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Table 1 Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) from multivariable logistic regression models, socio-demographic, sexual behaviour and sex-work related characteristics associated with pathogen prevalence, Karnataka, South Indiaa

From: Prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among clients of female sex workers in Karnataka, India: a cross-sectional study

   HIV HSV-2 SYPHILIS CT/NG
   AOR 95%CI AOR 95%CI AOR 95%CI AOR 95%CI
Duration   1.05*** (1.03-1.07) 1.08*** (1.06-1.10) 1.03 (0.99-1.06) 0.97 (0.93-1.02)
Married          
  Not currently married Ref -- Ref -- Ref -- Ref --
  Married 0.70 (0.43-1.16) 1.53** (1.20-1.96) 1.14 (0.63-2.05) 1.54 (0.71-3.35)
District          
  Belgaum Ref -- Ref -- Ref -- Ref --
  Bagalkot 2.93*** (1.68-5.10) 1.62** (1.16-2.26) 0.42* (0.18-0.96) 0.33 (0.05-2.25)
  Bellary 0.98 (0.48-2.02) 0.92 (0.64-1.32) 1.18 (0.57-2.61) 2.07 (0.57-7.49)
  Shimoga 0.50 (0.23-1.10) 0.79 (0.51-1.21) 0.54 (0.20-1.35) 0.92 (0.21-4.07)
  Bangalore 0.35** (0.17-0.72) 0.87 (0.59-1.29) 0.87 (0.36-1.91) 3.26 (0.94-11.29)
  Mysore 0.87 (0.44-1.74) 1.01 (0.66-1.54) 0.58 (0.22-1.25) 7.43* (1.52-36.25)
Occupation          
  Transport worker Ref -- Ref -- Ref -- Ref --
  Service 2.80** (1.51-5.19) 1.11 (0.82-1.83) 2.36 (0.80-5.89) 0.76 (0.29-1.96)
  Business 1.68 (0.83-3.41) 0.96 (0.69-1.57) 1.69 (0.53-4.67) 1.04 (0.43-2.50)
  Other 1.36 (0.81-2.29) 0.89 (0.71-1.22) 2.23 (0.96-4.72) 0.78 (0.35-1.72)
Place of solicitation          
  Public place Ref -- Ref -- Ref -- Ref --
  Brothel 2.41** (1.23-4.72) 1.43 (0.89-2.21) 1.11 (0.66-3.36) 2.29 (0.73-7.01)
  Home 0.98 (0.64-1.51) 1.10 (0.84-1.50) 1.09 (0.54-1.69) 2.36 (0.86-6.48)
  Lodge 0.15 (0.02-1.14) 0.77 (0.48-1.24) 0.15 (0.16-1.84) 6.28* (1.92-20.55)
Number of FSWs (6 months)          
  1 Ref -- Ref -- Ref -- Ref --
  2-4 0.96 (0.60-1.51) 0.96 (0.71-1.30) 0.92 (0.53-2.29) 0.77 (0.26-2.23)
  5+ 1.00 (0.59-1.69) 1.06 (0.77-1.45) 0.95 (0.51-2.30) 1.38 (0.42-4.49)
  1. aFSWs: Female sex workers; CT: Chlamydia; NG: Gonorrhea; HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus; HSV-2: Herpes simplex virus, type 2
  2. *p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.0001