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Table 5 Multiple logistic regression analysis of factors that associate with personal hygiene practice

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Hong Kong population towards human A/H7N9 influenza pandemic preparedness, China, 2014

Characteristics aPersonal hygiene practice cCOR (95 % CI) dAOR (95 % CI)
Inactive N (%) Active N (%)
Gender
Male 402(87.2) 59(12.8) 1 1
Female 426(76.2) 133(32.8) 2.13(1.52, 2.98) 2.17(1.48, 3.18)
Age
15-24 131(91.6) 12(8.4) 1 1
25-49 281(80.8) 67(19.3) 2.60(1.36, 4.98) 4.81(1.37, 16.89)
50-64 293(80.7) 70(19.3) 2.61(1.37, 4.98) 4.46(1.25, 15.95)
65 123(74.1) 43(25.9) 3.82(1.92, 7.58) 6.19(1.60, 23.99)
Marital status
Single 305(85.9) 50(14.1) 1  
Married 521(78.6) 142(21.4) 1.66(1.17, 2.36)  
Occupation
White collar 332(80.8) 79(19.2) 1 1
Blue collar 90(93.8) 6(6.3) 0.28(0.12, 0.66) 0.27(0.11, 0.68)
Housewife, retired or Unemployed 300(76.3) 93(23.7) 1.30(0.93, 1.83) 0.82(0.52, 1.29)
Student 95(89.6) 11(10.4) 0.49(0.25, 0.95) 1.97(0.53, 7.29)
Religion
No 547(83.6) 107(16.4) 1  
Yes 280(76.7) 85(23.3) 1.55(1.13, 2.14)  
Chronic disease
No 679(83.5) 134(16.5) 1 1
Yes 148(71.8) 58(28.2) 1.99(1.39, 2.83) 1.84(1.20, 2.82)
Household type
Public housing 322(83.2) 65(16.8) 1  
Subsidized home ownership housing 139(86.9) 21(13.1 0.75(0.44, 1.27)  
Private permanent housing 351(77.1) 104(22.9) 1.47(1.04, 2.07)  
Vulnerable members
No 330(84.4) 61(15.6) 1  
Yes 497(79.1) 131(20.9) 1.43(1.02, 1.99)  
Area of residence
Suburb Districts 448(85.0) 79(15.0) 1 1
Densely Populated Districts 247(80.2) 61(19.8) 1.40(0.97, 2.02) 1.59(1.06, 2.37)
Wealthy Districts 133(71.9) 52(28.1) 2.22(1.49, 3.31) 2.58(1.65, 4.05)
bAttitude towards hygiene practice
Inactive 177(90.8) 18(9.2) 1 1
Active 651(78.9) 174(21.1) 2.63(1.57, 4.39) 2.83(1.60, 5.01)
Anxiety score
Very low (STAI < 1.50) 234(84.5) 43(15.5) 1 1
Low (STAI 1.50-1.99 243(85.3) 42(14.7) 0.94(0.59, 1.49) 0.82(0.49, 1.34)
Medium (STAI 2.00-2.49) 216(80.0) 55(20.0) 1.39(0.89, 2.15) 1.19(0.73, 1.94)
High (STAI >2.49) 131(72.4) 50(27.6) 2.08(1.31, 3.29) 1.73(1.03, 2.92)
Believed Hong Kong is susceptible to infectious diseases outbreaks
No 415(84.5) 76(15.5) 1  
Yes 412(78.2) 115(21.8) 1.52(1.11, 2.10)  
Believed H7N9 will be capable of human-to-human transmission this year
Not likely 730(83.3) 146(16.7) 1 1
Likely 96(68.1) 45(31.9) 2.34(1.58, 3.48) 1.85(1.17, 2.93)
Have very high chance to be infected by H7N9
Not likely 777(82.0) 171(18.0) 1  
Likely 51(71.8) 20(28.2) 1.78(1.04, 3.07)  
Impact of H7N9 affecting your health
Low impact 620(83.4) 120(16.6) 1  
High impact 220(75.3) 72(24.7) 1.64(1.18, 2.28)  
Impact of H7N9 to Hong Kong
Low impact 540(84.9) 96(15.1) 1 1
High impact 287(74.9) 96(25.1) 1.88(1.37, 2.58) 1.67(1.16, 2.41)
Perceived knowledge to combat H7N9 outbreak
Not enough 602(84.0) 115(16.0) 1 1
Enough 225(74.8) 76(25.3) 1.77(1.27, 2.45) 1.68(1.17, 2.43)
  1. aActive personal hygiene practice was defined by practicing 6 or more of the following 9 personal hygiene measures, including wash more hands, wash hands with soap, do not share utensils, wear mask when sick, bring own utensils during meals, avoid going to public places and avoid using public transport, avoid contacting with live poultry, avoid eating poultry and avoid going to places that had H7N9 confirmed cases
  2. bActive personal hygiene attitude was defined by regarding 6 or more of the above 9 personal hygiene measures above as useful for prevention H7N9
  3. cCOR, crude odd ratio in the univariate analysis
  4. dAOR, Adjusted odd ratio in the multivariable analysis