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  1. Case definitions have been recognized to be important elements of public health surveillance systems. They are to assure comparability and consistency of surveillance data and have crucial impact on the sensit...

    Authors: Gérard Krause, Bonita Brodhun, Doris Altmann, Hermann Claus and Justus Benzler
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:129
  2. Medical education requires detailed investigation because it is a period during which the attitudes and behaviors of physicians develop. The purpose of this study was to calculate the yearly smoking prevalence...

    Authors: Yesim Senol, Levent Donmez, Mehtap Turkay and Mehmet Aktekin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:128
  3. Because smallpox (variola major) may be used as a biological weapon, we reviewed outbreaks in post-World War II Europe and North America in order to understand smallpox transmission patterns.

    Authors: Vibha Bhatnagar, Michael A Stoto, Sally C Morton, Rob Boer and Samuel A Bozzette
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:126
  4. The main aims of this paper are to describe the setting and design of a Minimal Intervention in general practice for Stress-related mental disorders in patients on Sick leave (MISS), as well as to ascertain th...

    Authors: Ingrid M Bakker, Berend Terluin, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Chad M Gundy, Johannes H Smit, Willem van Mechelen and Wim AB Stalman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:124
  5. In response to the growing HIV epidemic in Nigeria, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) initiated the VISION Project, which aimed to increase use of family planning, child survival, and HIV/A...

    Authors: Joseph Keating, Dominique Meekers and Alfred Adewuyi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:123
  6. Dose-response parameters based on clinical challenges are frequently used to assess the health impact of protozoa in drinking water. We compare the risk estimates associated with Giardia in drinking water derived...

    Authors: D Zmirou-Navier, L Gofti-Laroche and Ph Hartemann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:122
  7. To examine the level and patterns of self-reported medication use (prescription and non-prescription drugs) among 70–74 year old individuals living in the community, and to explore self-reported indications fo...

    Authors: Mette Brekke, Steinar Hunskaar and Jørund Straand
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:121
  8. The Estimations and Projections Package (EPP 2005) for HIV/AIDS estimates and projects HIV prevalence, number of people living with HIV and new HIV infections and AIDS cases using antenatal clinic (ANC) survei...

    Authors: Geofrey R Somi, Mecky IN Matee, Roland O Swai, Eligius F Lyamuya, Japhet Killewo, Gideon Kwesigabo, Tuhuma Tulli, Titus K Kabalimu, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Raphael Isingo and Joel Ndayongeje
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:120
  9. The incorporation of diagnostic and therapeutic improvements, as well as the different smoking patterns, may have had an influence on the observed variability in renal cancer mortality across Europe. This stud...

    Authors: Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Gonzalo López-Abente and Roberto Pastor-Barriuso
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:119
  10. Evidence is growing that sleep problems in adolescents are significant impediments to learning and negatively affect behaviour, attainment of social competence and quality of life. The objectives of the study ...

    Authors: Edward S Gibson, AC Peter Powles, Lehana Thabane, Susan O'Brien, Danielle Sirriani Molnar, Nik Trajanovic, Robert Ogilvie, Colin Shapiro, Mi Yan and Lisa Chilcott-Tanser
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:116
  11. Council tax valuation bands (CTVBs) are a categorisation of household property value in Great Britain. The aim of the study was to assess the CTVB as a measure of socio-economic status by comparing the strengt...

    Authors: David L Fone, Frank Dunstan, Stephen Christie, Andrew Jones, Jonathan West, Margaret Webber, Nathan Lester and John Watkins
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:115
  12. Public health authorities worldwide discourage the use of chest radiography as a screening modality, as the diagnostic performance of chest radiography does not justify its application for screening and may ev...

