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Table 2 Factors associated with ever smokers compared to never smokers by country, weighted.

From: Determinants of smoking initiation among women in five European countries: a cross-sectional survey

  All
(n = 5000)
France
(n = 1000)
Ireland
(n = 1000)
Italy
(n = 1000)
Czech Republic
(n = 1000)
Sweden
(n = 1000)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age       
   18-24 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   25-34 1.43 (1.10, 1.86) 2.02 (1.08,3.78) 1.66 (1.01, 2.75) 1.44 (0.73, 2.83) 0.82 (0.44, 1.55) 1.56 (0.81, 3.01)
   35-44 1.58 (1.20, 2.08) 1.33 (0.71, 2.49) 1.81 (1.04, 3.15) 1.82 (0.90, 3.67) 1.11 (0.54, 2.29) 2.50 (1.29, 4.83)
   45-54 1.77 (1.33, 2.34) 1.53 (0.83, 2.92) 1.70 (0.95, 3.05) 2.66 (1.30, 5.45) 1.37 (0.66, 2.86) 2.57 (1.33, 4.94)
   55+ 1.68 (1.28, 2.20) 1.53 (0.83, 2.79) 1.69 (0.94, 3.04) 1.98 (0.99, 3.93) 1.67 (0.81, 3.46) 2.61 (1.37, 4.96)
Age at last education       
   <16 0.98 (0.75, 1.26) 0.56 (0.25, 1.26) 1.16 (0.57, 2.37) 0.89 (0.52, 1.52) 0.86 (0.39, 1.90) 0.96 (0.59, 1.55)
   16-19 1.09 (0.88, 1.36) 0.63 (0.30, 1.33) 1.00 (0.54, 1.87) 1.13 (0.69, 1.83) 1.23 (0.72, 2.08) 1.34 (0.92, 1.96)
   20-25 0.85 (0.68, 1.07) 0.55 (0.26, 1.13) 0.66 (0.35, 1.25) 0.96 (0.59, 1.57) 0.91 (0.52, 1.58) 0.83 (0.56, 1.24)
   >25 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Marital status       
   Married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Divorced/Separated 1.49 (1.23, 1.80) 1.16 (0.79, 1.67) 1.91 (1.12, 3.25) 2.00 (1.20, 3.35) 1.42 (0.94, 2.16) 1.73 (1.14, 2.63)
   Widowed 0.83 (0.67, 1.04) 1.44 (0.67, 3.10) 0.77 (0.49, 1.20) 0.89 (0.54, 1.46) 0.53 (0.33, 0.84) 1.36 (0.79, 2.36)
   Never married 1.13 (0.94, 1.35) 1.86 (1.14, 3.03) 1.28 (0.90, 1.85) 0.97 (0.66, 1.41) 1.21 (0.75, 1.94) 0.89 (0.56, 1.39)
   Unmarried couple 1.26 (1.01, 1.58) 1.22 (0.82, 1.82) 1.85 (0.85, 4.02) 1.66 (0.76, 3.60) 1.64 (0.48, 5.59) 1.20 (0.83, 1.73)
Income       
   Well below the median 1.27 (1.00, 1.61) 1.57 (0.90, 2.74) 1.45 (0.83, 2.54) 1.11 (0.71, 1.75) 0.73 (0.40, 1.34) 1.87 (0.93, 3.75)
Below the median
Around the median
1.12 (0.94, 1.33)
1.00
1.17 (0.79, 1.74)
1.00
1.16 (0.80, 1.69)
1.00
0.98 (0.67, 1.43)
1.00
1.23 (0.81, 1.86)
1.00
1.03 (0.67, 1.59)
1.00
   Above the median 1.17 (0.97, 1.41) 1.61 (1.05, 2.49) 1.03 (0.69, 1.53) 1.00 (0.57, 1.76) 1.16 (0.76, 1.79) 1.13 (0.75, 1.72)
   Well above the median 0.97 (0.68, 1.36) 0.85 (0.36, 2.01) 0.47 (0.21, 1.04) 2.13 (0.23, 20.14) 2.14 (0.42, 10.79) 1.42 (0.84, 2.43)
   Refused to answer 0.87 (0.72, 1.04) 1.14 (0.75, 1.74) 0.88 (0.57, 1.35) 0.56 (0.37, 0.85) 0.81 (0.52, 1.25) 0.90 (0.60, 1.34)
Friends/family smoke       
   None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Few 1.45 (1.23, 1.71) 1.34 (0.89, 2.02) 1.73 (1.20, 2.50) 0.97 (0.67, 1.41) 3.09 (1.79, 5.33) 1.49 (1.09, 2.04)
   Less than half 2.35 (1.87, 2.95) 1.66 (1.00, 2.76) 2.25 (1.33, 3.81) 1.25 (0.74, 2.09) 8.40 (4.48, 15.74) 2.69 (1.58, 4.56)
   About half or more 3.97 (3.22, 4.88) 2.57 (1.64, 4.02) 4.03 (2.46, 6.63) 3.17 (2.08, 4.85) 8.26 (4.58, 14.89) 12.37 (5.99, 25.55)
Parents smoke       
   No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Yes 1.67 (1.47, 1.89) 2.21 (1.65, 2.96) 1.40 (1.05, 1.87) 1.28 (0.97, 1.68) 2.21 (1.65, 2.96) 1.54 (1.16, 2.04)
  1. Odds ratios (ever smoker: never smoker) adjusted for all above listed variables (and country for the combined analysis).