U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report. 2008.
Lee I-M, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN, Katzmarzyk PT, for the Lance Physical Activity Series Working group. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet. 2012;380(9838):219–29.
Buckley JP, Hedge A, Yates T, Copeland RJ, Loosemore M, Hamer M, Bradley G, Dunstan DW. The sedentary office: a growing case for change towards better health and productivity. Expert statement commissioned by Public Health England and the Active Working Community Interest Company. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(21):1357–62.
Sedentary Behaviour Research Network. Letter to the editor: standardized use of the terms “sedentary” and “sedentary behaviours”. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2012;37:540–2.
Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet. 2012;380(9838):247–57.
Hildebrandt VH, Bernaards CM, Hofstetter H, editors. Trend report Physical Activity and Health 2000-2014. Leiden: TNO; 2015 [In Dutch].
Bennie JA, Chau JY, van der Ploeg HP, Stamatakis E, Do A, Bauman A. The prevalence and correlates of sitting in European adults - a comparison of 32 Eurobarometer-participating countries. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:107.
Van der Ploeg HP, Chey T, Korda RJ, Banks E, Bauman A. Sitting time and all-cause mortality risk in 222 4897 Australian adults. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172:494–500.
Matthews CE, George SM, Moore SC, Bowles HR, Blair A, et al. Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and cause-specific mortality in US adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;95:437–45.
Wilmot EG, Edwardson CL, Achana FA, Davies MJ, Gorely T, Gray LJ, Khunti K, Yates T, Biddle SJH. Sedentary time in adults and the association with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death: systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetologia. 2012;55:2895–905.
Teychenne M, Ball K, Salmon J. Sedentary behavior and depression among adults: a review. Int J Behav Med. 2010;17:246–54.
Dallal CM, Brinton LA, Matthews CE, Lissowska J, Peplonska B, et al. Accelerometer-based measures of active and sedentary behavior in relation to breast cancer risk. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012;134:1279–90.
Owen N, Sugiyama T, Eakin EE, Gardiner PA, Tremblay MS, Sallis JF. Adults’ sedentary behavior. Determinants and interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41:189–96.
Van Uffelen JGZ, Watson MJ, Dobson AJ, Brown WJ. Comparison of self-reported week-day and weekend-day sitting time and weekly time-use: Results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on women’s health. Int J Behav Med. 2011;18:221–8.
Carson V, Cliff DP, Janssen X, Okely AD. Longitudinal levels and bouts of sedentary time among adolescent girls. BMC Pediatr. 2013;13:173.
Douwes M, Hildebrandt VH. Questions about the amount of time spent on physical activity. Test-retest reliability and congruent validity of a questionnaire. Geneeskd Sport. 2000;33:9–16 [in Dutch].
Schokker DF, Hekkert KD, Kocken PL, Van den Brink CL, De Vries SI. Measuring physical activity in children: questionnaires compared with an accelerometer. TSG. 2012;90(7):434–41 [in Dutch].
Kemper HCG, Ooiendijk WTM, Stiggelbout M. Consensus about the Dutch physical activity guideline. TSG. 2000;78:180–3 [in Dutch].
Tiessen-Raaphorst A, De Haan J. A lifelong involvement in sport. In: Thiessen-Raaphorst A, Verbeek D, De Haan J, Breedveld K, editors. Report Sport 2010. Den Haag/’s Hertogenbosch: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau/WJH Mulier Instituut; 2010 [In Dutch].
Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ. 2000;320(7244):1240–3.
Van Buuren S. Cut-off values for body mass index (BMI) for underweight in Dutch children. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2004;148:1967–72 [in Dutch].
Field A. Discovering statistics using SPSS. 3rd ed. London: Sage; 2009.
Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Frary JK, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JJ, the Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentary behavior in children. Pediatrics. 2011;127:e24–30.
Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Martínez-Gómez D, Labayen I, Moreno LA, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Manios Y, Gonzalez-Gross M, Mauro B, Molnar D, Widhalm K, Marcos A, Beghin L, Castillo MJ, Sjöström M, on behalf of the HELENA Study Group. Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in European adolescents. Am J Epidemiol. 2011;174:173–84.
Mitchel JA, Pate RR, Dowda M, Mattocks C, Riddoch C, Ness AR, Blair SN. A prospective study of sedentary behavior in a large cohort of youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44:1081–7.
Babey SH, Hastert TA, Wolstein J. Adolescent sedentary behaviors: Correlates differ for television viewing and computer use. J Adolesc Health. 2013;52:70–6.