    Authors: Konstantinos Kamposioras, Giovanni Casazza, Davide Mauri, Velisarios Lakiotis, Ivan Cortinovis, Apostolos Xilomenos, Christina Peponi, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Athanasios Milousis, Dimitrios Kakaridis, Georgios Zacharias, Ioanna Karathanasi, Georgios Ferentinos and Anastasios Proiskos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:113
  13. Pontiac fever is usually described in epidemic settings. Detection of Pontiac fever is a marker of an environmental contamination by Legionella and should thereby call for prevention measures in order to prevent ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Magali Deloge-Abarkan, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Philippe Hartemann and Laurence Mathieu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:112
  14. Safety belt use is 80% nationally, yet only 63% in Massachusetts. Safety belt use among potentially at-risk groups in Boston is unknown. We sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of belt non-use among ...

    Authors: William G Fernandez, Supriya D Mehta, Tara Coles, James A Feldman, Patricia Mitchell and Jonathan Olshaker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:111
  15. Two new sets of stratification indicators – family's material affluence and adolescent's personal social position- were compared with traditional indicators of familial social position based on parental occupa...

    Authors: Koivusilta LK, Rimpelä AH and Kautiainen SM
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:110
  16. Injury is the leading cause of death in teenagers worldwide. In Taiwan, people in mountainous areas have a 4 to 8 years shorter life span than the general population. Injury among teenagers is likely a major c...

    Authors: Huei-Yang Chen, Hsing-Yi Chang, Shu-Fang Shih, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Yu-Hsuan Lin and Yaw-Tang Shih
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:107
  17. The advent of urine testing for Chlamydia trachomatis has raised the possibility of large-scale screening for this sexually transmitted infection, which is now the most common in the United Kingdom. The purpose o...

    Authors: Rona Campbell, Nicola Mills, Emma Sanford, Anna Graham, Nicola Low and Tim J Peters
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:106
  18. SPARCLE is a nine-centre European epidemiological research study examining the relationship of participation and quality of life to impairment and environment (physical, social and attitudinal) in 8–12 year ol...

    Authors: Allan Colver
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:105
  19. Despite awareness of inequities in health care quality, little is known about strategies that could improve the quality of healthcare for ethnic minority populations. We conducted a systematic literature revie...

    Authors: Mary Catherine Beach, Tiffany L Gary, Eboni G Price, Karen Robinson, Aysegul Gozu, Ana Palacio, Carole Smarth, Mollie Jenckes, Carolyn Feuerstein, Eric B Bass, Neil R Powe and Lisa A Cooper
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:104
  20. Several studies have shown a markedly higher mortality rate among disability pensioners than among non-retired. Since most disability pensions are granted because of non-fatal diseases the reason for the incre...

    Authors: Thorne Wallman, Hans Wedel, Saga Johansson, Annika Rosengren, Henry Eriksson, Lennart Welin and Kurt Svärdsudd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:103
  21. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases is higher among immigrants than native Swedes. It is not clear whether the high mortality persists from the country of birth or is a result of migration. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Malin Gadd, Sven-Erik Johansson, Jan Sundquist and Per Wändell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:102
  22. Although only a few studies have been published on teachers' health, certain ideas are widely accepted, such as for example, the preconceived notion that teachers suffer from an excessively high rate of mental...

    Authors: Viviane Kovess-Masféty, Christine Sevilla-Dedieu, Carmen Rios-Seidel, Eléna Nerrière and Christine Chan Chee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:101
  23. In the last years, international traffic volume has significantly increased, raising the risk for acquisition of infectious diseases. Among travel-associated infections, increased incidence of legionellosis ha...

    Authors: Antonio Azara, Andrea Piana, Giovanni Sotgiu, Marco Dettori, Maria Grazia Deriu, Maria Dolores Masia, Bianca Maria Are and Elena Muresu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:100
  24. Undernutrition is a leading cause of child mortality in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We examine the household and community level socioeconomic and environmental factors associated w...

    Authors: Roland Pongou, Majid Ezzati and Joshua A Salomon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:98
  25. By providing information on the relative merits and potential harms of the options available and a framework to clarify preferences, decision aids can improve knowledge and realistic expectations and decrease ...

    Authors: Cate Nagle, Sharon Lewis, Bettina Meiser, Sylvia Metcalfe, John B Carlin, Robin Bell, Jane Gunn and Jane Halliday
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:96
  26. In Canada, the legal responsibility for the condition of private water supplies, including private wells and cisterns, rests with their owners. However, there are reports that Canadians test these water suppli...

