Halperin WE: The role of surveillance in the hierarchy of prevention. Am J Ind Med. 1996, 29: 321-323. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199604)29:4<321::AID-AJIM8>3.0.CO;2-R.
LaMontagne AD, Keegel T, Louie A, Ostry A, Landsbergis P: A systematic review of the job-stress intervention evaluation literature, 1990–2005. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2007, 13: 268-280. 10.1179/oeh.2007.13.3.268.
WHO: Global strategy on occupational health for All: the way to health at work. 1995, Geneva: World Health Organization
Health and Safety Executive: Managing the causes of work-related stress: A step-by-step approach using the management standards. 2007, Great Britain: HSE, 2
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health: Well-Being at Work: New Innovations and Good Practices. 2008, Helsinki: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
Parent-Thirion A: 5th European working conditions survey: overview report. 2012, Luxembourg: Publ. Off. of the Europ. Union
Conn VS, Hafdahl AR, Cooper PS, Brown LM, Lusk SL: Meta-analysis of workplace physical activity interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2009, 37: 330-339. 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.06.008.
Martin A, Sanderson K, Cocker F: Meta-analysis of the effects of health promotion intervention in the workplace on depression and anxiety symptoms. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2009, 35: 7-18. 10.5271/sjweh.1295.
Richardson KM, Rothstein HR: Effects of occupational stress management intervention programs: a meta-analysis. J Occup Health Psychol. 2008, 13: 69-93.
Fitzpatrick S, Johnsen S, White M: Multiple exclusions homelessness in the UK: key patterns and intersections. Soc Policy Society. 2011, 10: 501-512. 10.1017/S147474641100025X.
Briner RB, Reynolds S: The costs, benefits, and limitations of organizational level stress interventions. J Organ Behav. 1999, 20: 647-10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199909)20:5<647::AID-JOB919>3.0.CO;2-1.
Nielsen ML, Kristensen TS, Smith-hansen L: The intervention project on absence and well-being (IPAW): design and results from the baseline of a 5-year study. Work & Stress. 2002, 16: 191-206. 10.1080/02678370210164003.
Bambra C, Gibson M, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M, Petticrew M: Working for health? Evidence from systematic reviews on the effects on health and health inequalities of organisational changes to the psychosocial work environment. Prev Med. 2009, 48: 454-461. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.12.018.
Taris1 TW, Kompier1 MA, Geurts SAE1, Schreurs PJG2, Schaufeli WB2, de Boer E3, Sepmeijer KJ3, Wattez C3: Stress management interventions in the Dutch domiciliary care sector: findings from 81 organizations. [Article]. Int J Stress Manage. 2003, 10: 297-325.
Brough P, O’Driscoll MP: Organizational interventions for balancing work and home demands: an overview. Work & Stress. 2010, 24: 280-297. 10.1080/02678373.2010.506808.
Corbiere M, Shen J, Rouleau M, Dewa CS: A systematic review of preventive interventions regarding mental health issues in organizations. Work. 2009, 33: 81-116.
Joyce K, Pabayo R, Critchley JA, Bambra C: Flexible working conditions and their effects on employee health and wellbeing. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, 17 (2): CD008009-
van der Molen HF, Lehtola MM, Lappalainen J, Hoonakker PL, Hsiao H, Haslam R, Hale AR, Frings-Dresen MH, Verbeek JH: Interventions to prevent injuries in construction workers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012, 12: CD006251
Bambra C, Egan M, Thomas S, Petticrew M, Whitehead M: The psychosocial and health effects of workplace reorganisation. 2. A systematic review of task restructuring interventions. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007, 61: 1028-1037. 10.1136/jech.2006.054999.
Olsen O, Albertsen K, Nielsen M, Poulsen K, Gron S, Brunnberg H: Workplace restructurings in intervention studies - a challenge for design, analysis and interpretation. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2008, 8: 39-10.1186/1471-2288-8-39.
Nielsen K, Taris TW, Cox T: The future of organizational interventions: addressing the challenges of today’s organizations. Work & Stress. 2010, 24: 219-233. 10.1080/02678373.2010.519176.
Egan M, Bambra C, Petticrew M, Whitehead M: Reviewing evidence on complex social interventions: appraising implementation in systematic reviews of the health effects of organisational-level workplace interventions. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009, 63: 4-11.
Nielsen K: Review article: how can we make organizational interventions work? Employees and line managers as actively crafting interventions. Human Relat. 2013, 66: 1029-1050. 10.1177/0018726713477164.
Nielsen K, Randall R: Opening the black box: presenting a model for evaluating organizational-level interventions. Eur J Work Organ Psy. 2012, 22: 601-617.
Nielsen K, Randall R: The importance of employee participation and perceptions of changes in procedures in a teamworking intervention. Work & Stress. 2012, 26: 91-111. 10.1080/02678373.2012.682721.
Nielsen K, Randall R, Albertsen K: Participants’ appraisals of process issues and the effects of stress management interventions. J Organ Behav. 2007, 28: 793-810. 10.1002/job.450.