Stierlin AS, De Lepeleere S, Cardon G, Dargent-Molina P, Hoffmann B, Murphy MH, Kennedy A, O’Donoghue G, Chastin SFM, De Craemer M, on behalf of the DEDIPAC consortium. A systematic review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in youth: a DEDIPAC-study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015;12:133.
Rhodes RE, Mark RS, Temmel CP. Adult sedentary behavior. A systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2012;43:e3–e28.
Chastin SFM, Buck C, Freiberger E, Murphy M, Brug J, Cardon G, O’Donoghue G, Pigeot I, Oppert J-M, on behalf of the DEDIPAC consortium. Systematic literature review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in older adults: a DEDIPAC study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015;12:127.
Le Blanc AG, Broyles ST, Chaput J-P, Leduc G, Boyer C, Borghese MM, Tremblay MS. Correlates of objectively measured sedentary time and self-reported screen time in Canadian children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015;12:38.
Bauman A, Ainsworth BE, Sallis JF, Hagstromer M, Craig CL, Bull FC, Pratt M, Venugopal K, Chau J, Sjostrom M. The descriptive epidemiology of sitting. A 20-country comparison using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Am J Prev Med. 2011;41:228–35.
Saidj M, Menai M, Charreire H, Weber C, Enaux C, Aadahl M, Kesse-Guyot E, Hercberg S, Simon C, Oppert J-M. Descriptive study of sedentary behaviours in 35,444 French working adults: cross-sectional findings from the ACTI-Cités study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:379.
Jans MP, Proper KI, Hildebrandt VH. Sedentary behavior in Dutch workers. Differences between occupations and business sectors. Am J Prev Med. 2007;33:450–4.
Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, Short C, Rockloff M, Ronan K, Happell B, Di Milia L. Associations between occupational indicators and total, work-based and leisure-time sitting: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:1110.
Tudor-Locke C, Leonardi C, Johnson WD, Katzmarzyk PT. Time spent in physical activity and sedentary behaviors on the working day. The American Time Use Survey. J Occup Environ Med. 2011;53:1382–7.
Van Uffelen JGZ, Heesch KC, Brown W. Correlates of sitting time in working age Australian women: Who should be targeted with interventions to decrease sitting time? J Phys Act Health. 2012;9:270–87.
Clemes SA, Houdmondt J, Munir F, Wilson K, Kerr R. Descriptive epidemiology of domain-specific sitting in working adults: the Stormont Study. J Public Health (Oxf). 2016;38(1):53–60. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdu114.
Hirooka N, Takedai T, D’Amico F. Assessing physical activity in daily life, exercise, and sedentary behavior among Japanese moving to westernized environments: a cross-sectional study of Japanese migrants at an urban primary care center in Pittsburgh. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2014;13:3.
Uijtdewilligen L, Twisk JWR, Singh AS, Chinapaw MJM, Van Mechelen W, Brown WJ. Biological, socio-demographic, work and lifestyle determinants of sitting in young adult women: a prospective cohort study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:7.
Lakerveld J, Ben Rebah M, Mackenbach JD, Charreire H, Compernolle S, Glonti K, Bardos H, Rutter H, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Brug J, Oppert JM. Obesity-related behaviours and BMI in five urban regions across Europe: sampling design and results from the SPOTLIGHT cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open. 2015;5(10):e008505.
Atkin AJ, Corder K, Ekelund U, Wijndaele K, Griffin SJ, Van Sluijs EMF. Determinants of change in children’s sedentary time. PLoS One. 2013;8:e67627.
Leech RM, McNaughton SA, Timperio A. The clustering of diet, physical activity and sedentary behavior in children and adolescents: a review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:4.
Prentice-Dunn H, Prentice-Dunn S. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and childhood obesity: A review of cross-sectional studies. Psychol Health Med. 2011;17(3):255–73.
George ES, Rosenkranz RR, Gregory SK. Chronic disease and sitting time in middle-aged Australian males: findings from the 45 and Up Study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:20.
Sarker H, Anderson LN, Borkhoff CM, Abreo K, Tremblay MS, Lebovic G, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS, TARGet Kids Collaboration. Validation of parent-reported physical activity and sedentary time by accelerometry in young children. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:735.
De Jong E, Visscher TLS, HiraSing RA, Heymans MW, Seidell JC, Renders CM. Association between TV viewing, computer use and overweight, determinants and competing activities of screen time in 4- to 13-year-old children. Int J Obes (Lond). 2013;37:47–53.