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Table 1 Participation in the NBCSP according to Indigenous status, gender, SES, geographic location and language spoken

From: Australia's National Bowel Cancer Screening Program: does it work for Indigenous Australians?

Participation rate        
Gender Males Females Total     Females 1.2 times more likely to participate than males
  36.2 *(2008) 43.3* (2008) 39.7     
  36.0 (2009) 42.6 (2009) 39.3     
Indigenous Status# Non-Indigenous Indigenous Total     Indigenous people are 2.3 times less likely to participate Than non-Indigenous people
  38.6 (2008)* 17*(2008) 38.3     
  37.0* 17.0*      
  45.4 (Pilot)       
SES Lowest SES Highest SES      Participation significantly lower in the most disadvantaged quintile compared to any other quintile
  37.5*(2008) 41* (2008)      
Geographic Location Very Remote Remote Outer Regional Inner Regional Cities Total Proportion of those who participate was significantly lower in remote and very remote compared to the national level. Participation was significantly higher in inner regional compared to other areas.
  25.6*(2008) 35.5 40.9 43.7 38.4 39.7*  
  25.0(2009)   39.1 40.1    
Spoken language English as preferred language Other language preferred      Those whose preferred correspondence language was English were 1.6 times (2008) and 2.9 times (2009) more likely to participate
  42.2* (2008) 27.0* (2008)      
  41.1* (2009) 14.0* (2009)      
FOBT Positivity rate       
Gender Males Females Total     
  8.9* 6.4* 7.5 (2008)     
  7.7 5.7 6.6 (2009)     
Indigenous Status# Non-Indigenous Indigenous      Not statistically significant difference due to small numbers
  7.5 (2008) 8.6 (2008)      
  6.6 (2009) 8.1 (2009)      
Geographic location Very Remote Remote Outer Regional Inner Regional Cities Total  
  8.7*(2008) 8.7*(2008) 8.6* 7.9* 7.2* 7.5  
  8.4 (2009) 7.8 (2009) 7.3 (2009)   6.4 (2009)   
SES Low SES Highest SES      
  7.8 (2009) 5.5 (2009)      
Proportion of correctly completed tests
Indigenous status# Non-Indigenous Indigenous      Significantly lower in Indigenous compared to non-Indigenous participants. Indigenous females aged over 65 have lowest correctly completed tests
  96.3 * 93.9 *      
Preferrred language English Other Total     Significantly lower number of correctly completed tests among those whose preferred language is not English
  96.7* 91.7 * 96.2     
Disability status/activity limitation# Severe or profound None Total     Significantly lower number of correctly completed tests in those with activity limitation
  90.6* 96.5* 96.2     
Geographic location Very Remote Remote Outer regional Inner regional Major cities Total  
  96.0 97.4* 96.8* 96.9* 95.8* 96.2  
Primary Practitioner visits after a positive test
Indigenous status# Indigenous Non-Indigenous Total     No significant difference
  46.4 43.7 43.2     
Preferred language English Other language      Those with a preferred language other than English were significantly less likely to visit a GP after a positive test result.
  43.6* 40.0*      
SES Lowest SES Highest SES      Those in the most disadvantaged quintile were significantly more likely to see a GP following a positive test result
  43.9* 40.4*      
  1. Percentages are the number of people participating as a proportion of the total number of the eligible population who were sent invitation to screen
  2. 2008 - 2008 Monitoring report reports performance of NBCSP from 30 June 2006-7 August 2008. Included 55 and 65 year olds
  3. 2009 - 2009 Monitoring report reports performance of NBCSP from January 2008- 31 December 2008. Included 50, 55 and 65 year olds
  4. *significant difference exists
  5. #Disability status and Indigenous status were self reported measures