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New Content Item © Flickr: Sarah Johnson

2019

Electronic cigarettes do not appear to have the potential to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in smoking as current evidence does not show a clear trend of higher e-cigarette use in groups with higher tobacco consumption. Article

Nearly 20% of dual American Indian dual users of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes use electronic cigarettes either without nicotine or without knowing if the product contains nicotine. Article

Factors such as using marijuana and alcohol in the past year, having others in the household who smoke, being a current smoker, being male and between the ages of 15-21 are significantly associated with current e-cigarette use in youth. Article

Young adults in Hong Kong, particularly current cigarette smokers, perceive e-cigarette aerosol as less hazardous than secondhand cigarette smoke. Article

The use of e-cigarettes in Italian nursing students is rare and mainly limited to current smokers. Article

The most prevalent reasons for smoking e-cigarettes in a sample of pregnant smokers is to help them quit smoking followed by feeling that e-cigarettes are safer for them than regular cigarettes. Article

The majority of e-cigarette only users in Hungary report more perceived beneficial changes in physiological functions while fewer adverse events than users who use e-cigarettes and combustible tobacco cigarettes. Article

Young Australian adults are supportive of restrictions around the sale and use of e-cigarettes but generally oppose outright bans. Article

2018

Health warnings may help to prevent non-smokers from e-cigarette use but they may inadvertently deter smokers from initiating use and substituting their tobacco smoking for e-cigarette use if their content is perceived as too negative. Article

The major adverse effects and withdrawal symptoms observed among dual users are coughing, breathing problems and craving smoking. Overall, sole e-cigarette users perceive fewer adverse effects and withdrawal symptoms. Article

Although Chinese media coverage of e-cigarettes is on the rise, their coverage is not salient in the media overall. Article

The STATUS trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of combining varenicline with nicotine e-cigarettes for smoking cessation among varenicline non-responders in treatment for mental health illnesses and/ore alcohol and other drug addictions. Article

There are fewer cigarette smokers among Norwegian students when compared to other countries. The prevalence of e-cigarette smoking is low whereas waterpipe tobacco smoking is popular in this particular sample. Article

The majority of vape shop customers are vapers who have quit smoking. Article

Participants hold various affective associations with tobacco products and affect towards cigarettes is more negative than affect towards e-cigarettes. Article

2017

Former smokers report a longer history of e-cigarette use and higher nicotine concentrations than current smokers. Article

Review websites are heavily used by the e-cigarette and vaping community to share information about e-liquid use and can be mined for valuable information on self-reported attitudes and opinions. Article

A single-center trial aims to explore the cardiovascular physiological effects of the use of e-cigarettes combined with behavioral support as a smoking cessation method. Article

2016

Among early adopters, ever-use of first generation e-cigarettes to aid quitting cigarette smoking is not associated with improved cessation or with reduced consumption, even among heavy smokers. Article

A study aims to document puffing patterns and user behaviors associated with using high and low strength nicotine e-liquid and associated toxicant/carcinogen exposure in experienced e-cigarette users. Article

Dual cigarette and cigar users show evidence of greater dependence symptoms and cessation intentions compared with exclusive cigarette smokers. Article

E-cigarette use is widespread in students in a socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland, especially among boys, those with other risky behaviors and with smoking parents or friends. Article

E-liquid components associated with e-cigarette use symptomology are vegetable glycerine/propylene glycol ratios, flavors and nicotine levels. Article

Exposures to harmful smoke toxicants are observed to be lower in smokers who completely or partially replace their cigarettes with e-cigarettes over five days. Article

There is a cross- sectional association between self-reported call of e-cigarette point-of-sale displays and use of, and intention to use, e-cigarettes. Article

2015

It is possible that e-cigarette use will not carry the same stigma as regular cigarette smoking in pregnancy. Article

Nicotine uptake, from short-term use of e-cigarettes containing 1.6% and 2.4% nicotine are significant but lower than those of tobacco cigarettes. However, the reduction in urge-to-smoke or craving symptoms are broadly comparable. Article

For habitual cigarette smokers who want to quit tobacco smoking, switching over completely to e-cigarettes may require skills of cognitive-behavioral management. Article

There is high awareness of and substantial experimentation with e-cigarettes among university students in Romania. Article

E-cigarettes are being accessed by teenagers more for experimentation than smoking cessation, with those most likely to access e-cigarettes already familiar with illicit methods of accessing age-restricted substances. Article

2014

The vast majority of information on YouTube about e-cigarettes promote their use and depict the use of e-cigarettes as socially acceptable. Article

Regulatory agencies should not allow 'lower risk' warning labels and should consider implementing graphic warning labels for smokeless tobacco products and e-cigarettes. Article

A bibliometric analysis reports on the progress in e-cigarette research over the last few years. Article

Current state of knowledge about chemistry of liquids and aerosols associated with e-cigarettes indicates there is no evidence that vaping produces inhalable exposures to contaminants of the aerosol that would warrant health concerns. Article

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