.53 3.94 6.30 4.13 3.42 6.28 9.21 4.74 152
 One 8.40 6.01 3.93 4.62 6.85 4.22 4.26 6.48 9.48 5.12 108
 Two 9.59 6.76 4.59 4.90 7.95 5.63 4.04 6.40 8.35 5.38 72
 More 8.69 6.13 5.24 4.58 7.52 4.63 4.32 6.60 8.16 5.36 84
Out of counter consumption of antibiotics
 Never 8.40 5.84 4.23 4.55 7.08 4.63 3.97 6.57 9.02 5.11 335
 Sometimes 8.63 5.50 3.86 3.86 6.58 4.04 3.85 5.64 8.46 4.91 82
Keeps antibiotics for further use
 Never 8.36 5.82 4.25 4.52 7.08 4.68 3.89 6.40 8.86 4.84 300
 Sometimes 8.59 5.63 3.91 4.04 6.69 3.95 4.14 6.51 9.03 5.74 114
Uses to stop treatment before completion
 Never 8.34 5.64 3.97 4.10 6.77 4.65 4.12 5.82 8.43 4.60 177
 Sometimes 8.55 5.89 4.31 4.64 7.15 4.40 3.76 6.80 9.25 5.40 240
Asks for antibiotics
 Never 8.39 5.65 4.20 4.35 6.85 4.51 3.81 6.40 8.97 5.07 368
 Sometimes 9.07 6.79 3.88 4.88 7.99 4.63 4.76 6.57 8.62 5.29 47
Has been forced to change treatment
 Never 8.24 5.41 4.04 4.24 6.62 4.38 3.85 6.26 8.96 4.84 321
 Sometimes 9.17 6.99 4.51 4.99 8.21 4.92 4.25 6.88 8.77 5.78 93
Has been the victim of side effects
 Never 8.03 5.43 4.06 4.34 6.59 4.34 3.98 6.02 8.91 4.67 273
 Yes 9.23 6.42 4.36 4.54 7.68 4.80 3.87 7.12 8.92 5.86 144
Has experienced useless treatment with antibiotics
 Never 8.45 5.38 4.10 4.17 6.65 4.49 3.82 5.82 8.45 4.58 254
 Yes 8.45 6.44 4.28 4.81 7.57 4.55 4.19 7.32 9.67 5.87 161
Thinks that antibiotics have many side effects
 No 8.69 5.55 4.41 4.44 6.82 4.58 4.03 5.83 8.45 4.64 231
 Yes 8.43 6.19 3.86 4.54 7.32 4.39 3.88 7.28 9.44 5.63 171
Thinks that antibiotics are generally effective
 No 7.60 6.39 4.13 5.07 6.75 4.83 3.46 7.90 10.00 6.26 35
 Yes 8.56 5.71 4.23 4.41 7.05 4.51 4.05 6.12 8.68 4.94 362
Thinks that bacterial resistance is a big public health issue
 No 9.49 5.48 5.10 4.53 6.91 4.72 3.25 4.34 7.12 3.75 84
 Yes 8.23 5.94 3.97 4.44 7.14 4.45 4.22 7.04 9.39 5.53 320
  1. Agree to take: I = Appropriate prescription, II = Protective device, III = Enjoyment, IV = Others’ pressure, V = Work imperative, VI = Personal autonomy
  2. Refuse to take: I = Secondary gain, II = Bacterial resistance, III = Self-defense, IV = Lack of trust