    Authors: Andria Q Jones, Catherine E Dewey, Kathryn Doré, Shannon E Majowicz, Scott A McEwen, Waltner-Toews David, Mathews Eric, Deborah J Carr and Spencer J Henson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:94
  27. Case studies and anecdotal reports have documented a range of acute illnesses associated with exposure to cyanobacteria and their toxins in recreational waters. The epidemiological data to date are limited; we...

    Authors: Ian Stewart, Penelope M Webb, Philip J Schluter, Lora E Fleming, John W Burns Jr, Miroslav Gantar, Lorraine C Backer and Glen R Shaw
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:93
  28. There are few existing large population studies on the epidemiology of metabolic syndrome-related disorders of Turkey. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome-related disor...

    Authors: Ss Yavuz Sanisoglu, Cagatay Oktenli, Adnan Hasimi, Mehmet Yokusoglu and Mehmet Ugurlu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:92
  29. This paper presents the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis infections among women attending antenatal clinics (ANC) in Tanzania obtained during the 2003/2004 ANC surveillance.

    Authors: Roland O Swai, Geofrey R Somi G, Mecky IN Matee, Japhet Killewo, Eligius F Lyamuya, Gideon Kwesigabo, Tuhuma Tulli, Titus K Kabalimu, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Raphael Isingo and Joel Ndayongeje
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:91
  30. Differences in mortality and health experience across regions are well recognised and UK government policy aims to address this inequality. Methods combining life expectancy and health have concentrated on spe...

    Authors: Fiona E Matthews, Laura L Miller, Carol Brayne and Carol Jagger
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:90
  31. Movement towards evidence-based practices in many fields suggests that public health (PH) challenges may be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective PH practices is readily ava...

    Authors: Nancy R LaPelle, Roger Luckmann, E Hatheway Simpson and Elaine R Martin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:89
  32. Distal radius and proximal femoral fractures are typical injuries in later life, predominantly due to simple falls, but modulated by other relevant factors such as osteoporosis. Fracture incidence rates rise w...

    Authors: Heinz G Endres, Burkhard Dasch, Margitta Lungenhausen, Christoph Maier, Rüdiger Smektala, Hans J Trampisch and Ludger Pientka
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:87
  33. In the conduct of epidemiological studies in less developed countries, while great emphasis is placed on study design, data collection, and analysis, often little attention is paid to data management. As a con...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali, Jin-Kyung Park, Lorenz von Seidlein, Camilo J Acosta, Jacqueline L Deen and John D Clemens
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:86
  34. To examine the type, frequency, severity, and predictors of anemia and its relationship with co-morbid conditions among institutionalized people with intellectual and/or motor disability.

    Authors: Hiroko Ohwada, Takeo Nakayama, Nobuo Nara, Yuji Tomono and Keiko Yamanaka
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:85
  35. On July 27 2003, a ship carrying crude oil run aground near Karachi and after two weeks released 37,000 tons of its cargo into the sea. Oil on the coastal areas and fumes in air raised health concerns among pe...

    Authors: Naveed Zafar Janjua, Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi, Haq Nawaz, Sadia Zohra Farooqui, Urooj Bakht Khuwaja, Najam-ul-Hassan, Syed Nadim Jafri, Shahid Ali Lutfi, Muhammad Masood Kadir and Nalini Sathiakumar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:84
  36. Lead is a highly toxic and pervasive metal. Chronic exposure to low levels is responsible for significant health effects, particularly in children. Prevention remains the best option for reducing childhood lea...

    Authors: Eugenious O Adebamowo, Oluwole A Agbede, Mynepalli KC Sridhar and Clement A Adebamowo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:82
  37. The relationship between geographical location, private costs, health provider costs and uptake of health screening is unclear. This paper examines these relationships in a screening programme for abdominal ao...

    Authors: Sandra M Lindsay, John L Duncan, John Cairns and David J Godden
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:80

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