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG: Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Med. 2009, 6: e1000097-10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097.
Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions: Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. Edited by: Higgins JPT, Green S. 2011, http://www.cochrane-handbook.org,
van Tulder M, Furlan A, Bombardier C, Bouter L: Updated method guidelines for systematic reviews in the cochrane collaboration back review group. Spine. 2003, 28: 1290-1299.
Cook TD, Campbell DT: Quasi-experimentation: Design & analysis issues for field settings. 1979, Boston: Houghton Mifflin
Neyman J, Dabrowska DM, Speed TP: On the application of probability theory to agricultural experiments. Essay on principles. Section 9. Stat Sci. 1990, 5: 465-472.
Barton S: Which clinical studies provide the best evidence? The best RCT still trumps the best observational study. BMJ. 2000, 321: 255-256. 10.1136/bmj.321.7256.255.
Grant AM, Wall TD: The Neglected science and art of quasi-experimentation: why-to, when-to, and how-to advice for organizational researchers. Organ Res Methods. 2009, 12: 653-686. 10.1177/1094428108320737.
Thyer B: Quasi-experimental research designs. 2012, New York: Oxford Univ. Press
Eurostat: Labour market statistics. 2011, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union
Fourth European Working Conditions Survey: Contribution to policy development. Edited by: Morley J. 2002, Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Morken T, Moen B, Riise T, Hauge SH, Holien S, Langedrag A, Olson H, Pedersen S, Saue IL, Seljebo GM, Thoppil V: Effects of a training program to improve musculoskeletal health among industrial workers - Effects of supervisors role in the intervention. Int J Ind Ergonom. 2002, 30: 115-127. 10.1016/S0169-8141(02)00090-2.
Jettinghof K, Houtman I: Sectoral profiles of working conditions. 2009, Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Saksvik PØ, Nytrø K, Dahl-Jørgensen C, Mikkelsen A: A process evaluation of individual and organizational occupational stress and health interventions. Work & Stress. 2002, 16: 37-57. 10.1080/02678370110118744.
van der Molen HF, Sluiter JK, Hulshof CTJ, Vink P, van Duivenbooden C, Frings-Dresen MHW: Conceptual framework for the implementation of interventions in the construction industry. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2005, 31 (Suppl 2): 96-103.
Ganzeboom HBG, Treiman DJ: Internationally comparable measures of occupational status for the, international standard classification of occupations. Soc Sci Res. 1988, 1996 (25): 201-239.
Nemes S, Jonasson JM, Genell A, Steineck G: Bias in odds ratios by logistic regression modelling and sample size. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2009, 9: 56-10.1186/1471-2288-9-56.
Firth D: Bias reduction of maximum likelihood estimates. Biometrika. 1993, 80: 27-38. 10.1093/biomet/80.1.27.
Bull SB, Mak C, Greenwood CM: A modified score function estimator for multinomial logistic regression in small samples. Comput Stat Data Anal. 2002, 39: 57-74. 10.1016/S0167-9473(01)00048-2.
Bourbonnais R, Brisson C, Vinet A, Vezina M, Abdous B, Gaudet M: Effectiveness of a participative intervention on psychosocial work factors to prevent mental health problems in a hospital setting. Occup Environ Med. 2006, 63: 335-342. 10.1136/oem.2004.018077.
Bourbonnais R, Brisson C, Vézina M: Long-term effects of an intervention on psychosocial work factors among healthcare professionals in a hospital setting. Occup Environ Med. 2011, 68: 479-486. 10.1136/oem.2010.055202.
Carrivick PJW, Lee AH, Yau KKW: Effectiveness of a workplace risk assessment team in reducing the rate, cost, and duration of occupational injury. J Occup Environ Med. 2002, 44: 155-159. 10.1097/00043764-200202000-00010.
Collins JW, Wolf L, Bell J, Evanoff B: An evaluation of a “best practices” musculoskeletal injury prevention program in nursing homes. Inj Prev. 2004, 10: 206-211. 10.1136/ip.2004.005595.
Kawakami N, Araki S, Kawashima M, Masumoto T, Hayashi T: Effects of work-related stress reduction on depressive symptoms among Japanese blue-collar workers. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997, 23: 54-59. 10.5271/sjweh.179.
Lemstra M, Olszynski WP: The effectiveness of standard care, early intervention, and occupational management in worker’s compensation claims. Spine. 2003, 28: 299-304.
Mygind K, Borg V, Flyvholm M, Sell L, Jepsen KF: A study of the implementation process of an intervention to prevent work-related skin problems in wet-work occupations. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006, 79: 66-74. 10.1007/s00420-005-0016-0.
Porru S, Calza S, Arici C: An effectiveness evaluation of a multifaceted preventive intervention on occupational injuries in foundries: a 13-year follow-up study with interrupted time series analysis. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2011, 84: 867-876. 10.1007/s00420-011-0638-3.
