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Table 6 Linear regression of factors associated with age at smoking initiation.

From: Determinants of smoking initiation among women in five European countries: a cross-sectional survey

  β(95% CI) p-value
Intercept 18.74 (18.20, 19.28) <0.0001
Country   
   France -  
   Ireland 0.22 (-0.38, 0.82) 0.47
   Italy 0.54 (-0.06, 1.14) 0.08
   Czech 1.79 (1.16, 2.41) <0.0001
   Sweden -0.72 (-1.30, -0.14) 0.02
Reasons for initiation*   
   My friends smoked -1.02 (-1.42, -0.61) <0.0001
   Smoking made me look more cool -1.69 (-2.15, -1.23) <0.0001
   My friends approved of my smoking -0.36 (-1.11, 0.39) 0.35
   It helped me manage my stress 2.67 (1.88, 3.45) <0.0001
   My family members smoked -0.20 (-0.98, 0.58) 0.61
   I was not worried about health effects 0.41 (-0.63, 1.45) 0.44
   I believed I could quit whenever I wanted to -0.65 (-1.69, 0.39) 0.22
   Tobacco advertising was attractive to me 0.67 (-0.79, 2.14) 0.37
   Weight concerns 0.45 (-1.08, 1.99) 0.56
   I was less depressed when I smoked 3.88 (2.33, 5.42) <0.0001
   My parents did not mind that I smoked -0.95 (-3.27, 1.37) 0.42
  1. *Respondents could choose more than one reason for initiation. Those who gave each reason were compared with those who did not.