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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of current smokers (N = 735)

From: Stages of change of the readiness to quit smoking among a random sample of minority Arab -male smokers in Israel

   Total sample
  N %
Age   
 18-25 204 27.83
 26-35 178 24.28
 36-45 149 20.33
 46-64 202 27.56
Marital status   
 Unmarried 269 36.65
 Married 465 63.35
Socio-economic position
Education level   
 Less than high school 163 22.39
 High school 443 60.85
 More than high school 122 16.76
Primary source of income   
 Social allowances/other 113 16.14
 Work 587 83.86
Employment status   
 Unemployed or part time 195 26.71
 Full time employment 535 73.29
Health status
Chronic disease   
 Yes 227 30.88
 No 508 69.12
Anxiety1 (mean (SD) range) 733 16.03 (4.35) 5-39
Psychosocial factors
Stressful life events1 (mean (SD) range) 735 0.79 (1.29) 0-9
Social support1 (mean (SD) range) 735 3.66 (0.97) 1-5
Smoking-related variables
Age at smoking initiation   
 ≤15 years old 133 18.29
 16-18 years 365 50.21
 ≥19 years old 229 31.50
Duration of smoking   
 ≥21 years 238 36.56
 11-20 years 155 23.81
 6-10 years 133 20.43
 5 years or less 125 19.20
Number of cigarettes per day   
 ≥31 cigarettes 75 11.42
 21-30 cigarettes 171 26.03
 11-20 cigarettes 260 39.73
 ≤10 cigarettes 150 22.83
Number of previous attempts to quit   
 Never 434 60.78
 Once or twice 158 22.13
 Three times or more 122 17.09
Nicotine dependence score (FTND)1 (mean (SD) and range) 672 4.17 (2.61) 0-10
Parents smoking   
 Yes 396 45.30
 No 328 54.70
Number of smokers at home   
 Two or more 285 39.80
 One 230 32.12
 None 201 28.07
Smokes indoors   
 Yes 492 67.58
 No 236 32.42
Knowledge about the smoking hazards1 (mean (SD) range) 735 2.45 (0.89) 0-3
Attitudes towards smoking prevention and cessation1 (mean (SD) range) 735 2.19 (1.03) 0-3
Physician advice to quit smoking   
 No 444 60.57
 Yes 289 39.43
  1. 1For continuous variables, mean, standard deviation and range are presented