Rasmussen K, Glasscock DJ, Hansen ON, Carstensen O, Jepsen JF, Nielsen KJ: Worker participation in change processes in a Danish industrial setting. Am J Ind Med. 2006, 49: 767-779. 10.1002/ajim.20350.
Oude Hengel KM, Blatter BM, Joling CI, van der Beek AJ, Bongers PM: Effectiveness of an intervention at construction worksites on work engagement, social support, physical workload, and need for recovery: results from a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2012, 12: 1008-10.1186/1471-2458-12-1008.
Schrijnemaekers VJJ, van Rossum E, Candel MJJM, Frederiks CMA, Derix MMA, Sielhorst H, van den Brandt PA: Effects of emotion-oriented care on work-related outcomes of professional caregivers in homes for elderly persons. J Gerontol B-Psychol. 2003, 58: S50-10.1093/geronb/58.1.S50.
Boggild H, Jeppesen HJ: Intervention in shift scheduling and changes in biomarkers of heart disease in hospital wards. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2001, 27: 87-96. 10.5271/sjweh.594.
Mikkelsen A, Saksvik PØ, Landsbergis P: The impact of a participatory organizational intervention on job stress in community health care institutions. Work Stress. 2000, 14: 156-170. 10.1080/026783700750051667.
Nabe-Nielsen K, Garde AH, Diderichsen F: The effect of work-time influence on health and well-being: a quasi-experimental intervention study among eldercare workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2011, 84: 683-695. 10.1007/s00420-011-0625-8.
DeJoy DM, Wilson MG, Vandenberg RJ, McGrath-Higgins AL, Griffin-Blake CS: Assessing the impact of healthy work organization intervention. J Occup Organ Psych. 2010, 83: 139-165. 10.1348/096317908X398773.
Evans GW, Johansson G, Rydstedt L: Hassles on the job: a study of a job intervention with urban bus drivers. J Organ Behav. 1999, 20: 199-10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199903)20:2<199::AID-JOB939>3.0.CO;2-I.
Garde AH, Nabe-Nielsen K, Aust B: Influence on working hours among shift workers and effects on sleep quality - an intervention study. Appl Ergon. 2011, 42: 238-243. 10.1016/j.apergo.2010.06.011.
Tsutsumi A, Nagami M, Yoshikawa T, Kogi K, Kawakami N: Participatory intervention for workplace improvements on mental health and job performance among blue-collar workers: a cluster randomized controlled trial. J Occup Environ Med. 2009, 51: 554-563. 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181a24d28.
Anderzén I, Arnetz BB: The impact of a prospective survey-based workplace intervention program on employee health, biologic stress markers, and organizational productivity. J Occup Environ Med. 2005, 47: 671-682. 10.1097/01.jom.0000167259.03247.1e.
Evanoff BA, Bohr PC, Wolf LD: Effects of a participatory ergonomics team among hospital orderlies. Am J Ind Med. 1999, 35: 358-365. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199904)35:4<358::AID-AJIM6>3.0.CO;2-R.
Melchior ME, Philipsen H, Abu-Saad HH, Halfens RJ, van de Berg AA, Gassman P: The effectiveness of primary nursing on burnout among psychiatric nurses in long-stay settings. J Adv Nurs. 1996, 24: 694-702. 10.1046/j.1365-2648.1996.02457.x.
Mattila P, Elo A, Kuosma E, Kylä-Setälä E: Effect of a participative work conference on psychosocial work environment and well-being. Eur J Work Organ Psy. 2006, 15: 459-476. 10.1080/13594320600901729.
Andersen I, Borritz M, Christensen KB, Diderichsen F: Changing job-related burnout after intervention–a quasi-experimental study in six human service organizations. J Occup Environ Med. 2010, 52: 318-323. 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181d1cd87.
Dahl-Jorgensen C, Saksvik PO: The impact of two organizational interventions on the health of service sector workers. Int J Health Serv. 2005, 35: 529-549. 10.2190/P67F-3U5Y-3DDW-MGT1.
Logan MS, Ganster DC: An experimental evaluation of a control intervention to alleviate job-related stress. J Manage. 2005, 31: 90-107.
Petterson I, Arnetz BB: Psychosocial stressors and well-being in health care workers. The impact of an intervention program. Soc Sci Med. 1998, 47: 1763-1772. 10.1016/S0277-9536(98)00245-7.
Garde AH, Albertsen K, Nabe-Nielsen K, Carneiro IG, Skotte J, Hansen SM, Lund H, Hvid H, Hansen AM: Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO project): effects on working hours, recovery, and health. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2012, 38: 314-326. 10.5271/sjweh.3306.
Nielsen K, Abildgaard JS: Organizational interventions: a research-based framework for the evaluation of both process and effects. Work & Stress. 2013, 27: 278-297. 10.1080/02678373.2013.812358.
Karasek R, Theorell T: Healthy work: stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. 1990, New York, NY: Basic Books